Niagara Issues - Northern Boundary Stream
P. M. Eckel
Res Botanica
Missouri Botanical Garden
March 8, 2003

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Niagara Issues - Northern Boundary Stream


This outfall emerges from a culvert at the top of the river bank at the northern boundary of Artpark. The shale substrate of the bank is exposed here. Phragmites forms a neat little pocket on the shore at its base (second illustration). This stream modification may be an alteration of the native sheet-seepage on the river bank on the various private properties north (downstream) of this outfall. It would be interesting if know whether a similar occurrence exists on the Ontario shoreline. Observations may be best obtained by boat as the shoreline is variably very narrow and the river shelves quickly and deeply from the shore.