Correspondence of Edwin Judson
Pickett and G. W. Clinton
The Correspondence of
Edwin Judson Pickett (1830-1866) and
George William Clinton (1807‑1885)
P. M. Eckel, P.O. Box 299, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, Missouri, 63166‑0299; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
People’s College, ca. 1858, at which E. J. Pickett was a professor.
from “Circular of the Peoples’ College of the State of
and Act of Incorporation, Passed April 12th, 1853” 1858.
Among George W. Clinton’s botanical correspondents exist
letters from a man who produced few specimens as a contribution to American
herbaria, but who still deserves attention as a member of the group of
contemporaries, mostly American, who communicated with
His first claim to fame is the collection of a small
plant, a liverwort hitherto unknown to
EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE
REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF
UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF
I HAVE the honor to transmit the Eighteenth Annual Report of the Regents of the University, on the State Cabinet of Natural History and the Historical and Antiquarian Collection annexed thereto. I remain, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
JOHN V. L. PRUYN,
Chancellor of the University
The donations, of which Prof. Pickett’s Liverwort formed a part, were due to “The Circular issued last year by the Regents, inviting the aid of the naturalists of the State in supplying the deficiencies of the Cabinet, has produced some fruit, and promises to be productive of much more” (Pruyn in the 18th Annual Report).
On June 12, 1865, in the year G. W. Clinton began to
preserve the letters his correspondents sent to him,
Vol. 1. 38 I 188
Enclosed I send you two specimens of a floating liverwort which I found on the surface of a stagnant pool near the place I found the fruit mature and immersed in the surface of the fronds near the bifurcations. I suppose it to be a Riccia but am in doubt which one. Is your society at all interested in Hepaticae? If you wish it I can send you specimens of the Duvalia, Reboulia, Preissia, and Marchantia all of them now in fruit.
I am also making a collection of the Cyperaceae but do not find time to study them. Have you in your collection the Silene nivea? I
think that I have found it here.
E. J. Pickett
Recd & ansd. June 15. Wrote again 19th
nivea, Otth. “
Reboulia is a liverwort of “wooded ravine banks and hillside grasslands” (Crum 1991) growing on soil. The species is adapted to habitats that may be dry in the heat of summer, when “the thallus protects itself from drying by curling up and exposing its scale-bearing undersurface” (Crum 1991). It does not have to grow in calcareous soils, but Preissia does. Preissia requires more moisture than Reboulia, hence it may be found “on wet, calcareous substrates, on soil, rock, and logs in or near streams and ponds, often in rich fens” (Crum 1991). Marchantia is more conspicuous than the other two liverworts. It is a weed of greenhouses, but “also grows outdoors in wet places, on soil, humus, and logs” (Crum 1991). There are six species of Riccia that grow in southern Michigan ... The species are not commonly found and appear “almost exclusively in the fall of the year, but they can also be expected in early spring before competition from larger plants ... sets in ...in depressions in stubble fields and muddy margins of streams and lakes exposed by lowered water levels” (Crum 1991).
Silene nivea (Mutt.)
Muhl., the Snowy Campion, flowers in late spring and summer in alluvial
woodlands, also where liverworts are likely to be found. It has not been
Mr. Pickett’s liverwort, more correctly reported as Duvalia rupestris Nees, was included in 1866 in the List of Mosses [sic] of the State of New York: “Wet places in rocky ravines, Havana, Schuyler Co. E. G. Pickett” (Peck, 1866).
Years later (as Neesiella
rupestris (Nees) Schiffn. in Engler & Prantl), the distribution in
North America of this species of liverwort “is still very incompletely known”
(Evans 1911), with stations from
The information on a specimen label curated ten years ago in the collections of the Clinton Herbarium, Buffalo Museum of Science was:
Glen McClure is now Havana Glen, and the town of
It is rather sad that none of the species offered to
The earliest reference by G. W. Clinton to a correspondence with E. J. Pickett was a note in his Botanical Journal:
“1863. Oct. 1. 'Wrote to E. J.
The title “Esq.” or “Esquire” indicates Pickett, like
George Clinton, was a member of the legal profession in the
Back in 1863,
“ Oct. 3. 'Wrote to Halliday Jackson, enclosing specimen of Azolla Caroliniana, received from Pickett.'
Letters from Halliday Jackson of
In the next year, during the month of April, 1864, Clinton wrote in his botanical journal that he “mailed the circular of the Regents, with the lists of deficiencies of the Cabinet, to Prof. Gray, Dr. Lee, Peekskill, Dr. Sartwell, Dr. Vasey, John A. Paine, Jr., M. S. Bebb, Miss Mary H. Clark, Dr. Dewey, E. J. Pickett, ...'. This is the “The Circular issued last year  by the Regents, inviting the aid of the naturalists of the State” mentioned by John V. L. Pruyn, Chancellor of the University, the 18th Annual Report of the Regents, in 1865.
Pickett did respond to this appeal,
and his first letter, quoted above, was sent to
“We are glad ... to notice the fact that the venerable Chester Dewey, that excellent gentleman and distinguished caricographer, has contributed a large number of the Carices of the State. This gift imparts to the Herbarium a new and peculiar value.”
The Rev. Chester Dewey D. D., LL.D., also lived in
It is likely Pickett wrote about his collecting Carex, but at the same time not studying them, as a response to the need of such plants for the State collections.
In January, 1865,
20. while in
It is probable that Picket was singled out in this entry
due to other reasons than botany, reasons having to do with the People’s
Three days later,
[1865.] Jan. 23d. Tuesday. Regent's Meeting in the m'g [=morning]. At 3 P.M. attended, at the Agricultural Room, the meeting called to consider the Agricultural College, People's College, & Senator Cornell's offer to endow an Agricultural College &c. at Ithaca, with 300 acres of land & $500,000.
George Clinton was a Regent of the
“By an act passed April 12, 1853, the Regents were required to establish general rules under which colleges, universities, and academies might claim incorporation...” (French 1860). Among the list of acting Regents in 1864-1865 in the Eighteenth Annual Report on the Condition of the State Cabinet of Natural History, published by the Regents and made to the Legislature, March 22, 1865, was George W. Clinton and also Ezra Cornell.
Cornell was also President of the New York Agriculture Society, an organization whose antecedents began in the late 1700’s to organize various county agricultural fairs, but the Society of which Cornell was president was formed in 1832 (French 102). “In 1841 the society was re-organized, and measures were adopted for raising funds and holding annual fairs” (French 1860). “The office of the society is kept at the Agricultural Rooms, corner of State and Lodge Sts., Albany, where it has a museum and library” (French 1860).
In the previous year (1864) the two founders of what was
to become Cornell University “met in the New York State Senate” in January,
1864” - the month when, among other things, the annual meeting of the Regents
took place (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Cornell_University;
viewed March 7, 2014). The two founders were Andrew Dickson White of
As newly elected members of the state senate, Cornell chaired the Committee of Agriculture and White was the chair of the Committee of Literature (which dealt with educational matters). Hence, both chaired committees with jurisdiction over bills allocating the land grant, which was to be used “without excluding other scientific and classical studies and including military tactic, to teach such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts.”
The Regents apportion of the income of the Literature Fund
“among academies, in proportion to the number of students pursuing the
classics or the higher English branches; designating such academies as shall
receive aid in establishing classes for instructing teachers of common
schools” etc. (French 1860). The Fund was managed by the State Comptroller
“for investment, - the Legislature appropriating the proceeds annually, and
the Regents designating the scale of apportionment.” The Fund, in
The Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act also provided funding
for its execution through the sale of timber land in the mid-western
As White was
the chair of the Committee of Literature, he probably also assisted in the
control of State money accruing to the Literature Fund for
“In 1863, the [New York State] legislature had granted the proceeds of the land grant to the People's College in Havana (now Montour Falls), with conditions that would need to be met within a certain time frame” (History of Cornell University).
It was also in 1863 Andrew Dickson White was elected a
Senator to the
In 1863, as noted above,
“1863. Oct. 1. 'Wrote to E. J.
but without stating his purpose. In the meantime, between 1863
and 1865, Pickett had achieved a professorship at the People’s College in
French (1860) wrote that the People’s College was located
in the postal
When incorporated in 1854, the People’s College had “Trustees elected for 6 years. Students and teachers expected to labor from 10 to 20 hours each week. Located on a farm of 200 acres” (French 1860, fn. ‘a’).
E. J. Pickett, Esq. was one of those professors.
The College “was incorporated April 12, 1853 [but see
French, above], and fine buildings were erected in 1857. By an Act of May 14,
1863, in and of colleges for teaching agriculture and the mechanic arts, were
offered to the People’s College at
College was also called Cook’s College, or Cook’s Academy. “It was originally
going to be developed in to a fine university, but the government funds ended
up going to build
It is interesting that the
Feb. 5. 'The Regents received the Senate Resolution of inquiry touching the People's College, and committed it to the Com. hearing in [to?] change the former resolution of the Senate Com. in Literature, of which Regent's Com. I was one, intending it to visit the College &c., [=passage confusing].”
'Tuesday. At 1 P.M. Judge Johnson [x], I & Secretary Woolworth [x],
As stated above, Charles Cook was the original founder of the People’s College.
Feb. 6 [[sic] for the 7th.] “At 8 A.M. took the Elmira R. R. and reached Havana, late in the afternoon, put up at the Morton House, Professors Phin & Pickett called in the evening. Devoted residue of this day & the 8th to visiting the [People’s] College, taking testimony, &c.”
Meanwhile, the 18th Report of the Regents had been circulated, as noted in the beginning of this article, and the focus of Clinton’s and Pickett’s correspondence seems to have been botanical, but with the fate of the People’s College hanging between them.
The day after Clinton departed for Havana, White “introduced a bill ‘to establish the Cornell University’ and, on April 27, 1865, after a many month long debate [apparently short of three months], Governor Reuben E. Fenton sighed into law the bill endowing Cornell University as the state’s Land-Grant Institution” (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Dickson_White ).
Pickett wrote, still from
Vol. 1. No. 87 [I 134]
For some weeks I have been looking for the Dicentra which you so much desired and I have examined most of the moist rocks and banks in this vicinity with no success.
Enclosed I send a letter from Dr. Sartwell, from its contents you will see that our best books make a mistake in the locality. Dicentras even of the common species are rare here. Enclosed I send
you two species of liverworts. The Callipogon pulchella grows in the meadow back of the college and last night while botanizing on the marsh I found, for the first time, the Ilysanthes. Gray marks it common. I have also found a solitary specimen of the broom rape. My time is so much occupied that I have no opportunity for studying the mosses although I often find one that interests me: enclosed I send you a specimen which I have growing in my room. Our summer term closes July 21st and I fear that school will not be opened here again.
E. J. Pickett
Hon. G. W. Clinton
Recd. July 15
Ansd 17th [ansd 17th]
The enclosed letter from the previous June:
Vol. 1. No. 88 [I 133]
PennYan June 23d 1865
Yours of the 22nd inst. came to hand last
night. As to the Dicentra eximia I know not where it can be obtained. About
20 years ago I found it in Wayne Co. not far from
I am cordially yours
H. P. Sartwell
Recd. from Mr. Pickett July 15
[Is entered from index as “Prof”]
Henry Parker Sartwell, M.D. (1792-1867), resided in
DC. is the Dutchman’s Breeches and D.
canadensis DC. is Squirrel-Corn, both of rich woods. The Dicentra eximia DC. is from “Rocks, W.
In the 19th Annual Report Clinton wrote:
eximia, D. C. On recurring to my correspondence with David Thomas, in 1829, I
find that he had not, as I supposed, then found this plant native in Cayuga
county. Prof. Pickett kindly communicated to me a letter of my dear friend,
Dr. Sartwell, dated June 23, 1865, in which he writes: “As to Dicentra eximia, I know not where it
can be found. About twenty years ago, I found it in
Calopogon pulchellus R. Brown was common in bogs, flowering in July, with lovely one-inch broad, pink-purple, fragrant flowers, according to Gray (1862). It is in the Orchid family. The Ilysanthes gratioloides, Benth, False Pimpernel, is in the Scrophulariaceae and occurs in “Low grounds, and along rivulets; common. June - Sept.” (Gray 1862). The Broom-Rape family is the Orobanchaceae. The native plant to which Pickett referred is Orobanche uniflora L., the One-flowered Broomrape, Cancer Root, Ghost Pipe and Naked Broomrape, its scientific name according to Gray, was Aphyllon uniflorum, Torrey & Gray. It is a parasitic plant on other species of plants, pale-whitish in color due to its lack of chlorophyll, the ordinary nutrient-producing element in plants that do not parasitize.
The Marsh is probably the Catharine Creek Marsh just north
The People’s College in
Apparently, the day before the College closed, Pickett
wrote the following letter to
Vol. 1. No. 100 [I 120]
Since I do not find it “Chamaelirium
luteum” in your catalogue I today take the liberty of forwarding you a
staminate and pistillate frond in a newspaper. Also a composite flower
pencil and careted in] which I have not determined. I found it at Keshong's
Enclosed please find two specimens of the
Allosorus which is common here. Many thanks for your more than kind letter of
the 17th. The expressions of good will were highly prized coming as they did
from one whom I have so much reason to respect and esteem. I am not conscious
that I have done anything for you which has laid you under obligations or any
thing which it was not a pleasure for me to do. The term here closes
tomorrow. I purpose to continue to teach somewhere but have no place fixed
upon & at present think of going to
[Prof.] E. J. Pickett
Hon. G. W. Clinton
Recd July 22
(L.) Gray, Blazing-star, is rare in western
There is a Keshong Creek (French 1860) that flows into
Seneca Lake, in Ontario County (French 1860), and a Kashong Road (two
spellings) beside it today in Seneca Township. In the postal
Not long after the College was closed and Pickett had
moved back to
17. 'By 5 A. M. train went to
Both Booth and Fish reported that Myriophyllum verticillatum L., the Whorled water milfoil, was
Joseph Williston Grosvenor, M.D., had just been mustered
out of the
George T. Fish was a botanist associated with the
Rochester Academy of Sciences in
Clinton and Grosvenor probably returned to
[1865. Aug.] 18. 'By 5 A.M. train to
The liverwort Trichocolia
tomentella Nees is “large, regularly 2-3-pinnate, and woolly in
appearance owing to the fine dissection of leaves, first into 3-4 narrow
lobes divided nearly to the insertion and then into many long, simple, and
branched cilia” (Crum 1991). Crum also says that “sporophytes are very rare.
The only specimens with shoot calyptrae and sporophytes seen were collected
A few weeks after the party to
Vol. 1. No. 149 [I 61]
“Your favor of the 13th inst. arrived last night. I received it on my return from a visit to the Najas major part of the bay after some of said plant for Prof. Gray. I have this morning sent him a couple of complete plants choosing rather smaller ones than those we found - the water being shallower where I collected them.
Friend Pickett has gone to
I wish you joy of your botanical discoveries - where in the world can you find such “tropical weeds” as Amaranthus spinosus and Lampsana. If all collectors would only follow the industrious example set them by yourself & our friend Paine, and diligently avoid the laziness which seems to be chronic among the Rochester “profession” what a mass of useless knowledge as Pickett calls it would be got together...”.
There may have been a reason for Pickett’s rather depressing attitude, for at this time he had a disease that would shortly claim his life.
By January of the next year (1866), Pickett had moved west
to teach in
Vol. 2. No. 145 [D 80]
A copy of the Regents Report has reached
me and in it I see many evidences and much fruit of your industry and
devotion to science. Certainly it must be gratifying to see the interest
which you have awakened in the much neglected study of Botany. I hope now
that you have completed your labors on the State herbarium, that your zeal will
remain the same and that the science will be so popularized that you will not
be the only judge in the court of the flowers and that so many dear weeds may
not ... with their desert “sweetness unseen”. I am a little surprised to see
the Duvalia noticed so prominently for all of which it feels under great
obligations to you. I am sorry that to me should be given the credit of
discovering the Najas in
That honor should belong to yourself. You know it was stipulated when we started on that memorable excursion that my sole part was “to add dignity to the occasion.”
Do you not think that Mr. Paine's theory of brine springs in that bog does great credit to his poetic talent and should be taken with a few grains of salt?
I find my position here pleasant and
geologically interesting. I have already found some fine fossil localities
and shall develop them more as soon as the season permits but I arrived here
too late to do much botanically. To day I have collected a few mosses some of
which look unfamiliar and since my lens was unfortunately left in
analyze them. Enclosed I send you a few specimens. Most of the species of Oak and hickory are found here and form the chief forest growth.
Next season I hope to make some additions to my botanical collection and I would be glad of any suggestion that you may make.
One of my pupils has asked me a question in history which she is desirous of being able to answer but I don't think it is an item of recorded history viz. What is the date when the Fourth of July was first celebrated as a National holiday, after the promulgation of the Declaration. Was it the next year or was it after the war and how soon
I have searched the
E. J. Pickett
Hon. G. W.
Recd Jan. 17 & inclosed his mosses to Mr. Peck.
The copy of the Regents Report to which Pickett refers is
the 19th Annual Report, 1866 for the year 1865. In it G. W. Clinton published
plants new to the State after the State Flora published by John Torrey (1943).
In this catalogue, for species number 21,
Note the misspelling of E. G. [rather than E. J.] Pickett is due to the typesetter not realizing that Clinton’s handwritten “J” can usually be misinterpreted as a “G.”
The Buffalo Society of Natural History at this time had an
extensive collection of shells to which Pickett had undoubtedly been asked to
contribute. At this time the molluscan flora in
At the end of January, Coe Finch Austin, another of
Vol. 2. No. 175 [D 49]
Closter, N. J. Jan. 31st 1866
Your letter of Jan. 16th was received in
due season and I have been so busy with Hepaticae that I have neglected
answering it before. In answer to your queries I will say that I have just
received a copy of the last report of the Regents. I believe I did furnish a
specimen of Callitriche Austinii to the State Cabinet from the top of the
I have not received your Carte de visite but should be most pleased to have it, and shortly I shall get a supply of my own when I will send you one in return.
Cannot you get me a specimen of Duvalia rupestris? (I see it is “Duvillea rupestris Sullt.” in the Report, but I know of no such genus or species and presume it must be meant for Duvalia rupestris Nees. I should like very much to see a specimen and would return it if desired for I cannot learn that this species was ever found in this country before.
Very truly yours
Coe F. Austin
Recd. Feb. 3 & ansd
Duvalia rupestris Nees became Grimaldia rupestris Lindb. by the 6th ed of Gray's Manual: a liverwort.
A few days later, Pickett wrote:
Vol. 2. No. 176 [D 48]
Your pleasant letter and its enclosed summons was received. The order
to “pay up” occasioned me much solicitude for I couldn't see for the life
of me how it
was to be done since all of my collections are in
Just now while turning the leaves of an old volume a stray specimen and
only one, of the Tricholocolea came to light which you will please find
enclosed. I never have seen it fruited but on one occasion I found it in a
swamp in Mexico, Oswego Co. June 1861.
Enclosed you will find another specimen
of moss from
have it somewhere named but on doubtful authority I suppose it to be hypnum
of some kind. I do not intend studying mosses very much until I can procure
a lens better adapted for the purpose than the one which I have at present.
In the mean time I want to trouble you with such questions and discoveries
as I may chance to make.
If I can be of service to you I shall be happy to do so.
I have recd a letter from Mr. Austin but am unable at present to comply
with his request for a specimen of Duvalia. Did I ever furnish you with
any of them.
E. J. Pickett
Hon. G. W. Clinton
Recd. Feb. 7. The moss is H. Crista-castrensis.
The Buffalo Museum of Science has or had the following
specimen in its collection, and it probably dated from this trip to
tomentella Nees [
E. G. Pickett s.n. s.d.
Hypnum crista-castrensis Hedw. is a beautiful pleurocarpous moss, the “knight’s plume moss,” “splendidly shiny, forming feathery fronds curved at the tips of stems and branches” (Crum and Anderson 1981). It grows on “humus and old, moss-covered logs in rather dry to swampy coniferous forests.”
It comes as a surprise that the following notice was
published in The Naturalists' Directory. Part II.
1866 (F.W. Putnam, ed.). North America and the
“Deceased. 97. (Geology.) Prof. E. J. Pickett,
Between February and October of 1866, E. J. Pickett had
died. He began his work in
Pickett.— Edwin Judson Pickett was born near
Mr. Pickett was of an exceedingly modest and retiring disposition, and did not seek society; but none who met him could fail to love him. An enthusiast in science, an indefatigable worker in whatever he put his hand to, and also an earnest Christian, his loss is a great one. With so few devotees, and so much work to be done, science can ill afford to spare one such. B. (Anon. 1867, or “B.”)
Although most of this essay treats of E. J. Pickett as a
botanist, his main interest was Geology. The following is an exhibition of
Pickett’s contributions to Geology in
In the 21st Annual Report of the Regents is the following account by James Hall (1868) “Report of the Curator:”
Taylor And Pickett Collections.
During the summer my attention
was called to two collections of fossils which were offered for sale,—one of
these, the collection of Mr. G. W. Taylor, of Pulaski, and the other tho
collection of the late Prof. Pickett of
The descriptive schedule of
the Pickett collection (Ba) which I
append, showed that it contained rare and valuable specimens, which would be
an acquisition to the museum, and as there was an offer pending from another
quarter, there was no time for delay, and I wrote immediately in order to
secure the collection. I have had it carefully packed and sent to
SCHEDULE OF THE CONTENTS OF THE PICKETT COLLECTION, PURCHASED FOR THE MUSEUM
1. The Lower Silurian fossils are represented in
2. The Medina Sandstone is represented by a few fossils only.
3. The Clinton Group is
largely represented by the characteristic fossils which occur in
4. The Niagara Group is largely represented. There are many fine Corals and Bryozoans, and of the latter some remarkably fine specimens, particularly of the genera Callopora and Trematopora.
There are several specimens of Encalyplocrinus, Stephanocrinus, etc., and a fine series of the Brachiopoda of that Group of rocks.
5. The Lower Helderberg Group is
but feebly represented in ollections from
6. The Upper Helderberg Group is mainly represented by Corals.
Many of these have been worked out by acids, so as to be almost entirely free from adhering stone, leaving the silicified corals in fine condition.
There are also a few Brachiopoda and Lamellibranchiala, Cephalopoda, Bryozoa and Crustacea.
7. The Hamilton Group is
largely represented by the fossils of
8. The Chemung Group is represented in a considerable number of fossils, a few crinoids, which are rare, and some fine slabs of Filicites (fossil ferns).
9. The Burlington Limestone is represented by a considerable number of Crinoidea of the ordinary character.
10. The Keokuk Limstone is represented in the Crinoidea of Crawfordsville, Indiana, of which there is a large box not opened. The specimens were represented by Mr. Pickett and by Mr. Elwood as consisting largely of crinoids collected by Prof. Pickett himself; judging from other parts of the collection made by him, it may be inferred that the specimens are good.
There are some representatives of the other divisions of the carboniferous rocks, and among them a collection of the Spurgeon Hill fossils.
11. The Coal Measures are represented in a good collection
of fossils from the shales of
There are also two large boxes which were not examined, but which were said to contain good cabinet specimens.
Besides those enumerated, there are many large slabs and polished blocks of different rocks, showing the condition of the corals, crinoids, etc.
A small collection of European Jurassic and Cretaceous fossils.
Collection contains some minerals, mostly from
Fresh-water Shells.—There is a considerable collection of Uniones, Anodons, etc., but mostly in a poor condition. Some of them will be useful.
Radiata.—There is a pretty large collection of Starfishes and other Echinoderms in a good condition. These had been obtained mostly from Prof. Agassiz in exchange for fossils. The specimens have labels with them and have been apparently carefully kept as they were received.
This part of the collection will supply a want in the Museum, since, as I have had occasion to state, we had previously but one or two Starfishes and one Echinus in the State Collection to represent this large class of organisms. Mr. Pickett at first desired to stipulate that this collection should remain separate, as “'The Pickett Collection” in the State Museum; but when the impracticability of such a plan was represented to him, he became willing to have it incorporated in the general collections of the Museum, provided that a catalogue of its contents should be published in some future report on the State Cabinet.—The collection was received in good order at the State Cabinet in November. [Senate, No. 92-1 4].
Much later, ten years after George Clinton had died on
September 7 in 1885, evidence exists as a testament to Pickett’s faithfulness
in contributing to the knowledge of the molluscan flora, particularly the
Unio alatus Say.
footiana Lea. a collection was found in
Unio multiradiatus Lea. Median, Orleans Co. Pickett coll.
I would like to thank Richard Zander for his invaluable help in locating critical information on the Internet pertaining to this article. I would also like to thank him for, as always, preparing text documents and digital illustrations that accompany this article.
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~twintiers/deaths2.html ) viewed March 17, 2014.
Anon. or “B.”
1867. “Obituary. pp. 291- 293 of “V. Miscellaneous Scientific Intelligence”
pp. 288-293. in The American Journal of Science and Arts. Vol. XLIV [Whole
Number XCIV. Nos. 130, 131, 132 [sic, presented in number 31]. 1867.
C., ed., assisted by H. Perry Smith and W. Stanley Child. 1895. History of
Clinton, G. W. 1862 - [...] Botanical Journal. preserved document Buffalo Museum of Science.
Clinton, G. W.
1866. Facts and Observations Touching the Flora of the State of
Crum, H. 1991.
Liverworts and Hornworts of
Crum, H. A. and
L. E. Anderson. 1981. Vols. I & II. Mosses of
Eckel, P. M. 2006. Correspondence of Rhoda Waterbury and G. W. Clinton 1865 - 1867. \Hist\CorrAuth\WaterburyClinton\1_Waterbury.htm
Evans, Alexander W. 1911. Notes on North American Hepaticae. II
French, J. H.
1860. Gazetteer of the State of
House, Homer H.
1924. Annotated list of the Ferns and Flowering Plants of New York State.
Marshall, W. B.
1895. Geographical Distribution of
Morton, John K.
2005. Silene, in Flora of North
America Editorial Committee, ed., Flora of
Horton. 1866. List of Mosses of the State of
1943. A Flora of the State of
Van Deusen, G.
G. 1953. Horace, Greeley, Nineteenth-Century Crusader.
The proper citation of this electronic publication is:
Eckel, P. M. 2014. Correspondence of Edwin Judson Pickett (1830–1866) and George William Clinton (1807–1885). Res Botanica, a Missouri Botanical Garden Web site.