An Economic Botany Collection
Richard H. Zander
July 21, 2006
Res Botanica, a Missouri Botanical Garden Web Site

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FATTY OILS, WAXES, GUMS

 

 

Bayberry. Myrica pennsylvanica, Buffalo, N.Y. ornamental shrub, 1972. Another species, Myrica cerifera, is a source of fragrant wax.

 

Candelilla wax lumps, Euphorbia antisyphilitica. Originally from Mexico, Koster Keunen Wax Refiners, Sayville, N.Y. 1972,

 

Castor beans, Riccinus communis. Source of castor oil and the phytotoxin ricin.

 

Tung Nuts, Aleuites fordii, Euphorbiaceae, Florida, R. Byron 1972.

 

Acacia Gum, Acacia horrida, Fabaceae, From South Africa. Nature's Herbs, Toronto, Ontario, 1972.

 

Beeswax.

 

Gamboge, Garcinia hanburyi, Guttiferae. Herbal store, 1972.

 

Gum Arabic, Acacia senegal, Fabaceae. Meer Corp., New Jersey,

1972.

 

Gum Elemi. From any of a number of plants. A soft and plastic substance.

 

Kennebec Spruce Gum: "Gum base, edible softening agents, rolled in cornstarch." "From the forests of Maine." "Put up by C. A. McMahan Co., Five Islands, Maine." 1972.

 

Mastic Chewing Gum, Greece, Athens. Possibly Pistacia lentiscus the Chios Mastic. Other species also provide commercial mastic.

 

Mesquite Gum, Prosopis juliflora, Leguminosae. Source of arabinose for culturing certain bacteria. Pfanstiehl Laboratories, 1972.

 

Moskolibanon, Greece. Neneta, Chios. Whatever this is. Musk of Lebanon?

 

Myrrh. Probably a species of Commiphora.

 

Olive fruit on a twig, Olea europaea, Oleaceae, California.

 

Xanthan Gum, Dietary Specialites, Rochester, N.Y. 1972.

 

Cassia Oil, Cinnamomum cassia, Lauraceae. Fritzsche Brothers, N.Y.

 

Citronella Oil, Cymbopogon nardus, Poaceae.

 

Clove Oil, Fritzsche Brothers, N.Y.

 

Guar seeds, Cyamopsis tetragonoloba, Fabaceae. Source of guar gum. General Mills, 1972.