THE BOTANICAL JOURNAL OF G. W. CLINTON
Rendered by P. M. Eckel
Editor, The Clinton Papers
Buffalo Museum of Science
1020 Humboldt Parkway
Buffalo, NY 14211 USA
www.buffalomuseumofscience.org/botany/DiaryIntro.htm
June 7, 2002

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THE BOTANICAL JOURNAL OF G. W. CLINTON - May 1862

[1862] May 1. In the wood at the end of Genesee Street and in the Grove by Granger's place, found, in flower, Dirca palustris and Benzoin odoriferum. In the Grove, a Luzula and a Carex. The Trilliums are about opening.

[1862] May 11. Up to this date, have found about Buffalo, in addition to the flowers before noticed, only Trillium grandiflorum and T. erectum, Anemone nemorosa, Caltha palustris, Chrysosplenium americanum, Viola blanda, V. pubescens, V. cucullata, Dentaria laciniata, Caulophyllum not quite in bloom.

[1862] May 12. On Grand Island, back of Falconwood, the Trillium erectum magnificent. Arisaema triphyllum generally [dioecious]. Dentaria diphylla, Dicentra canadensis, Uvularia sessilifolia. So far, in all the specimens of Viola cucullata I have examined, only the two lateral petals were bearded.

[1862] May 13. List of plants found in blossom this spring - Amelanchier canadensis, Anemone nemorosa, Arisaema triphyllum [dioecious]. Benzoin odoriferum, Caltha palustris, Cardamine rhomboidea, Caulophyllum thalictriodes, Chrysosplenium americanum, Claytonia caroliniana and C. virginica, Dentaria laciniata and D. diphylla, Dicentra cucullaria, D. canadensis, Dirca palustris, Erythronium americanum, Hepatica acutiloba, Luzula campestris, Sanguinaria canadensis, Trillium erectum, T. grandiflorum, Uvularia sessilifolia, Viola blanda, V. cucullata, pubescens, rostrata.

[1862] May 14. First woods beyond Buffalo Creek and between the Lake Shore Railroad and the Plank Road which crosses the [ ] Bridge, found Trillium erectum with (greenish) white flowers, and one with a light pink flower, Uvularia grandiflora, Viola canadensis, a var. a V. pubescens, a caulescent violet, not rostrata, blue (=V. muhlenbergii). Caulophyllum thalictroides. Panax trifolia, Geranium maculatum.

[1862] May 15. Woods along the Scajaquada, from the Dam to Main Street, principally in the Grove, Equisetum hyemale (only one in fruit), E. arvense, Coptis trifolia, Viola cucullata (lower petal slightly bearded) but, in a meadow by the Grove, the lower petal smooth. Waldsteinia fragarioides, Mitella diphylla, Tiarella cordifolia, Ranunculus abortivus. Thalictrum dioicum, Ribes cynosbati, Antennaria plantaginifolia.

[1862] Friday, May 16. With C. J. Robinson and C. D. Marshall, walked the first wood beyond the Tollgate in the right of the Williamsville Road, perhaps 1/3 mile from it. This is part of "The Plains," in which, everywhere, the flinty limestone comes to or very near, the surface. In the field this side of the wood, and along the cross-roadside, found Ranunculus fascicularis and Saxifraga virginiensis. In the woods a Veronica with a very minute axillary blue flower (V. arvensis). Also a rough leaved plant, 2-3 inches high, bearing at the top one very minute white flower.[crossed out = "1866. Became satisfied, finally, that it was a depauperate state of Cerastium vulgatum or viscosum"] To examine the flower of either of these plants requires a very strong glass. (Note. I sent the roughleaved plant to J. Torrey - received no answer. I left two or three plants in the locality. Some months or more afterward, I found one of our common Cerastiums there and think it must have been that. (Note. 1866. It was a remarkable, but not very uncommon, depauperate state of Cerastium viscosum or vulgatum, which, if we have both species, I have not yet learned to distinguish). Phlox divaricata, one flower only.

[1862] May 17. List of flowers found since last emmendation.

Goat Island. Arabis lyrata. Viola sagittata (Sed? Veronica serpyllifolia and V. agrestis? I have searched the station repeatedly since for it, in vain, and think now (that it was a mere form of V. cucullata), Shepherdia in young leaf. Both sexes.

Tonawanda. Pothos (Symplocarpus) in leaf. An Euphorbia. W. Halliday Jackson and Dr. Darlington both say E. peplus, Sed? (Afterwards found it very abundant about Buffalo. It is E. helioscopia). Hepatica obtusiloba, a Prunus (plum) (=P. arnica). Two small Veronicas, common everywhere (one of them probably is V. [agrestis]). Sambucus pubens.

[1862] May 18. Lake Shore R. R. woods, No.1. or, as we got to call it, though incorrectly, the Elk St. Wood (now, alas! (1866) nearly destroyed). Met therein David F. Day. He had just found therein Floerkea uliginosa (I afterwards found it in the hollow, at the right, after crossing from Buffalo, the Lake Shore R. R. Bridge over the Buffalo Creek, at the foot of the bank - near the Sulphur Spring House, indeed, it is quite common in damp woods and river bottoms.) Collected Polemonium reptans, Cypripedium parviflorum (No! pubescens), Dentaria diphylla abundant, Saxifraga pennsylvanica. In a ditch by the wood, and afterward, in the wood, Ranunculus repens. (For a time, Day and I thought it might be R. bulbosus).

[1862] May 19. Lake Shore R. R. Woods No. 2 (by the crossing of Marilla Street). Sambucus pubens, Viburnum lantanoides. Prunus pennsylvanica, Coptis trifdolia (abundant), Trillium erythrocarpum, (Day found one specimen of Chimaphila umbellata. Benzoin odoriferum. The Medeola, Trientalis and Aralia nudicaulis not quite in blossom. Rubus triflorus.

[1862] May 20. After Mr. Farnham's funeral, walked with Day and Dr. Chester up the Scajaquada from Forest Lawn. On the hill, south of the Grove, saw 2 orchids, different species, neither fairly in flower (Platanthera orbiculata and P. bracteata). Pedicularis canadensis. Day showed us the station of Arisaema draconitum (- not a sign of it above ground, or rather above gravel) in the creek.

[1862] May 21. In E. L. Stevenson's yard on Washington St., and in the Court House Park, Aesculus glabra in blossom. On Niagara Square, in the enclosure before Steven G. Austin's house, Day pointed out to me a Ribes, which he thought to be R. prostratum, with erect racemes, also a Sambucus, not in blossom, with the leaves much cut (I sent the Ribes to Prof. Gray, who thought it came nearest to R. alpinum). It has flowered profusely, every year, including this (1866) but has never borne fruit. The Sambucus I have no doubt, is the European S. nigra, var.).

[1862] May 22. W. McKibbin, Eagle St., north side, gave me, from his courtyard, a flower of a Magnolia (probably M. purpurea). Its petals were dropping, going out of flower.

[1862] May 23. At Sulphur Spring, in the Creek below it and on this side, i.e. between the Creek and the Hydraulic Canal, Mertensia niger, Smilacina-Convallaria stellata and the Floerkea. In woods, this side of the Creek (call this Clinton St. woods!),

Trillium erythrocarpum, Lonicera ciliata [Xylosteum ciliatum, an earlier generic name, is crossed out], Equisetum sylvaticum, Trientalis americana, Streptopus roseus. In the wood to the right of the road leading to Sulphur Spring, after leaving the Plank Road, Fedia fagopyrum, Polemonium reptans and a small Cardamine (hirsuta).

[1862] May 24. Turned to the right at the 2nd road after passing the Tollgate on the Williamsville road, and in nearing the woods, crossed a field to them. In the field, Castileia coccinea. In the wood, Polygonatum multiflorum. In the woods by the Grove, Gaylussacia resinosa and 2 or 3 Carices. Marked a Lonicera (parviflora).

[1862] May 25. In the first wood, about 1 mile below Cornelius' Creek, found the Small Cardamine, probably hirsuta (!) and a very handsome common fern, which may be an Osmunda (O. regalis).

[1862] May 26. Falconwood. Nothing new, except Vaccinium corymbosum, a fern and some Carices. The Trientalis beautiful, 2,4 flowered. About this time, [Zizia integerrima crossed out] Thaspium aureum and Senecio aureus came into flower.

[1862] May 27. Lakeshore R. R. Wood, No. 1. Geum rivale beginning to flower - a small hispid Ranunculus (R. recurvatus). The Cypripedium seems confined to the further side of the wood. Several species of Carex. Saw a spiny shrub (probably Aralia racemosa) not in flower.

[1862] May 28. Wood by Frenchman's Creek. ["Smilacina" written above "Convallaria" which is corrected] trifolia in blossom. Also a Crataegus.

[1862] May 29. Woods back of Fort Erie and along Frenchman's Creek. By the Creek, Lathyrus ochroleucus, Vicia caroliniana just in blossom. (I think this day, in a pool of Frenchman's Creek, below the road, a plant with cut leaves. See July 26 [past]!). In the woods, Ranunculus recurvatus, Cornus florida, Podophyllum peltatum, Polygonatum multiflorum and P. biflorum. Trientalis, Smilacina trifolia.

[1862] May 30. Woods &c., back of The Grove. Cerasus, 2 glands on the petioles (Prunus virg'ana) [virginiana] Stellaria longifolia, Prosartes lanuginosa, Senecio aureus. Along the Scajaquada, a Vicia and Lathyrus. In an open field, Comandra ['Thesium', an older generic name, crossed out] umbellata. Coming out of the woods at the Dam, Arenaria (Moehringia) lateriflora one flower has 6 petals.

[1862] May 31. All about Sandytown, an Euphorbia, very variable in size (E. helioscopia). Whether the same I found at Tonawanda? Potentilla anserina sending out its first flowers. A yellow cruciform flower, probably Barbarea (!).

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