Correspondence of Charles Peck and G. W. Clinton
Edited by P. M. Eckel
Res Botanica
Missouri Botanical Garden

February 25, 2011


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The Correspondence of

Charles Peck (1833-1917) and

George William Clinton (1807 1885)

 

1869

 


Vol. 5 (203) [B22]

Albany, Jan. 2d 1869

My Dear Sir,

 

The Report shall be sent to Prof. Wood. It was sent as I suppose to Freehold, N.J., his name being on the list with that address. Hearing nothing from it, nor from a letter sent him there, I suspected he might have changed his location and upon inquiry was told his address was West Farms, Westchester Co. to which place I had written but a few days before receiving your letter. I have now written to him at White Plains and as soon as his address is well settled I will forward the Report.

 

Dr. Chapman's name was also on the list. This list was handed in to the Secretary's office and my name was stamped upon the Reports which were sent from that Office, the postage being more than I wished to bear. If he did not receive one I will send again. I have received acknowledgements of the receipt of the Report from many, but not from all to whom it was sent.

 

I hope you will be here to attend the coming meeting of the Regents. I Do not remember if Saxifraga aizoides was in my list of desiderata sent to you, but at all events it should have been. Will try to have a few things ready for you by the 10th inst.

 

Very truly yours

 

Charles H. Peck

 

Judge G. W. Clinton

 Received Jan. 3

 



 

Vol. 5 (206) [B19]

Albany, Jan. 7th 1869

My Dear Sir,

 

The moss from Iowa is all one species, though much broken up and separated in its parts so as to be deceptive in its appearance. It is the moss called in the Manual Hypnum aduncum var. giganteum, - now considered a good species under the name Hupnum sendtneri, Schp. You found it in BigBay, Strawberry Island and in every instance in which I have found it, it has been growing in water, but whether it has ever been found growing out of the water I do not know. Decomposition has to some extent taken place as shown by the color and more by the ease with which the parts separate. It would be interesting to know how long mosses would be preserved buried in mud and debris, at least sufficiently to be recognized. A specimen was handed me sometime ago, taken from the pothole at Cohoes from which the Mastodon bones were taken. Its color and general appearance was not unlike that you now send but it proved to be a different species - Aulacomnion palustre. I suppose any of these water growing mosses under proper circumstances and in sufficient quantity would make peat, although Sphagnum has especially appropriated the name "peat moss."

 

You did not say return the specimen but I will enclose the best piece there was in the lot.

 

The Report shall be sent to Mr. Pratt.

 

I have made no collection of shells to speak of and find I have quite as much on my hands now as I can attent to, so that I must for the present at least forego any farther dabbling in that line.

 

Shall be very glad to see you when you do come to Albany.

 

Very truly yours

 

Charles H. Peck

 

Judge G. W. Clinton

 Received Jan. 8

 



 

Vol. 5 (210) [B18]

Albany, Jan. 25th 1869

My Dear Sir,

 

The specimens of Funaria do not prove to be new. No 1 is a slender, straight-pediceled form of F. hygrometrica, near var. calvescens. The other, No 2 is as you have it, very good F. hygrometrica var. calvescens. In addition to the characters of this var. as given in the Manual, I have observed that the stem is generally longer and the leaves more loosely placed and less connivent than in the ordinary form. It also sometimes has red pedicels - such a form having been sent me from New Jersey by Mr. Adee.

 

The following "sp. nov." are described in my report.

 

Elatine clintoniana, Peck

 

Rubus neglectus, Peck

 

Danthonia compressa, Austin

 

Amphoridium peckii, Sulliv.

 

Homalia gracilis, James

 

Riccia sullivantii, Austin.

 

I also feel some satisfaction over the additions to our specimens of Sphagnum of which genus we now have thirteen species represented in their various forms by about thirty sheets of specimens. Am now engaged in mounting specimens.

 

Very truly yours

 

Charles H. Peck

 

Judge G. W. Clinton

 Received Jan. 26

 

-------------------------------------------------------------------------


 

Vol. 5 (219) [B9

Albany, Feb. 10th 1869

 

My Dear Sir,

 

The package of plants came to-day - all safe. Very many thanks. I will look at the unnamed and doubtful specimens and let you know how they strike me, though I fear I shall not be able to settle satisfactorily anything that you can not. I had put up a few specimens, mostly mosses, for you, in anticipation of a call from you and was disappointed in receiving a letter instead of a call. Still I shall hope. I am the more anxious because I think you will take pleasure in looking at the specimens of Cryptogamia of the State Herbarium. I am confident that nothing can be found in the state, which will surpass them in quality or completeness so far as they go.

 

Very truly yours

 

Charles H. Peck

 

Judge G. W. Clinton

 Received Feb. 12

 

[note Clinton's apparent shyness extends to Peck as well as his family, and others]

 



 


 

Vol. 5 (223) [B5]

Albany, Feb. 15th 1869

 

My Dear Sir,

 

Of the specimens in your package marked as not definitely determined, I conclude that the plant from gardens, Richfield Sp[rings] is Spinacia oleracea, Mill. - the pistillate plant. The Rosa from Oak Orchard Creek is R. micrantha, Smith - the smaller forms which you mention probably being nearer the typical form. The other specimens of Rosa are without doubt R. setigera as you have it. All the specimens of Malva with leaves more or less finely divided or dissected into linear lobes seem to me to be M[alva]. moschata - there being, so far as I see, no other difference than that seen in the leaves. True the flowers are sometimes white but there seems to be nothing reliable in this. I observed this color to be even more common last summer than the rose color on plants where there was no marked difference in the leaves. The species has become quite common by roadsides in the southern towns of Herkimer Co.

 

The specimens of Lepidium ruderale from Dr. Clarke and also those from Mr. Parker I consider all right, but I have doubts about that of Dr. Allen. Aside from the difference in the pod, the seeds in it are margined quite as much as in L. virginicum.

 

Roubieva multifida all right.

 

I am not able yet to make out the Papaver; nor to satisfy myself concerning the "Pimpinella anisum", any farther than to be assured that it is not that plant. It is close to "Myrrhis odorata" of Beck's Coll. but I want to look up the description. Late last fall I observed two very marked forms of Chenopodium, growing side by side, one with panicle much more slender than the other, but upon analysis I could get no satisfactory difference and finally thought they must be one species - C. album; but the specimens were faded and "seedy", so were not preserved. I intend to look after these forms still further another season, though I scarcely expect to find them anything more than forms of one species.

 

I will make all right with Mrs. Atwater.

 

Very truly yours

 

Charles H. Peck

 

Judge G. W. Clinton

 Received Feb. 16

 

[Note: Roubieva multifida, Moquin. [cf. Chenopodium multifidum, L. from Gray's old manual p. 433]

 



 


 

Vol. 6 (5) [L 215]

Albany, March 2d, 1869

 

My Dear Sir,

 

I have not seen Dr. Stevens in some days, but had already laid aside a specimen of Pinus inops for you. I visited the Dr.'s locality myself last season. I will add to your specimens Thalictrum purpurascens, but am not able to furnish Pyrus sambucifolia, having never found this species. The specimen you send looks as if it might be it, yet I am not quite sure. As to a previous query, I do not see why Sorbus is not as worthy as Negundo. It would be a step in advance if some certain characters could be fixed upon as generic, others as specific.

 

Dr. Woolworth informs me that there will be a meeting of the Board or Cab. Comm. [Cabinet Committee?] seen, which will afford you another opportunity of coming to Albany, else I would make up and forward a package to you. If you come please devote at least one half day to the Herbarium. I have quite a pile of specimens to show you.

 

Very truly yours

 

Charles H. Peck

 

Judge G. W. Clinton

 Received March 3

 



 


 

Vol. 6 (10) [L 209]

 

Albany, March 12th, 1869

 

My Dear Sir,

 

I had hoped to see you here yesterday and to deliver into your hands a small package of specimens that I had put up for you. I will forward it to day by Express, hoping it may add, at least a drop of "sweetening" to your botanical enjoyment. Dr. Stevens wished me to say that an excessive demand  upon his time by the sick had prevented him from putting up some specimens for you. He hoped to get time soon to look over his plants and wished to see you if you came to Albany.

 

Not having duplicates of the Rubus neglectus, I send a photograph of  the specimen we have - one, roughly colored by my own inartistic fingers.  The fruit is far from true to nature - I could not get the pruinosity or  bloom, and the photograph does not bring out the prickles and the bristly  or hispid calyx as it should.

 

In Thalictrum purpurascens I find the firm thickish leaves and the  pointed or cuspidate, long anthers the most available distinctive  characters. It flowers earlier than cornuti. The specimens in flower were  collected in June. Inflorescense sometimes polygamous.

 

Thanks for the paper with scientific proceedings. I most heartily endorse your ideas concerning the "Darwinian theory" and believe they were not published a day too soon. I have been almost pained to find so ready and extensive an inclination to accept it, absurd as it is when carried to its full extent. Bad as it is it may do some good by directing closer attention to and more careful investigation of the true limits of species, for error here, I apprehend is the power which inclines many toward the theory.

 

Most truly yours,

 

Charles H. Peck

 

Judge G. W. Clinton

 

P.S. I see Prof. Gray in his Field, Forest & Garden Botany restores Quercus prinoides to its rank as a species. C.H.P.

 

 Received March 13

 



 


 

Vol. 6 (14) [L 204]

 

Albany, March 17th, 1869

 

My Dear Sir,

 

The genus Sphagnum does appear to have been pretty closely sifted, and still there remain some forms, called varieties, that to the naked eye  appear far more worthy of being called species, than do some that are now deemed good species. The microscopical characters seem to take precedence of outward appearance.

 

When I collected Riccia sullivantii, Aust. I supposed it was R.  sorocarpa, but an examination of the fruit makes quite a difference. In R.  sorocarpa the capsules are aggregated and discharge the spores through the upper surface of the frond - in R. sullivantii the capsule is single, at or  near the furcations and it bursts through the lower surface of the frond.  By the way if you find R. sorocarpa again in quantity I would like some,  having about used up the specimens you sent, in studying them out.

 

I can not now say how far Amphoridium and Zygodon are synonymous. Mr. Sullivant gave me specimens of Mougeotii and lapponicum as belonging to Amphoridium which he says was formerly "Zygodon." Will see if he can give us the reason and extent of the change.

 

I am glad to have your observations on Thalictrum cornuti and  purpurascens. I certainly deserve a scolding for the shabbily lazy way in  which I packed up the specimens sent you. I will fix up some labels so far  as I can remember and send to you, hoping they may not reach you too late to save you the labor of making them out. A few blanks will enable you to make out such as I may omit. I have taken the liberty to use duplicates of specimens collected by me while in the employ of the state, in making exchanges for the state. If this is going beyond my just powers, you will check me up.

 

They have commenced printing the Report on the State Cabinet, but when it will be completed I can not tell, I have seen no proofs yet of my paper.

 

I believe everything is moving nicely - the appropriation for botanist  has been admitted by the Committee, and will probably pass without any  difficulty.

 

I would be glad if figures could be given of the new Elatine, Rubus,  etc., but suspect the expense may be too great to admit it. I would like  also to have Bryologia Europaea obtained for the State Library - feeling  too poor to buy it myself - but I fear to ask for it, lest the authorities  should think my wants by far too numerous and costly.

 

Very truly yours

 

Charles H. Peck

 

Judge G. W. Clinton

 

P.S. I can make nothing of the plant on Sphangum wulfianum, nor do I  find any more of it on my remaining specimens. I enclose a specimen of  Didymium xanthopus Fr. which I found on another species of Sphagnum  collected at the same time and place as the wulfianum. C.H.P.

 

 Received March 19

 



 


 

Vol. 6 (17) [L 201]

 

Albany, March 26th, 1869

 

My Dear Sir,

 

The little fungi I consider Peziza granulata, Bull. belonging to the  series Aleuria, subgenus Geopyxis, in which subgenus the spores are as  sketched on the enclosed scrap. Your specimens are nicely fertile.

 

I ought to follow your example and visit the green houses in quest of  botanical trophies, for it is a shame that I should be so ignorant of the  botanical names of the many interesting and beautiful plants thus  cultivated. But having entered the field of Cryptogams I find it so  extensive that I am almost lost in bewilderment and can find more than  enough here to occupy all my time and attention.

 

I am exceedingly gratified to find the Regents so ready and willing to  aid and sustain me and keenly appreciate the privileges that are accorded  to me; and you may be assured that if I fail to do my work thoroughly and  creditably to all concerned it will be from no lack of will, disposition or  effort. I find Judge Johnson quite interested in the fungi, especially the  fleshy and edible species, and am really glad of it. Here is a field that  promises not only beauty but also utility of the most direct and practical  kind.

 

Very truly yours

 

Charles H. Peck

 

Judge G. W. Clinton

 Received March 26

 



 


 

Vol. 6 (20) [L 198]

Albany, March 20th, 1869

My Dear Sir,

 

The little specimen you send is a singular, morbid growth of some moss  - apparantly a Hypnum - but what species I am by no means sure, the leaves and especially the stem appearing to be quite abnormal - the latter being thickened and colored and brittle. There are also slender elongated  filaments intermixed - rootlets of the moss probably. Having again looked  through my specimens of Sphangum wulfianum I find a stem or two of Hypnum cordifolium mixed with it, but whether the specimen you send is a diseased state of that species or some other is not easy to say. I regret to hear that you are not well and hope your indisposition will be of short duration.

 

Very truly yours

 

Charles H. Peck

 

Judge G. W. Clinton

 Received about March 22

 



 


 

Vol. 6 (40) [L 178]

 

Albany, May 1st, 1869

 

My Dear Sir,

 

Thanks for Oxalis corniculata.

 

No 1 Hypnum orthocladon, Beauv.

 " 2 Barbula unguiculata, Br. & Sch.

 

I regret to learn of your difficulty in walking and really hope you will  soon be well and strong again. It will certainly do me good to see you  again. The Appropriation bill has at last passed the Senate. This I suppose  puts us all right for another year.

 

Mrs. Atwater sends Spiranthes graminea from Greenport, also the white flowered Sabattia stellaris.

 

In a run after specimens the other day I found some very good Buxbaumia aphylla - a specimen of which I transmit with this.

 

Very truly yours

 

Charles H. Peck

 

Judge G. W. Clinton

 Received May 2

 



 


 

Vol. 6 (56) [L 160]

 

Albany, May 29th, 1869

 

My Dear Sir,

 

The specimens came safely. Thanks to yourself and Mr. Day.

 

No. 1 Is a fungus - Pistillaria muscicola, Fries.

No. 2. As you have it - Cystopus candidus, Leveille

No. 3 I consider Polyporus hirsutus, Fries. but it is not in good  condition. The other brown paper (no number) contains the same species,  which is a species quite variable in appearance. I inclose a few specimens  showing the variation in part.

 

I am not well pleased with the appearance of some of the softer fungi  collected by myself last season and therefore have commenced this season in a little different way. I have begun to figure and color the fresh specimen (not in the highest style of art, to be sure, but as well as I can,) with the view of placing the illustrations in the Herbarium by the side of the dried specimen. I am also extending this plan so as to include also the  essential characters of the microscopic species. This will make my progress more slow, but, I think, more satisfactory and more useful in the long time. I hope this plan may meet your approval.

 

I have discovered a way of drying specimens of Coprinus which answers very well and I will mention it to you that you may have the benefit of it if you should have occasion to try to preserve specimens of these deliquescent inky fellows. It is simply to tie a string to the base of the stipe and hang them up, pileus downwards, in the sun or by the stove until they are dry. Afterwards a little exposure to a damp atmosphere will soften them enough to permit of pressing to the desired shape.

 

If you have any wish or special plan for me to pursue or any particular  locality for me to visit or ransack especially, I shall be glad to follow  your suggestions or directions so far as I can.

 

I regret that you were again disappointed in coming to Albany.

 

Very truly yours

 

Charles H. Peck

 

Judge G. W. Clinton

 Received May 31

 



 

 

Vol. 6 (63) [L152]  [two sheets]

 

Albany, June 12th, 1869

 

My Dear Sir,

 

Upon my return from Sand Lake to day, I found your letter of the 9th waiting for me.

 

I most assuredly want all the help I can get in working up the  fungi of the state, and well preserved specimens from any one on any  part of the state will be acceptable. I am not at all fearful that  the work will be done too quick if others help me nor do I dread the  labor or "bother", for I expect some and shall take it as a part of  my business.

 

Dr. Curtis writes that the Agarics are his "cruces", the species  are so numerous and change so much in drying. Notwithstanding, I am  attacking them with a firm resolve to master them somehow. The  process is slow, but I mean it to be sure. For example I go out and  if I find a specimen or specimens I note habitat and mode of growth,  whether solitray, gregarious or caespitose, and look for young as  well as old individuals and determine at once the character of the  veil. I collect as many specimens as convenient - quite a good many,  if I find them so as to get the range of variation in size color,  etc., placing them carefully in a basket or tin box. When home the  first thing is to clip off the pileus of one or two of the most  perfect ones and set it right side up on a piece of moderately stiff  paper, black paper if the lamina are white or the spores likely to  be, white paper in all other cases. In cases of doubt I sometimes  use two pilei, one on black, the other on white paper. These I place  under an inverted tumbler or teacup and generally leave them over  night. (Species of Coprinus must not be left so long). After I have arranged for catching the spores I next proceed to figure the  species, making it natural size and coloring as near as possible  according to nature. I make at least three portions to the figure  showing a section, another the upper side of the pileus and another  the under side. Then if I do not know the species to be well described, I write out a full description of it. This done I place  the specimens on a paper and lay in the sun if it shines bright, if  not, under or by the stove, Coprinus excepted, till they are dry.  Species of Coprinus will be sure to melt into an inky muss if the  pileus is allowed to touch any thing. These I hang up or pin up,  pileus downwards. Some of the membranaceus [sic] species will even then turn themselves inside out, but usually some of the younger ones  will come out all right. Once dry, they may be kept till a  convenient time and then softened by exposure to a damp air, over  night, or a few hours in the day time, when a little careful  manipulating and pressure between the thumb and finger will bring  them to proper shape to lie on paper. Then they may be redried in  papers under pressure after the usual manner.

 

A few dry leathery species like Ag. mappa, A. petaloides and

 

[63, L 153 on back of second sheet]

species of Marasmius may be put at once in drying, papers with good results if they are free from insects or their eggs.

 

A sharp penknife is all that I use for slicing. I only slice the  larger thicker species, considering it enough to split the small  ones in halves.

 

I suspect your large fellow with the hollow stipe and central  cottony pilar (in young state) is Coprinus atramentarius, though  several if not all the larger Coprini have the same character. These  mostly grow in manured ground or dung heaps. I took three species of  Agaricus from a cranberry marsh in Sand Lake, in my trip thither  this week, all growing in Sphagnum. Sometimes I use wet Sphagnum or  fresh leaves for packing, to keep my specimens in better state till  I get home.

 

I had hoped you would have time the afternoon you were in Albany  to look at the mosses and algae in th Herbarium. I pride myself on  these more than on the fungi, although in time I intend to have  these in as complete condition as possible. Excuse this long scrawl,  for it is on an endless topic. The fungi are a world of botany in  themselves.

 

Very truly yours

 

Charles H. Peck

 

Judge G. W. Clinton

 Received June 13

 



 

 

Vol. 6 (76) [L 138]

 

Albany, July 22nd, 1869

 

My Dear Sir,

 

I should have before acknowledged the receipt of Thymus  serpyllum, L. but was not home when it came, I returned last night  from a botanical trip on L. Island, where I have been foraging a  little among the algae, fungi, etc.

 

Dianthus armeria is quite abundant throughout the eastern end of  the island growing in pastures, copses, and by roadsides. Trifolium  procumbens occurs at Riverhead and Greenport but is not so common.  I am confident that this species does not grow in the vicinity of  Albany, though T. agrarium is becoming more and more plenty here.  Onopordon acanthium flourishes at Greenport and on Plum Is. and  Shelter Is., also at Sag Harbor. I found Lemna torreyi and Carex  alata at Riverhead. Thanks for the specimens you sent.

 

Very truly yours

 

Charles H. Peck

 

Judge G. W. Clinton

 Received July 23

 



 

 

Vol. 6 (79) [L 135]

Albany, July 29th, 1869

My Dear Sir,

 

I thought I enclosed the moss you sent, in my letter to you  yesterday, but have just found this tuft under my table, where I  suppose I must have dropped it.

My purpose is to start for the North woods again in a few days.  I had thought of spending a day or two on the top of Mt. Marcy with  the view to make a list of all the plants growing on the summit  above the line of trees. Would this be worth the while?

 

Very truly yours

 

Charles H. Peck

 

Judge G. W. Clinton

 Received July 31

 

[On back and crossed out: "July 31, 1869. This, just recd. from [W. P.? Mr. P.?] explains itself.

 

Yours truly

 

G. C. Clinton

 



 

 

Vol. 6 (81) [L 133]

 

Sand Lake, Aug. 11 th, 1869

 

My Dear Sir,

 

The specimen is Marasmius siccus, of Fries I think, but do not remember the author positively and my books are in Albany.

 

This dry weather is not very favorable to the production of  fungi, and drives me into the swamps. Next week I expect to be  fungusing in the North woods.

 

Very truly yours

 

Charles H. Peck

 

Judge G. W. Clinton

 Received Aug. 16

 



 


 

Vol. 6 (100) [L 113]

 

Albany, Nov. 5th, 1869

 

My Dear Sir,

 

the specimens came safely. Thanks for them. I have been looking at them this forenoon with the following rather unsatisfactory results.

 

No. 1 Erineum fagineum, Pers.

2 Not determined

3 Uredo    species uncertain

4. Not determined

5. Not determined

6. Imperfect - no spores

7. Appears to be the exuviae of some minute insect.

8. Microsphaera    spores undeveloped

9. Uncinula adunca, Lev.

10. Cladosporium and something else.

11. Lenzites sepiaria, Fr.

12. Not determined

13. Rhytisma solidaginis, Schw.

14. Sphaeria ulmea, Schw.

15. Imperfect.

16. Puccinia aculeata, Schw.

17. Roestelia lacerata, Sow.

 

(Young state) It looks quite different when fully developed.  There has been a great crop of it this summer on our thorn bushes  and Amelanchier. I collected it in the same state as yours, thinking  it some species allied to Sphaeria. Not being able to determine it I  sent specimens to Dr. Curtis, but got no name. By watching it I  found that toward the end of summer it developed as above stated.  These double forms or rather metamorphoses and frequent abortive  developments of fungi make them sometimes quite puzzling.

 

XNo. 18. Ustilago segetum, Dittm.

19. Not determined.

X No. 20. Hypnum serpens, Hedw. Such of the above undetermined ones  as I find perfect I will see if Dr. C. can name. I send him only  perfect ones fully analyzed and figured and in this way I find that  many things of my own collecting are left on  my hands undetermined.  But time and patience will, I trust, bring out some of these. It is  provoking to think that I have been able to name less than half your  specimens, but so it is.

 

The Chenopodium I think is C. murale, L. with very small leaves,  and of rather bushy growth. The calyx and fruit appear to be all  right for that species.

 

I have to day just returned the last proof sheets of my report, so its publication may be expected at no very distant day.

 

Very truly yours

 

Charles H. Peck

 

Judge G. W. Clinton

 

P. S. I hope to send you a few specimens when I get a little

over my present pressure of work.

 

C. H. P.

 

 Received Nov. 6

 



 


 

Vol. 6 (104) [L 109]

 

Albany, Nov. 8th, 1869

 

My Dear Sir,

 

By all means send me fresh specimens of that fungus from grapery  if you find any more of them. They will keep sometime this cool  weather. And if you are not too busy I would like also to see those  dried specimens. There may be some among them recognizable and if so  it is worth knowing that such are found in your part of the state.

 

I found at least four species, new to me, on Saturday and regret  to see winter setting in so early, the ground this morning being  white with snow.

 

I am getting quite thoroughly interested in the Agaricini and  feel quite confident that we have many undescribed species. I have  figured and described from fresh specimens nearly all that I have  collected during the season and in comparing them with the  descriptions in books I am led to conclude that there is in this  department of botany a rich field for labor. I purpose giving in my  next report (unless you think it out of place) descriptions of all  the species thus far found and investigated by me in their fresh  state. I believe I can make them so that they will be of much  advantage, so far as they go, to students who may wish to form the  acquaintance of these singular plants. Berkeley's outlines, the only  work in English that lays any claim to be a Manual on these plants,  comes very far short of being complete or satisfactory in the study  of our species. I believe such descriptions would add much to the  value of the report.

 

I shall be most glad to hear from Mr. Crittenden and aid him as far as I can in the mosses.

 

Very truly yours

 

Charles H. Peck

 

Judge G. W. Clinton

 

 Received Nov. 10 & ansd & complied with

 

 [Mr. Crittenden of Batavia, New York, has one letter Vol. 6 no. 113 in index.]

 



 


 

Vol. 6 (109) [L 104]

 

Albany, Nov. 12th, 1869

 

My Dear Sir,

 

The specimens are at hand. I am glad to see them. Some of them are recognisable. The fresh ones from Mr. Bowen's grapery is Agaricus procerus - a species that I have not seen fresh this year and I shall try to figure it from these. It is also among the dried specimens but apparently smaller. I notice also Ag. rachodes, a nearly related species, Marasmius rotula, Lactarius vole[...], Hygrophorus cinnabarinus, Polyporus lucidus, elegans, boucheanus, etc. also the singular Boletus (B. strobilaceus) spoken of by Judge Johnson when you and he were here. I shall label and place aside for you, these and such others as are nameable.

 

There is a query about the one with grass extending through it. I have  not atually seen the operation but it is clear to my mind that the fungus  embraces the grass in its (the fungus) growth. I have seen dead grass and even twigs thus penetrating fungi, hard firm species of Polyporus, too, which they could by no means have penetrated in their growth. I have just been lookng over the Phaenogam[us] collected the past season and find new to the State, Spergularia media, Nabalus boottii, Rhinanthus crista-galli, Vincetoxicum nigrum, Stipa richardsonii and Calamagrostis pickeringii. This last I find best described by Prof. Wood under the name Calamagrostis purpurascens, Brown. The lower palea in my specimens is 2-toothed at the apex, not obtuse as Gray has it. The glumes are also more pointed than one would think from Prof. Gray's descriptions. It is probable the plant varies some in these particulars, as also in the comparative length of the panicle and culm.

 

Very truly yours

 

Charles H. Peck

 

Judge G. W. Clinton

 Received Nov. 13

 



 


 

Vol. 6 (124) [L 89]

 

Albany, Dec. 29th, 1869

 

My Dear Sir,

 

    Thanks for the "Merry Christmas".

 

Moss - Atichum angustatum Beauv.

 

Puff ball x- Lycogala epidendrum Fr.

 

Jelly - Exidia glandulosa Fr.

 

 Cup x- Cyathus striatus Hoffm.

 

This last species I had not seen before and am very glad you sent it. Mr. Gerard found it at Poughkeepsie but merely sent a drawing of it.

 

I have had in  mind for some time to put up some specimens for you to  take home with you from the annual meeting of the Regents and will yet do so if I have to sit up all night to accomplish it. I am working under high  pressure to get my report and descriptions of fungi ready in time for the  annual meeting.

 

I this morning received a note from Prof. Gray and was glad to now that he has returned from his long absence.

 

A happy New Year to you and yours.

 

In haste, Yours very truly

 

Charles H. Peck

 

Judge G. W. Clinton

 Received Dec. 30

 

[Note the "x"s regarding some of the determinations are some notation of  Clinton's probably upon receipt of the identified material. Note the phrase  "put up" some specimens, reminds me of the prevalence of canning and  preserving food in households.]

 



 


 

Vol. 6 (125) [L 88]

 

Albany, Dec. 30th, 1869

 

My Dear Sir,

 

The specimens from tree are

 No. 1 Schizophyllum commune Fr.

   x 2 Tubercularia vulgaris Tode

 

Very truly yours

 

Charles H. Peck

 

 Judge G. W. Clinton

 Received Dec. 31