BFNA Title: Wijkia
Author: W. B. Schofield 
Date: June 9, 2005
Edit Level: R Brum+
Version: 1

Bryophyte Flora of North America, Provisional Publication
Missouri Botanical Garden
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W. B. Schofield

XXX. WIJKIA H. A. Crum, Bryologist 74: 170. 1971 * (for R. van der Wijk, Dutch bryologist)


Plants small to medium sized, forming loose, glossy dark green to brownish mats, creeping to arched, subpinnate to irregularly branched, stems 1--3 cm, branches 0.2--1.5 cm, terete, with leaves imbricate to wide-spreading, slender, 0.5--1.5 mm wide; pseudoparaphyllia foliose, deltoid. Stem leaves larger than those of branches, and more gradually acuminate, ovate and often abruptly piliferous, serrulate; alar cells strongly differentiated, often colored, of 1--4 elongate inflated cells separated from laminal cells by small quadrate to rhombic supra-alar cells; costa short and double or absent; leaf cells

vermicular, smooth or 1-seriate multipapillose.  Specialized asexual reproduction when present by flagelliferous deciduous branches.  Sexual condition dioicous or phyllodioicous.  Seta red to brown, smooth, 1--2 cm, twisted when dry. Capsule inclined to horizontal, asymmetric, arcuate, ovoid to cylindric, exothecial cells not or slightly collenchymatous; annulus present; operculum short- to long-rostrate or conic; peristome double, exostome of 16 lanceolate teeth, cross-striolate proximally, coarsely papillose distally; endostome smooth to finely papillose, with high basal membrane, segments nearly as long as exostomial teeth, cilia mostly in pairs, nearly as long as segments.  Calyptra cucullate, smooth.  Spores spherical, papillose.


Species 25 (1 in flora):  w North America, Central America, South America, se Asia (Japan, India, Indonesia, Philippines, Taiwan), Africa, Pacific Islands (New Zealand), Australia; temperate, tropical and subtropical forests.


SELECTED REFERENCES:  Buck, W. R. 1998. Pleurocarpous Mosses of the West Indies.  Mem. N.Y. Bot. Garden 82. Noguchi, A. 1994. Illustrated Moss Flora of Japan, Part 5. Nichinan. Ramsay, H. P., W. B. Schofield and B. C. Tan. 2002.  The Family Sematophyllaceae (Bryopsida) in Australia. Part l. J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 92: 8--15.  Schofield, W. B. 1966. Acanthocladium (Sect. Tanythrix) in North America.  Bryologist 69: 334--338.


1. Wijkia carlottae (Schofield) H. A. Crum, Bryologist 74: 171. 1971


Acanthocladium carlottae Schofield, Bryologist 69: 336. 1966


Plants small, glossy yellow green to dark green when living, brown to yellowish when old, 1--2 cm, irregularly to regularly pinnate to 2-pinnate with stem and branch tips sharply pointed, forming loose mats. Stem leaves concave, 1 × 0.5 mm excluding the piliferous point, which is 0.5 mm or longer.  Specialized asexual reproduction unknown. Sporophytes unknown. 


Mainly on shaded rock in humid sites, 0--100 m;  B.C. (restricted to the Queen Charlotte Islands, Haida Gwaii).


This species is closely related to Wijkia tanytricha (Montagne) H. A. Crum of southeastern Asia, and differs mainly in size and habitus.  Its exclusively vegetative reproduction indicates a clone that is slowly disseminated, because sporophytes and specialized vegetative reproduction are lacking.