THE BOTANICAL JOURNAL OF G. W. CLINTON
THE BOTANICAL JOURNAL OF G. W. CLINTON – June 1864
 June 1. Took 6 A.M. train to Rome, & then the Rome & Watertown R. R. to Taberg, 11 miles. The village is 1 1/2 or 2 miles from the station, on Fish Creek. We took the stage, got out just above Waterman's mills. Descended to Vasey's locality of Primula Mistassinica & Saxifraga aizoides, a perpendicular cliff 30 ‑50 feet high, moistened by dripping water. The Primula out, & the Saxifrage not yet in flower. Found one P. in flower & 2 flowers of Saxifraga. Just beyond the precipice we descended by a wood road to the bank of the creek, & found Polypodium Dryopteris abundant. During the day, somewhere, met P. phegopteris, took a few fronds of each. At Taberg, hired a horse & buggy, & rode up to Fall Creek (crossing Florence Creek, which we explored at the crossing, without any discovery worthy of note) stabled our house in the barn of the corner of the Sawmill, walked down to the Sawmill, & thence along the wooded bank to, & perhaps a mile below the junction of F. Creek with Fish Creek, before I found a practicable descent. In walking up, I managed to lose my footing and slipped into the water over the waist. Took off my boots & stockings, emptied the boots, wrung the stockings, the bottoms of my pants & then put on my stockings & boots. And I worked my way back again up the hill to the road, while Paine kept on up the creek. He tells me that above, and particularly at the junction of the creek the wet rocks are covered with the Primula & Saxifrage, & he brought back a handfull of the former in flower, also some specimens of a Ribes, which is, I think, the lacustre, and also the leaves and old flowers of (relying upon his statement that it was a composite), probably Artemisia borealis, which is also abundant. (It turned out to be Potentilla fruticosa). In the wet part of the field, behind the school house, I found a few very young specimens of Botrychium simplex. Rode back to Taberg, then to the station, & by the R. R. to Watertown, where I arrived all in a shiver. Got a good supper at the Woodruff House, & went immediately to bed.
[This is the Watertown and Rome Rail Road (see miscellaneous index). Torrey's flora of New York does not mention Vasey: Vol. 2: p. 7‑8 Primula mistassinica Michx., Dwarf Canadian Primrose "Yates county (Dr. Sartwell, the only known locality of this neat little Primrose in the United States.' On the other hand, Saxifraga aizoides, Vol. 2 p. 516: "Wet rocks, Annsville, Oneida county, on the east branch of Fish creek (Mr Vasey and Dr. Knieskern.) Fl. June. This interesting little plant has been nowhere found in the United States except in the locality given." In Gray's 1887 edition of the Manual more Primula stations had been discovered: "Shores of the Upper Lakes: also Crooked Lake (Sartwell) and Annsville, Oneida County, New York (Knieskern and Vasey), Willoughby Mountain, Vermont (Wood, &c.), and northward." (p. 314).]
 June 2. Up early [at Watertown]. Leaving Paine in bed, I crossed the River and walked down it a mile perhaps, then, returning, took the railroad track, &, in reaching the railroad bridge, descended to the bank above it, & there, in the rocks, found Ceanothus ovalis in flower. After breakfast, called on Ms. Crawe, widow of Dr. Crawe, the naturalist. Walked down the north (right) bank of the river to Brownville. At the R. R. bridge, with the Ceanothus, Paine found Prunus pummila. Going along the river, we found on the rocks Alsine Michauxii, (rarely in flower, and almost ripely in seed), Geranium Caroliniana, Houstonia ciliata (?) & coerulea, Arabis hirsuta, Turitis glabra, &c., &c. Here also, I found C. eburnea. Saw also Lonicera hirsuta. From Brownville, searched the woods & rocks for a mile & a 1/2 to 2 miles, for the Calypso & Anemone multifida in vain. In a dry grassy field I found Ophioglossum vulgatum, in profusion, here & there just sending up its fertile frond. Saw it also in another field. The plant very small. In walking back along the river I collected two very handsome grasses, one, probably, Poa debilis (=Festuca nutans.) & the other I know not what, spikelets several flowered & lower palea awned (June 4. Examined it & think it is Avena striata!). Crossed the River at Brownville, took the road for almost a mile, then stuck to the woods in the river, kept in them for perhaps a mile. I micked [sp.?] a grass (Milium effusum), & a Carex, then to the road, which we kept to Watertown. Supped, took 7*45' train to Rome, which we reached at about 12 P.M. In a little while Paine was able to go to Utica, but I had to wait till 8 A.M. of June 3d, for the westward train, which brought me safely home at about 11 A.M.
[The river is the Black River. In the village of Watertown there were three roads and two railroad bridges; see Watertown in miscellaneous index.]
 June 4. Met A. Westcott, M.D., of Syracuse, at Geo. W. Tifft's Office, in the morning. Wrote to him, at Syracuse, & mailed him the Regent's Circular, & my list.
["My list": Clinton, George W. 1863. Preliminary List oof the Plants of Buffalo and Its Vicinity. 17th Annual Report of the Regents on the State Cabinet: pp. 24‑35. Albany. [Also 12‑page pamphlet, Buffalo, 1864 (Zenkert 1934)].
 June 5. Walked, after dinner. In dark wood, on the left of the State Line R. R. going out, in the corner this way, found Avena striata with Poa alsodes, also picked up Carex debilis & 2 others.
 June 6. Went by 6*30' train to Westfield & arrived there at about 9.A.M. Finding that the stage to Mayville did not leave until 3 P.M., walked on about 4 miles to a Mr. Raynor's [sp.?], and got his boys Rosells [?] & Sam, with their old dog Buck, to show me to & down the Hog's Back, a ridge like promontory running down some 100s of feet to the Chautauqua Creek. At the top found Lonicera hirsuta, specimen poor, flowers worm eaten. Scenery fine. At the bottom found Euonymus obovatus in profusion, & finely in flower. Walked up the Creek about 1 mile, & then ascended the bank & crossed to the road & walked on to Mayville. Dined at Gifford's Tavern and took the steamboat for Jamestown, arrived at about 7 1/2 A.M., took carriage of Allen House, on the way met Mr. Mayhew & wife. She recognized me, they turned back, caught & took me to their house.
[Mayville is near the head of Chautauqua Lake, not on either the Chautauqua or Little Chautauqua Creeks. Chautauqua Creek is in Westfield. Clinton walked from Westfield, nearly on the shore of Lake Erie, southeasterly to Mayville, on the head of Chautauqua Lake and took the steamer down Chautauqua Lake to Jamestown at its southern end.]
 June 7. [At Jamestown] Up & dressed at 5 A.M. Walked down the R. R. to where it crosses the outlet, found nothing but a Poa. After breakfast walked in the swamp on the left bank of the outlet & up the railroad to the Lake. Found Milium, a Poa (alsodes), 2 Carices, one, C. bromoides.
Dr. Hazeltine wants to send us his insects, but has no means of packing. Mem. send him cases.
In the afternoon called, with Kate Mayhew, on Miss Hortense Kinney, a botanist. Promised to send her some specimens. Got 3 specimens of Magnolia acuminata from tree by the wayside. It is going out of flower.
After dinner (at 6 P.M.), Kate, Mayhew & myself had a nice row up the outlet. A maple which grows in the water on the bank is, I think, A dasycarpum, & agrees well with Street's description of "the water maple" in his sketches of a trip among the woods & waters of the Adirondacks [?].
["The foot of Chautauqua Lake extends into the S. W. corner [of Ellicott twp.]; and the outlet flows E. through the S. part of the town, receiving Cassadaga Creek as a tributary." (French 1860 p. 212). The dominant railroad in Chautauqua Co. is the New York and Erie Rail Road between Dunkirk and New York City and "taken in connection with the connecting railroads and vessels upon the lake is one of the most important of the great thoroughfares between the Atlantic seaboard and the Valley of the Mississippi." (French 1860 p. 209).]
[1864.] June 8. Before Breakfast walked in the cleared swamp on the left bank of The Outlet just above Jamestown. Collected some Rhamnus alnifolius, now in green fruit.
After Breakfast Kate [Mayhew] & I walked along the r.r. & around the wood to Mr. Lowry's house, finely furnished, nice library. Mayhew came along with carriage & drove us to Panama, 14 miles from Jamestown. Mr. Sessions, brother of the Senator, guided us among "the rocks" & treated us to a bottle. The Rocks are on a hill side, not so extensive as nor comparable with Rock City. The Mountain ash in bud, but not in flower. Took some leaves. A Carex or two. A Viburnum, not yet in flower, probably the lentago, took specimen, the lentago being in flower elsewhere. Dined at Smith's Tavern, good dinner. Did not find out, until after my return to Jamestown, that Mrs. Smith (a sister of Dr. Hazeltine) is, or was, a botanist, & is the Miss Hazeltine who is named, in the Natural History of the State. An authority for existence of the Trollius &c., at Jamestown.
Returned too late for train to Salamanca. In the cemetery in the Village, found Gillenia trifoliata just flowering. Took specimen of it & also of the Spruce.
Miss Kinney having told me that there is a swamp not far from Thi..ah, where she had collected the Sarracenia, determined to explore it in the morning.
[Torrey, J. 1943. A Flora of the State of New York, comprising full descriptions of all the indigenous and naturalized plants hitherto discovered in the state; with remarks on their economical and medicinal properties. Vols. 1 & 2 of Natural History of New York. Albany. In Torrey, Vol. 1 p. 18: Trollius laxus Salisb, the American Globe‑flower: "Sphagnous swamps near Utica (Dr. Gray). Jamestown, Chautauque county (Miss C. Hazeltine). Wet woods, Mount Hope, near Rochester (Prof. Dewey). Fl. Early in May. ‑ A rare and handsome plant, looking at a little distance like a large‑flowered Ranunculus."].
[1864.] June 9. Thursday. In the morning, it rained heavily. Mayhew's name is Jonathan Edward. The children are Catharine Elise & Edward Carl. Took the 10*45' accommodation train to Salamanca, which did not start till a little after 12 M. Arrived at Salamanca at about 2 1/2' & dined. On the hill opposite the station found Lupinus perennis in great abundance. Found 1 specimen of Chamaelirium, & some Clintonia umbellata.
In the evening, Mr. Hawley, agent of the Steam Mill 2 or 3 miles up the River, told me about the fishing in the Turry (Tunungwant?) River. You go the Canottus (?) [?] the station next beyond Great Valley & thence, by rail, to Bradford, & a few miles further.
[On the New York & Erie Rail Road the stations on either side of Great Valley are Tunungwant [sic] on one side and Bucktooth on the other (French 1860, p. 71). The spelling is otherwise Tunegawant and it is designated a creek of Cattaraugus Co., which is a tributary of the Allegany River. (French 1860 p. 186). It flows into the Allegany in Carrolton twp. (French 1860 p. 188)]
[1864.] June 10. Up at about 4 A.M. Walked through Great Valley to Salmon Porter's, & got bowl of bread & milk. The old man walked with me through the City. A high wind yesterday had blown down some trees, and so enabled me to get a few specimens of Magnolia acuminata, & also of a maple, probably A. saccharinum. Took specimen of a shrub, just budding, probably Ilex monticola (Gray thinks it is). Walked down to Salamanca, the old way. Collected on the hill & descending, Clintonia umbellata & Listera c[onvallarioides]. On the side of the r.r., some 1/4 mile above Salamanca, found the Oyster Plant (Tragopogon) established. Took a few specimens. Found that Charley (Thomas) the landlord's son, had caught two of the Menopoma, here called Alligator, for me. Caught them with a snare. Went out with him in a canoe. He says they are found only on the rocky side of the River. It requires bright sunlight to see them. They are not timid, bite at the snare, when the loop is brought up to them. Can be lured out of their holes by throwing in dead small fish. He caught another. Took 4* P.M. train, & got my alligator safe to Buffalo, via Dunkirk, at about 10*30'.
[Listera convallarioides (Sw.) Torr. Broad‑lipped Twayblade. The River is the Allegany.]
[1864.] June 11. Saturday. Before breakfast, delivered the Menopomas to Sellstedt & he put them in one of the aquariums in the Society's Room.
After dinner, near the Grove, in Forest Lawn, & in the wood beyond the turnpike gate, which I shall hereafter call White's woods or grove (Dr. White being owner of the land) collected some Carices & grasses and, among them, Carex retrocurva, and a Festuca which I think is not in the list (Festuca ovina, v. duriuscula).
[1864.] June 13. After dinner, rode to the Dam & walked up the Conjockety. In the wood, opposite, but north of the sawmill, found the Festuca & collected yesterday.
[Conjockety Creek is the present Scajaquada Creek].
[1864.] June 14. After dinner, walked with Day, on the Plains. Picked some grasses &c. Behind Machel's [?], Ipomoea pandurata just extending its vines. Collected a Carya. Struck the 3d road above the Tollgate. In the wood before striking it, found a Lithospermum, probably S. latifolium, in the dry field, between the wood & the grove. Ophioglossum, very little more advanced than that I found in Jefferson Co.
[See 1863:July 2. On Jewett's 1862 map of Buffalo, the streets beyond the tollgate, assuming it is at the Scajaquada Creek, are Steele St., Forest Avenue then LeRoy Avenue.]
[1864.] June 15. Wednesday. Took, with Day, 6*15' A.M. train to Tonawanda & there, the connecting train, on the Canandaigua & Niagara Falls R. R., to Akron, & called on E. W.[?] Charles B. Rich & on Mr. Covey, the P.M. Mr. Rich walked with us to the Creek (Murderer's) where, in what had been a white cedar swamp, collected a little Spiranthes latifolia. Walked to Mr. Rich's house, which he calls the octagon, it is an octagon, & his housekeeper, Miss Earl, gave us a nice lunch. Mr. Covey had sent up his pony & wagon. Mr. Rich drove us to various points of interest. First to the Wickwire Ledge, a long, tall, wooded limestone ledge, at the foot of which, many years ago., manufacturers of false coin carried, or attempted to carry, on their business on the top of it. As we walked along, Mr. Rich pointed out "one of the black snakes which run up trees." I tapped it two or three times with my cane, & stiffened it. Mr. Rich got some strips of moose wood bark, & we ran a slip noose at the end of it over snake's head & suspended him on a bush. I had found 1 specimen of Adlumia. We descended, and, at the foot of the cliff, found Cerastium nutans, very small, & Draba arabisans. In the wet wood below the talus I found Asplenium angustifolium, but not in fruit. Ascended the bank, & returned to the wagon, on the way, picked up Mr. Snake who had knotted himself up very handsomely, and tieing him to the back of the wagon, & carried him there almost all day, but, finally, I put him in the wagon & covered him with grass, and, when we returned to Mr. Rich's, put him in a paper box & took him home, & delivered him to Sellstedt. In returning from the Ledge, in the hard sides of the road, Adlumia plentiful, but the plants all small. Made for the Falls of The Tonawanda, & came to a long swamp [Tonawanda Swamp], entered it and took a turn in it near the farther end, saw there a cranberry [word missing? such as swamp?], Rhus venenata, Drosera rotundifolia, Potentilla palustris, Menyanthes trifoliata. Collected some of Eriophorum polystachyon, 3 Carices, C. tenuiflora, filiformis, limosa), a willow (=S. pedicellaris), specimen Platanthera dilatata, Lonicera oblongifolia. Think I also collected here the small Scirpus (S. clintonii) referred to in my note to Gray, of June [space: no date given], and his answer. (No 1 I did not. Collected it on the Plains). Went across Tonawanda Creek a little above the falls, and to the Falls. There to the Lake [?]. Then called at Eli S. Parker's, on his sister Caroline, & then back to the Octagon, where we dined, & took the train at 5*30', and reached Buffalo at about 7 P.M. I have omitted to state that we also found Cynoglossum amplexicaule just over the line of Erie County.
[1863: Aug. 11. 'On the Plains near the quarries, a small Scirpus which Gray named S. Clintonii.' Wickwire Ledge is probably what is now known as Counterfeiter's Ledge. Moosewood is presently considered to be Acer pensylvanicum L. Tonawanda Falls is in Genesee County, the town of Alabama. Zenkert (1934) called this Indian Falls (see Miscellaneous Index), perhaps a tribute to the Tonawanda Indian Reservation in the township of Alabama, Genesee Co. "Lake" is a possible reference to the swamp.]
[1864.] June 16. Thursday. Towards evening, went, with my wife, to Agnes [sp.?] Warren's & Porter Thompson. Took from former, specimen of the weeping birch, weeping ash, red‑leaved birch, Cytisus from latter, Aesculus flava.
[1864.] June 17. Friday. Afternoon, crossed to Waterloo, walked through fields & woods to Frenchman's Creek, & thereabouts. Collected Viburnum pubescens, Carex retrocurva, & some other common things.
[1864.] June 18. Saturday. On State Line R. R. to Smoke's Creek, up the creek to Limestone Ridge, down by the Catholic Asylum & West Seneca St. to Gun Bridge & so home. By the fence, at the hollow, just after crossing R. R. Bridge, noticed a Rumex, not crispus (=R. altissimus), and another up Smoke's Creek on its shore. In ditch, by dark wood, beyond Marilla St. gathered fruit & lowest leaves of the doubtful Sium, a little beyond, Carex comosa abundant. By the fence, almost at the end of the partially cleared field adjoining the wood, a fine bush of Rhus venenata, not yet in flower. Soon after entering the wood at Smoke's Creek, Collinsia verna, in seed, abundant, took some & found also a few flowers. Polymnia canadensis abundant there. Found a birch bent over, (perhaps nigra (No!), & took some fertile catkins. In the Limestone Hill wood, picked up a Carex, probably C. digitalis (Yes!).
[This passage is the best indication so far of where the Gun Bridge was located: on Seneca Street, not the bridge associated with Abbott Road, downstream on the Big Buffalo Creek.]
[1864.] June 19. Sunday. River side of Niagara Falls R. R. this side of Bridge over the Canal, took specimen of a branching Equisetum, from the sandy bank, supposing it to be E. hiemalis. Having some doubt, mailed one to Gray. Evening. Mr. Day tells me he has been in Canada, that de did not find his Liparis liliifolia, & that his Lonicera Tatarica has gone wholly out of flowers.
[The Canal is most likely the Erie Canal. According to Clinton's miscellaneous index, Day was referring to Fort Erie.]
[1864.] June 20. Walked, with Dr. Gay, to examine a tree at Mr. Lansing's, corner of Delaware & Streets, at Mr. L's request, & found it to be Cornus alternifolia. Took specimen of a Betula, from front of E. Pirson's house, corner of Chippewa & Delaware. P.M. at Forest Lawn, picked a few grasses, including 1 specimen of an Eatonia, & the Festuca ovina, v. duriuscula.
[1864.] June 21. Took early morning train to Rochester, breakfasted at Congress Hall, called on Dr. Dewey, & submitted some Carices to him. Took from his court yard, immature, what he called Koeleria cristata (sed?) is Cynosurus, which he says is common in Rochester, in courtyards, being from foreign seed, but not in the fields, also a specimen or two of Laburnum (=Cytisus). Descended the bank & walked to Upper Falls, nil, rather than take nothing, took 3 specimens of the common rose from the talus. Noticed, on the cliff above, a fine bush of Rhus aromatica. Took 11 A.M. train to Batavia, walked to the swamp by the gravel hill, 1‑1 1/2 mile east of Batavia. Collected in swamp Carex ampullacea, Carex filiformis, & Carex flava, and Naumbergia, on the way, a Nyssa multiflora by the roadside, took specimen. On the dry knolls, Festuca elatior. It seems commonish in this western region. A wood duck, with her young, came suddenly upon them, they made for the thick rushes, she, pretending she could not fly, fluttered along to lead me away, acted like a hen partridge under similar circumstances. Walked westwardly, probably 2 miles, on the central railroad, examining woods & swamps. Nil, except in one field, on dry edge of swamps, some Ophioglossum, a little better than that
found at Buffalo, took a few specimens. Returned by 6*45' train to Buffalo.
[Cynosurus cristatus L., Crested Dogtail, an alien grass of New York State. House (1924) reports it as "adventive as a weed about the larger cities and towns. Not common." Dore & McNeill (1980) report that the plant persists only a year or two. House (1924) reported Koeleria cristata Pers. as occurring in "dry sandy soil. Chemung and Tioga counties westward." The name Koeleria cristata, commonly used in botanical manuals, is a nomen illeg. according to Mitchell & Tucker (1997 p. 320); the name currently used in New York State is Koeleria macrantha (Ledeb.) Schultes, an introduced grass (Junegrass). Cynosurus cristatus was not mentioned in the 1887 version of Gray's Manual, but the Koeleria is.]
[1864.] June 23. Evening. Took from Day's garden, Geranium sanguineum, from Coleman's Linaria bipartita, Willd., and Spiraea filipendula, L., also a specimen of Veronica peregrina.
[1864.] June 24. Before breakfast, from Mr. Robinson's garden, easterly side of Terrace, between Church & Eagle, Lychnis diurna, L., which seems to be propagating itself freely. Took also 2 specimens of common street side Poa, answering description of P. pratensis, & yet, apparently, quite different from the pratensis of dry pastures. About 11 A.M. walked on State Line R. R., across the Bridge, & at the hollow, collected Rumex altissimus, which is commonish along the R. R. Took specimen of Heracleum, of the Thaspium barbinode on Wheelbarrow Point, and two willows, for the stipules, also a specimen of Rumex crispus, & one of Erigeron Philadelphicum. Also took a common branching Sparganium , Festuca elatior common in the meadow & everywhere. Along the R. R., at different points, took specimen of Geum album, Geum Virginianum & G. strictum. By r. r. fence, at the easterly end of Wheelbarrow Point, Dactylis growing abundantly. By side of ditch, here & there, Erysimum cheiranthoides, very diminutive. by r. r. , at crossing of Marilla Street, on crossroad into dark wood, took another Rumex, & there is, I am confident, a third species, but it is not yet mature enough, the tip divaricately branched & leafless, & short pedicellate flowers crowded. Along ditch in dark wood found the Erysimum taller. Viburnum nudum & V. dentatum still in flower. Cut across meadow to the Turnpike. Up Turnpike to swamp. Took leaves of small oak in the open swamp on the right. Kept on the turnpike to the end of the road, & thus, through the fields, back to the r. r., & on to Smoke's Creek, & in crossing, took leaves of another oak. Took a little more seeds of Collinsia, & snatched a Carex from the wood, looking like bromoides. Walked on R. R. home. Approaching Limestone Ridge from Smoke's Creek, in the stumpy hollow on right side of R. R. found 4 or 5 better specimens of Ophioglossum than I have met with yet, also an orchid, 3 leaved, looking very much like Platanthera flava, but the leaves are keeled, erect (not flat) and, after I got home, by an imperfect light, could see no spur. [Written above: 'The spur longer than the tip, but, probably, P. hyperborea.'] Grabbed another Carex. In the Smoke Creek wood took a grass, in a wood I passed through in going to it, had taken another. Also Panicum latifolium & P. dichotomum.) Also, in Smoke Creek wood, 1 small specimen of Botrychium Virginianum, with a very small sterile frond, probably = simplex.
[1864.] June 25. Collected, in Dr. White's grove, some Festuca duriuscula, & Turitis glabra. (Erigeron strigosum & annuum are in flower.) also some of the Carex which Dr. Dewey thinks to be foena, and of glomerate‑headed one.
In the Grove, on dry land, an Eatonia. In Day's Sphagnum, another, or the same, also Triticum caninum. Collected there a few specimens of Spiranthes latifolia, & at the N.W. corner of Main St. & crossroad by Schanzlin's Triticum Caninum? var!
[Carex foena Willd.]
[1864.] June 26. Sunday. After dinner, on Genesee St., Mr. & Mrs. Day, driving by, took me in, on a visit to their Aunt Susan (Mrs. Beech) in Cheektowaga, 7 or 8 miles from the City. Kindly received. Walked with Mrs. Beech & Mr. Day in the neighboring woods. Mr. Day pointed out a Stellaria which, he said, was the same Mr. Austin had sent him for S. longipes, took some, & also some June grass (Poa) &c. In the garden, found growing spontaneously, what Ms. B. called English chamomile. Took some, & also Silene noctiflora (3 styles) One of the girls gave me a specimen of Digitalis, & one of Sedum. Took also, from Garden, what Day calls Thymus serpyllum.
[Probably Coe Finch Austin; see Miscellaneous Index. Cheektowaga, now a township of Erie County, did not appear in French's Gazetteer.]
[1864.] June 27. Monday. The English chamomile is, probably, Matricaria chamomilla, L. The Stellaria collected yesterday is longifolia.
Collected some docks in Court House yard & think they are R. crispus, obtusifolius, & (perhaps,) sanguineus (=obtusifolius, var.).
Afterwards, before dinner, walked up Niagara St., to the Reservoir & down to 6th Street, to Erie Co. Pen'y [=Penitentiary] back to 6th St., & so home.
On corner of Card... [Connecticut? Court?] & Niagara Sts, took 2 or 3 specimens of Cynosurus cristatus. In grass flats before Penitentiary, took the same, also a very small Bromus (B. mollis!) a little bit of Lolium perenne, and a very small Festuca (F. ovina v. duriuscula.) Sent the small
Festuca & small Bromus, & also the Koeleria (=Cynosurus), to Gray.
[See June 21 for the reference to Koeleria. Koeleria cristata is a totally different plant from Cynosurus cristatus. The Workhouse, that is the Erie County Penitentiary, was located on Fifth St. between Pennsylvania and Hudson Sts. Plants called 'docks' are in the genus Rumex, in the Buckwheat family: Polygonaceae]
[1864.] June 28. Thursday. Looking over & changing my plants, am satisfied that the large Sparganium gathered June 24 is the ramosum, so that we have at least S. eurycarpum, ramosum, & simplex, as stated in prelim'y [=preliminary] list (1866, but believe in S. eurycarpum, at least that the we have it.) After Breakfast, crossed to Waterloo, & walked up by R. R. nearly to & then cut across to Windmill Point. Took nothing by the way but a common Carex & Scirpus, & Rubus odoratus. On the wet rocks a little above the Windmill Point, collected Carex Crawei, Oederi, & aurea, all small, &, perhaps stinted, noticed there Carex granularis, collected there, also Calamintha glabella, & Spiranthes latifolia, & also 2 specimens of a small panicum. Along the dunes, collected Lithospermum hirtum. Took on the rocks & below, also, specimen of a small Eleocharis (tenuis) with a running rootstock. Took specimen of Juniperus communis, depressed in fruit. Returned by the beach. On a similar rocky point, found the same Carices & 1 specimen of Carex flava. Before reaching the dead stream which we cross close to the fence, took specimen of an Equisetum growing in the sand. In the dunes I visited so frequently last year, at the upper end, found a little of a tall grass, just in flower, which looks like a Festuca, Bromus, or Poa, & is, probably Poa trivialis (It was extraordinarily rank P. compressa) Took a grass or two, probably a common Poa & Agrostis (A. alba) Also, for Day, leaves of a Quercus. Also leaves from a poplar (there were 2 of them) 2 or 3 feet, leaves intermediate those of Candicans & balsamifera. Before reaching the dunes last mentioned, near where I took the Equisetum, 3 specimens of Lathyrus maritima, below, 3 specimens of Rhus typhina, with very soft yellowish flowers. Rosa blanda abundant on all the dunes, took specimen. Took specimen also of Vitis cordifolia v. riparia & of Triticum
repens. In the field, approaching Fort Erie, Erysimum cheiranthoides, quite small.
[According to Wood's Botany, Sparganium ramosum C‑B. is a synonym of S. eurycarpum Eng. There is a Pellaea glabella Mette., the Smooth Cliff‑brake.]
[1864.] June 30. Went, by R. R. to Akron, & called at the Octagon. Found Mr. Rich busy. Ms. Earl gave me some breakfast, & then took me in one horse wagon to the Council House, & left me. I to be back by 4 P.M. Explored the swamp below Council House, nil, back to Council House, & then, with help of an old Indian found the Cranberry marsh. Collected in the two Carices, limosa & tenuiflora, a Scirpus, but alas! not my little one (=E. tenuis), Potentilla palustris, Calopogon pulchellus, Pogonia ophioglossoides, Vaccinium oxycoccus. Pyrola, with white, rose‑tinged flowers, style long & exserted, curved but growing straight, seems intermediate chlorantha & minor (=P. uliginosa.) Eriophorum polystachyon & gracile. Cypripedium spectabile very abundant. Walked back by the road Mr. Rich took in bringing us in here, took, by way side, two specimens of Rosa lucida, &, by the crossroad to the cliff, some Adlumia. Reached Richville just as the train arrived, and found Mr. Rich at the Akron Station, & shook hands, &c. He told me there had been a young man about from Yale College, for some days, collecting fossils. I did not see him.
Observed that Hypericum perforatum & Sambucus Canadensis are just
flowering, Sambucus pubens in perfect fruit.
[Akron is in Erie Co., Richville, where most of the Tonawanda Swamp is, in Genesee. On the Canandaigua & Niagara Bridge Branch of the New York Central there were stops at Richville and at Akron (stations), 3.2 miles between them (French 1860, p. 70). See 1864:June 15 above. Note the reference above to Caroline Parker (June 15) who Clinton designated a "squaw" in his miscellaneous index, the brother of perhaps another Indian: Eli S. Parker. That another Indian helped Clinton find the cranberry marsh may indicate an Indian community here, or the Tonawanda Indian Reservation. This reservation "occupies a section of land 2 mi. wide, lying on Tonawanda Creek and comprising about one‑fourth of the area of the town [of Alabama, Genesee Co.]" (French 1860 p. 324).]