THE BOTANICAL JOURNAL OF G. W. CLINTON
THE BOTANICAL JOURNAL OF G. W. CLINTON – June 1863
 June 4. Went to Race ground to see the Sportsmen's Convention's gathering for trap shooting. On my return, noticed some garden scapes in front of the Vandeventer place .In the small pond, close by the east side of the street, opposite Hodge's place, the Potamogeton (?) which I called P. pusillus (=P. pauciflorus I guess) last year, growing abundantly. Delivered Address to the Sportsmen at the dinner, the evening of this day, at The St. James Hotel. Some day before this & after May 30th, I picked some of the plant mentioned May 9 (p. 10), and I think it is a Brassica. It is common in the field. (It is horseradish, Nasturtium armoracia.)
[The Race ground may be the Fair Grounds off Humboldt Parkway?? But it is not on the Jewett Map, Humboldt Parkway. Hodge's place was at Cold Spring (see Miscellaneous Index).]
 June 5th. With Day, took cars to Suspension Bridge, crossed it & walked along the bank to Whirlpool & descended to the water, and made our way to the stoney flat where a stream comes in. Found nothing new. Took some specimens of the Taxus canadensis. Ascended the stream some way leaving it on the left, & then, fought our way up to the top of the bank. Found in a wet place on hillside, near the stream, Equisetum variegatum & collected a Carex. High up on the hill, Aphylla uniflora (4 specimens) and a Cypripedium which may be parviflorum (!) but is probably a very small flowered pubescens. On the top of the bank, a number of Sassafras bushes in full flower, all staminate. A little beyond this rock platform at the foot of the Whirlpool, a smallish, hairy Arabis (= A. hirsuta). Took a road which led us to the main road to Queenston, & went to Brock's Monument. In the dry gravelly soil around it, in low small yellow flowered crucifer abundant, looking like a Lepidium (It is Alyssum calycinum). Crossed the Suspension Bridge & down to Lewiston. The only thing I could find & attribute the white buds to mentioned April 25 (p. 6) is a Rhus, perhaps the aromatica. Cut by Scoville's old place to the railroad. Ranunculus scleratus very abundant. Picked a few specimens of Houstonia caerulea. In the pond in the grove between R. R. & river bank, noticed Ranunculus purshii. On the top of the bank, on both sides of the River, a Vicia, which I think must be V. americana, abundant & beautiful. Made for the Whirlpool House & so along the bank to the tree of Morus rubra, which was in full fruit and a male. The Arctostaphylos has cheated me again, though we found a few flowers, which are very small. Found also, near the bank, a Cerastium arvense (probably oblongifolium ‑ crossed out) and a very handsome variety of Senecio aureus. Picked up by the roadside Hesperis matronalis? a garden scape. Walked on to the Falls, and arrived there 20 minutes before the starting of the 6*20' train which took us back to Buffalo.
[From the lines on a piece of paper tucked into the introduction to 1863: "June 5. The Morus rubra in full flower." also: "June 5. Alyssum at Brock's Monument."]
[Suspension Bridge was a station on the Buffalo to Lewiston branch of the New York Central (the station before Lewiston Station). There was a suspension bridge there across which Clinton could cross to Canada and go north along 'the bank', i.e. the top of the Niagara River gorge. At the Whirlpool in Canada, there is a stream gully through the old St. David's gorge and filled with sediment, down which one could climb to the gorge base and a pebbly shore at the whirlpool eddy. At various places at the river's edge occur stone pavements or flats. Brock's Monument is at the top of the Niagara Escarpment above the village of Queenston, facing that of Lewiston, New York, across the Niagara River. There was also a suspension bridge between these two villages, the butresses of which still exist, indeed, the very land on which they occur still belongs to the original bridge owners. The bush with the small flowers at Lewiston may be the New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus L., in the Rhamnaceae or Buckthorn family), although Rhus aromatica occurs up toward Whirlpool Point on the edge of the gorge.]
 June 6. Mailed the Equisetums, Cerastium & crucifer to Gray. Afternoon. On the Scajaquada, at Delaware St. east side, coming into flower, Potamogeton . On the edge of the first wood beyond turnpike gate, west side, Viola tricolor var. arvensis (all gone to seed), Specularia perfoliata (see entry of June 15) (immature), and Myosotis verna. Took specimen of Rhamnus catharticus from Moffat's hedge.
[This turnpike gate was at the end of Main Street at the bridge over the Scajaquada where Main became the Buffalo & Williamsville McAdam Road; see turnpike in Miscellaneous Index; see 1863:June 21.]
 June 8. 2*2'. P. M. train to Niagara Falls. Took a few specimens of Carex clintonii? C. Oederi [written above] from below American Staircase, not dioicious & a Carex from above the Staircase where Hypericum kalmianum is abundant. On Goat Island the little flat above the bridge looked in vain for C. Oederi. but collected two. Also [Agrostis crossed out] Poa pratensis. None of the Carices in condition. Collected 2 specms of Carya alba from the 3 trees near the depot.
[The depot was that of the New York Central branch of the Buffalo & Lewiston R. R. Stations of Hypericum kalmianum are known from Goat Island: this unusual reference is to the Prospect Park area on the mainland at the brink of the cataracts. It is interesting the references to the Hickories (Carya) as this indicates the forest type in thin soil over dolomite at the falls viewing area.] The little flat still exists 'above the bridge', i.e. upstream or between the old stone pedestrian bridge and the modern vehicular bridge, or east of the pedestrian bridge on the north side of the island. Poa pratensis is still there and about generally.]
 June 9. Sent C. Clintonii & one from the flat to Dr. Dewey. Gathered 3 specimens of Platanus occidentalis.
Walked out nearly to Poor House, thence took grove & wood, on the right (East) & worked by way back to the 1st road N. of Turnpike Gate, & which joins the road on the N. side of the Creek at Ambrose's Tavern. Suprised at not seeing the Helianthemum. Just before coming to that road, in dry space near the last quarry, what I suppose to be a Silene pretty abundant (See next page, June 12). Following the road from that quarry to Ambrose's, on left hand side, in the field, close to the fence, Lupinus perennis. Thence to Orchid woods (where I collected some good specimens of Aplectrum) & by my usual route through Genesee St. woods & by Genesee St. cars, home. Collected 2 or 3 grasses & some Carices. Also, beyond Ambrose's, on left hand side, gathered from garden, by fence, a cultivated umbelifer.
[The quarry may be Bennett's.]
 June 10. Walked, on R. R, to Limestone Ridge & beyond, cut across to the wood by the creek, (call it Limestone Ridge wood), thence across the fields to 2d dark wood & across the fields & wet ground to the R. R. & home. In the ditch by the R. R. near the R. R. Bridge, Potamogeton pectinatus. P. perfoliatus. Dark wood, Smilax rotundifolia, v. angulata. On the south, right side of R. R., beyond the dark wood, Cerastium nutans (all in seed) abundant, between the track & the fence. Near first telegraph pole after reaching the dark wood, Arabis laevigata. Took specimen, of my Equisetum, which begins to branch but shows no sign of fruit, & may be E. limosum! In coming from 2nd dark wood, through fields & along ditch, very minute R. scleratus. Somewhere along there & also in Limestone Hill wood, Alopecurus geniculatus? In that wood, a specimen of Platanthera Hookeri. Picked up 2 or 3 grasses, &c.
[From the lines on a piece of paper tucked into the introduction to 1863: "June 10. Cerastium nutans in seed. The Prunus Americana with metamorphosed fruit."]
 June 11. Gathered the small Potamogeton in pond this side of Cold Spring, think it P. pauciflorus. Collected some Carices & a grass in Day's Sphagnum. Also by Dr. Lord's, a few Viola cucullata v. palmata?
[See Miscellaneous Index for locality of Cold Spring in Buffalo.]
 June 12. Examined the plant found on the 9th, which I supposed to be a Silene, but which Day told me he had analyzed & found to be Vaccaria. I opened 2 buds, & in each, I am confident, were 3 styles, = S. antirrhina! See June 19th. Walked on Squaw Island. Collected 3 or 4 Carices, ; Naumburgia thyrsiflora; Erigeron Philadelphicus, leaves of Alnus incana; also 1 Salix, probably collected before.
[Vaccaria vulgaris Host. = Saponaria Vaccaria L. p. 55, Gray's 1862 ed. "Escaped from gardens and becoming spontaneous in some places. (Adv. from Eu.)"]
 June 13. Wm. Pomeroy's Courtyard on Swan (N.W.) corner of, Calycanthus Floridus.
Afternoon. Rowed round Squaw Island to Smuggler's Creek, below old dock. Equisetum limosum very finely fruiting, collected some. Thence to head of Strawberry, nothing new. Collected some Carices. The Carex which covered the wet part of the Island, & which they cut & use for mattresses is C. angustata. Returning, just this side of the pens of the distillery, found a few plants of what looks like a Sinapis, but is probably Brassica Campestris. In wet place just west of Dr. Lord's wood, collected a very large Carex ‑ C. lacustris.
[Carex lacustris Willd., Lake‑bank Sedge, is conspicuous today in the marsh at Buckhorn Island State Park. No reference to a C. angustata found; numerous varieties of Carex species are var. angustata. A Dr. Lord does not occur in Clinton's Miscellaneous Index, but there is a reference to a Dr. Lord (1863:May 25) south of the entrance to Forest Lawn.]
 June 15. A few days since, on Delaware St., east side beyond Ferry St. before 3d or 4th house, close by the fence, noticed a Sedum, not in flower (=S. acre.)
The Specularia (June 6) was in seed, that is the first flowers had fruited without opening. The Viola arvensis is very abundant & rank, in the open field, between the 1st quarry, going north, along the line of woods or groves, and the fence of the crossroad.
Walked to Sandytown, P.M. In low ground between R. R. & the shanties, the green slenderly & oblongly ovate Carex, not yet in flower.*
In one of the grass plots in front of Workhouse on 4th or 5th St. noticed Dactylis glomerata & collected a little Lolium perenne.
*Found thereabout a terete culmed Scirpus? Leafy all up the culm. Also a very pretty, inflated Carex.
Collected also a common red‑topped grass, and the 2d small species of Eleocharis.
[The Workhouse was part of the Erie County Penitentiary, q.v. in Miscellaneous Index.]
 June 16. Wheelbarrow Point, & got bulbs of Erythronium albidum for Gray. Thence through the remains of wood No. 1 to the Plank Road, & along the same to the Nyssa multiflora, of which I took specimen. Thence beyond the crossroad to 1st wood on right, where I got a grass & 2 or 3 Carices. Thence, back & across the creek to the Tavern [x, as Gates's], & through the wood (where I marked one of the localities of Fedia fagopyrum) to the Sulphur Spring, & thence, by Clinton St., home. In a swale on the left (Smith side) of Clinton St., coming in, near the first house after passing the beer shop at the creek, a magnificent grass, nearly 5 feet high, which I must send to Gray, at once, as I can't make it out (Afterwards did & found it to be Glyceria fluitans.) In wood no. 1, collected Smilax hispida, which runs far more than I thought, & also a grass or two. On the road to Twitchell's, from hedge, Crataegus oxyacantha. Roadside Daucus carota.
[The Tavern is probably Gates's Tavern, see 1862. Sept. 16, near Abbott Road, which was probably a plank road in its outer reaches. The Creek may be Buffalo Creek, the Sulphur Spring refers to the Little Buffalo Creek. Notice he crosses the Big Buffalo Creek several times, and the Little Buffalo once. Smith Street ends at the Seneca Road and Clinton St. is northeast of it (on the Jewett 1862 map).]
 June 17. Walked to the Point [ Fort Erie Pt.] this side of Windmill Point in Canada. There Lithospermum hirtum abundant. In the sand there, on the ridge, Carex ., & in the wood, C. scirpoidea.. On the R. R. collected Camelina sativa. Along shore, returning, the Ostrya & Fagus & Carya. In Mr. Douglass' garden at Waterloo, Mertensia (rough leaves) paniculata? (=Lindeloffia spectabilis). Euonymus europaeus, & Berberis vulgaris. The Glycyrrhiza up, but far from flowering. Took the pods from last year's stalks, and, returning, planted the seeds at Sandytown.
[The Point is Fort Erie Point of the June 18 entry (next). It looks like Lindeloffia spectabilis is a synonym of Mertensia paniculata See also June 30.]
 June 18. Went, by 9*30' train to Silver Creek. Walked back, principally by Lake Shore & old road to the dunes at mouth of Cattaraugus. On them found, a plant with many cut leaves, which may be Achillea millefolium, but which I took a specimen or two, as a reminder, as it possibly may turn out to be the long sought Anthemis. ["It was Achillea", written in the margin.] Also an Artemisia [canadensis later written], neither in flower. Thence across the low grounds, & lots to the railroad. In the wet land, the tall grass mentioned in the 16th June common (=Glyceria fluitans). Saw it also in the wet ground, near the Lake, just below Fort Erie Point, yesterday. (The Menispermum grows abundantly in the sand as you approach the dunes.) Thence across the road, through low ground to the wood south of the R. R. Picked, from the ground, Callitriche verna v. terestris. And, by the edge of the wood, (by the little stream), Carex intumescens. Thence back to Silver Creek. Went into the grove, a line of woods, behind the R. R. Station. A great place for Carices, picked several (one of which I mailed at once on my return to Dr. Dewey) and a grass. I leave this blank for their names should I ever find them out (Carex intumescens, C. debilis). In the wood, opposite & just beyond the wood house of R. R., found a plant of Corallorhiza multiflora in flower. The Veronica officinalis is abundant every where hereabouts, is in full flower, & is very pretty.
Evening. Day gave me specimen (male) of Spiraea aruncus? Hort. Viola tricolor, hort., self sown. Spiranthes latifolia, which he finds abundant at the upper end of the Swamp, on Delaware St., near the Forest Lawn fence. Received package of plants from Stephen Calverly, Brooklyn.
[The postal village of Irving lay at the mouth of Cattaraugus Creek, Hanover twp., Chautauqua Co.]
 June 19. The plant mentioned May 9 & June 4 is Nasturtium armoracia, the horseradish.
Along Schanzlin's Road, crossed field this side of Ambrose's, to grove, & collected leaves of Ulmus racemosa, also, in the wood, the Capsella, quite smallish, & of a peculiar growth, and Viola palmata, out of flower. Thence across to Smith's easterly side of last quarry, & took 1 specimen of the plant mentioned June 9 & 12. It is Silene antirrhina. There, but closer to the quarry, is a Turritis or Arabis, = Turritis glabra or A. laevigata, can't remember which, not yet fit for collection, but I took 1 specimen, as a reminder. Thence to Ambrose's, & down the road, by his tavern, to the Creek, which I walked up a long way, (finding only Carex , & 1 specimen of Samolus valerandii) & then crossed through field & wood (where I picked up a grass) to the road, near the Schoolhouse, & thence to Wolffer's. In one of the woods found one of the Carices which I collected at Silver Creek yesterday, quite commonish (C. intumescens.) the one with tumid, straight, long beaked perygynia, & only 3‑6 fruit in a spike. Thence back to William Crocker's (milkman), in his garden by the fence, noticed a yellow & very [incised?] Silene, = Silene noctiflora. Thence up the cross road to the wood this side of 2d cross road beyond the gate on the Williamsville Road. There found 5 specimens of Chamaelirium? all small, & took three. Found also Helianthemum canadense in flower. Also there & in the wood north of the road, Arabis canadensis & 1 specimen of Platanthera bracteata.* In going up the road from Crocker's, after passing first house (on the left) collected Philadelphus coronarius from the fence, & found Rosa spinosissima (No!), escaped to the road side. The (white) red clover, not uncommon.
By Hodge's garden, at Cold Spring, found escaped, what must be Chelidonium majus, but the stem & leaves are hairy. *Also 1 specimen of (a small) Polygonatum giganteum, lower part of the stem flattened.
[Williamsville (McAdam?) Road? or the Williamsville (later Bailey) Rd.? Cold Spring is very near Main ‑ Buffalo & Wmsville McAdam Rd.]
 June 20. Miss Lizzy Marshall brought me, from Rock City, a specimen of Clintonia umbellata. Rained till towards evening. Then went to Squaw Island, & examined the lower half, & the outside up to Smuggler's Run, pretty thoroughly. Found plants of Equisetum palustre, but only one in fruit, which I gathered & will send to Gray. Collected some Carices, one or two, not collected before, & some grasses, including a Bromus (?)! on outside of Island, very variable in size.
[The outside of the island is the side facing the Niagara River. The lower half of the island is most likely downstream, away from the marsh on the upper (upstream) half.]
 June 21. After dinner walked in Niagara [i.e. St.] to Ferry St. & thence on tow‑path &c. to distillery, crossed the canal to Niagara St. up to the Dam, & there took cars. On Niagara St. in D. W. C. Weed's lot, found Morus alba, & took specimen. Corner of Wm. Willard's lot, on 7th St. took leaves of Ulmus fulva. A pretty Ptelea (not in flower) in his courtyard. On the flat this side of the distillery, collected a Carex a grass, and 1 specimen of Erysimum cheiranthoides, found that I had left 5 plants of Brassica campestris, all small.
Evening. Day found Turitis? (=T. glabra), abundant at the stone quarry in the field, beyond the gate on Williamsville road, (where, I found Myosotis verna, Specularia, & Viola arvensis.) also 1 male Chamaelirium, there, or in the wood where Ulmus racemosa is, & in one of the woods, Aphyllon uniflorum. He gave me, from his garden, Fumaria, and a Leucanthemum?
[See 1863: June 6. Again, the gate here is at the Main‑Scajaquada Creek bridge. Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) Torrey & A. Gray ex A. Gray is now Orobanche uniflora L., one‑flowered cancer‑root (Orobanchaceae or Broom‑rape Family in which other strange species occur in Conopholis and Epifagus.
 June 22. After dinner rowed round Strawberry. A new grass coming in. Collected some Carices, probably none new. Juncus Balticus in flower, noticed a largish Eleocharis in the water, at the upper point of Little Bay & elsewhere.
 June 23. Wheelbarrow Point. Sanicula Canadensis?, (heads small, flowers yellow,) Polygonatum giganteum, Thaspium (probably) barbinode. Dark wood, on the right, Rhus venenata (not yet in flower), on the left, a singular & very pretty little Carex, like C. polytrichoides somewhat. (It was Carex trisperma, Dew.)
On the R. R., Geum Virginianum, Arabis laevigata? Everywhere, Carices.
 June 24. Took 8 A. M. train to Suspension Bridge, crossed & walked down to Whirlpool. On the way, in a little pool, found Alopecurus geniculatus ? stems rooting in the mud, also, Fragaria vesca, an Oatlike grass, gathered, I think before [= Danthonia spicata, written above] Descending to the Whirlpool, collected a Cystopteris bulbifera, a small grass, &, on the beach at the bottom, a Panicum. Ascended the little stream to the place where Day & I collected a Carex and collected some of it, then climbed up the slide just below it, and found Bromus [mollis crossed out] kalmii and 1 specimen of Calystegia spithamea. On top of the bank before coming to Point View, collected Hieracium venosum, 2 specimens of Platanthera hookeri, & Pyrola chlorantha. Along the top of the cliff, beyond the point, Scutellaria parvula abundant. Collected some Carices & a number of grasses at various points, particularly on a wooded, lower plateau 1/2 [1, = 1 mile?] mile below the Point. Also Asclepias guadrifolia. On the edge of a wheatfield, this side of descent to Foster's Flat Triticum repens abundant, & also at Niagara Falls. In descending to Foster's Flat, gathered an Arabis, and, along the path near the bottom, two grasses, one of them found 1/2 ‑ 6* high, also Hydrophyllum canadense. Endeavored to return by keeping outer edge of the woods, & came out on a road, which led me to the Great Wn. R. R. on which I walked to the Bridge, & crossed & walked up to the Falls. At the foot of American Stairs, below it, on the old steamboat dock, & in the talus above, collected 3 Carices, including 2 states or forms of C. Oederi & Lolium temulentum. Took the 6*14' train for Buffalo. In the first pool to the left after crossing R. R. Bridge at Sandytown, noticed yellow flower, like a Ranunculus. What can it be? (nil but Potentilla anserina, written later).
[CANADA. Triticum repens L. recently named Elytrigia repens (L.) Nevski, Quackgrass, Witch‑grass, Quickgrass, was until then Agropyron repens (L.) Beauv. The Potentilla anserina is abundant in the sandy beaches today along the Niagara River, both sides of the river, Navy Island, Buckhorn Island etc.]
 June 25. With D. F. Day, went, by 6*30' train to Dunkirk, & thence, by Erie R. R. to Great Valley, & thence, on foot, to Rock City, in the S. W. corner of Town of Little Valley. Picked an immature Eleocharis, = E. obtusa, from wet places on the road. Went up the Ellicottville Road, say 3‑4 miles, & soon after passing the tollgate, took road to left, which brought us to Mr. Kelsey's, who has the remnant of a nursery, thence the road turns to the right & keeps up a valley, pursued it about 1 mile, & then turned to left, & went up the hill from 1/4 ‑ 1/2 mile to Mr. Solomon Porter's, where we got some good bread, butter & milk, & thence to the top of the hill on the left, say 1/2 ‑ 3/4 mile to Rock City, which is indescribable by me. The hill is densely wooded. Saw Panax quinquefolium, not in flower. The 2 Clintonias, especially the larger flowered one, passing or well passed out of flower. Collected both. Also 3 or 4 specimens of Cynoglossum Virginicum. The Platanthera orbiculata abundant all through these woods, and also P. hookeri with white flowers (June 29, It is only a very small P. orbiculata?) At Rock City noticed Polypodium vulgare & other common ferns, & collected Polypodium phegopteris, Aspidium marginale, & A. spinulosum. The Azalea (nudiflora?) also about the City, & some small plants of Pyrus Americana, & 3 or 4 scattered specimens of Listera cordata. Also Epigaea repens in seed. The Oxalis acetosella abounds here & near Forestville, as does Viola rotundifolia & Acer Pennsylvanicum. Surrounded the City, or attempted to, after diving in & out in all directions, & found a path, which, after a long while, widened into a wood road, & finally brought us out into the fields, within sight of a road just opened, which brought us into the main road along the Valley of the Allegany, at a point (we were told at a Farm house) 4 miles from Little Valley & 2 1/2 from Salamanca. Took the R. R. & walked to Salamanca. There were accosted by King Allen formerly of Hamburgh, who promised to procure me some living specimens of the (Menopoma Allegheniensis) Alligator as it is here called. Collected here Houstonia coerulea & more Cynoglossum Virginianum, & Day found 1 Arum dracontium & (to his delight) 1 female Chamaelirium & (to his great delight) a clump of the plants, with one flower, of Cypripedium spectabile. Found also Ribes rubrum in the wood, probably chance sown. At 12 P.M. took freight train & got to Forestville at about 2 A. M.
 June 26. [At Forestville] Walked 1/2 mile to the Morrison House, kept by Mr. Olney, &, after ringing the bell & pounding the door with our canes for I don't know how long, waked him & got in. Went to bed, very gladly. Breakfasted at 7 A.M. & donned our boxes & started, after packing our plants collected yesterday. Pursued an easterly road, ascending pretty much all the way, for about 4 miles, passed Mr. Jones's (brother of Mike Jones, D. F. D's father in law.), & turned southerly to a wood fringing a little valley, where we collected plants of Viola Selkirkii, thence made our way to the
Big Swamp, thence to the Little Swamp, & thence to Mud Lake, a pretty sheet of water, thence back through woods & fields to the main road & to Mr. Jones's (in town of Hanover, Chautauqua Co.) (he absent.). Mrs. Jones gave us a nice dinner. Miss Alice Jones arrived from Bo. [Buffalo] Albert Jones put 2 good horses before a buggy, & drove Miss Alice, Day & myself, & a young Martin Jones to Forestville (By the wayside some trees of Robinia viscosa, of which we took specimens,) took in my trunk, & drove into the Station at Silver Creek, where, at 9 P.M., we took the train & reached Buffalo at 10* P.M.. The Carum carui abundant in the road to Mr. Jones's as a weed in door yards by the roadside near houses, & scattered along on whole route.
In the Great Swamp, collected Betula pumila (=Myrica gale), Pogonia ophioglossoides, Arethusa bulbosa, Platanthera dilatata, Viburnum Menyanthes in seed, and Eriophorum Virginicum ['?' sic, in pencil]
There & in the Little Swamp, Calopogon, Cymbidium & Drosera rotundifolia not in flower. In the Little Swamp, Sarracenia just giving out. About Mud Lake, nil, except what is, probably (Veronica anagallis. (the books make it V. Americana). All through the woods, Viola rotundifolia, in seed of course. A little way back of Mr. Jones's house, Spiranthes latifolia. On a hill side, just beyond the sawmill, (where they saw firewood) the Aralia hispida was growing abundantly, not quite in flower. On the hill side, or side of "the gulf" on the same stream, below, in the open field, Danthonia spicata very abundant.
[French (1860) does not mention a Big or Little Swamp in Cattaraugus Co. (or elsewhere), but in Farmersville twp., on the eastern border of the county, north of center "Mud Lake, in the northern part, covering an area of about 30 acres, discharges its waters north; and Ischua Creek flows south through the western part." p. 190. [Mud Lake "on the e. border [of Arkwright twp. in the n.e. of the center of the co. of Chautauqua] covers about 10 acres" French (1860 p. 210).] This is probably the Mud Lake represented, as it is near Forestville in Chautauqua Co.]
 June 27. Collected, P.M., 50‑60 specimens of Equisetum palustre.
 June 28. Walked out on the Plains. On Main St., about Hodge's old place & this side. Silene noctiflora (flowers yellowish, & plant very viscid, & leaves soft almost as the mullein's.), & this side, the Dactylis glomerata. All along Triticum repens? In the 1 st field, beyond Cold Spring, in the westerly side of Main St., very far from flowering, what may be Lucerne (Medicago sativa). Turned out Melilotus alba. In field this side of first house in approaching the Creek, a Bromus. On the plains, collected 2 or 3 grasses & 2 or 3 Carices. Also Sanicula, Thaspium, 7 specimens Chamaelirium. The Frasera has opened a few flowers.
 June 29. Strolled before breakfast, on Swan St., for chickweed for the bird. Got 4 beautiful specimens of Dactylis from Mr. Du[nn's ?] yard.
P.M. rode, with Dr. Gay, to Sulphur Spring, collected seeds of Fedia fagopyrum, & 2 Glycerias, & a Carex. Rode round by Ebenezer Sett.t [Settlement?] & Clinton St. home. Mailed the seeds to Prof. Gray.
 June 30. Mrs. Douglass, at Waterloo, from the garden, gave me more specimens of Mertensia paniculata (=Lindeloffia spectabilis), and 1 of a composite flower, looking like Matricaria, given to her as from California. Above Fort Erie, the Glycyrrhiza has commenced flowering: took 3 or 4 specimens. Had a couple of glorious showers. Tramped through woods, swamps & fields, coming out at the lower (Fred..y's) Ferry, & crossed to the Dam, & so home. Filled my big box with Carices & grasses. On Frenchman's Creek found the Nasturtium lacustre in flower, & collected a number, and it is very plain (as I suspected last year) that the cut leaved, low plant, below the road, which grows under water in the spring, is it. In the fields near the Creek, found Oenothera chrysantha, & in a cultivated field, on the top of hill, near the wet grave [sp.? = grove?], Vicia sativa.