Correspondence of Charles Peck and G. W. Clinton
Edited by P. M. Eckel
Res Botanica
Missouri Botanical Garden

March 4, 2011

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The Correspondence of

Charles Peck (1833-1917) and

George William Clinton (1807 1885)


1870 part 1



Vol. 6 (129) [L 84]


Albany, 10th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I regret that I am unable to give the specific names of the specimens:


No 1 Iopex [Irpex?] -


No. 2 Sporidesmium -


Should you meet with these again I would be glad to see more of them and will try to make them out; especially of No 1 is more desirable.


I shall be glad to see you Thursday morning.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton  (over


P. S. A discovery better than that of the Cardiff giant has recently been made in Gilboa, Schohari Co. - a fossil plant that promises to be brim full of interest.




 Received Jan. 11



Vol. 6 (132) [L 82]


Albany, Jan. 18th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


The fungus on the leaf of Callistemon lanceolatum is not sufficiently  developed to show what it is, but it looks to me as if it would be a  species of Uredo. I can get no clear spores.


"A" is a bark louse - Aspidiolus - species unknown to me.


"B" Not in determinable condition.


"C" Stereum purpureum Fr.


This differs some from the specimen I furnished you - still it is quite  like a form we have, authenticated by Dr. Curtis. Fries also says of some  varieties "Hymenium etiam fuscescens" "B [Beta] + + " subtus fuscopurpurea" etc.


"D" I can not say what it is.


"3 - Jan 17" I think is Hypoxylon fragiforme Pers. Do not be  discouraged because I fail to recognise so many of your specimens. About  one half of the microscopic specimens that I collected last summer lie  unnamed because of their imperfect condition. Some are too young, some too old, some sterile. Dr. Curtis writes me that this is one of the trials of  the student of Mycology. Still we must work on and keep collecting,  trusting at length to find more and more of the imperfect ones in good  condition.


I have put up a specimen of the "Carex alata" and will send to Dr.  Torrey. I considered it "alata" because of the shape of the perigynia, the  stipitate achenia and the longer 3-nerved bract at the base of the lowest  spike. I will communicate Dr. Torrey's opinion when I get it.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received Jan. 19


Vol. 6 (134) [L 80]


Albany, Jan. 20th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I have looked at the specimens on leaves from greenhouse and report thus;


On Hedera. There is no fruit with this but I do not hesitate to pronounce it Septoria Hederae Desm = Sphaeria Hederaecola Fr. The spots on matrix answer very well to Fries' description. Please send me more if you find the spots containing clusters of little black pustules.


On Haya leaf. Sphaeropsis. Finely fruiting but being without full  descriptions I can not determine its species or tell whether it is  described or not. If it (the leaf) does not rot before it dries I think I  will send it to Dr. Curtis.


On Viburnum [Jinus]. Polycystis. Mostly sterile, still I find two or  three spores which makes it so far determinable, but alas! for the species!  No means of determining it. That part of the "English Flora" containing  descriptions of the microscopic species referred to in Berkeley was ordered 4 months ago but no return. And I have been 18 months or more tryng to get a copy of Fries Epicrisis, ordering it over and over again but so far in vain. I sometimes get almost out of patience and feel like naming and describing every thing of which the description, if there is one, is not accessible taking the risk of making synonyms.


Camellia leaves. Probably a Septoria or Depazea. No fruit.


Geranium leaves (large ones) Looks like Uredo but no spores.


Geranium leaf (small one) Looks like Cystopus candidus but there are no spores.


Rose leaves. No fungus

   Begonia.      No fungus


Tropaeolum   No fungus

   Cypripedium   No fungus


After a little practice, with the aid of a lens you will be able to  tell pretty accurately whether there is a fungus present or whether the  spot is a mere discoloration. Spots that are really fungoid like those on  the Hedera and Camellia are often produced by the embryo fungus, so to  speak, i.e. the mycelium but for some reason the perithecia and spores fail to develop. In such cases great familiarity with the species is necessary in order to determine them with safety.


Some claim, not merely that the spores develop differently in different  niduses, but that they are quite different in different stages; for  instance, they claim that all the Uredos are only states of the Puccinias,  for example that Uredo rubigo is only one state of Puccinia graminis. I  have never been able to verify this, although it is admitted by some very  good authorities.


I was only crowded for time while making up my report, since I had to  have it ready for the annual meeting of the Regents, and did not make  sufficient allowance for what I had to do. I now hold myself in readiness  to examine whatever is sent to me.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received Jan. 29


Vol. 6 (135) [L 79]


Albany, Jan. 21st, 1870


My Dear Sir,


All of Miss Wilsons specimens are fungi.

No. 1 Peziza citrina Batsch.

"   2 Appears to be a young Stereum, possibly S. cinereum but I am not sure.


3 A Hyphomycetes but I find no characters sufficient for determining the genus and species.


I have never seen the description of Buellia myriacarpa. Prof. Tuckerman so named my specimens without reference to the description. Prof. T. is now engaged in writing a work on lichens and it is possible he may not yet have published the species.


Thelephora pallida [crossed out: as all of that genus including T. pergamenea] is a fungus, quite a common one.


I send a sample of Manilla paper, from Van Benthuysens. You will  probably want heavier than this which is medium. The weight per ream of the qualities they have is marked on the sample and the price per pound. It comes 24 X 36 inches but can be cut here for your purpose.


I have not yet purchased any genus wrappers, as Prof. Hall volunteered  to get some last spring. It has not yet made its appearance, however, and  if he does not get it ere long I shall have to.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received Jan. 23


Vol. 6 (138) [L 76] the first one or two sheets of this letter are not in place - are missing, as is probably a last sheet]




[My Dear Sir,


x 100 Don't know this. Leaf fungi most often fruit on the under side of the  leaf; sometimes on the upper, sometimes on both. Occasionally holes come in the affected parts of the leaf, but not always.

x 101 Looks like Polyporus adustus Fr. but the specimens are badly broken.

x 102 No fungus

x103 Appears to be the same as the Sporidesmium you sent a short time ago.

x104 Exidia cinnabarina B & C ? [sic]

x201 Too old to identify

x202 & 203 Some poor starved lichen, can't say what

x204 Cyathus crucibulum Pers.

x205 & x 206 Too old to identify.

x207 Exidia cinnabarina B. & C. ? [sic]

  208 Polyporus versicolor Fr.

x209 Leptogium chloromelum Nyl. A lichen.

x211 & x212 Exidia glandulosa Fr.

x210 Undeveloped

300-307 I find nothing here that I know or can now determine.


The fresh water alga from ground in Conservatory I do not know. The  specimens get badly mixed with dirt in transportation else I would send a  little to Mr. Van Brunt or Mr. Wood to see if they know it. It certainly  ought to be looked after and if undescribed, named and published. Can not a little be glued to paper or fixed in some way so that a clean piece may be sent to Mr. Van Brunt or Wood?


[    Very truly yours


[    Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received Jan. 27 [1870]


 [Perhaps one might presume some nurturing of Peck, laboring alone on taxonomical problems that someone should be so interested so often,  providing material constantly. Peck can organize his thoughts because  Clinton was an amateur - how reassuring. He could easily express doubts and problems, and Clinton's pressure for quick answers plus assistance in  learning himself must have been a great stimulus for the former  schoolteacher who must teach his patron to keep his patronage]


[There are no letters to Van Brunt]


Vol. 6 (139) [L 75]


Albany, Jan. 26th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I last night received a letter from Mr. S. T. Olney of Providence R. I. from which I quote


"Doct. Torrey writes me that you had the presumption to send him a  Carex for identification when the King of Caricography was still reigning  and that you asked him whether it was C. alata or a large form of C.  straminea. He writes that if I (Olney) were out of the way I (Torrey)  should tell him to decide the case by tossing up a copper. I have written  to him as follows:


"You are a loyal a subject to your own elevated King of Caricography as  is the Pacha of Egypt to the Sultan of Turkey. Forsooth! flip up a copper  whether a plant be Schk. C. straminea or your own bantling C. alata. I'll  institute a high court of Indicature and bring you, old as you are, before  it, on the grave charge of not supporting your family. If that man Peck did  commit so heinous an offence as to seek information where he could not  obtain it, how much more abominable is yours, that after creating species  without number, you have lost all memory of their names or comprehension of their characters?


Carex, Riverhead, Long Island, returned to Doct. Torrey this day, is  Carex alata Torr., like Sartwells Exs. No. 48 published by him as C.  straminea and is referred by Boott in Ill. to C. alata Torr. So did John  Carey refer it, no mean authority."


Thus it seems Dr. Torrey does not think it much matter whether our  Carex be called C. alata or C. straminea, but sent it to Mr. Olney, for his  opinion and he prefers C. alata. Mr. O. is now giving special attention to  the Carices.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received Jan. 27


[No letters to John Carey]


Vol. 6 (140) [L 74] [Apparently a previous sheet of No. 138]




[My Dear Sir,








 x7 Hypoxylon Clypeus Schw.

x8 Exidia glandulosa Fr.

 x9 Exidia glandulosa Fr.

x10 = 9

 11, 12, 13,

x14 Panus stypticus Fr.

x15 = 16

16 = Polyporus versicolor Fr.

x17 Polyporus luridus B. & C.


x19 Hydnum ochraceum Pers.

x20 Polyporus versicolor Fr.

x21 Polyporus luridus B. & C.

x22 Stereum complicatum Fr.


x24 Schizophyllum commune Fr.

x25 Panus stypticus Fr.

x26 Glaeoporus nigropurpurascens Schw.

x27 Agaricus (Pleurotus) salignus Pers.

x28 Panus stypticus Fr.

x29 = 28

x30. Polyporus versicolor Fr.

x31 Lenzites betulina Fr. with gills. Polyporus versicolor Fr. with pores.

x32 Polyporus laceratus Berk.


x34 Daedalea cinerea Fr.

x35 Polyporus versicolor Fr.

x36 Polyporus hirsutus Fr.

x37 Glaeoporus nigropurpurascens Schw.

x38 Polyporus versicolor Fr.

 39, 40

x41 Erineum fagineum Pers.

x42 Dicranum palustre Brid. new to the state.

 43, 44

x45 Thelephora pallida Schw. poor specimen

x46 Polyporus giganteus Fr. probably.

 47, 48, 49

x50 Stereum complicatum Fr.

x51 Exidia glandulosa Fr.

x52 Stereum complicatum Fr.

x53 Stereum fasciatum Fr.

x54 Buellia parasema Koerb. A lichen.

x55 Pylaisaea intricata Hedw. Moss.

x56 Peziza citrina Batsch.


x58 Hypoxylon fragiforme Fr. (Old)

x59 Pyrenula nitida Ach.? A lichen.


x61 Hypnum laetum Brid. var. A moss

 62, 63, 64

x65 Anomodon attenuatus Hartm. The moss.

   Pannaria lanuginosa Ach. the white lichen


Leptogium lacerum Fr. the brown lichen.


x67 Agaricus (Omphalia) Campanella Batsch.

 68 Calicium

x69 Stereum complicatum Fr.

 70, 71, 72, 73

x74 Panus stypticus Fr.

 x75 Polyporus versicolor Fr.

x76 Polyporus Boucheanus Fr.

 77, 78, 79, 80


I dislike to leave so many numbers vacant but this is the best I can do  now. I may work out a few more, but you must not expect me to know  everyting in this untrodden field of botany. It is, however, fortunate for  me that I do not, else I should lose the pleasure of learning.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received Jan. 27


Vol. 6 (141) [L 73]


Albany, Jan. 25th, 1870  [perhaps the first sheet of the preceding letters  starting with 138, same long paper. This paper looks like Clinton sent it  with notations A, B, etc. in his handwriting for Peck to fill in]


My Dear Sir,


I have examined part of the specimens you have sent and lest you should think me negligent will report such as are determined. Many of these microscopic fellows can not be safely named without microscopic examination and that requires time. Some of the specimens are not in good condition for Herbarium purposes and you will get better ones next summer.


xA Agaricus Not determinable.


xC Agaricus (Pleurotus) salignus Pers. Too old. You will find better next


xD Hypoxylon ustulatum Bull. (Old.) (The young plant looks quite


xE Stereum species doubtful.


G. Calicium  I wish to send specimens of the Calicia to Prof. Tuckerman.

xH. Buellia parasema Kierb. A lichen.

xI Lecanora cinerea Fr. Poor specimen. A lichen.

xJ Hydnum erinaceus Bull. The dark coating is Cladosporium herbarum Lk.


 K, L

xM. Physcia obscura Wallr.


var. erythrocardia Tuck. A lichen. Fries says "Omnes hujus speciei formae ab affinibus dignoscuntur voracite, qua Insecta eas commedunt." You see evidence of this in your specimens.

[All forms of this species are distinguished from their relations by the voracity by which the insects eat them.]

xN Buellia myriocarpa Tuck.? [sic]


xP Dichaena faginea Fr. A fungus.

 xQ Trypethelium virens Tuck. A lichen but poor specimen.


xS Sphaeria ? [sic]

xT = S


Of the specimens from Greenhouse.


On Heliotrope is Cladosporium herbarum Lk.

   On Orange is Cladosporium herbarum Lk.


 dead spots but it is not the cause of the spots. These are probably produced by some Septoria or Depazea.


On Correa is also Cladosporium herbarum Lk.and on Callistemon the black is the same - the white is an insect.


[    Very truly yours  no ending]


[    Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received Jan. 27


Vol. 6 (142) [L 72]


Albany, Jan. 27th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


None of the specimens just received (from Greenhouse) have any well developed fungus on them.


On one of the Ivy leaves there seems to be an attempt at the formation of perithecia but there are no spores.


I find by examining the gemmae of the Lunularia that their point of  attachment is marginal. They probably have the power under favorable  circumstnces of developing into fronds.


I return Dacrymyces stillatus Fr. found among your specimens scraped  from fences. It is possible the two specimens referred doubtfully to Exidia  cinnabarina may be the same thing.


xNo 80 is Sphaeria Stigma Hoffm. = Hypoxylon operculatum Bull.


44 is probably Sphaeria coniformis Fr. or Sphaeria doliorum Pers. but the specimens are without spores.   


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received Jan. 28



Vol. 6 (143) [L 71]


Albany, Jan. 28th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


1000 - I can make nothing of it.


 2001 The yellow one is Placodium aurantiacum Nyl. The brown one with white rim is Lecanora subfusca Ach.


2002 = 2001 The lighter yellow form is young P. aurantiacum.


 What glorious weather. I almost want to be out botanizing.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received Jan. 29


Vol. 6 (144) [L 70]


Albany, Jan. 31st, 1870


My Dear Sir,


There are no well developed fungi on the leaves received this morning,  though two or three look very much as if they would make some Uredo if  properly developed.


I have written to Mr. Cowles that I consider his Carex a very slender form of C. vaginata. The perigynia had nearly all broken off when it reached me so that the specimens had lost their beauty.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received Feb. 1


Vol. 6 (147) [L 67]


Albany, Feb. 1st, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I consider Miss W's specimens thus;


1. W. Physcia stellaris Wallr.

2. W. Physcia stellaris Wallr. var., near tribracia, - probably safe enough to call it that variety.

3. W. Pannaria lanuginosa Ach. (Parmelia lanuginosa in Fries Lich.... [tiny writing in margin] I do not know that this has ever been found fertile in this country.


The little works on Fungi by M. C. Cooke I think you will find interesting and worth all they cost; though not strictly and scientifically descriptive, there are some species described in one and a synopsis of generic descriptions in the other.


I have been able after much delay to procure the following by ordering through one of our booksellers



"Lichenographia Europaea Reformata" by E. Fries. 8 vo. No plates. 1831 $5.20

"Synopsis Methodica Lichenum: by E. Acharius. 8 vo. No plates 1814 $3.20

Both Latin.



"Outlines of British Fungology" by M. J. Berkeley, 8 vo. Colored plates - contains descriptions of "Decent" Fungi only and a mere list of the Microscopic ones of England. $14. 1860

  "Systema Mycologicum" by Fries. 8 vo. 3 vols. No plates. $10 The last vol. is dated 1832. Latin


"Fries Epicrisis" or Epicrisis Mycologici Systematis is an essential work on the Hymenomycetes - (Agaricini, Polyporei, etc.) but with all my efforts for two years I have not yet been able to get it and have even been told that it is out of print, though a later work than the "Systema." Mr. Gerard procured a copy through the Naturalist Book Agency ($6) I have tried them since, but so far in vain.


At the suggestion of Mr. Holmes of the State Library I have also ordered it of F. W. Christern 77 University Place, New York.


The works on lichens came through Westermann & Co. New York, also the "Systema". The "Outlines" I think came through Scribner & Co. I judge from Mr. Holme's recommendation that Mr. Christern is as good a dealer as any to order foreign books from. He certainly wrote me me a very gentlemanly letter and promised prompt attention to my orders.


Proceedings American Academy of Arts and Sciences contains Tuckerman's Synopsis of our Lichens and Transactions American Philosophical Society 2d Series, 4th Vol. contains Schweinitz's Fungi.


I can scarcely give an approximate guess as to the number of species of fungi in the vicinity of Buffalo but you may safely put it at hundreds, say 400 microscopic and 300 "decent."


Curtis' Catalogue of Plants of N.C. contains 1,873 Flowering plants & 2392 Fungi of which about 1,3000 are microscopic. The species of fungi probably will equal in number those of the flowering plants, in any locality.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 


P. S. I am glad you purpose to follow up these fleeting fungi and wish I could tell how they might be preserved in all their oriignal beauty, but hat is a problem yet to be solved. Perhaps Glycerine would do it but it is somewhat expensive and is pretty sure to plaster the gills together.


C. H. P.


 Received Feb. 2. Feb. 3 wrote to Mr. Christern


[Christern, F. W. Vol. 6 No. 151, one letter, typed in somewhere(bookseller); see letter 138 Vol. 6 above, Peck to Clinton.  vo. means "octavo" size. No letters to Westermann]


Vol. 6 (148) [L 66]


Albany, Feb. 2nd, 1870


My Dear Sir,


A. & B. = Hypoxylon fragiforme Fr. The other one (returned) is  resupinate form of Polyporus hirsutus Fr. which makes it appear very different from the usual form.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Feb. 3


Vol. 6 (149) [L 65]


Albany, feb. 5, 1870


My Dear Sir,


You are authorized to say to Miss Wilson that I shall be pleased to hear from her directly in regard to those beautiful lichens she is finding and to give her any aid in their examination that I may be able, though as far as I can judge she will be quite as likely to aid me as I her, for she appears to have a pretty good knowledge of them already and will doubtless find some in her locality that I have not found this way. Thus the benefit will be mutual and I trust she will not hesitate to send me any specimens she may wish to and give me any interesting facts she may notice or observations she may make.


Miss W. was right in supposing the Calicium of the sumach, C. curtisii. I return this and two or three other things which I sent to Prof. Tuckerman for authentication. He desires specimens of the singular form from board fence.


I am just now trembling in my boots. Some spirit, excessively economical or otherwise, has stricken out the appropriation for Botanist from the Annual Appropriation Bill. Prof. Hall will try to have it restored by the Senate Committee. Whether he will succeed or not is uncertain. I greatly dislike the prospect of being thus suddenly shut out from a field of labor in which I had hoped to do some good and make myself generally useful, but the fates at present appear adverse. The Prof. will have a hearing next Tuesday, so I suppose the thing will soon be decided.


I send you another independent Polyporus which is sometimes resupinate though I have no good specimens of it in that form at present.


The 22nd Report is out.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Feb. 6


Vol. 6 (150) [L 64]


Albany, Feb. 7th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


No. 999 looks as if there had once been a Hysterium or an attempt at one, but it is not to my mind a satisfactory or determinable species.


I this morning received a copy of Prof. Wood's new botany - "Botanist and Florist" - with which I am much pleased. He recognises Elatine Clintoniana.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Feb. 8


Vol. 6 (152) [L 62]


Albany, Feb. 8th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


The appropriation for Botanist has been restored and I feel good again. Thanks for your expression of sympathy and aid. I trust the matter will go

through all right, the rest of the course.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Feb. 10


Vol. 6 (154) [L 59]


Albany, Feb. 15th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


No 1 is not fertile but I do not doubt it is a Xylaria, possibly, from the fact that the larger ones are branched, X. digitata. This is a species we have not yet found and you would do well to keep your eye on this fellow. I would like a branching specimen, but do not "exhaust the locality" until the plant has had a fair chance to fruit. It is quite certain that it grows from wood.


Nos 2 & 3 I consider one species - Polyporus versicolor Fr. - notwithstanding their differences of hairiness and [torn] pores.


No 4 is small Agaricus (Lepiota) cristatus Fr.


I shall let you know if there should be any more trouble with the appropriation.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 


P. S. I inclose list of names to whom the Cab. Rep. has formerly been sent, (save a few names that I have just added) that you may revise it. Some I have never heard from and their address may have been changed, some may have given up botanical pursuits as I think you wrote of Mr. Booth and Fish. Please add, subtract, correct and return.


C. H. P.


 Received Feb. 16


Vol. 6 (155) [L 58]


Albany, Feb. 17th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


x No. 4 Diatrype stigma Fr.


x 5 & 6 appear to be the same but are both sterile, hence doubtful.


x7 Very old Roestelia lacerata Sow.


8 Polyporus salicinus Fr.


x9 Hypoxylon multiforme Fr. Very young. It becomes almost black with age.


x10 Agaricus (Mycena) corticola Schum.


1,2 & 3 I am not able to name at present.


The list of names is received.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Feb. 18


Vol. 6 (156) [L 57]


Albany, Feb. 19th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


Thanks for the Xylaria which I think is safely enough X. digitata. The

fungus on the leaves has the appearance and spores of Septoria. Still I do

not find any issuing spore-tendrils, probably because of the immature state of the plant.


The one on the stem is without spores and so "in cog."


I have not sent Miss Wilson a copy of the Cab. Rep. expecting that you

would supply her with one.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Reb. 20


Vol. 6 (158) [L 55]


Albany, Feb. 21st, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I have sent a little of the Greenhouse alga to Mr. VanBrunt who is said

to have given special attention to fresh water algae.


The 21st Cab. Rep. is not yet printed, the 22nd having for some reason

got the start of it.


I return a few of the specimens such as I could name. I have no idea of pitching the others into the fire, but shall endeavor to find them out, at least such as have developed characters to work upon, and the others may in time be pretty nearly located when by longer study I shall have become more familiar with the intricacies of fungi. I do not remember seeing any Merulius in the specimens you sent last Fall.


The specimens of Ag. atrocoeruleus agree with ours, so named by Dr. Curtis, except in size, yours being a little larger - a difference of no consequence. I have not seen fresh growing specimens and as it is well to be cautious with these fellows which change so in drying. I quote Frie's character by which you may confirm or refute if you should find the plant growing.


"Ag. atrocoeruleus, pileo carnoso villoso atro-coeruleo, strato superiori gelatinoso, lamellis albidis."


The color of the lamellae in the dry state does not agree with the "albidis" and excites my suspiciouns.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Feb. 22


["Ag. atrocoeruleus, with pileus fleshy, villous, blackish or dark sky-blue, with the upper layer gelatinous, with whitish lamellae."]


Vol. 6 (159) [L 54 ]


Albany, Feb. 22nd, 1879


My Dear Sir,


There is no reason why I hesitated to send the Cab. rep. to Miss Wilson  except that I thought you might prefer to supply her with one. I shall add  her name and that of Mr. Frost to the list. I do not like the idea of your  having to wait for your copies and so send one to you forthwith.


I consider the Irpex to be I. cinnamomeus Fr. notwithstanding it differs slightly from our specimens of that species. I send a specimen and also return yours which you will want if you have no more.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 


P. S. Credit shall be given to Miss W. for the Cyathus striatus.

 Received Feb. 23


[There are two letters from Charles C. Frost Vol. 6 No. 173, and Vol. 10: 98.]



Vol. 6 (161) [L 52]


Albany, Feb. 26th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I was sorry to learn that you were not well and glad again to learn  that you were better. I send a very small dose of Anodus donianus hoping it may complete your recovery. I got but little of this small rival of your  Seligeria and so can furnish but little; just enough to show that there is  something of it. It grows on the perpendicular ledge among the bluish or  glaucous confervoid filaments which may be its beginning or early state.


"A" is what I have described in my last report under the name Agaricus  (Psilocybe) Albaniensis. It is related to Ag. (Psilocybe) spadiceus  Schaeff. but did not agree quite closely enough to suit me.


"B" is the same X. digitata unbranched.


"C" tends more to Xylaria Hypoxylon. It is young and must be marked



"D" Too young for satisfactory determination.


The one from "mushroom bed in the dark" affords nothing that I can get hold of. Berkeleys remarks are indeed sensible for there are many Fungi in which the fruit forms the chief and almost the only character. Even among Agarics there are cases that without the spores would puzzle an expert, for instance to separate Ag. naucinus from Ag. cretaceus or Ag. arvensis. I do not recognize the Algae from Aquarium and will try Mr. Van Brunt on it.


Hoping for a speedy return of your health I remain,


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

[No date of receipt given.]


Vol. 6 (162) [L 51]


Albany, Feb. 28, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I am not able to guess what the delicate Agaricus is you describe, though it seems to be some Mycena if the gills remain white.


I certainly am pleased with the remarks of Mr. Foote. That Fragaria ought to be looked after by all means even if the Darwinians should not admit it to be a species.


I have just received a note from Prof. Gray in which he says "I wish you had let Rubus neglectus remain neglected; but it is as good as many European species. I hope to examine the Elatine Clintoniana when I can get time."


He also inquires after you, hoping you are well, etc.


(The Morchella, if it was in the package of last summer's Fungi, I did not notice or recognise.) This should have been in the answer to a previous letter.


I have received a note from Prof. Tuckerman in which he speaks of the Report in terms of commendation and expresses surprise [sic] at the progress made with the Cryptogams. These favorable and commendatory words do me good and were it not that so much of it is due to the aid and cooperation of others it might almost make me vain.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received March 1


Vol. 6 (164) [L 49]


Albany, Mar. 2nd, 1870


My Dear Sir,


The box of specimens came safely.


"A" from mushroom bed - sticky pileus I think is Agaricus (Psalliota

[sic]) semiglobatus Batsch.


The one with brown cap, black gills and dark stem appears to be Ag. (Panaeolus) campanulatus L.


The one with white bulbous stem I do not know. It is new to me and so

is the minute white one. I have planted the dirt of this in a flower pot and hope to raise fresh specimens and to find out what it is.


I have been examining the "Lemanea fluviatilis" anew and am confirmed in my opinion that it is a true Lemanea and in all probability  "fluviatilis" as I before concluded. I have not the specific description of  that species but named mine from comparison with European L. fluviatilis.  The European is taller than mine and the central cavity more filled with  the moniliform strings of spores, but the structure so far as I see is  essentially the same. It is simple, and not quite right in color for L.  torulosa nor do I see the "radiant" "colored" cells mentioned by Harvey in  the description of L. torulosa.


I have just received a letter from Mr. Austin in which he says Dr.  Torrey found Lemanea fluviatilis on the Catskills 30 or 40 years ago. He  also claims to have found it in Orange Co. also in Herkimer Co. but send no specimens. So that it is probably less exclusive than my remarks in the  Report would lead one to infer.


"Subterranean sticks" is the habitat given by Dr. Howe for his  specimens of Ag. semicaptus and which I take to mean simply sticks slightly covered with earthy matter. Had he meant in caves etc. I think he would have expressed it differently.


We have no specimens of Petalonema and Scytonema and I wish you might find them. I suppose the only way to collect them is to scrape them en masse from the surface on which they grow, rinse them in clean water and dry or press them on the paper on which they are to remain in the Herbarium.


No doubt you have the Nostoc at Buffalo. I found it in Spring, though it is said to be most plenty in Autumn.


It gives me pleasure to answer your inquiries so far as I can and I  only regret that I am so often obliged to say "don't know;" it is well for  us to be thus reminded of our ignorance and stimulated to further



Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Feb. 3 [sic]


[Clinton's date seems off as this is filed in with other early March




Vol. 6 (166) [L 47]


Albany, Mar. 3d, 1870


My Dear Sir,


Bolton is sometimes cited, a half dozen or more species being  attributed to him in Berkeley. In looking at Fries Systema I see his name  quite often but he seems to have been unfortunate in making synonyms - at least Fries gives other names preference. Again he probably lost some by the separation of Lactarius, Russula, Cortinarius etc. from the old genus Agaricus under which Bolton's species were placed, the unjust custom having prevailed of allowing the author of a new genus to put his name after species therein which he did not describe.


Mr. Gerard wrote to me that Mr. Van Brunt, a resident of Po'keepsie and one of the oldest members of the Microscopical Society, had given special attention to the Fresh Water Algae, was well posted in them, had Hassall's work on them (which by the way I have long been trying in vain to get) and an excellent instrument for their examination. So I concluded to get his aid. But he appears to have some urgent business as he is long in answering letters. A Mr. Wood of Philadelphia I believe has also the credit of being well informed on these plants. I must try to get his address.


The Cab. Rep. for 1868, i.e. the 21st is still behind. Not yet out of the hands of the printer.


There are very few Agarici that have not the alternate shorter outer gills.


The black spored species, if the gills do not dissolve, belong to the subgenera Panaeolus and Psathyrella.


The description that comes nearest your delicate, thin capped, black spored specimen is this,


Ag. conocephalus Bull. "Pileo conico stricato livido-pallescente, lamellis liberis fusco-nigrescentibus, stipite longo albo, basi incrassato.




In domesticis, pinguibus, &c. (v.v. Lundae in horto Retriano)."


I am not sure that it agrees as closely as it ought. This is a black spored species.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received March 4



Vol. 6 (168) [L 45]


Albany, Mar. 5th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


No. 1 is a puzzler; too much for me, though I am half inclined to think it vegetable.


2 Peziza Theleboloides A. & S. probably, but it does not agree as well with the description as I would like.


3 Specimens like these were named for me by Dr. Curtis "Peziza cochleata L." but I have always thought there was some mistake about it. It seems to me to come nearer P. cerea Sow. but is not quite dark enough even for that. The spores are not mature enough to give any character. In my humble opinion the genus Peziza needs revision and more prominence given to the characters derivable from the spores.


4 contains No. 2 in part. The other looks as if it would develop into No. 3. I hope to overhaul the Pezizus a little the coming season in the mean time leave the names herein given as doubtful.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received March 6


Vol. 6 (169) [L 44]


Albany, Mar. 7th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I return the specimens desired.


No 1 Probably Physcia stellaris - a lichen - and gum spots.


2 Has no spores, hence indeterminable


3 Dacrymyces tortus Fr.


4 Polyporus hirsutus Fr. The green color is foreign to the fungus


5 = 4


6 A Polyporus but too old to be good, probably same as 4 & 5


"On Ptelea" is only the beginning of a fungus.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 


P. S. Ag. conocephalus belongs to subgenus Psathyrella - series Coprinarius or black spored Agarics. These differ from the black spored Coprini in gills not melting.


C. H. P.


Received May 8


 [Again, Clinton wrote a different month - perhaps he is not well still]


Vol. 6 (171) [L 41]


Albany, Mar. 8th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


You certainly are unsurpassed in botanical activity and enthusiasm. Dr. Howe is far behind you and I am nowhere. These little fellows are beautiful when once worked out and fully comprehended but until then, perplexing, for nothing can be affirmed of them without careful microscopic examinination, which of course takes time. It is my desire to go through the microscopic specimens of the State Herbarium and make a drawing of the magnified plant and essential characters to put with the specimen so that some tangible idea of the plant can be obtained by inspection with the naked eye. I regret that I am unable to give the names of more of your numerous specimens but so it is.


1 Tubercularia vugaris Tode [?]


 2 Unknown - looks Alga-like. "2" on Elaeagnus" = 1


"3 On Eleagnus" - No fungus. Pretty substellata scales.


"3 On ground" Pannaria lanuginosa Ach. A lichen.


"4. Hort." Cladosporium herbarum Lk. On one piece is also Exidia

cinnabarina B. & C.


4 On ground. Unknown.


'5,'8,'9, 13 & 15 "Hort." Seem to be all the same thing, masses of aggregated or compound cells, probably the mycelium or a state of Cladosporium herbarum as I find a little of this mixed in some of the specimens.


'6,'7,''10 & '11 "Hort." are alike but unknown to me.


12 & 14 "Hort." Imperfect.


5 & 6 "Tamarix" are the same but I get no clue to its character.


7 Some effete Hypoxylon or Diatrype.


8 No fungus

A No fungus

'B A state of Pertusaria velata Nyl. A lichen.

C. Nemaspora crocea Pers.

'D Unknown - Not good.

E. A lichen. Perhaps something; will look after it more.

F. Some very poor lichen.

G. Some very poor lichen. probably an Opegrapha.

'H Biatora chlorantha Tuck. A lichen.

'I Tubercularia vulgaris Tode. [?]

'J Nothing tangible.

'K Buellia parasema Koerb. A lichen

'L Some effete Hypoxylon or the like

M Not good

'N = M.


I have received word from Mr. Van Brunt that the algae sent him are not yet settled. The specimen from aquarium "has the character of Cladophora glomerata but a different mode of growth." The one from Green house he still leaves entirely in the dark. I have sent Mr. Frost the Report. I once undertook a correspondence with him but his business is sometimes pressing and makes his correspondence drag. I have recently written to a mycologist in England from whom I hope to learn something.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received March 9


Vol. 6 (172) [L 40]


Albany, Mar. 9, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I am unable to determine satisfactorily any of the papers W, X, Y, Z &c. X, Y & Z are infertile.


If you will send some more of W like the one returned I think we can get something out of it. It is fertile and appears to be a Dipladia.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received March 10


Vol. 6 (175) [L 37]


Albany, Mar. 14th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


Last week I received a note from you saying that you inclosed an Oxalis  leaf with something growing on or from it, but I found no leaf in the  letter. You may have omitted it or it may have slipped out before sealing.


O In sheets on splinters etc. is only gum.


Leaves of Rhus Tox. have nothing tangible on them.


Q It is the green one with whitish points that I consider Pertusaria  velata - young state. It would probably be the var. multipuncta if fully  developed. I can not think you so dreadfully abhor lichens after all and so  send Pertusaria velata as it should be when in good condition. I also  enclose Buellia parasema and Biatora atropurpurea as they are species  liable to be confused. If I had good duplicates would send Biatoria  chlorantha and Lecidea enteroleuca, as I do not understand Prof. Tuckerman to consider them the same. What I understand as Biatora chlorantha has the thallus more green and the apothecia less black than Lecidea enteroluca does. They are however not so markedly different that they may not be confused.


The Peziza that I called P. Theleboloides is sparsely hairy on the exterior, which puts it in the section Lachnea and makes it separable from P. citrina. If you chance to find more of it, please send it again as I would like to have Dr. Curtis's opinion of it.


The moss is our old friend Hypnum orthocladon Beauv.


Fungus on Rubus leaves is Uredo luminata Schw. It is given in Ravenel's Fungi Exsiccati' as Aecidium luminatum, but I think it is an undoubted Uredo.


On Fagus leaves, Erineum fagineum Pers.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received March 14



Vol. 6 (177) [L 35]


Albany, Mar. 15th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I have been disappointed in the Oxalis leaf fungus. When I first looked at it I was quite sure there was some Uredo or Lecythea on it, but the microscope, horrible instrument, reveals no spores and so we can only say Uredo or Lecythea.


"Nemaspora" is the correct word, it being from the Greek [nema spelled in Greek notation], a thread, and [spora, again in Greek notation]


Dr. Howe I think has depended mainly on Dr. Curtis for the determination of his Fungi.


Please banish your apprehension about your sendings interfering with my comfort. It does me good to work at these things. I learn thereby as well as yourself and with every new acquisition receive, of course, new stimulus and pleasure. My business and my enjoyments run parallel - a fact that can not be truthfully affirmed by everyone. Indeed were I independently rich so as to have no care of what I should eat or what I should drink I believe I should continue right on in the course I am now pursuing, studying out and searching for the beauties of and the wisdom displayed in these lowly but lovely little works of the Creator.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 


P.S. I forgot to say that the little fungus you spoke of, that is at first filled with a milky fluid and when old is irregularly ruptured, can scarcely be a Sphaeria. It is probably one of the Myxogasters like Lycogala [sic], Diderma, etc.


C. H. P.


 Received March 17



Vol. 6 (178) [L 34]


Albany, Mar. 16th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


"A" Graphis scripta Ach. Lichen


"B" Unknown


"C" Tubercularia granulata Per. The small black pustules seem to be a Sphaeropsis but I do not know the plant.


"D" Nectria cucurbitula Fr. There is some Tubercularia granulata mixed with it, I therefore return the Nectia.


"E" Sporidesmium?


"On bark of living Osage Orange" Nothing good.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received March 18


Vol. 6 (179) [L 33]


Albany, Mar. 18th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I have a few things to send to Dr. Curtis and will send some of the Osage Orange specimens with them for his opinion.


Cyathus and Nidularia are synonymous.


I am entirely at a loss to know where to locate the "Perenospora." When you sent it before I thought might be some Fresh water alga, but the spherical heads (which are scarcely to be seen when the plant gets here) seem to put it among the Fungi.


I return the lady's specimen but without name, as it is too old for  recognition. "B" "Mountain Ash" A scale insect, Apsidiotus Harrisii if I  remember rightly. Nothing on the leaflet of Oxalis. "The hopeless little  fellow from mushroom bed" seems to be Coprinus but what species I can not say. Neither can I do anything with the minute fungus. It refuses to grow in my flower pot where I planted it.


I have never put any postage account in my bill for contingent  expenses, thinking it would be a difficult matter to keep my general  correspondence distinct from that which pertained strictly to my public  duties, still I do not want you to think you are crowding me at all in the  matter of postage. I think it no hardship to pay postage, and do it  cheerfully.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received March 19


 [Note that due to the awkwardness of nibs nines are written to look  like fours sometimes. Clinton seems to have a peculiar frugality with  respect to the Post office - he notes how fast letters arrive, etc. Perhaps  he has some influence with that federal office?]


Vol. 6 (180) [L 32]


Albany, Mar. 19th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I can not say with any degree of satisfaction what the Agarici are  except No. 1 with sticky or viscid pileus, which is undoubted Ag.  semiglobatus.


I suspect the one from Fays [Jays?] is Ag. albaniensis Peck but there is nothing certain about it.


"No. 4 Mar. 18" Sphaeria morbosa Schw. is not in good condition - too old.


"3 Mar. 18" is the same as you sent on Mountain Ash - an insect.


"B 3" So far as I can see is only the common Cyathus campanulatus.


"B 2" On Phoenix dissectifolia appears to be something good. If I find it fertile, will figure and send to Dr. Curtis. I have to make analytical sketches of everything I send him in order to insure attention. This is a lovely spring-like morning.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 


P.S. "B 4" is not in determinable condition, neither is "B 1"

 Received March 20



Vol. 6 (183) [L 29]


Albany, Mar. 21st, 1870


My Dear Sir,


The "Rosa I" is the only specimen in to-day's inclosures that has  spores and in this they are so exceedingly minute that with all the power  of my microscope I can not make out the structure and mode of growth  sufficiently to tell where the plant belongs.


I have to day sent to Dr. Curtis, with sketches, those things in your  two or three last sendings that were in proper condition for analysis.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received March 22


Vol. 6 (184) [L 28]


Albany, Mar. 22d, 1870


My Dear Sir,


x"C6" is Diatrype stigma Fr. - the white one is some effete Stereum


x"C 7" Nothing. "C 8" Undetermined.

x9 & x10 Omitted.

x"C 11" Sphaeria Verbascicola Schw.

"C 12" No fungus.

x"C 13" Diatrype hanstellata [?] Fr. [transtellata?]

x"C 14" x & "15" Sterile


"Sphaeropsis? on Eranthum [?]" No spores.

x"c 17" Stereum striatum Fr.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received March 23


Vol. 6 (185) [L 26]


Albany, Mar. 23d, 1870


My Dear Sir,


x"C 1" & "C 2" have spores but I do not know the species and will send to Dr. Curtis with drawings.


"C 3" "C9" & "C 18" are not determined

x"C 4" & "C 10" too old.

x"C 5" Opegrapha varia Pers. (Lichen)

x"C 16" Appears to be Physcia obscura", the fungus is sterile and not determinable.

x"C 19" Schizophyllum commune Fr.

"C 22" Two or three poor things not known to me.


Blackness 1 & 2 have nothing tangible.

x March 22 Not determined

"Cyathus" is C. campanulatus, which is quite variable as you will see by Fries description, a copy of which I send - also his list of Synonyms. ossibly a rigid separation might, as Fries says, make more species of this one, but I have not sufficient material to undertake it at present.


The Lemanea of Rev. Mr. Fowler is smaller even than my Catskill specimens and has a somewhat different appearance because growing in water charged with lime - at least I judge so from the specimens. The European specimens that I have seen are six inches or more long.


The Cyathus grows on wood, ground and dung.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received [no notation given - see the following]


[Another sheet No. 185 [L 27] with no heading Received March 24 is

apparently a second sheet to the same letter above: "N. campanulata, campanulata, villosa, cinereo-fusca, intus laevis plumbeo-nitida

  + + + +

  Junior clavato-cylindrica, dein obconica, extus tomento griseo floccoso denso obducta; epiphyagmate tenui, floccoso, p0lano, albo, lacero-rumpente; intus albida, mox plumbea nitens, demum spadicea nitida, margine repando. Sporangia orbiculata, laevia, mature spadicea. In plures species dividi posset.


b. bulbosa, late campanulata, bulbosa, glabriuscula, limbo patente.


c. agrestis, minor, hemisphaerica, margine erecto.


Ad ramenta lignea, in hortis, arvis, &c.; etiam in Asia & America.

Aestate, autumno."


Copied from Fries Systema where he also gives the following synonyms -

 Peziza lentifera L.

 Peziza sericea Schaeff. [sp.?]

 Peziza cyathiformis Scop.

Cyathus laevis Hoffm.

Nidularia vernicosa Bull.

Cyathus nitidus Roth.

Cyathus olla Pers.

Nidularia campanulata Sibth., Sowerb., [L.?]


Vol. 6 (187) [L 24]


Albany, Mar. 24th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I have looked through your liberal invoice of Mar. 22d and send the

names of such as I am able.


x5 Sphaeria complanata Fr.

x6 Nectria punicea Fr.?


I leave this in doubt as Fries says the spores are ovate. In your  specimens they vary, thus, + + + + [four spores drawn] some broad or  subovate, some narrowly elliptical and all are appendaged at both ends. x7 Coniothecium toruloideum B. & C.

x12 & x13 = 7

x14 Has no spores but I am quite confident it is Melogramma Quercuum Schw.

x20 = 6

x23 Stereum complicatum Fr.

x24 Stereum striatum Fr.

x25 Tubercularia granulata (1 stem) the rest Nactria Cucurbitula Fr.

x34 The crust of some lichen. The black is nothing.

x36 Lecanora cinerea Fr. A lichen.


The Nectria is unlike any I have seen and is a good acquisition. I will see what Dr. Curtis will call it. Most of the other things are imperfect or not determinable.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received March 25


Vol. 6 (189) [L 22]


Albany, Mar. 25th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I report upon such of the specimens of March 23d as I have been able to get some clue to or recognise.

x1 Lenzites Crataegi Berk.

x4 & 5 No spores but probably they are Myxosporium nitidum B. & C.

x5 On Vitis vinifera has no spores but it looks like and probably is

Diplodia Viticola Desm.

x6 Hypoxylon fuscum Pers. ?

x8 Cladonia caespiticia Fl. Lichen

x9 Tubercularia granulata Pers.

x16 A mixture - some Cladosporium herbarum Lk. & some Septoria

x14 b Hypoxylon fuscum Pers.

x17 Massaria vomitoria B. & C. according to Dr. Curtis but I never could

find any asci. I sent it to him as a Stilbospora and he said it was a

natural mistake and that Dr. Schweinitz had fallen into it and called this

plant Stilbospora angustata. Dr. C. affirms that he has seen the asci but

that they are very fugacious. I have found it on Acer rubrum and Fraxinus.

x18 Diatrype stigma Fr.

x19 Stereum corrugatum Fr.

x20 Schiaophyllum commune Fr. Small

x21, x22, & x25 Apparently all Nectria cucurbitula but old, broken and


x23 & 36 Coniothecium toruloideum B. & C.

x24 Hypoxylon fuscum Pers.

x26 Cenangium Prunastri Fr. New to state and to me.

x27 Sporocybe Persicae Fr. Very much like Calicium but considered a Fungus.

A little of this is mixed with the specimens in 26. [Two tiny diagrams of

Sporocybe and Cenangium.] Sporocybe is the slender one; Cenangia when well developed has an expanded concave disk or top and generally grows two or more in the same chinck [sic] or cluster.

x28 More Sporocybe and a lichen not well determined

x29 Valsa leucostoma Fr. New to us.

x31 Agaricus atrocaeruleus Fr.

x34 Peziza anomala Pers.

x33 Is probably Hypoxylon fragiforme Pers.

13 Another scale insect.

C 13 Is Diatrype haustellata Fr. It shows how little reliance can be put on external appearance, being nothing like D. stigma in looksc 9 & c 10 with others came later having been delayed in the mail or Post Office.


I have just received a specimen of Danthonia compressa Aust. from Mr. Cowles - Otisco. I am pleased to find the new species published in the Report are not very local.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received March 26


 [Perhaps note the developing exclusiveness, especially with Torrey, that will develop with professionalization of the field that will exclude people like Clinton and relegate him to the land of amateur, not of professional - two distinct classes - the collectors, or field people, and the namers or herbarium and school people. Professional journals will soon arrive and won't need political patronage. Degrees will confer professionalism and exclusiveness.


Note that at least some of the deluge of specimens sent by Clinton may also represent collections by Miss. Wilson]


Vol. 6 (190) [L 21]


[Albany, Mar. 1870, although no date! or heading]


My Dear Sir,


I make nothing out of Y & Z, but X is fertile and I may possibly at some time find out what Sphaeria it is.

14 March 23. Contains what I call Hypoxylon fuscum. The contents of 35 I return separated.

8 March 23 I find no fungus on it. The brown heads belong to the lichen (Cladonia caespiticia); are its apothecia; besides them I see nothing.

x    Osage Orange Main St. Nectria Cucurbitula Fr.

x 3 March 25 Polyporus luridus B. & C.

x12 March 25 Diatrype stigma Fr.

x16 March 25 Nectria episphaeria Tode

 or some Hypoxylon

x 18 March 25  Sphaeronema spina B. & C.

  20 March 25   Hysterium Fraxini Pers.

x 9 & x10 March 25  Hypoxylon concentricum Bolt.

4 March 28 Is the beginning of some Polyporus. I get no satisfaction of the others.


I regret that I can do no better with the large invoice from Smoke's Creek, but this is all I can safely report at present.


I am in high glee. I have just received a Photograph of the great mycologist - Elias Fries- also a copy of his Epicrisis.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received March 30


Vol. 6 (191) [L 20]


Albany, Mar. 30th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


The specimens of March 29th are, -"On Sweet Pea" Cladosporium herbarum Lk.; On Sambucus, Prunus, etc. The red tubercles are Tubercularia vulgaris Tode. The blackish spots are nothing good. There are no beginnings of cluster cups on the leaves you send. The cluster cups are at first in the form of minute tubercles or papillae which at length burst at the top. I inclose a sketch of the two common species you have just sent, that you may see how they look under the microscope. It is always much more satisfactory to me thus to see the whole plant. The spores in Tubercularia are very minute but very abundant, covering the whole outer surface.


I have had some secret thoughts of preparing myself for a Manual on  Fungi, this of itself being amply enough to begin with, for I apprehend a  volume on all the Cryptogams, if containing satisfactory descriptions of  the species of even a moderately large tract, would be somewhat voluminous. I have just written to Rev. M. G. Berkeley to see if his descriptions of American Fungi can be had. I have also opened a correspondence with Mr. Worthington [G.] Smith of London who has for many years made the Agaricini a special study and I hope the coming season to extend my knowledge of this subject considerably.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received March 31


Vol. 6 (193) [L 17 & L 18 - two sheets]


Albany, Apr. 4th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


Letting the last come first, so far as I am able to say your package of Apr. 1st & 2nd contains

x No 1 Apr.1 "On Clematis Virginiana" something that looks like a small Sphaeria but it is not fertile nor namable.

Apr. 2 x No. 2 Pollyporus versicolor Fr.

x No. 3 Sphaeria morbosa Schw.

x No. 4 May be a good Sphaeria but is not fertile nor do I know it.

x No. 5 Puccinia graminis Pers.

 x6 Unknown

 x7 Nectia ? different from anything I have yet seen.

 x8 Valsa leucostoma Fr.

x9 Coniothecium toruloideum B. & C

 x10 A scale insect, sure.

 x11 Unknown & sterile

x12 Lycogala epidendrum - the "tubes" appear to me to be the pupa cases of some insect. They certainly do not belong to the plant.

 x13 Nothing good.

 "A gall?" A gall or excrescence. I know not the little thing not duplicated and it is too pretty to cut up in analysis. Shall I return it?


March 31st

x1 Puccinia graminis Pers.

x8 Tubercularia vulgaris Tode

x17 Lenzites betulina Fr.

x2 I return as it contains two species - Sphaeria graminis & Pucc. graminis.

x7 = "A 2" of which I return specimen. This (with some other things) I sent to Dr. Curtis who says of it; "Sphaeropsis Maclurae n. sp. I have had this for several years, from Pennsylvania but have never named it as it is a rather empirical business to give names to abortive Sphaeriae, like this & Diplodia & Hendersonia." I infer he had not seen it fertile before I sent him sketches of the spores etc.


"B 2" On leaflets of Phoenix dissectifolia. He says of this, "Excipula laevigata Fr.? possibly a n.sp."


"A 3" He calls "Dothidea crystallophora B. & C."

x"C 1" He calls "Sphaeronema subtile Fr."

x"C 2" He calls "Sphaeria ootheca B. & C."

x"32 March 23" He calls "Corticium salicium Fr."


In your last letter was a specimen of Sphaeria morbosa Schw. and a Coprinus whose specific characters were entirely obliterated.


I have only examined the most promising of the specimens of Mar. 31st as it is a dark day and my eyes ache from too close application.


"Six months" might do were I wholly prepared for the work proposed, but I must learn much yet before undertaking an "educationally useful" work on even Fungi & Algae.. An extract from Dr. Curtis's last letter bears so directly on this point that I must quote it. After giving me a little  private puff on my analytical sketches sent with specimens for naming, he  says "I see that you have a good eye for this work and a growing knowledge of the subject. If you choose, I think you can become our leading Mycologist in a few years." He gives me "years" to work in before attaining that prominence that would justify me in attempting a work of any pretensions in this most difficult branch of Botany. In the mean time I hope with the issue of the 23d and following Reports to give such  information as shall be useful, practical and tend to give an impulse to  the study of Fungi etc.


Very truly Yours


Chas. H. Peck


[second sheet]

  "6 March 22" Dr. Curtis says of this (it is what I thought - Nectria  punicea with variable spores) "Nectria appendiculata n. sp. It is curious  in its appendaged sporidia. We must get more of this, so as to ascertain if  this is its normal condition. Ascertain positively, if you can, what it  grows on" Your label was marked "Celastrus scandens, I believe." I wish you might find more of it.


His remark on Sphaeria ootheca may also be gratifying to you as it is to me. "It is a curious species, not before known north of N. Jersey, nor south of S. Carolina."


Received Ap. 5


Vol. 6 (196) [L 13 and L 14 - two sheets]


Albany, Apr. 7th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I return a specimen of the Dothidea crystallophora which occurs on the Osage Orange. I have lost the date, having it marked simply "March". It has larger, more prominent black dots than the Sphaeropsis. I have been very busy making packets for mounting the spores of my Agarics and being anxious to complete the job I have neglected your specimens a day or two. As soon as the Agarics appear here I want to try the preservative power of a preparation of gum, wax and benzine, said to be used with success in the preservation of flowers. If it will work I will let you know. I dislike to see your specimens come crushed and rotten and am ansious to contrive some way by which I can make something out of your specimens.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 


 [second sheet]


Apr 5th

1B Tubercularia granulata

3B Cladosporium herbarum Lk.

x4B Cladosporium herbarum Lk.

x7B Cladosporium herbarum Lk. On leaf.


There is also a Macrosporium on the stems but I am not sure of the species.

9B Looks like a Cladosporium but is uncertain.

x5B, x6B, x12B, x 13B, & x15B. All contain a Sclerotium but I will not at present undertake to say what species it is. I get nothing good from the others.


The Agarics came badly mashed, in no condition for study, and so not determinable unless by one extremely familiar with all the species. The "tiny fellow" can scarcely be Ag. dealbatus. Its one-sided growth puts it in subgenus Pleurotus and it begins to look some like Ag. petaloides. Watch it and see if it is ever villose above. 4 & 5 give me poor encouragement;


Nor can I add anything to your ist from all the specimens of Apr. 4th.


 xNo.2 is the common Tubecularia granulata.

 12 is probably a Cenangium but in the absence of spores I am not sure of it.

 16 is a Helminthosporium probably H. macrocarpon but the spores are not enough developed to enable me to say.


Received Ap. 8




Vol. 6 (198) [L 11]


 Apr. 9th [1870] Albany, N.Y.


My Dear Sir,


Your letter of Apr. 6th and specimens of Apr. 7th are received.


I am not able to say what those markings on the bark of the Poplars are. I never could make any fungus out of them, but Dr. Howe seems to have found Cenangium seriatum growing in similar places on white birch bark.


The specimens on which I have not reported are either not determinable or such as I could not at present make out. Such as have spores or are promising at all I lay one side for future consideration or for transmission to Dr. Curtis, and when found out, if they should be, I will report them.


Apr. 7 Paeony No 1 This is the same Sclerotium that was in several Nos reported in my last. I am not sure of the species. It comes nearest S. Semen Tode which is thus described


S. Semen, liberum, sphaericum, ex albido-lutescens, spadiceum, demum corrugatum nigrescens, intus album


Plerumque exacte globosum, mobile, 1 -2 lin. latum, primo album, mox flavum, spadiceum, demum nigrum, rugoso-cavernosum, siccum valde durum.


Frequens supra folia putrescentia, stipulas deciduas &c. ubique. Hieme [sp.? = winter], vere.


I see it only brown or black but I may only see it in its older condition. It also approaches S. varium but does not seem to be just it. The one on Martynia proboscidia is the same.


Paeony No. 2 Sclerotium durum Pers.  Cauliflower. The dark green is like what Dr. C. named for me X Cladosporium herbarum Lk. If it be that species it must be in a young  state for the threads are short, blunt and scarcely septate, and the spores  are simple, not septate. My plant was on cabbage leaves. The one you  recently sent on apple rind is the same. If not the younger state of C.  herbarum it should I suppose be made a new thing.


Cauliflower. The white seems to be immature.

Echinocystis does have something on it that looks like a fungus but I find

no spores.


This beautiful weather makes me anxious to get out and try to find  something myself but I am not yet quite through with mounting the  collections of last season. Do not be discouraged because so many of your  specimens are abortive. This, as Dr. Curtis says, is one of the trials of  every mycologist. You will find more fertile things by and bye, when the  inhabitants of living leaves come on.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Ap. 10


 [With the coming of professionalism, Judge Clinton will no more be able to be called either botanist or mycologist]



Vol. 6 (201) [L 7]


Albany, Apr. 11th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


No.2 Apr 8th. Coniothecium toruloideum B. & C.

No. 3 Hypoxylon ustulatum Bull. I find no Nectria episphaeria on this. N.

episphaeria is a very minute red affair scarcely visible to the naked eye  without close scrutiny. It was on some Hypoxylon (probably the same as  this) you sent a short time ago.

Nos 1 & 4 Apr. 8th do not count. I have also received two small paper  boxes. In one appears to have been a Coprinus. The inside is all black  stains and a little black straw or manure. The other contains three  specimens whose identity I could only guess at with as much liklihood of  being wrong as right.


No. 1 from gound in grapery I think you have sent before. If you find it  again, select the largest and best cap, cut it off close to the top, place  it on a piece of white paper and invert a teacup or drinking glass over it.  The next day take it off the paper carefully and note whether the spores  are black or dark brown. Also when you cut the cap off see whether the stem is hollow or not. See if the cap is viscid when fresh or moist; also if it  has a watery look which gives it a different color when moist from what it has when dry. Note the shape of the cap and whether it is smooth or at all rough with fibres, and whether there is any trace of an annulus on the stem. These things I can not well determine in its shrivelled condition; being determined we may have some hopes of getting at the fellow and I am quite confident he will add one to our State list as well as to your Buffalo list.


No. 2 looks like a Galera and the other (from Mushroom bed) looks like a Clitocybe, but the species is scarcely to be decided upon.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Ap. 12


Vol. 6 (202) [L 6]


Albany, Apr. 13th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


The specimens of Apr. 7th

x1 Apparently Sporocybe Persicae with heads broken off

x2 Sterile. I have found this in abundance but never got any fertile, hence don't know it.

x3 Nothing good.

x4 Peziza aeruginosa is the plant that colors the oak wood. Yours may be that but there are no good cups nor spores so it must remain uncertain.

x5 Hypoxylon Clypeus Schw.

x6 Hypoxylon fuscum Pers. Your specimens are not quite as dark as I should suppose, from the diescription, they ought to be, but they are as dark as specimens admitted by Dr. Curtis to be H. fuscum. They are darker and firmer than H. fragiforme.

x7 Imperfect

 x8 Without spores and so can only guess that it may be a Nectria, Cenangium or possibly Sphaeria cupularis.


No. 1 Forest Lawn Apr. 6th

x1 The vine is Menispermum canadense. The fungus is a Sphaeropsis probably a n.sp. I found it last fall, but have yet found no description of it.

 2 Nil

 x12 Puccinia Graminis Pers.

x19 Myxosporium nitidum B. & C.

 x22 Tubercularia granulata probably, or if not it is faded T. vulgaris.

x24 Nectria Cucurbitula apparently but too old.

x25 Comothecium toruloideum B. & C. (in part)

x40 Valsa nivea Fr.

x46 Exidia glandulosa Fr.

 x20 = 19

 x34 Coniothecium toruloideum B. & C.

x26 Cantharellus crispus Fr.

Apr. 10th x 15. Silver Creek. Sphaeria gyrosa Schw.


Squaw Island Apr. 10th

x1 & x7 Hypoxylon fuscum Fr.

  5 Hypoxylon fuscum Fr.

x4 Valsa leucostoma Fr.

x3, x6, x11 Seem to be the same Valsa, probably V. tubulosa B. & C. but I have not their description and can only guess at it.

 x42, x47, x49, x 43 [last one crossed out in pencil] and the red one of 21 of Apr 6 are the same thing as 2 of Apr. 7, all sterile and not named.


I have specimens looking like this named Hypocrea scutellata and others, Hypocrea Richardsonii. If I remember right I sent specimens of it to Dr. Curtis long ago but got no name, probably because of its sterility.


I have spent nearly all day on your specimens with the above poor results. These things evidently can be collected faster than determined. There are some others in your packets which I hope to make something of at another time but I am too tired to do more at it today.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Received Ap. 14



Vol. 6 (205) [L 3]


Albany, Apr. 14th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


A Nothing good.

B Sterile and unnamable

xC Sphaeropsis Candollei B. & Br.

D Nothing good

xE Fusisporium Buxi Fr. Fine and fertile

F. Imperfect.

G. Fusisporium Buxi in part.

xH Phoma Cucurbitacearum (Fr.)


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

Received Ap. 16



Vol. 6 (206) [L 2]


Albany, Apr. 16th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


Of Apr. 13th


x1 Seems to be a lichen, I suspect Biatora rosella, but would never decide form such small poor specimens.

x2 Returned. x3 Old beyond recognition.

x4 Some Polyporus and some Cyathus but both too old and bleached.

x5 Xylaria polymorpha Pers.

 x6 Xylaria polymorpha Pers.

x7 Seems to be some unknown lichen

 x8 Sterile Hypoxylon. Perhaps we might as well call it H. fuscum till we can do better.

x9 Streptothrix atra B. & C.

 x10 x11 12 All sterile something

x13 Sterile Nectria.

14 Nothing good. 15 Ditto.

16 Returned x17 Nothing good.

Moss returned


I have finished the examination of those Forest Lawn specimens but find little to add to my former report of them. x27 contained two things, one Dothidea Sambuci Fr. is new to us. I return a part of the specimen and hope you will find more of it. I suspect it is on elder, though marked "Willow"


37 is marked in Ravenel's specimens "Corticium spumeum" without any author reference and I find no such name in any work at hand.


21 The red and several numbers containing the same thing I find agree with what Dr. Curtis named for Dr. Howe, Hypocrea Richardsonii B. & [C.?] though the specimens are all sterile. I have not seen the description of this species. Specimen returned


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Received Ap. 17


Vol. 6 (207) [L 1]


Albany, Apr. 18th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


The box containing specimens of Apr. 15th from 18 Mile Creek is at hand.


x1 Trichia clavata Pers. The stiped cups and the flocci are parts of the same plant. "The black clubs" have nothing to do with it. I do not know what they are.


x2 Trichia turbinata With? I prefer to leave this in doubt, although without microscopic examination no difference can be seen. Under the microscope the flocci seem a little larger and the spores more angular and not quite so rough. It is probably a mere variation.


x4 Trichia rubiformis Pers ? This too I leave in doubt because I have not the description of the species and my specimens are too young, for reliable comparison. If you wish to see a pretty sight put some of the flocci of the Trichiae under the microscope.


x6 Panus dorsalis Fr.


x7 Exidia cinnabarina B. & C.

x9 Hydnum but too old and blackened to recognize.

x10 Probably some Trichia in very poor condition.

x11 Probably some Polyporus but not sufficiently developed to show what it will be.

x12 I find nothing better to call this than Polyporus hirsutus, still it is unusually smooth even for a weathered specimens.

x14 Too old. The omitted numbers are in my opinion nothing good.


The little Agaricus from grapery I find from your present sending has black spores. This reduces it to the Coprinarii at least; and so far as I can judge, to the subgenus Psathyrella.


I suspect it will prove to be Ag. (Psathyrella) hydrophorus Bull. and will send the description of that species that you may compare the growing plant with it.


"Pileo membranaceo, e campanulato expanso, glabro, margine striato, demumque revoluto, stipite adscendenti-stricto, glabro, subrorido albo, lamellis adnatis, confertis anguste linearibus, livido-nigrescantibus.

 + + + +

Pileus unc. et ultra, rufescens, praecipue disco lato laevi.


Ag. hydrophorus would be an addition to our State list, and I hope it may be made


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 


P. S. Apr. 14th

   13a Tubercularia vulgaris Tode Some returned. Others poor things.




   P. S. 2D x3a & x 3b Erineum fagineum as you have it.

Received Apr. 19



Vol. 7 (4) [E 233]


Albany, Apr. 19th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


Of Apr. 18th

No 1 I was unable to find any description just fitting this and as it  appears to be rather the worse for having wintered, I laid it aside with  the hope of finding fresh specimens the coming season.   2 I suspect Nemaspora crocea unveiled. I feel greatly the need of  descriptions of these things. My specimens do not show this beautiful  cerebrum-like stroma, but I see no difference in the spores.   x3 & 4 are both sterile and I can not tell what they are



x5 Cladosporium herbarium probably

x6 Peziza coccinea Jacq. A fine species.

x7 Probably old Stereum purpureum

 8 Polyporus adustus Fr.

x9 Diplodia  n. sp.? Seems to be on the spice bush. [=Lindera benzoin]

x10 Nothing good.

x11 & 12 Valsa nivea Fr.

x13 Not good

x14 Xylaria hypoxylon Grev. In the other paper from Ill. I recognise only Stereum fasciatum and Lenzites betulina. The effuse Polyporus and the red thing I do not know.

x A & B are both sterile and uncertain.


I shall be glad to see you and show you spores under the microscope on Thursday


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received Apr. 20



Vol. 7 (5) [E 232]


Albany, Apr. 20th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


Of Apr. 19th specimens

x No. 3 is Diatrype haustellata Fr.

xNo. 5 is Tubercularia vugaris Tode


Nectria has little clustered perithecia thus: [small drawing]; Tubercularia is a tubercle thus [another drawing].


I can make nothing of the others


I forgot to state yesterday, that I use ordinary herbarium paper - the  same that I mount plants on - for catching all kinds of spores except the  white ones. For these I have used black enameled paper which I obtain at a colored-paper factory in this city. It is not as good however as I would  like, being too thin and too easily affected by the moisture of the fungus.  Still I have been unable to get any better. I have no better experiments to  suggest for the preservation of Coprini than you already mention. I had  thought of trying glycerine as a temporary preservative; also dipping in a  mixture of white wax and benzine which is said to be used for the  preservation of flowers sometimes. It formes a kind of coating or varnish,  I suppose, which excludes the air and stops evaporation.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received Ap. 20



Vol. 7 (6) [E 231]


Albany, Apr. 20th  [1870]


My Dear Sir,


A1 Osage Orange. Mere masses of cells or compound cells; probably the beginning of something.


A2 Too far gone.


A3 I do not find.


A4 & A5 Tubercularia vulgaris Tode


A6 Nothing good


A 7 Dothidea crystallophora B. & C. although outwardly it looks more like the Sphaeropsis.


I have separated the Osage Orange specimens and taken out as many as we want. There was some Tubercularia among them, which I suppose is old Tubercularia vulgaris, from its partial blackness. T. vulgaris ought to be red, T. granulata black.


Apr. 20th Goat Island etc.

x2 & 3 Not namable [sic]

x4 Tremella aurantia Schw.

x5 Lycogala epidendrum L.

x6 Diatrype disciformis Fr.? I can not determine this to my satisfaction, but it comes near the species named.

x7 Hydnum cirrhatum Pers.

x8 Paxillus atrotomentosus Fr. ?


This should be looked after again. It is in poor condition now. The  edge of the gills is torn as if it was a Lentinus, but this may come from  its being old and worn. I have strong doubts of it. The little stiped heads  on the "Stinkhorn" are fungoid - belonging to the Gasteromycetes but I am unable to get at the genus and species; the matrix on which it grows is, I am inclined to believe, an animal substance.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received in Albany Ap. 21



Vol. 7 (7) [E 230]


Albany, Apr. 29th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I have been, for two or three days, and am yet, shut up in the house with a sprained ankle and so have not the means of examining the specimens from Harlem etc. I recognise only

x10 Apr 23 Lenzites sepiaria Fr.

x7 Apr 23 Stereum frustulosum Fr.

1 Orthotrichum psilocarpum, James.


This last is new to the state and I am very glad you found it. Did you get a good supply of it? If so I would like a little more, if not this will make a fair specimen.


I have just purchased of Dr. Curtis, (and expect them in a few days,) a  collection of specimens of nearly 2000 species of fungi, many of them  European and authenticated by Berkeley, Fries, DeNotaris and other leading Mycologists. When received I expect to get much help from them and to be able by their aid to determine many species without the long and tedious perusal of pages of descriptions, now so often necessary.


I had expected to find some good things myself, this week but my temporary mishap has constrained me to wait a few days.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 


P.S. The locality of the Orthotrichum is not given on the paper. Do you

remember it?




 Received Apr.30


Vol. 7 (8) [E 229]


Albany, Apr. 30th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I report on such of the "Elk St. Wood Apr. 28" specimens as I can.

x1 The moss is Mnium cuspidatum

x2 The liverwort is Plagiochila asplenioides

x9 Tubercularia vulgaris Tode

x10 This species Dr. Curtis named for me Massaria vomitoria B. & C. with the remark that Schweinitz called it "Stilbospora angustata Lk.". So far as  I can judge from the descriptions Stilbospora is the correct place for it,  though Dr. C. affirms that he has often seen asci in it. I have never been  able to find them and fear he has confounded two closely resembling


x11 Agaricus (Nancoria) semiorbicularis Bull.?


The other must wait a little for further consideration.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received May 1


Vol. 7 (9) [E 228]


Albany, May 2nd, 1870


My Dear Sir,


x1 Microthyrium Smilais DeNot. I have this from L.L.

x 2 & 3 Both Polyporus, 2 I think is P. vaporarius (young) the other is doubtful.

x4 Agaricus (Omphalia) Campanella Batsch. It is common and last through the summer.

x5 Agaricus (Tricholoma) variegatus Scop.?


I return the specimen, but you will need to compare fresh ones if you see it again with the following description.


"Pileo carnoso, explanato, sicco, stipiteque farcto tenaci flaccis rubellis squamulosis; lamellis emarginatis, confertis, flavescenti-pallidis albidisque, acie integerrimis aequalibus concoloribus.


The spores should be white and the "carnu albida" flesh whitish.


In a closely related species the flesh is yellow, and the lamellae rounded and yellow.

x6, x8 & x9 are one species of Trichia, I am not sure of the species.

x7 Trichia clavata Pers.

x10 Corticium   the red


Hypoxylon cohaerens, the black


Hypoxylon fuscum, the brown

x11 Sphaeronema spina B. & C. (Sphaeria Spina in Schweinitz)

12 Unknown

x13 Diatrype haustellata Fr. Scleroderma vulgare and Urnula Craterium are returned. I am out again and must try to improve this fine weather.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received May 3


Vol. 7 (10) [E 227]


Albany, May 3d, 1870


My Dear Sir,


Specimens of May 2nd are

x A Spharopsis insignis B. & C.

x C Urnula Craterium Fr.

x D Bovista plumbea Pers.

x B Polyporus, as to the species of which I am not well satisfied. Possibly P. vulgaris but not certainly.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received May 4



Vol. 7 (11) [E 226]


Albany, May 6th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I am able to name positively only No. 10 of May 5th. That is young Peziza scutellata. When it opens it has a beautiful red disk. Nos. x7, 9, & x 11 contain minute Pezizas but I do not at present feel like deciding upon the species.

x No. 1 Is probably young Hydnum mucidum.

x     2 Is some imperfect Polyporus. I can make nothing of the others. The soft fellow was jammed to a pulpy mass.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received May 7


Vol. 7 (12) [E 225]


Albany, [May] 7th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


Of the specimens of May 6th I am able to say only

No. 1 Ag[aricus] (Tricholoma)

x2 Some imperfect Polyporus

x3 Trichia   ? My copy of Fries Systema is dificient in Trichia and some allied genera.

x6 Calicium subtile Pers.

x7 Has the appearance of Sphaeria millegrana Schw. but is without spores.

x9 Some effete Stereum

x11 Drummondia clavellata


Of May 3 No 2 is the Massaria vomitoria B. & C. The others I can not  tell. If you know of Crab apple trees in your vicinity, when the leaves are  fully out look for Aecidium pyratum - the pear tree cluster cup on them. I  am desirous of getting together as many species of Aecidium and Puccinia as possible the coming season.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received May 9



Vol. 7 (13) [E 224]


Albany, May 9th,  1870


My Dear Sir,


Of May 7th, the Orthotrichum is O. canadense.


"A" The spores and the style of the dots are the same as Sphaeropsis Candollei B. & Br. except the pale color. Probably only a sickly state of that species.


"B" One leaf has Fusisporium Buxi Fr.


Of the other specimens I can make nothing.


I expect to take a trip this week to some of the woods and hills of Rensselaer County, so if there should be a delay in the answer to your communications you will know the cause of it.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


 Received May 12


Vol. 7 (14) [E 223]


Albany, May 16th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I name such of your sendings of May 9 as I can readily recognise. I shall be able to name others at some future time.

x Coniothecium toruloideum B. & C.

3 Ceratodon purpureus Brid. (A moss.)

x11 Hysterium linears Fr.

xx 18 Peziza scutellata L.

xx19 Aecidium Podophylli Schw.

(20 & 22 & 23 appear to be young, imperfect Aecidia)

x21 Puccinia Anemones Pers.

x24 Polycystis Ranunculacearum Desm.


(This grows also on Hepatica scutiloba)

x25 Aecidium Ranunculi Schw.


Also of May 14th

?xx [Clinton's notation?] 1 Dothidea Ribesia Fr.

?xx 2 Tubercularia vulgaris Tode (Very old.)

?xx 4 Valsa salicina Fr.

xx5 Massaria atroinquinans B. & C.


This last one is new to us and if you have it in plenty a little more would be desirable.


I had fine success in my trip last week - got several things new to the state and I think one Puccinia undescribed. I shall necessarily be out most of the time collecting now, but if you will send on specimens as usual I will report on them at some time if not at once.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


 Received May 18


Vol. 7 (17) [E 218]


Albany, May 17th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


Specimens of May 16

A Not determined.

xB Mostly Orthotrichum Canadense

x1 A fungus but unknown to me.

x2 Valsa Salicina. (Good specimens)

x7 The larger one is Hysterium Fraxini Pers. Rather rare. I found it only once and then in small quantity.

x9 Myxosporium nitidum B. & C.


Others undetermined.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received May 19


Vol. 7 (18) [E 217]


Albany, May 18th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I consider the inclosed specimen Hysterium hiascens B. & C. It agrees exactly with specimens thus named by Dr. Curtis.


I have not seen H. varium of Fries but his description says it grows on wood and has the labia subobsolete, and is colliculose-innate; - particulars not shown by this specimen.


I return a scrap of one of your specimens recently determined.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received May 19


Vol. 7 (20) [E 215]


Albany, May 20th, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I name of the specimens of May 17 such as I easily recognise reserving the others till a more convenient season.

x3 Pyrenula nitida (A lichen)

x4 Sphaeria spinosa Fr.

x5 Marasmius Rotula (Old)

6 Lycoperdon gemmatum (Old)

9 Uredo luminata Schw.


I have already found one Agaric and one Cortinarius  - undescribed species -


My purchased specimens have come and as soon as I can get them conveniently arranged and "familiarised", I hope to be able to name these puzzling things more readily.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received May 21


Vol. 7 (21) [E 214]


Albany, May 21st, 1870


My Dear Sir,


The only specimens of May 19th that I venture at present to name are

3 Aecidium aroidatum Schw.

5 Valsa Salicina Fr.


I enclose a couple specimens recently collected.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received May 21


Vol. 7 (22) [E 213]


Albany, May 23d, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I have hastily looked at the specimens of May 19 & 20 and report on such as I can.


The Draba is D. verna notwithstanding its size.


May 19

8 Diatrype Duriaei Mont.

x7 Sphaeria aculeans Schw. I am not sure but a rigid classification would put this in the genus Valsa. Returned with others.


May 20th


x"A" This is a fungus quite common but I never have been able to find it fertile and so never learned its name. I suspect it is a sterile state of some Hypoxylon but what one I can not say.

x4 & x5 Frullania Eboracensis Lehm.

2 Hypoxylon fuscum Fr.


Dr. Mohr

x1 Cyathus striatans As you say.

-3 Astomum Ludovicianum Sulliv.

4 I see only Bryum caespiticium

-5 Funaria flavicans as named.

5a Funaria hyg[rometrica] var. calvescens

-6 Desmatodon plinthobius Sulliv. & Lesq.

7 Cylindrothecium seductrix as named.

8 Bryum caespiticium as named

-9 Hypnum gracile as named

-10 Dicranum spurium returned.


I am glad to get the Draba as the specimens in the Herbarium are without flower. Also the Astomum Ludovicianum for it is new to me.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received May 24


Vol. 7 (24) [E 211]


Albany, May 31st, 1870


My Dear Sir,


I have been away again and on returning found quite a number of specimens waiting to be named. I have looked over yours and report on the most promising and those readily reognised.


May 23d

"A" Is insect work - the little fellows themselves being visible.


x"B" Hysterium hiascens B. & C.

"Rhamnus cath.?" Appears to be about to produce some beautiful Aecidium.


"Claytonia Caroliniana" A fine new Puccinia. You, as its discoverer, have the right to name it. Let me know what you call it if you choose to

christen it.


"Peziza scutellata? On ground" Is correct.

"Ribes floridum" Aecidium Grossulariae DC.


May 24

x1 This, according to Dr. Curtis, is Aecidium Orobi DC. Specimen returned.

?3 Uredo Cichoracearum Lev.


May 25

x2 Leptostroma vulgare Fr. Part returned.


May 27

x2 Patellaria atrata Fr. New to State.

7 Aecidium quadrifidum DC. First found in this country last year.


May 28

x1 Dacrymyces stillatus Fr.

x4 Hysterium Pinastri Schrad.

x5 Corticium Oakesii B. & C.

x6 Hysterium hiascens B. & C.

x7 Erineum fagineum Pers. (Young)

x9 Sphinctrina turbinata Fr.

x8 Stemonitis ferruginea Ehrh.


May 29th

"A" Aecidium Compositarum Mart.

"B" Aecidium n. sp. I believe this is a new species and you have the privilege of giving it a name. I wish it were more plenty.


Toadstools are scarce, even the early species failing to put in an appearance, I suppose because of the dryness of the weather.


Very truly yours


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton 

 Received June 2


[Note the type specimen/locality, etc. interest in this letter.]