Correspondence of Charles Peck and G. W. Clinton
Edited by P. M. Eckel
Res Botanica
Missouri Botanical Garden

February 25, 2011

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The Correspondence of

Charles Peck (1833-1917) and

George William Clinton (1807 1885)


1870 part 2


Vol. 7 (25) [E 210]


Albany, June 4th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† I would report as follows concerning the specimens of June 1st.

x1 Peziza aeruginosa

x2 A lichen which I do not now recognise.

3 Some sterile Bryum

x5 There is no fungus on this.

x6 Puccinia Anemones Pers.

x7 Aecidium. I am in doubt whether this should be called a new species or a variety of Compositarum though inclining to the former. It is a pretty thing. There is a variety said to grow on Senecio in Europe.

x10 Aecidium Compositarum Mart.

x11 Erineum Acerinum Pers.

x12 & x 13 Uredo luminata (Schw.) Aecidium luminatum Schw. Uredo is best.

x14 Erineum Fagineum Pers.

x15 Polycystis Ranunculacearum Desm. The leaves are probably root leaves of Trollius laxa.

x16 Asterina Gaultheriae Curt.

17 Insect

x 18 Not developed

x19 I find no fungus here.

x22 Diatrype virescens Schw. apparently but old

x26 Partly Sphaeria aculeans Schw. and partly Calicium Curtisii Tuck. The other Calicium attributed to this plant is "non est." The specimens that Dr. Curtis named for me C. trachelinum proved to be only C. Curtisii.

x28 Diehaena faginea Pers. There are a few long spots or chinks on one piece. These are Graphis scripta, a Lichen.

††† Mr. Gerard sends a fine Aecidium on leaves of Iris versicolor.

††† I am glad to know that I need not wait the slow issue of the report for the publication of new species, though I apprehend little danger of any one anticipating me on this matter.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received June 5


Vol. 7 (27) [E 208]


Albany, June 6th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† June 5th

x1 Erineum Quercinum Kze.

x2 Erineum Quercinum Kze

x3 Aecidium Thalictri Grev.

††† Returned. x8 is the same. I am delighted with this beautiful species now found I believe for the first time in this country. In Europe I grows on Thalictrum alpinum. Here it seems to be on some Anemone. I wish you might find some more of it and also find if possible on what plants it grows. I find in Dr. Becks Collection a fine figure of the species, taken from Grevilles Bryptogamic Flora.

4, 5. & 6 Aecidium Penstemoniatum Schw. New to the State.

7 This is tooyoung. It may develope into 8 but I can not tell.

"A" Puccinia aculeata Schw. Returned. We have this in plenty.

"On Dicentra" Insect work.


††† 8 May 17

††† Aecidium Houstoniatum Schw.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


††† P.S. I gladly accept the names you give to the new species. I have been experimenting a little with Benzine and Beeswax for preserving toadstools and I think will be able to make it work sufficient for the determination of specimens collected by others. The specimens that you have sent me have almost without exception come to me changed in color and appearance, badly mashed and wholly indeterminable. I have tried Ag. galericulatus and find it to keep with almost no change three or four days. Coprinus does not do so well. The scarcity of subjects (owing to the excessibe dry weather) has hindered further experiments; but I believe if you will dissolve a little white beeswax in some good clear benzine and dip your fresh specimens of Agarics in the solution then put them in a box to prevent crushing, they will keep till they reach me, sufficiently well at least to give me a pretty good notion of the plant. I may however be necessary in some cases, it would be better for me in all, if you could also give me the color of the spores and tell whether the plant or pileus is viscid, hygrophanous or dry, as it will not be possible for me to tell this from the waxed specimen.


Received June 7


Vol. 7 (29) [E 206]


Albany, June [no day] 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† Of June 6th

1 & 2 Not in good condition.

x3 Uredo effusa Strauss.

x4 Aecidium Grossulariae DC. This sometimes attacks the fruit as well as the leaves.


††† June 7

In the box Polyporus laceratus Berk. & Hypoxylon concentricum probably with Cladosporium herbarum on it.

3 Hypoxylon ustulatum both young and old.

x4 Sphaeria limaeformis [liniaeformis?] Schw. I am not quite sure but this is the same as Sphaeria spinosa Fr. though Schweinitz thought it different.

x8 Sphaeria haustellata Fr. =

††† Diatrype haustellata in Ravenel's Coll. = Valsa haustellata in Curtis'

Catalogue.One piece is overrun with something like a Cladosporium or the like.

5,6,7 I reserve for future examination.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received June 11


Vol. 7 (30) [E 205]


[ no date given: Albany, June††† 1870]


My Dear Sir,


††† Of June 9th I am able to name only

x8 Aecidium Violae DC.

x9 Uredo probably a new species - near U. Chaerophylli Schw.

3 Is no fungus.

x4 Is an Aregma except the pedicel is very short and jointed and colored as the spore.


††† Of June 10th

Cystopus candidus Lev.

x32 Of June 1st. on pine bark isPhacidium crustaceum B. & C. You once sent me a minute black fungus on cherry gum, I do not now remember the number or date. It is Sphinctrina Cerasi B. & C.

††† The box of toadstools has arrived but the specimens are not in very good condition.

No. 2 is rotted beyond all recognition and 6 is not much better.

††† 1 Appears to be a Lentinus but I dare not decide it from such an imperfect specimens.

††† 3 Ag (Pleurotus) salignus

††† &4 Ag (Mycena) galericulatus so far as I can see.

††† 7 I am sorry this is so much withered for it must have been beautiful when fresh. The spores are white; the yellow is a stain from the pileus. I can not tell what subgenus it is owing to the withered state of the plant.

††† 8 This is probably a Mycena but is covered with dirt and not safely named.

††† 10 faded and withered; the gills have lost their blue color. I hope better results when you try the mixture on them.

††† I shall be absent next week.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received Sunday June [no day]


Vol. 7 (34) [E 201]


Albany, June 20th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† My microscope was purchased in the autumn of 1868 of William Wales of Fort Lee, New Jersey. He made the object glasses one 1 1/2 inch focus, the other 1/5 inch focus; the angular aperture I do not remember. The stand, 1st, 2nd & 3rd eye pieces, Camera lucida and Micrometer he got from Philadelphia; Zentmayer's make. The whole cost was $160, the object glasses being about 60, and the stand and other things the remainder. The powers range from about 30 to about 600 diameters or perhaps a little more. I suppose one similar to it could be obtained by writing to Mr. Wales whose business it is to make object glasses and whose reputation as a maker is first class. Probably he would not be able to furnish one at once, at least I had to order mine and wait till he could make the lenses, as he did not then keep them on hand for they were taken as fast as he could make them.

††† The spots on white clover leaves sent me were not well developed fungi so far as I could judge. Probably they would make Polythrincium trifolii

Kze. which also grows on the red clover. I found it once as late as July and think I have seen it even in September. If you have plenty of that Aecidium on Calamintha Clinopodium I would like a little more, also of the Puccinia Mariae Wilson[ii?]

††† The specimens that I recognize are of June 16

xC Aecidium Compositarum Mart.

xD Coniothecium toruloideum B. & C.

xE Corticium salicinum Fr. (Small)

xH Sphinctrina Cerasi B. & C. The white spots are the disks of small black stipitate globular or clavate perithecia. [drawing] thus.

x18 Irpex cinamomeus Fr.

xx22 Aecidium Oenotherae Peck in Ed. Will be described in the forthcoming report.

x23 Sphaeria doliolum Fr.\x25 Aecidium Grossulariae DC.

x26 Aecidium Grossulariae DC.

x29 Aecidium Impatientis Schw.

x31 This is Mr. Gerard's Aecidium Iridis

32 Aecidium Compositarum Mart.

††† June 19th

x2 Aecidium pustulatum Curt. in Ed. To be described on forthcoming report.

x4 Corticium Oakesii B. & C.

x1 Aecidium Thalictri Grev.


xA, June 20, is a Clavaria but I am not sure of the species. These are very difficult to make out from the description.

††† A, 28 & 30 of June 16 are promising things but I am not able to determine them just now.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received June 23


[[New species named in honor of Mary Wilson further justify the assumption that she contributed a quantity of Clintonís fungi sent to Peck]


Vol. 7 (36) [E 199]


Albany, June 25th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† The specimens of June 23d are

x1 Aecidium Hydnoideum B. & C.

2 Aecidium n.sp.?

††† The specimens are old or else have faded in drying so that I am in some doubt concerning it. The spores, what few there are do not agree in color nor in shape with the description of Aec. Menthae. Dr. Howe sent me the same thing in the same condition last night. Should it be a new species I do not know which of you would have the priority of discovery.

3 Puccinia aculeata Schw.

4 The black places are no fungus - probably dried or abortive beginnings of fructification.

††† I fear Fragaria Gillmani will have to yield to F. vesca. This week I

made a trip to Nassau, Rens. Co. While there a young man told he had some white strawberries growing in the garden, the plants having been obtained on a little mound back of the house. I went with him to his garden and found he had F. Gillmani with both white and red berries. I then went with him to the place where he obtained the plants which he had set and there we found F. vesca, both white and red. The one (the cultivated) had come from the other merely by a little cultivation. The young man is not a botanist and knew nothing of the Everbearing Mexican Strawberry, yet he in the first place told me his vines bore all summer. I believe that I have expressed the opinion to Mr. Gillman that his strawberry was a good species, but I can not now maintain that opinion. Mr. Meehan is unquestionably right in saying that it and F. vesca are not specifically distinct.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received June 26 answered June 28


Vol. 7 (38) [E 197]


Albany, June 27th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† June 23d

x19 Stemonitis fusca Roth.

x11 Stemonitis I am not sure if it is the same as 19.

x13 Stemonitis ferruginea Ehrh.

x8 Xylaria polymorpha Grev.

x16 Xylaria Hypoxylon Grev.

††† June 24th

x1 Puccinia Umbelliferarum DC.

x2 Trichobasis Labiatarum Lev. New to me. Have you more of it?

††† June 25th

A The yellow is spores of something but I do not know what. They do not belong to the leaf on which they are.

B Aecidium crassum Pers. Probably. The specimens do not show the peridia elongated as I would like to see it.

1 Undeveloped

x2 Sporocybe Persicae Fr.

x6 Schizophyllum commune Fr.

x7 Not well developed

C Aethalium septicum Fr.

††† Thanks for the specimens. What hot weather! It is withering to toadstools.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received June 28


Vol. 7 (39) [E 196]


Albany, June 29th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† [June 28 sideways in margin] 1 Puccinia Violarium Lk. Returned.

††† 2 I have suspected is Geoglossum atropurpureum, but not being well satisfied I sent it sometime ago to Rev. M. J. Berkeley, England. No

response has been received.

††† I have come to the conclusion that the Aecidium on Lycopus is only a form of Ae. Compositarum notwithstanding it is not on a Composite plant.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


††P.S. June 29

††† x "B" is, or rather was, for the specimens are old - Aecidium Berberidis Pers. This is new to the State and good specimens would be desirable.


††† June 28th

1 Puccinia Compositarum Schl. I have found this only on Canada thistle.


x3, x4 & 5 & 10 Dr. Curtis named such specimens for me Puccinia Myrrhis Schw. but I believe them (both yours & mine) to be nothing else than Puccinia Umbelliferarum DC.

6 Dothidea Robertiani Fr.

7 Not good.

x8 A beautiful Aecidium, possibly new but must study it more.

x9 Has seen its best days. Probably Aecidium Cimicifugatum Schw. when good.

x12 Exidia glandulosa Fr.

x13 Hypoxylon concentricum Fr. Yound (old) white points not seen.

x16 Xylaria digitata

x17 & x18 Xylaria polymorpha.

††† Three or four must remain incog.


Received July 2


[Note that in the epithet, any reference to a generic name is capitalized throughout these letters from Peck. Note too the underlining of the authority.


Vol. 7 (40) [E 195]


Albany, July 4th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† I return "B" June 25th but, as you see, there are no well formed peridia or cups, hence it must not be received as Aecidium crassum for a certainty. I can only say that it would probably be that if fully developed. I can not now put my hands on Aethalium septicum but will try to look it up. It grows in a large yellow mass (2-3') broad, finally becoming dusty brown or purplish brown. If you find more of Aecidium Ranunculacearum (specimen returned) please divide with us.


††† June 30th

††† "On Hedera helix" No improvement. One spot has a few perithecia but no spores.

††† x"B" Probably will make Septoria Plygonorum but no perithecia here.

††† x"C" Cystopus candidus Lev.

††† x"E" Cystopus candidus Lev. This is Uredo Amaranthi Schw. but I find no difference that will separate it from "C"

††† x"D" Two things: One Perenospora effusa Grev. I think. I do not find the spores that ought to be on the mycelium. The other appears to be some Cladosporium - species uncertain.


††† I shall try to bear in mind your request concerning Dr. Allen.


††† June 30th again.

x4 Roestelia Botryapites Schw. but not fully developed

x1 Puccinia Asterium Schw.

12 Peziza coccinea Jacq.

x18 Calocera cornea Fr.

x11 Trichia clavata

††† There are some other good things in this lot but I must defer their examination till another time.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received July 5


Vol. 7 (43) [E 193]


Albany, July 5th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† July 3d

x6 No fungus yet.

x7 Don't know it

x8 Aecidium Ranunculacearum DC.

x9 Aecidium Sambuci Schw.

††† June 3 (Possibly means July 3)

x1 Not determined

x2 No fungus

x3 Ustilago Zeae Schw.

x4 This looks good but I can get no spores form it and hence no name.


††† I inclose one or two things forgotten when I mailed my previous letter.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received July 7

†††† [Note there is also a letter to Asa Gray "number 43"; Peck uses en and inclose]


Vol. 7 (49) [E 184]


Albany, July 8th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


†† None of the specimens 1-7 of July 4th are good.

x"2 On Crataegus leaves" when developed would make Roestelia lacerata Sow. [sp.?] What the others would be if developed I can not say.


††† July 5th

2 is Valsa lucostoma in part. The other part has 2 or 3 spots like

Coniothecium but I am not certain of it.

x4 is probably Erineum pyracanthae but I have no authentic specimens with which to compare it. By the way, Erineum is one of the "Genera spuria" that some deem of little consequence.

x8 Aecidium Sambuci Schw.

8 of June 28th on Shepherdia Canadensis leaves seems to be an undescribed species, and a beautiful one too. You might if you choose (or if you so direct I will) dedicate it to Dr. Allen.

x2 Of June 30 on Rubus odoratus leaves I thought at first sight an

Aecidium, but between spores and sacks and threads it is such a mixed and anomalous affair that I do not know where to put it.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received July 20


Vol. 7 (50) [E 183]


Albany, July 12th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† Of July 7th I take

1 to be Trichia clavata

2 Peziza scutellata & 1 plant of Trichia clavata

3 Stemonitis fusca (old)

4 Nemaspora crocea

x7 Aecidium tenue Schw. I think, but it is doubtful if distinct from Ae. Compositarum

x9 Puccinia Circaeae

x10 Aecidium Compositarum

x11 = 10 Aecidium Compositarum

x12 May be imperfect Rhytisma Solidaginis but at all events there is an insect larva in it.

x13Imperfect Roestelia Botryapites Schw.

x14 Streptothrix atra

x16 Schizophyllum commune Fr.

x17 Uredo Solidaginis

x18 Aecidium Compositarum

x19 = 18

x20 Puccinia Asterium Schw.

27 Uredo Leguminosarum

††† Of those not reported some are imperfect and some 2 or 3 I hope at some future time to make something of, especially No. 8 on Phlox.


††† Of the specimens in box by Express

1 is Agaricus (Pleurotus) Howdnus Peck in Ed. to be in forthcoming Report.

2 & 3 are what I (following Dr. Curtis) have called Ag. salignus but it does not agree well with the description of that species. I sent a specimen to Smith of London but he gracefully passes it by without a word or notice.

4 Lentinus LeComtei Fr. Apparently a better Panus than Lentinus.

5 Schizophyllum commune.


††† July 8

A There is no fungus nor do I think there has been any here


††† July 9

x1 & x2 I know neither of them

††† The weather looks to day favorable to toadstools and I shall leave town at once in quest of these much abused but most captivating plants


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received July 20


Vol. 7 (51) [E 182]


[Albany, no heading or date [1870]


†††† Of July 21st

x1 Sphaeria fimbriata Pers.

x2 Puccinia Myrrhis Schw. according to Dr. Curtis, but I see no sufficient character to make it distinct from Puccinia Umbelliferarum DC.

x3 = 2

x4 Thelephora pallida Schw.

x5 Peziza

x6 Vermicularia but I am not sure of the species in either case.

7 Unknown

††† July 11 Long Branch

x Aecidium macrosporum Peck in Ed. will be described in forthcoming Report. I found it last year at Riverhead, L.I.


††† Envelope post marked July 13 Long Branch Red fungus, no date on paper, seems to be Catharellus aurantiacus Fr.


††† July 16 Ballston

Thelephora pallida Schw.

††† July 17 Ballston on chestnut burr. Not determined.

††† July 20 Ballston & Long Branch

x5 Aecidium macrosporum Peck in Ed.

x6 & x14 Stereum frustulosum Fr.

x11 Cantharellus aurantiacus Fr. I wish you had found this in our State.

x17 Peziza calycina Schum.

x18 Polyporus carneus Fr.

x19 Orthotrichum Canadense

x21 Stemonitis fusca Roth (Poor)

x29 Orthotrichum crispulum

x30 Uredo Leguminosarum Lk.

††† Others unrecognized & undetermined


††† Again July 20

††† 2 Hypocrea Lactifluorum Schw. on some fungus

3 Cantharellus cibarius

x15 Hypoxylon fuscum Pers.

x25 Sphaeria Coryli Batsch.


††† It is too dry for toadstools. Even in mountain woods I only find them in damp shaded places or in wet places along streams, and then they are few and far between. I got one good thing on the Catskills - Aspidium aculeatum which Dr. Torrey reported but I find no specimen of it in the Herbarium.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received July 24



Vol. 7 (53) [E 179]


Albany, July 26th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† Of the specimens of July 22nd I am able at present to name only


x1 Aecidium Euphorbiae Pers. (New to me). The other fungus on these leaves is Uromyces apiculosa Lev.

x9 Hypnum denticulatum var.

10 Agaricus (Omphalia) Campanella

x14 Peziza floccosus Schw.

††† July 23d none.

††† July 25 "A" Immature

17 seems to equal 10 July 23 but is quite young.

††† Of the specimens in the box

3 Xylaria polymorpha

4 Polyporus elegans Fr.

5 Polyporus sulfureus Fr.

6 = 4

10 Agaricus (Collybia) dryophilus

20 Cantharellus cibarius Fr.

16 Ag. (Clitocybe) ill..idens Schw.

21 Hypocrea Lactifluorum Schw. On rock.

††† Of course there is no end to fungi. I am constantly learning something new from their study.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


††† P. S. The Erineum in letter of July 25 I take to be E. acerinum - E. luteolum grows on Maple leaves but on the underside and has a yellow-brown color. The E. acerinum varies much in color.


Received July 28


Vol. 7 (55) [E 176]


Albany, July 28th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† In box from Bergen Swamp & grapery are

1 Polyporus lacteus Fr.

2 Ag. (Lepiota) acutesquamosus Weir.

3. Cantharellus cibarius Fr. Without number Cantharellus lutescens,

Hygrophorus miniatus and Ag. (Collybia) dryophilus etc.


††† July 26

x1 Not namedx2 No fungus

x3 Puccinia Violarum Lk.

x4 Immature but probably would make Roestelia Botryapites Schw.

x5 Insect work

x6 Puccinia Polygalae Peck Mss. I have before seen no other specimens of this than those I found last spring in Land Lake.

x7 Triphragmium clavellosum Berk.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received July 30


Vol. 7 (57) [E 174]


Albany, Aug. 2nd, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† I regret to learn of your sickness and hope for your speedy recovery.


††† The specimens from Goat Island are

1 Geotia lubrica Pers.

x2 Agaricus (Clitocybe) laccutus Scop.

x3 Cantharellus minor? The specimens are not clear but I think belong to this species which I described in last report yet to be published.

x4 Boletus ?

x5 Ag. laccatus

6 & 7 Unnamed - Miss W's specimens received are the same as 2 = Ag. laccatus - a very common and variable species.


††† Specimens of July 28th (in box)

x1 Polyporus sulfureus Fr.

x2 Daedalea confragosa Pers.

x3 Polyporus lacteus ?

x4 Scleroderma vulgare Fr.

x5 Agaricus Campanella

x6 Agaricus laccatus.

x7 Hygrophorus miniatus Fr. (in letter)

††† I recognise satisfactorily only

x21 Uredo Solidaginis

x10 Polyporus versicolor Fr.

16 Polyporus elegans Fr.

13 Cyathus Crucibulum [sp.?] Fr.

††† I write in haste as I am preparing to start on another trip to-morrow. At the request of Miss Wilson I inclose for her a couple lichens she wished to see again.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received Aug. 3


[Miss W. - is Miss Mary Wilson]


Vol. 7 (66) [E 164][this letter is in purple ink and quite faded


"Moose River Settlement"

Gregg, Lewis Co.


††† Sept. 5th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† I received your letter from Mackinaw and was glad to hear that you found a few things at least that were of interest, but sorry to hear of your poor success with toadstools. As you will see by the date of this, I am up in the vicinity of the famous "John Brown Tract" picking toadstools. I have been here a few days and with very good luck. Each forenoon I find enough to keep me figuring and describing during the afternoon. Among the most interesting are a Bolbitius and a Helvella [sp.?], new species as I think. I shall stay here several days if the picking keeps good.

††† The box you sent by Express just before you left came while I was away from Albany and when I got it the contents were pretty well spoiled.

††† I wish you could collect toadsstools with me a few days. I think I could get you in the way of making something out of them.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received Sept. 6 [7 overwritten]



Vol. 7 (77) [E 153]


Albany, Sept. 23d, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† I returned yesterday from a very successful trip in the woods of Lewis County - Moose River region. About 60 species of Agarici, etc. rewarded my three or four weeks labor. I find a number of packages form you and will report on part of them now, the rest as I may have opportunity.

††† The Agarics are rather difficult fellows to deal with unless the rather tedious plan of making a full and accurate description of the fresh specimens be adopted, and this takes time. I have very little difficulty in preserving specimens but to recognize a species by comparing the dry specimen with the description of the fresh one is inmany cases very difficultor even impossible. I find the "acknowledged authorities" make blunders when they attempt to do this.

††† I send you a specimen of Peltigera horizontalis as I understand it, also a variety which I have seen described somewhere, I think in "Tuckermans Synopsis."


††† Specimens from Mackinaw etc.

††† Aug. 1870

x1 Puccinia? Near P. Cryptotaeniae and P. Mariae-Wilsoni but I must compare it with them to see if it is distinct.

2 ["Returned to Mr. Peck" written in margin] Roesstelian.sp. and very fine. I return it for you to name and retain if you wish. It is on a young birch?

x3 Roestelia†† ? Must examine more carefully than I now have time to do before deciding upon the species.

x4 Puccinia Polygalae Peck Mss. I first found this last Spring in Sandlake. I have the impression that you have sent it ot me before, but subsequent to my finding it.

x5 Pezizacalycina Schum.

x6 Hirneola auricula-judae. In Cookes British Fungi

††† Exidia Auricula-Judae Fr.

x7 Puccinia porphyrogenita, Curtis in Ed.

8 Puccinia Asteris Schw.

x9 Puccinia Tiarellae B. & C. I have before seen it on leaves of the Tiarella only.

x10 Frullania Eboracensis Schm.

x14 Sphaeria Coryli Batsch.

x15 Uredo Pyrolae Strauss

29 Hydnum repandum L.

x19 Dichaena faginea Fr.

††† Sept. 8th

x1 Uredo Ruborum?

x2 Erysiphe lamprocarpa Lev.

x5 Roestelia lacerata Low.

x3 On the Galium I find no fungus

x4 On the Cornus is doubtful


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


††† P. S. I notice some very promising things in your packages but I must "make hay while the sun shines" and grab the toadstools while they are to be had; but your specimens shall receive attention as I have opportunity.


Received Sept. 25



Vol. 7 (78) [E 152]


Albany, Sept. 29th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† Specimens of Sept. 27th in box;

xA, xB & x D = one species, which I refer with some hesitation to Polyporus frondosus Fr. They seem to me to be the same species Dr. Howe sent me named Polyporus giganteus by Dr. Curtis, but they certainly seem to me to fit the description of P. frondosus better.

xC Hydnum coralloides Fr.

xE I have seen this many times but could never locate it. I think it a morbid development of some Agaricus. I have seen it growing in the midst of a cluster of Agarics.

F, G, H & I not named. The specimens are considerably decomposed and look like Exidia or Tremella.

J This has been tossed about by me between Ag. fascicularis and Ag. epixanthus, but it would agree with the description of neither so in my last Report I describe it under the name Ag. (Hypholoma) perplexus. It is very common but very persistent in growing to suit itself - not the published description of species.


It continues so dry that I shall be obliged to go northward again to get toadstools.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received Oct. 1



Vol. 7 (80) [E 150]


Albany, Oct. 1st, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† The following specimens of Sept. 28th (in box) I return to name.

x6 Peziza scutellata L. 7 in same paper left for future examination

x9 Peziza citrina Batsch.

x13 & x14 Trichia clavata Pers. & Peziza scutellata L.

x16 = 13 Trichia clavata Pers.

x12 Merulius tremellosus Schrad.

x22 Peziza aeruginosa Fr. (fine)

x24 Corticium Oakesii B. & C. (fide Curtis)

x26 = 9

x28 Trichia rubiformis Pers. (fide Curtis)

x31 = 6

x32 Bulgaria sarcoides Fr.

x34 Lycoperdon Wrightii B. & C. (fide Curtis)

x35 Hydnum - I am not sure whether it is coralloides or Erinaceus, the specimen being only fragmentary.

(x) 37 Ag. (Mycena) Leaianus Berk. Berkeley says nothing of the caespitose character of the plant, and gives it as umbilicate which it is not always, neither have I seen it growing on leaves as he says; still his general description applys so well that I think your is the plant he has in view.

x40 Lycoperdon pyriforme?

x41 Lycoperdon some young one

x43 Ag. perplexus Peck in Ed.

46 = 43 another "46" contains a white specimen not known to me.

x47 Ag. (Armillaria) melleus Vahl.

1,2,4,5,8,7,15,17,23,25 & 36 I hope to make out yet and will examine them at some future time.

††† The Erysiphe lamprocarpa is on leaves of Inula. I have not yet examined the specimens on Desmodium leaves. On the Galium the black specks seem to be only the excrement of some insect.

††† I believe the Roestelia on Mountain Ash leaves (from Mackinac [sic] and left in doubt in my former letter) to be R. cornuta Tul. I think the one you return me better be R. Clintoni. I have enough new species to name and will dedicate something to Dr. Howe, the Roestelia being more appropriately given to its discoverer.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received Oct. 2



Vol. 7 (82) [E 148]


Albany, Oct. 3d, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† Perseverance will generally bring success. You have a fungus on this Galium - Puccinia Galiorum Lk. - new to me and the State; for which reason I have taken out a couple leaves and return the rest.

††† The Perenospora (No.1) on Chenopodium leaves is probably P. effusa but I have never been able to find the oospores, (figd in Cooke) and so have left it in doubt. I sent specimens to Dr. Curtis but he too was undecided about the species.

Nos. 2 & 3 give me no satisfactory fungus. There is no need of returing the plates of fungi. The upper figure Plate 5 is the one I have dedicated to you - Boletus Clintonianus. I think it quite rare, having found it in one locality only - North Elba, Essex Co.

††† Mr. Cowles specimens of Danthonia are just about as near D. spicata as D. compressa and shake my confidence in the validity of Austin's species. Austin now admits that his name is a poor one - the culm not being as much flattened as he at first thought. Mr. Cowles specimens have the leaves shorter and also the points of the pale than they are in Austin's plant, being intermediate between it and D. spicata (typical) so that probably D. compressa is only a form of D. spicata modified by habitat - roads and paths in woods.

††† I sent some of Mr. Cowles Carex (called a small form of C. marginata) to Mr. Olney. He finally decides it is Carex capillaris.

††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received Oct. 5



Vol. 7 (84) [E 146]


Albany, Oct. 5th,1870


My Dear Sir,


††† Specimens of Oct. 3d

x1 Puccinia Compositarum Sch.

x2 Uredo Polygonorum DC.

†† (Trichobasis Polygonorum B.)

x3 Perenospora (probably effusa)

x4 Aregma mucronatum Fr.

x5 Sphaerotheca species doubtful

x6 Uredo Potentillarum DC.

††† (Uredo Agrimoniae Schw.)

x7 Only glands

xA Oct. 5 is what I call Ag. (Hypholoma) perplexus Peck. There are three species of Hypholoma viz; sublateritius, epixanthus and fascicularis, so closely related that it does not seem easy to separate them. Our plant agrees about as well with one as with the other, but really agrees with neither, so that not knowing to which it would best go as a variety I had no alternative but to make a new species. It is a very common species with us. Dr. Curtis named it for me Ag. epixanthus, while Dr. Howe thinks it is Ag. fascicularis, but I am not satisfied with either naming when I read the descriptions.

xB Oct 5 is in such condition that I can not tell what it is.

††† I have looked at your specimens of Sept. 17

x1 Ag. (Mycena) Leaianus Berk. It does not quite agree with Berkeley's description, but I think it must be the plant he had in view. I suspect he has made some very bad work trying to describe our American species from dried specimens and notes of collectors.

x 2 Uncinula adunca Lev.

x3 Uromyces Hyperici (Schw.)

x4 Stereum frustulosum Fr.

x5 Only mycelium

x7 Sten..onites fresca Roth.

x8 This seems to me to be the Puccinia Junci Schw., but it is really a Uromyces. Schweinitz gives no Uromyes at all in his Synopsis of N. A. Fungi, from which I infer that the Genus had not then been instituted. As genera now stand his list is considerably mixed. It is unfortunate that in the microscopic species he neglected to give spore characters. If this is his plant, I suppose we shall have to follow Dr. Curtis' style and write Uromyces Junci (Schw.)

x9 Xylaria polymorpha Fr.

x12 Uredo Helianthi Schw. (the yellow

††† Erysiphe lamprocarpa Lev. (the black

x13 I must leave this in doubt, though I believe it is what generally passes for Uredo Ruborum. It certainly is not Lecythea Ruborum as described in Cooke's work.

x15 Uredo Solidaginis Schw.

x16 Hypoxylon multiforme Fr.

17 Hydnum coralloides Scop.

††† Others in this package unknown. I regret that I did not go to Otter

Creek and look up good fresh specimens of Mr. Cowles' Carex. His specimens were so much shelled as to lose expressiveness.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received Oct. 7

†††† [Apparently when you put an authority in parentheses it means the determination is doubtful but based on the author designated's description. Perhaps the underlining indicates a definite determination as per the author's desription]


Vol. 7 (89) [E 141]


Albany, Oct. 10th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† The box of specimens came safely.

xA is Lycoperdon giganteum Batsch.

††† = Lycoperdon Bovista L. An edible species.

xB Xylaria - I am not yet sure of the species.

xC Phallus impudicus L. The first specimens I have ever seen.

-D Agaricus (Clitocybe) laccatus

-E Lycoperdon pyriforme Schaeff. Your specimens are remarkable for the very thick stipe or base.


††† Of Sept. 14th

x4 & x5 are Uredo Solidaginis

x6 is Pileolaria brevipes B. & R.

x8 is merely punctures of insects

19 Erysiphe (immature)


††† Aug. 3

x1 Uromyces appendiculata Lev.


††† Sept. 8

x2 Uromyces solida B. & C.

x6 Roestelia lacerata Sow.

x7 Sphaeria fimbriata


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Received Oct. 12 & wrote him


Vol. 7 (90) [E 140]


Albany, Oct. 11th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† The box contains so far as I can recognise them

A (twice) Agaricus (Lepiota) procerus.

I Agaricus (Lepiota) clypeolarius

G Marasmius velutipes\

M. Ag. (Clitocybe) Howanus Peck in Ed. I am under the impression that I have confused some of your specimens of this and Ag. illudens Schw. The fact is Dr. Curtis used to name for me this which you now send "Ag. illudens Schw." and for a time I thought it must be so, but a glance at the description will show it can not be Schweinitz species.

††† I am expecting to start to-morrow on a short trip for toadstools and shall probably be absent about a fortnight. The other specimens I shall be obliged to leave till my return.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Received Oct. 14


Vol. 7 (99) [E 131]


Albany, Oct. 9th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† Among the specimens of Sept. 23d are,

x3 Aecidium Gnaphalliatum Schw.

x4 Uncinula adunca Lev.

x6 Puccinia Polygonorum Lk. ?

x7, x8, x9, x10, x11 Uromyces solida B. & C.

x12 Sphaeria Graminis Fr.

x13 Rhytisma solidaginis Schw.

x14 Rhytisma Prini Fr.

x17 Microsphaeria penicillata Lev.

††† 6 May be Puccinia Convolvuli B. & C. I must compare at a future time



Nov. 5th, 1870

††† This was commenced some time ago and not finished. On my return I found two boxes and some packages from you. The specimens in the boxes were in bad condition but I think I recognise the following.


Oct. 11

x3 Marasmius oreades Fr.

x4 Hydnum coralloides Scop.

x5 Lycoperdon pyriforme Schaeff

27 Polyporus adustus Fr.


††† Oct. 12

xA Agaricus (Clitocybe) illudens Schw.

xL. The Sphaeria morbosa Schw. is as you have it named, but I can not say what the white coating is.

xM Erysiphe communis Schl.

xJ Dacrymyces stillatus Fr.


††† Oct. 8

x1 Puccinia Helianthi Schw.

x3 Erineum Vitis DC.

x7 Uredo pustulata Pers.

x11 Clavaria mucida Pers.

x19 & x28 Phytisma Vaccinii F.

x20 Erysiphe communis ? fruit immature.


††† Oct. 11

x14 Irpex Tulipiferae Schw.

x22 Uredo Asclepiadis Curt.

††† Description to be published in the forthcoming report.

††† My last trip was not quite as successful in fleshy Agarics as the preceding one, owing to the lateness of the season, cool nights checking the production of tender species. I had the good fortune to find some fine specimens of Phallus. I am not sure that it is P. impudicus as it has some noticeable characters not mentioned in the description of that species.

††† I regret that I have not duplicates of the lichens you mention as desired by Miss Wilson.

††† I must now begin to study up the collections of the season preparatory to making up my report.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received Nov. 7


Vol. 7 (108) [E 123& E 124 - two sheets]


Albany, Nov. 24th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† It is not possible to tell when the 21st Report - 1868 - will be issued. Prof. Hall attributes the delay to VanBenthuysen. The reason of it I do not know.

††† Neither can I tell when the 23d will be out. I suspect the printing is not yet commenced - at least I have yet seen no proof of my part of it. The work of coloring the plates has been going on some time.

††† I will send names of a few of your specimens such as I recognise to sight. I have had an attack of sickness which has spoiled a few days of my time and have commenced a critical examination of my collections of the season, and must therefore ask your pardon if I delay a more full report on your specimens a short time. I find I have made some mistakes in naming specimens during the summer, which I must correct before you publish your list. It will not do to trust to any man, however good his reputation as a Mycologist, for I find all liable to eerror. For example, I sent a specimen of an Agaric to Dr. Curtis to name; He called it Ag. ostreatus. I sent another well preserved specimen of the same species to Prof. Smith of London. He called it Ag. salignus. Now I am most positive that the determination of neither of these gentlemen is correct, for the specimens by no means agree with either the description of A. ostreatus or A. salignus. So that I feel no safety except in a critical comparison with the published description. In my haste at times I too have made similar mistakes which more deliberate study must make right.


††† Nov. 15

x1 Cantharellus crispus Fr.

x2 Tubercularia vulgaris Tode


††† Nov. 17

x1 Tremella foliacea Fr.

x2 Agaricus galericulatus

x4 Peziza citrina Batsch.

x5 Cantharellus crispus Fr.

x7 Guepinia Spathularia Fr.

x18 Merulius tremellosus Schrad.


††† Nov. 18

x5 Aecidium Berberidis (old)

x15 Puccinia graminis v. arundina...

x17 Puccinia Convolvuli B. & C.

x19 Only galls.

20 Anomodon attenuatus

x24 Atrichum angustatum

x25 Sphagnum cymbifolium


††† Nov. 19

x4 Tremella mesenterica

x6 Hypoxylon ustulatum

x12 Tubercularia vulgarisOne piece contains a Nectria.

x14 Hypoxylon multiforme var.

x16 Tirchia Serpula Pers.

x28 Hypoxylon multiforme (young)

x29 Tirchia pyriformis

x8 Glonium stellatum Schw.


††† Nov. 22d

x1 Panus stypticus

x5 Bulgaria sarcoides

x8 Thelephora pallida

x10 Peziza translucida

3 The Polyporus from Florida is either P. cinnabarinus, very thin, or which is more likely P. sanguinolentus. My books are at the Rooms [?] and I write at the house and have not the description at hand, but will look it up and report at another time.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received Nov. 26


Vol. 7 (116) [E 115]


Albany, 9th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† I do not recognise the plant on Asparagus stems. I find no fructification and therefore can not tell whether it is a Sphaeria, Phoma, Septoria or something else.

††† I have neither seen nor heard from Dr. Howe in two or three weeks and can not tell whether he is sick or not. I do not think he has taken any offence for I believe him to be a good hearted, whole souled fellow. From what I have heard him say I know he would be glad to receive a package of specimens from you.

††† I have made a careful reexamination of Mr. Cowles Carex and find it is neither a form of C. vaginata nor C. capillaris as Mr. Olney supposed.

††† It is either a very strongly marked variety of Carex fulva Good. or which is more probable a new species allied to C. fulva and differing from it in its more numerous spikes, the upper ones longer peduncled and the scales broader and differently colored (tawny with white margins and sometimes green midribs). I have no specimens of C. fulva with which to compare it. Did not the description of C. fulva in Smith's English Flora come a little nearer to Mr. Cowles plant than the description in Gray's Bot. I should not hesitate to call it ia new species.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Received Dec. 10


Vol. 7 (122) [E 109]


Albany, Dec. 20th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† The specimen of Dec. 17 seems to be Peziza albo-spadiceum Grev. The "blackness" I think is only dirt.

††† I am unable to make out A, B, & C of Dec. 13A & B appear to be some Corticium but what species is more than I can say. I have just got Dr. Curtis to consent to loan me the descriptions of American fungi by B. & C. so that I hope soon to be able to tell what species they have published. It turns out that some of the species given in Curtis' Catalogue are merely Catalogue or Manuscript names and have never been published. This has been a sore annoyance to me for I have been in constant fear of making synonyms to their species, simply because I could not tell what they had published, and the specimens Dr. C. distributed under their names were not always satisfactory. I begin to anticipate the dawn of a brighter day for American fungi. I have been studying my collections closely for a few weeks and have been learning some things that have astonished me - some that have delighted me.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received Dec. 21


Vol. 7 (129) [E 102]


Albany, Dec. 30th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


††† A. Dec. 29 Fries has a Triblidium caliciiforme which he gives as a synonym of Phacidium caliciiforme in his index & in Elenchus, but as Cenangium caliciiforme Tribe Triblidium in his Systema, but your plant can not be that - it is to all appearance a Hysterium and I think H. tortile Schw. but the specimens are sterile.

††† B. Dec. 29 I think is Hysterium pulicare as Prof. R. has it.

††† I have neglected your specimens of Dec. 19 as I could recognise only one - No. 7 - Panus dorsalis

††† I shall be glad to see you as I am a little puzzled concerning one small matter about which I shall be happy to consult with you.


A Happy New Year to you and yours.


††† Very truly yours


††† Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton

Received Dec. 31