Correspondence of Charles Peck and G. W. Clinton
Edited by P. M. Eckel
Res Botanica
Missouri Botanical Garden

March 4, 2011

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The Correspondence of

Charles Peck (1833-1917) and

George William Clinton (1807 1885)


1872 part 2



Vol. 8 (144) [H 74]


Albany, May 2nd, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Of the sendings of Apr. 28th I make out only

1 Aecidium Claytoniatum Schw.

&2 Leptostroma litigiosum Desm.

3 Seems to be a Vermicularia but sterile

4 Is also without any fruit and uncertain

5 Cladosporium, probably herbarum


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received May 3


Vol. 8 (150) [H 68]


Albany, May 13th,   1872


My Dear Sir,


Of May 10th No 1 seems to me to be Septoria Rubi B. & C.

2 Nothing good


May 11th

1,2,4 & 5 I find no fruit in any and am not able to say what they are.

On No. 3 I find a single conceptacle of what seems an Erysiphe. Whether it was really an inhabitant of the fern or had lodged here from some other plant is a question.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


P.S. It would be well to look farther for No. 3


Received May 14


Vol. 8 (156) [H 62]


Albany, 11th,  1872


My Dear Sir,


The only good thing I find among your specimens of May 10th is the enclosed Diplodia which, so far as I can determine from the brief description, is D. vulgaris Lev.


This fine weather makes me anxious to get out to see if I can not find something, having been at work in the office now about six months.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received May 16


Vol. 8 (159) [H 59]


Albany, May 18th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


May 16

x1 Uredo Pyrolae Strauss.


Cooke gives what I suppose to be the same thing under the name Trichobasis Pyrolae Berk. but I do not find any pedicellate spores and think it better be left under Uredo.

x2 & 3 Septoria Rubi B. & C.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received May 19



Vol. 8 (160) [H 58]


Albany, 20th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Of May 17th there are two series; first

1 Melampsora salicina Lev.

x2 Unsatisfactory. If the black dots are a fungus it is imperfect.

x3,4, & 5 are all Uredo Pyrolae Strauss.



x1 A fungus no doubt, but too young, probably it would be a Peziza

x2 Asterina Gaultheriae Curtis

x3 Podisoma fuscum Duby.

x4 Undetermined


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received May 21


Vol. 8 (161) [H 57]


Albany, May 22d, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Of May 22d

No 1 Not sure of a fungus here.

2 Illosporium carneum Fr.

x3 Aecidium Podophylli Schw.

x4 Aecidium Violae Schum.


Mrs. Down's name is down.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received May 24


Vol. 8 (163) [H 55]


Albany, May 25th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Of May 21

x1 Morchella esculenta Pers.


Specimens more conical often than in Cookes figure

x2 Agaricus (Omphalia) Campanella Batsch. apparently. Specimens in bad condition.


x3 Aecidium Ranunculi Schw.


I hold that this is very distinct, at least in mode of growth, from Ae. Ranunculacearum DC. although Cooke makes that species cover several forms. He includes our pretty and apparently quite distinct Ae. Thalictri Grev. If such lumping is to be followed it seems to me we might as well say there is but one species of Aecidium and not try to distinguish species at all.

x4 Hypocrea Richardsonii B. & M.

x5 Imperfect

x6 Valsa nivea Fr.

x7 Stictis radiata Fr.


May 23

x1 Septoria Herbaum B. & C. probably. I have seen no description of this species.

x2 Peziza       This is very much like P. stercorea, but I do not find the setae jointed in your specimens. Think I must try Cooke on this.


I am unable to put my hand on the Diplodia on Spice Bush you mention and can not say what it is.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received May 26


Vol. 8 (165) [H 52]


Albany, May 28th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Of May 24

1, 2 & 6 are sterile or imperfect.

3 Sticta pulmonaria. A lichen.

4 Illosporium carneum Fr.

5 Stereum complicatum Fr.

7 Not determined

8 Climacium Americanum Brid. [a moss]

x9 Looks like Ag. semiorbicularis but I can not tell if it is viscid and the spores are not as large as the description requires; hence it is uncertain.

x10 Septoria       I find no description to meet it.


I return 2 May 22d.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received May 30


Vol. 8 (166) [H 51]


Albany, May 29th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Of May 27

1 Appears to be a Valsa but it is without spores and uncertain.

2 Podisoma fuscum Dub...


Mr. Olney wants from 50-100 specimens of Carex gynocrates and of Carex vaginata.


Paines Catalogue credits both to the West Bergen Swamp, Genesee County. Probably the locality is known to you and you might be willing to get them for him.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Received May 31st


Vol. 8 (167) [H 50]


Albany, 3d, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Of May 28th

No. 1 Marasmius plancus Fr.

2 I am not certain of this.

3 Looks like Aecidium Penstemonis Schw.


M. C. Cooke writes that after all he is not quite satisfied concerning your Goat Island Peziza which he formerly named Peziza hesperides C. & P. He thinks it may possibly be P. occidentalis Schw. and asks if the fresh specimens show any tomentum on the exterior surface. The dried ones do not and P. occidentalis is described as "extus villo brevi albidulo subtomentosa." If you meet with it again please examine this point. Dried specimens do not always exhibit the characters as well as fresh ones.


He says the fungus on dead branches of Robinia which I took to be Massaria gigaspora is certainly Valsa profusa Fr.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received June 4


Vol. 8 (168) [H 49]


Albany, June 5th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Of June 1st

1 Aecidium Convallariae Schum.

2 Vermicularia Liliaceorum Schw.


June 3d

1 Agaricus (Collybia) dryophilus Bull.

2 Perenospora parasitica Pers. Of this last one I would be glad to have a few specimens if you have them to spare.


It would be a fine time for fungi if it were a little warmer.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received June 6


Vol. 8 (169) [H 48]


Albany, June 8th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Of June 6th

1 Erineum acerinum Pers. These I believe mycologists now concede are not good fungi.

2 This is Polyporus Boucheanus in my copy of Ravenel. Dr. Curtis named it Favolus Europaeus. I sent it to Mr. Worthington G. Smith who reported that it was probably a Hexagona but he found no descriptio of it. With such disagreement among learned Mycologists what shall we do? It certainly does not agree with the description of P. Boucheanus nor does it seem to me to be Favolus Europaeus. I am sometimes half disposed to name and describe it - such wretched disagreement on such a plain and constant species does not speak well for our superiors.

3 Drummondia clavellata Hook.

4 Puccinia Compositarum and its Uredo spores.


The Oregon plant is Puccinia Graminis Pers.


The foreigner of which I return a part seems clearly to belong to Rabenhorst's genus Seirosporium. It is quite distinct from his S. ocellatum and is probably an undescribed species. Will you dedicate it to Dr. Mohr? I get no good of the others.


I have been looking at the "May apples" and am quite sure they are fungus galls - at any rate a fungus at length dusts them all over with a white bloom which is its spores. The galls on Andromeda ligudtrina are in the same category but I think a different species of the same genus.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received June 9


Vol. 8 (171) [H 46]


Albany, June 14th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


A trip to Sandlake has caused some delay in my replies to letters.


1 June 9th Aecidium crassum Pers.

A June 8th The shooting fellow from Rose Conservatory seems to have disappeared or dried down to nothing. I am not sure that I find what you have reference to but it is probably a fungus - Sphaerobolus stellatus Tode.


I found no evidence of insect work in the Azalea galls. Once or twice I found the exuvia of a mite or minute louse, but it seemed to be accidental; a careful scraping of the surface of a gall failed to give me another instance of it. On the other hand I fail to trace the mycelium within the substance of the gall although the whole surface is studded with little points or basidia which bear white spores - oblong-fusiform and more or less curved or abruptly bent toward the base [drawing]. It seems to belong to the genus Exobasidium and I provisionally call our two species E. Azaleae and E. andromedae.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received June 15


Vol. 8 (172) [H 45]


Albany, June 17th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Of June 13th I consider

1 Aecidium Convallariae Schum.

2 Aecidium Convallariae Schum.

3 Aecidium Ranunculacearum


Of June 14th I am not prepared to report. I am about starting on a brief trip to Ulster Co. where I hope to find a few new things. I would like it if you would note carefully the color of the fresh spores in the Aecidium on Vicia. Now they are white. Is it so when first gathered?


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Received June 18


Vol. 8 (179) [H 37]


Albany, June 26th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


June 15th

1 Seems to me to be Depazea Pyrolae Fr.

2 Insect work as you say.


I have just returned from Paltz Point, Shandaken, etc. in Ulster County. At the former place I obtained specimens of Asplenium montanum discovered there last season by young Denslow. I also found there a singular form of Juncus trifidus or else a different but closely related species, I am not yet sure which, and must study it more. If it should prove to be that species it will be almost as remarkable as if it were something new, being so far south of its previously known localities, and not very elevated at that. Fungi were rather scarce, still I found a few.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received June 28



Vol. 8 (180) [H 36]


Albany, July 5th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Yours of June 19 & 28 is at hand. I did not answer immediately because in it you speak of sending some specimens and I thought to do all in one job.


The Aecidium on Vicia Americana I believe to be undescribed. As its discoverer it is your right to name it if you choose. Puccinia Mariae-Wilsoni and Seirosporium Mohrii of course stand in your name.


Gerard has recently made a note to me of the points of difference he finds between Aecidium Sambuci and his Aecidium Nesaeae, affirming that the spores differ in size and color and the spermogonia in shape and position. Quite likely it is a good species; I have not yet had the opportuity of confirming his observations. I presume the one on Lycopus is the same that seemed to me too close to Aecidium Compositarum. There is so little difference between the so-called species of Aecidium that with dried specimens only it is not always safe to pronounce upon the validity of species. Indeed Cooke speaks somewhere of a man who affirms that there is but one species of Aecidium. I am not so bad as that but I prefer to let closely related species slide till I have good grounds for calling them distinct. In the case of the one on Lycopus the habitat is presumptive evidence of a distinct species. Whether it is supported by other good characters I am not quite sure, but if Gerard has made it a species we may as well accept it on his authority till we are compelled to do otherwise.


Thanks for the copy of the Oration. I have read it with pleasure. The moss from Oregon I consider Dicranum montanum.


July 2nd

x1 Morchella esculenta Pers. This is the edible Morel, but I have not yet found it in sufficient quantity to put on the table.

x2 Agaricus (Pluteus) admirabilis Pk. (see 24th Rep. page 64)

3 In poor condition

x4 Xylaria Hypoxylon Grev. (Young)

x5 Hypoxylon ustulatum Bull. (Young) = Ustulina vulgare Jul. in Handbook

x7 Marasmius Rotula Fr.

x10 No fungus.

x11 Cladonia gracilia - a lichen I never could get any satisfaction of the little black dots on lichens and am not certain what they are.

x12 Seems a Nectria but species uncertain

13 Peziza occidentalis Schw. I am not sure whether Peziza hesperidea C. & P. is really distinct from Schweinitz's species. Cooke also has doubt about it now. Did you ever observe any tomentum on the outside of the cup?

x14 Aecidium       Better give it Gerard's name, whatever that may be, for the present

15 Aecidium Osmorrhizae Pk. 24th Rep. p. 92 & Trichobasis Chenophyllae (Schw.)

x16 Aecidium Sambuci Schw.

x18 Aecidium Geranii DC.

x19 AEcidium Asteris Schw. but it will probably prove to be only a form of Aecidium Compositarum. The spores are yellowish when young.

x20 Xylaria     species uncertain

x21 Seems to be young Aethalium septicum

23 Diatrype atropunctata (Schw.) x24 Imperfect Aecidium Grossulariae

x25 Cladosporium species uncertain

x26 Puccinia Lychnidearum Lk.

x6, x8, x9,x17, x22, & x27 are uncertain.

x14 (bis) on grass seems to be an imperfect state of what Cooke gives in Handbook as Epichloa typhina.

x"A" July 3 No fungus. x"A" July 4 In bad condition.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Received July 11


Vol. 8 (181) [H 35]


Albany, July 8th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Of July 5th

x1 Podosphaeria Kunzei Lev.

x2 Erysiphe lamprocara Lev.


I expect to be off again in two or three days to see what I can find in Otsego and Delaware Counties.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received July 9


Vol. 8 (187) [H 29]


West Worcester, N.Y., July 23d   1872


My Dear Sir,


I have found some new fungi and learned some new facts concerning others since my advent in this place, but all new flowering plants have thus far eluded me.


I am informed, I regret to say it, that our venerable friend, Rev. M. A. Curtis, is no more. I understand that his Herbarium is offered for sale, but whether specimens of lichens could be obtained separately is more than I know. His address was "Hillsborough N.C." and probably a letter to that place would reach his Executors.


I will put down the Aecidium under the name Ae. margantaceum Clinton.


I expect to spend a little more time in this region.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received July 24


Vol. 8 (191) [H 25]


Albany, Aug. 2nd, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Excuse the delay in naming the specimens which I herewith return. It was due to my absence.


Send on Mr. Blake's fungi and I will do as well as I can in naming them, though they may have to wait a little time as I may be off again next week. I must "make hay while the sun shines". I made a very satisfactory haul of fungi in Otsego Co. The showery weather brought them out in abundance. Among the good things are Onygena equina, previously found by you, Pilacre faginea and Torrubia capitata growing from Elaphomyces granulatus.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Aug. 5



Vol. 8 (194) [H 22]


Savannah, N.Y., Aug. 9th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


The specimens reached Albany just as I was about leaving and I had not time to examine them but will do so on my return.


I purpose botanizing on and about these famous Montezuma Marshes a few days.


Hot weather is upon us again. Oh how hot!


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Aug. 13


Vol. 8 (196) [H 20]


Albany, Aug. 23d, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Having returned home from a trip westward I have looked at the specimens of "Aug. 5"


I consider 1 & 2 to be imperfect or possibly no fungus

3 Sterile

4 Uredo Potentillarum DC. = (Uredo Agrimoniae Schw.)

x[5 crossed out] 7 Cystopus candidus Lev. = (Uredo Amaranthi Schw.)

5 Puccinia Violarum Lk.

6 Imperfect or no fungus.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Aug. 26


Vol. 8 (204) [H 10]


Albany, Sept. 24th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


On my return from Lewis County toadstooling I found your specimens waiting me.


Sept. 7

xNo1 I too should say Selaginella rupestris

x2 Rhytisma salicinum Fr.

3 Lecythea populina Lev. - a form of Melampsora

x4 Thelephora laciniata Pers.

5 &x6 Both Puccinia but they seem to me distinct species. Probably one is P. Amorphae M.A. C. But as I am without description or specimen of that species I can not say which, if either, is the one.

7 x 14 Not recognized

x8 Puccinia solida Schw.

x9 Lecythea Lini Berk.

x10 Rhytisma Prini Fr.

x11 Thelephora pallida Schw.

x12 Undetermined

x13 Seems only mycelium.

xA Sept. 13 is Erysiphe lamprocarpa Lev. What plant won't this species attack! It seems to grow on almost everything.


In July or August I had a letter from Austin who was then in Closter. If he has left that place I do not know where he is.


Lycoperdon caelatum is edible. We prepare it as follows: Peel off the outside, cut the inner portion in thin slices (1/4 inch) dip these in beaten egg, then fry in butter. The plant is good only so long as it is white within.


In my last trip I spent nearly two weeks in the woods and had "toadstools" of one kind and another for dinner on several occasions and prepared in different ways. One was to make a soup of them as if they were oysters. The soup had a taste very much like that of oyster soup, but the fungus was not quite as tender as oysters. By way of experiment I tried Hygrophorus miniatus as it was plenty and looked nice. It proved to be most excellent, being very tender and quite sweet and pleasant to the taste. I consider it a splendid addition to our list of edibles.


It was simply fried in butter.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Sept. 28



Vol. 8 (207) [H 7]


Albany, Oct. 1st, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Of Sept. 30

No1 is a Tubercularia - primary form of some Nectria - species uncertain.

2 Probably = 5, but is in poor condition.

x3 Diatrype obesa B. & C. (in Ravenel)

x4 Septonema spilomeum Berk.

x5 Pyrenula nitida  A lichen

x6 Undetermined


Oct. 2nd


    2nd Packet

xA & C Phyllactium guttata Lev.

xB Microsphaera Dubyi Lev. Howe has described this as M. finitima but I am not yet sure that it is distinct from M. Dubyi

xD Hydnum gelatinosum Scop.

xE Seems a Lenzites but it is sadly deformed and unsatisfactory for determination.

xF Hypoxylon multiforme Fr.

xG Panus stipticus Fr.

xH Jungermannia Schraderi Mart. [a liverwort]

xI Trichia clavata Pers.

xJ Cantherellus crispus Fr. Undeveloped

xK Agaricus (Tricholoma) multipuncta Pk. in ed.

xL Hygrophorus miniatus Fr. This was very abundant in the woods of Croghan, Lewis County, last month, being often 2 inches or more across. I made trial of its edible qualities and found it to be good - every way worthy of being added to the list of eatable specimens. H. Cantharellus Schw. differs from it in having arcuate decurrent lamellae.

xM Centharellus aurantiacus Fr.

N. Undetermined

xO. Undetermined as to species. It is a Cortinarius

xP Undetermined


I am at present puzzling my brains over a Scirpus which I found on the

Montezuma Marshes. I fail to find any description that meets it and half begin to think I have got a good thing. I have Pycnanthemum pilosum from near Savannah, Wayne, Co.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Oct. 3


Vol. 8 (209) [H 5]


Albany, Oct. 5th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Of Oct. 1st

x1 Arid and discolored spots but I find no fungus

2 Seems to be Ag (Naucoria) semiorbicularis but there is no certainty about it.

3 Not determined

x4 Aecidium Violae Schum.

5 Ag (Panaeolus)                  ?

6 Ag (Panaeolus) papilionaceus Bull.

x7 Polyporus Boucheanus in Ravenel but it does not agree with the description of that species as to stem and color of pores = "Stipite excentrico curto tomentoso deorsum fuscescente, poris ++ dentatis dilute


8 Undetermined

x9 Bovista plumbea though not plumbeus in color.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Oct. 8


Vol. 8 (211) [H 3]


Albany, Oct. 10th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Of Oct. 8th I have two sets; the first received is,

1 Nyssa multiflora   Insect work.

x2 Verbena hastata Erysiphe lamprocarpa Lev. probably - E. Verbenae Schw.

x3 Salix   Uncinula adunca Lev.

x4 Oxalis stricta Microsphaera Russelii Clinton If you have a goodly quantity of this I would be glad of a ittle more; these are not well developed.


2nd Packet

x1 I am not able to locate this

x2 Hysterium pulicare Pers.

3 Omitted

x4 Imperfect

x5 Undetermined

x6 Erineum fagineum

x7 Biatora rubella  A lichen

x"A" Nemaspora crocea  Cooke makes this the spermogonia of Melanconis stilbostoma.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Oct. 11


Vol. 9 (4) [C 221]


Albany, Oct. 18th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


3 Oct. 8 is not known to me nor in good condition.

1 Trichia chrysosperma DC.

2 Too old - no spores.

x3 Oidium aureum Lk. (but the color has faded)

4 & x5 Undetermined

x6 Diatrype near D. platystoma Schw. to which Cooke refers it somewhat doubtfully. It differs in color from Ravenels D. platystoma specimens.

x7 Imperfect.

x8 Stereum albobadium Schw.

x9 Imperfect

x10 Not determined

x11 No fungus


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Received Oct. 3 [sic: 23?]


Vol. 9 (9) [C 216]


Albany, Oct. 23d, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Of Oct. 19

1 Imperfect

x2 Cytispora leucosperma - the spermogonia of Valsa

x3 Tubercularis - a form of Nectria

x4 Hypoxylon fuseum

x5 The red things are "Cephalodia" - abortive apothecia or a monstrous development of them


I succeeded the other day in f inding Microsphaera Russellii Clinton over in Greenbush and think I have the characters pretty well determined. it seems to link together Erysiphe and Microsphaera for in my specimens only a few of the appendages branch at the tip, many remaining simple as in Erysiphe.


I have both Fissidens grandifrons and Didymodon luridus from Chittenango Falls, wherefore famous old Niagara Falls must look out for its laurels. I failed to find any Scolopendrium there although I sought it carefully. Can it be that the locality has been exhausted?


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Received Oct. 25


Vol. 9 (11) [C 214]


Albany, Oct. 30th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


"A" Oct 26 is without fruit and somewhat uncertain but the red crust is an indication of Hypoxylon coccineum of the Handbook, which is Hypoxylon fragiforme of former times. I wonder at that species being in this condition, however, at this season of the year. It ought to be more than mature, but your specimens seem young.


I am glad you told me of your finding F. grandifrons at Chittenango as it had entirely escaped me. That at present seems to be the most easterly station and, I think should be put on record. The Caledonia station is so already.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Received Nov. 1


Vol. 9 (17) [C 207]


Albany, Nov. 6th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Of Nov. 4th

x1 Seems a Torula but the species is uncertain.

2 Ag. (Mycena) Corticola Schum.

x3 Stereum hirsutum Fr.

A Ag. (Clitocybe) ochropurpureus Berk.


Nov. 5

x1 Sterile and uncertain

x2 Tremella frondosa ? I am hardly sure of this. There seems to be so little difference between this and T. lutescens that your specimen may be referred to either with a query.

x3 Xylaria - without fruit and uncertain.


There seems to be a Crusade, possibly a kind of "horse distemper" raging against the votaries of Science. After the sxperience of Dr. Hooker in England, Dr. Parry at Washington, Prof. Hawkins at New York Central Park, and perhaps I might add my own case before the Legislature last winter, Prof. Hall could scarcely expect to escape entirely the hostility of those in authority who have little or no love for or appreciation of Science. Such men are always willing enough to avail themselves of the advantages arising from scientific investigations but they are slow to encourage and sustain the labor necessary to bring out profitable knowledge and beneficial results. I hope, however, that everything will come out right in the end.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Nov. 7


Vol. 9 (18) [C 206]


Albany, Nov. 8th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Send on the Blake specimens. I will do what I can with them.


I mail you the four numbers of Cooke's "Grevillea" already issued. The price per year as you will see is Six shillings - probably about $1.75 in currency. The money may be remitted by draft on a London Bank, to Cooke himself. I sent Cooke a copy of my part of the 23d Report from which he made the extracts which probably gave rise to the notion that I was a contributor to the periodical. The Pezizas described under the joint names of Cooke & Peck were some that puzzled me and I sent them to him for determination. You will see your Goat Is. red Peziza (which I took to be a variety of P. coccinea) under the name P. hesperidea C. & P. In this case as in all others where I sent specimens of others' collecting I put the name of the collector on the wrapper, but Cooke has uniformly discarded or neglected to give the name of such collector. I have already received one severe "blowing up" for Cooke's peculiar way of doing things and I make this statement that I may not appear in your estimation any worse than I really am.


I suspect one good thing has come from Cookes extracts from the Report. It has probably waked up Berkeley, who, you will see, has at last begun the publication of the species of B. & C. - a work which ought to have been done long ago and the neglect of which has caused me much perplexity and annoyance. I believe if my back contributions to the 24th and 25th Reports could be issud this winter, another season would witness quite an impulse given to the study of fungi in our country. Even the 23d has already made an impression, as I am glad to learn by several letters recently received.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Nov. 9


Vol. 9 (23) [C 204]


[[Albany,    1872


[[My Dear Sir,  - no heading or date]


Nov. 1

1 Stereum complicatum, Fr.

2 Seems a Tubercularia but is scarcely perfect.

x3 Craterellus caespitosus Pk. in 25th Report.

x4 Imperfect.

x5 Ag. (Mycena) galericulatus Scip.

x6 Orthotrichum anomalum

x7 Sphaeria - sterile & uncertain

x8 Septonema spilomeum Berk. and some obscure lichen

x9 Bulgaria sarcoides Fr.

x10 Calocera palmata Fr.

x11 Polyporus      ?

x12 Uncertain

x13 Phlebia radiata Fr.

x14 Hydnum coralloides Scop.


Nov. 5th

x1 Phyllactinia guttata Lev.

x2 Not determined.

x3 Imperfect

x4 Imperfect

x5 Imperfect

x6 Preissia commutata Nees

x7 Hysterium lineare Fr.

x8 Uncertain

9 Probably some Opegrapha or Graphis

x10 Hypnum acuminatum Beauv.

x11 Helminthosporium macrocarpum Grev.

12 Not determined

x13 Merulius lacrymans?

x14 Imperfect

x15 Sphaeria Fraxicola Schw. according to Curtis specimens


In Box

xA & xB Ag. (Pleurotus) ostreatus Jacq.

xC Dissolved into ink.

xD Lycoperdon pyriforme Schaeff.

xE Polyporus brumalis Fr.

x*F Ag. (Omphalis) gracillimus?

G Ag. (Mycena) galericulatus Scop.

xK Polyporus hirsutus Fr.

xL Polyporus hirsutus Fr. (subresupinate)

xM. Merulius tremellosus Schrad.

xH Boletus subtomentosus Fr.

xJ Ag. (Armillaria) melleus Vahl.

 * The gills not clearly decurrent, hence a doubt.

x4 Nov. 5 of a previous lot was accidentally omitted. I return it. It is what I put in 25th Report as Gelatinosporium betulinum n. sp.


Nov. 7

x1 Sterile x2 Cladosporium epiphyllum Nees.

x3 Septoria Liriodendri B. & C. ... probably


[No ending]


Received Nov. 9


Vol. 9 (23) [C 201]


Albany, N.Y., Nov. 11th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Of Nov. 8

1 Probably a lichen but sterile and uncertain

2 Imperfect

3 Stereum complicatum Fr.

4 Too old.


Nov. 9th

x1 Coprinus niveus Fr.

x2 & x3 Badly mashed but apparently Ag. (Hypholoma) perplexus Pk.

x5 Microsphaera densissima C. & P. = Erysiphe densissima Schw.

x6 & x7 Sterile and uncertain

x8 Sphaeria species not determined

x9 Not determined


The box of Blake's specimens is at hand. I will look at them as I haveopportunity.


Of Nov. 11

x1 Nectria Peziza Fr.

x2 Physcia obscura var. erythrocordia (A lichen)

x3 No fruit and indeterminable

x4 Tremella mesenterica Retz.

x5 Calicium subtile but a trifle larger than the specimens so named for me by Tuckerman - also the thallus obsolete. The black is some old Hypoxylon

x6 Some effete affair.

x7 No fruit but it seems as if sterile Nectria balsamea C. & P.

8, x9, & x10 I make nothing of these

x11 Uncinula circinata C. & P.

x12 Irpex cinnamomea Fr.

x13 Irpex cinnamomea Fr. ?


I suppose the only reliable distinctive character for separating fungi and lichens to be the green cells or gonidia of the latter, but generally the presence of a thallus will show to the naked eye where the plant belongs. In some tree lichens this is concealed under the epidermis of the bark, but a discolored spot usually indicates its presence.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Received Nov. 13


[Perhaps this is the first sheet of Vol. 9 no. 23]


Vol. 9 (28) [C 196]


Albany, Nov. 19th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Of Nov. 16th

x1 Peziza furfuracea Fr.

x2 I have reported this as Exidia repanda but it does not quite agree with the description: still it is as near that as anything I find. I once sent it to Cooke but he never ventured even an opinion on it.

x3 Stereum purpureum Fr.

4 Kneifii candidissima B. & C.

x5 Sphaeria mariformis Tode.


Nov. 18

1 Hypoxylon cohaerens?

2 Not determined

x3 Seems to be near Diplodia confluens but the descriptions of these things are so meagre and unsatisfactory that I can not say positively what yours is.

x4 Sphaeria

x5 No spores but outwardly looks like Sphaeria mutans C. & P.

x6 Hypoxylon fuscum?

x7 Peziza furfuracea Fr. (in part)

xA Macrosporium     I think a new species.

B Not determined


Nov. 12

2 & 3 Cladosporium herbarum


Of the others I make nothing.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Nov. 20


Vol. 9 (31) [C 193]


Albany, Nov. 28th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


"A" Nov. 22 seems to approach Nectria pulicaris but the color is black rather than purple. Still the spores appear triseptate so that it may be doubtfully referred to N. pulicaris. I have no authentic specimens with which to compare it.


Nov. 27

x1 Trichia rubiformis Pers.

x2 Trichia chrysosperma DC.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Nov. 29


Vol. 9 (34) [C 180]


Albany, Dec. 2nd, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Nov. 29th

1 & 2 Uncinula macrospora Pk. Cooke remarks of this species "(scarcely tenable)", but it is certainly diverse from the description he gives of Uncinula Bivonae to which I suppose he would refer it. I have not seen Leveille's description of U. Bivonae, if indeed he has ever published one; certainly Cooke's will not answer for this plant.

3 Species uncertain.


Nov. 30

1 & 2 Both without fruit and uncertain


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


P.S. Prof. Hall has returned.


Received Dec. 3


Vol. 9 [unnumbered: lies between No. 35 & 36] [C 178]


Albany, Dec. 18th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


I believe the fungus from conservatory to be Ag. (Lepiota) cepaestipes Sow. The specimens do not, it is true, appear broadly umbonate, but rather strongly umbonate and the swelling of the stem is at the base only but the plicate margin is clear - a character on which I place much reliance. It is manifestly close to my Ag. Americanus and it may yet turn out that A. Americanus is the wild form and A. cepaestipes the form modified by growing in hot-beds and conservatories; both being one species. If so my name will have to give way to the older one.


I have partly accomplished what you desired with the specimens from Wrights Coll. i.e., I have separated the different forms but have named them only in part. The only Hepatica I find is Metzgera furcata, (two forms). One moss belongs to Hookeria but I can't say what species. The other seems near this but has a different look. I believe Mr. T. P. James now of Cambridge, Mass. once wrote me that he had a collection of Cuban mosses to name. Perhaps he could give you the species name. Or if you prefer it you could try Sullivant. I think I will send to James with a request to return the specimen. Then if no success it can go to Sullivant.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received [no notice of date received]


Vol. 9 (41) [C 172]


Albany, Dec. 10th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


The 21st Report has not been published, neither merged in any other. It is understood to be nearly ready to be issued, but when it actually will come forth is a real "question of time". Nearly a year ago it was told me that it would be out in about three weeks, but the expectation was disappointed and I have now concluded to wait till I see it before giving any guess as to its time of appearance. I am told that the Controller refuses to pay for any illustrations in the Reports so that hereafter we must be satisfied with plain reading, if indeed we have any Reports at all. It turns out that the 25th Report was not even ordered printed.


With the present hostility of the Controller, the lack of interest in

Scientific matters among our Legislators, and the non-appearance of our Reports, I have some misgivings as to our prospects in the coming Legislature.


The term of my own work, by the law organizing the State Museum, will expire with the present fiscal year, and desirable as it may be to have it continued, I suspect it will be a difficult matter, so many influences seem just now to be operating against us.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Received Dec. 11


Vol. 9 (46) [C 167]


Albany, Dec. 13th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


A Dec. 9 is what Fries in his Systema Myc. calls Sphaeria Tiliae, and I have so reported it in 24th Report; but Cooke's Handbook gives it under the name Rabenhorstia Tiliae Fr. 


B. & C. Dec. 9 have both been sent to Cooke, and he has not reported on them. The time has been so long that I do not think he intends to determine them. I shall put C in my report as Sphaeria diplodioides n.sp.


I don't know what to do with the other.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Received Dec. 14



Vol. 9 (50) [C 183]


Albany, Dec. 17th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


I can not thank you enough for the fine specimens of mosses from Schimper's Coll. which you kindly designated for me. I prize them highly. I will not now undertake to say what European species are yet desiderata to me; I may do so at some future time. It only ocurs to me that I would be glad to compare our Didymodon luridus with authentic specimens as I remember that Lesqx. said there was some difference between ours and the European.


Miss Wilson has returned my numbers of "Grevillea".


Cooke does repeat Rabenhorstia Tiliae as the Pycnidia of Valsa Tiliae."A" Dr. Fowler's fungus is Angioridium sinuosum Grev. Handbook Vol. 1, p. 391.


I have Berkeley & Curtis's descriptions of Wright's Cuban Fungi and if the Nos. of your specimens correspond to the number accompanying the descriptions it would be but a small job to get at the mosses. I would cheerfully do it, or if you prefer it I would lend you the descriptions and you could do it.


Possibly we might find some things beside fungi on fallen leaves. Certainly I have not given anything like a thorough search in this direction.


I really hope there may be influence enough in the Regents and in Gov. Dix to couteract the barbarous tendency of the Controller. The love of money is the root of all evil and the desire on the part of the Controller (laudable enough in itself and probably well intended) to save a few thousand dollars to the State, by stopping all scientific work, might in the future prove to be really the opposite of economy, for science often points out to us ways of saving much which otherwise would be a dead loss.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Received Dec. 18, answered 19th


Vol. 9 (54) [C 177 & 179 - there appears to be no "C 178"]


[[Albany,    1872


[[My Dear Sir,    - the first sheet begins "in medias res"


I scarcely know what to say, in answer to your request that I should let you know what my plans and wishes are and how you can serve me. My plans for work here were gathered mainly from your paper in relation thereto. The most prominent duty I set before myself was to complete the Herbarium so that it should contain representative specimens of all (or as nearly all as possible) of our indigenous and naturalized plants. The question came up in the beginning, "how long do you want the appropriation for botanist" I said "five years", thinking that in that time I could approximate closely to the completion of the Herbarium. But it is evident I placed too high an estimate on  my own ability or else too low an estimate on the work to be done - perhaps both - at all events, two hundred species added to the Collection the past season and more than twenty counties of the State not yet visited and form nearly half of these no specimens even received are evidence enough that the work is not as completely accomplished as it should be. I have worked faithfully but have failed to do all I wished simply because I undertook too much in too short a time. My wish would be to go on - at least two years longer - if there were any way of getting honorably over this self-imposed limit of five years. Indeed I feel sad to think the assigned end of this delightful work is so near. Only last winter we had to use the argument of "contract for another year" in order to overcome Alvord's opposition. If now we should ask a longer continuance I fear they would say "you have had all the time you asked for". It seems to me that it is not best to try to continue if any longer as a distinct thing, yet perhaps my embarrassment in the matter is a cloud before my eyes. Possibly if it could be brought in as a department of the museum or if I could be considered as one of the assistants which the Director of the Museum is allowed, my work might be continued a little longer.


I only make this suggestion as a subject for thought in case the Museum and its authorizing law is left untouched. We do not yet know whether the Controller will strike at the whole thing or at the Palaeontology only. Possibly if he should try to overthrow the whole thing he would attempt too much and fail, in which case there might be some chance for saving the botany with the rest if it could not stand alone.


I suppose Prof. Hall will consult fully with you at the time of the annual meeting, when some course of united action may be agreed upon.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


[second sheet C. 179]


P.S. Of the specimens of Dec. 17th


1 Tremella mesenterica Retz.

2 Thelephora pallida Schw.

x3 Geoglossum luteum Pk.

x4 Clavaria tetragona Schw.

x11 Peziza calycina Schum.

x13 Uncinula.


It is apparently U. luculenta Howe with short appendages. The number of the appendages is not quite so great as usual in U. adunca and the spores are 4 - 6, instead of 4 as in that species. Cooke considers it only a variety of U. adunca and the short appendages in your specimens tend to bear out this view. I would label it for the present. U. adunca Lev. var.  giving as a synonym U. luculenta Howe.

x16 Hypoxylon fuscum Fr.

x17 Hypoxylon cohaerens probably, but the specimens are very old.


I am not able satisfactorily to name the rest. Dried Clavarias are rather treacherous things to deal with.


Received Dec. 20


Vol. 9 (55) [C 176]


Albany, Dec. 19th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Since I started my letter to you this morning Prof. Hall has asked me to write to you and say that he had intended to come up and see you with reference to Museum matters and will yet if you think it desirable. He expects to go to Utica between Christmas and New Years to talk with Judge Johnson and would extend his trip to Buffalo if you think it desirable. He wishes to know if you think Mr. Spalding of Buffalo would have any influence with the Controller and would be likely to use it favorably if yourself and Prof. Hall should ask it. He thinks it desirable that there should be a little consultation as to what is best to be done, before the meeting of the Regents.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 


Received Dec. 20

[We have no letters from Spalding; two from Johnson, who appears to have been a naturalist.]


Vol. 9 (58) [C 173]


Albany, Dec. 23d, 1872


My Dear Sir,


Of Dec. 20th

1 Some imperfect Nectria

2 I think is a lichen. Not determined

3 Not determined

x4 Aecidium.     I do not recognize the plant - so get no clue to the species.

5 Thelephora sebacea Fr.

x6 Badly broken but looks like Hydnum ferrugineum. It is either that or H. zonatum.

7 Diderma     It has some of the characters of D. globosum and some of D. cyanescens, but does not fully agree with either. I have found it several times but was never able to locate it satisfactorily. Suppose you give it a name.

x8 Undetermined

x9 Hysterium comune Fr.

x10 Xylaria Hypoxylon (young)

11 Not determined

x12 Not in good condition but I think Xylaria digitata.

x13 Micropera Drupacearum Lev. (in part) = pycnidia of Cenangium Cerasi Fr. and Massaria vomitoria B. & C. (in part)

x14 Peziza cyathoidea Bull.

x15 Stemonitis fusca Roth. (too old.)

x16 Lentinus Lecomtei Fr.

x17 Hypomyces Lactifluorum (Schw.) = Hypocrea Lactifluorum (formerly)


Of Dec. 21

I make out nothing.

2 is a young Xylaria

4 Cooke has not yet reported on.


[No ending]


Received Dec. 24


Vol. 9 (59) [C 172]


Albany, Dec. 24th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


The Hymenochaete damaecornis is right. The hymenium is the essential feature. Our species, (reported under the old names, Stereum rubiginosum, S. tabacinum, etc.) are sessile, imbricated or resupinate, while Wrights plant has a distinct central stem - a feature not deemed worthy of generic distinction.


I return the mosses of Wrights Coll. separated from Metzgeria furcata previously returned. Mr. James decides one to be Hookeria varians var., the other not determinable.


A merry merry Christmas to you.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Received Dec. 26


Vol. 9 (61) [C 170]


Albany, Dec. 27th, 1872


My Dear Sir,


The specimen returned seems to me to be Torula stilbospora Ck.  Handbook Vol. 1 p. 477. Dr. Curtis used to call it Coniothecium toruloideum B. & C. and this name I formerly used; when the Handbook came out I thought it was described under the above name and sent it to Cooke who confirmed my opinion, wherefore I suppose B. & C's name must fall, not being supported by a description so far as I know.


The only Aecidium I find described as inhabiting Borage worts [roots?] is Ae. asperifolii and this does not agree in habit with your plant on Myosotis, which is probably undescribed, but is scarcely describable in its present condition.


"Hypomyces" Cooke's Handbook Vol. 11 p. 776 seems to have been separated from the old genus "Hypocrea", Vol. 11 p. 774 by reason of its different spores. If we keep up with the times I suppose the old Hypocrea Lactifluorum of Schweinitz must go in this new genus.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Dec. 28