Correspondence of Charles Peck and G. W. Clinton
Edited by P. M. Eckel
Res Botanica
Missouri Botanical Garden
February 22, 2011
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The Correspondence of

Charles Peck (1833-1917) and

George William Clinton (1807 1885)


1865 Part 3



Vol. 1. (179) [I 29]


Albany, Sept. 29th 1865


My Dear Sir,


I find some Conomitrium in the specimens you sent ‑ enough for a fair specimen.


Hypnum scorpioides is not regarded in the Manual as rare, yet I have never met with it in these parts. Mr. Austin very recently sent me a little sterile from New Jersey. Think I must write to Mr. Paine for a specimen.


Mosses of Sept. 26th


1 Trichostomum tortile Schrad.


2 Atrichum undulatum Beauv.


3 Hypnum serrulatum Hedw.


4 Cylindrothecium cladorrhizans Bryol. Europ. There is also what appears to be sterile Hypnum laetum.


5 Bryum bimum Schreb.


6 Hypnum strigosum Hoffm


7 Drummondia clavellata Hooi.


8 Orthotrichum Canadense Br. & Sch.


9 Hypnum riparium Hedw. The leaves in this variety are more ovate than usual.


10 Hypnum serrulatum Same as 3


Yours truly


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


Received Sept. 30



Vol. 1. (184) [I 23]


Albany, Sept. 30th 1865


My Dear Sir,


Your letter with specimens from the Falls, and also specimens from Bergen Swamp were received this morning. Although that rascally Anomodon eluded your grasp you certainly have sent some desirable things from the swamp. Hypnum nitens of No. 1 and Hypnum stellatum with its unknown comrade of No. 12 have not been found by me, although Mr. Lesqx. found the two species named, near Port Kent ‑ Lake Champlain.


From the Falls.


1 Bartramia Muhlenbergia Schwaegr. It is barely possible that it may be a small Bartramia fontana; but I think not. The two are much alike in appearance and leaves.


2 Hypnum filicinum L.


3 Hypnum laetum Brid.


4 Bryum argenteum L.


l  Hypnum polymorphum Larger  l  Bryum Wahlenbergii piece   l  Anomodon attenuatus l  Hypnum filicinum



V2 (5) [D 202]


Albany Oct. 16th 1865


My Dear Sir,


Thanks for Encalypta streptocarpa and Hypnum minutissimum. The moss intermixed with the former is Anomodon attenuatus.


The paper marked "A" = 5 of Akron Cot. 4, contains also Hypnum minutissimum (the small moss). The larger piece is made up of Hypnum adnatum, H. radicale, and a minute sterile Fissidens ‑ probably, not certainly, F. exiguus. These are so intermingled and so small that they are not easily separated.


From Portage Oct. 10‑12


x1 Dicranum varium Hedw.


2 The unknown Barbula, before sent from rocks about the falls. 3 = 1


4 Dicranum flagellare Hedw.


5 = 2


6 Dicranum scoparium var. pallidum Mull.


7 Dicranum scoparium var. pallidum


8 Dicranum undulatum Turner. Grows on ground either wet or dry, mountain or plain.


9 Hypnum curvifolium Hedw.


10 Hypnum polymorphum Bryol. Eur.


x11 Appears to be Lophocolea heterophylla Nees (Hepat.)


12 Hypnum imponens Hedw.


13 Hypnum rutabulum L.


14 Hypnum recurvans Schwaegr.


15 Bryum bimum Schrad.


16 Pylaisaea intricata Hedw.


17 Gymnostomum curvirostrum Hedw.? Very small. Possible G. rupestre, but I think not. Specimens poor.


18 & 19 Both alike. Can not make it out, the capsules not being old enough to admit of the separation of the operculums and peristome. Appears like Didymodon. Please send it again when the fruit becomes a little more mature, i.e. if you should meet with it. 20 Pellia epiphylla Nees (Hepat.)


21 Dicranum varium Hedw.


22 = 21


23 Trichostomum tortile Schrad.


x24 Dicranum heteromallum Hedw.


25 Schistidium apocarpum Br. & Sch.


26 Dicranum heteromallum, and sterile Atrichum angustatum


27 Atrichum angustatum Beauv.


28 Mnium affine Bland.?


29 = 17


30 Gymnostomum curvirostrum Hedw.


x31  Barbula mucronifolia Br. & Sch. I have never found this. Miss Waterbury sent me specimens from Schoharie. 32 Not determined. Am inclined to think it is poor Hypnum filicinum and a minute fungus ‑ not insects eggs.


33 Hypnum rutabulum L.


x34 Hypnum acuminatum Beauv. In good condition. Not sent before. Not found here. If you have it in plenty please send a little more.


35 Cylindrothecium cladorrhizans Bryol. Eur. Fruiting specimen with flat stems. Sterile with terete branches is Hypnum laetum Brid.


36 Hypnum laetum Brid.


Your letter of Oct. 14th was received this morning, but what has become of the scrap of moss it contained, I can not tell. The letter was handed to me at the breakfast table. I read it, then put it in the desk till my return from school, and thought I put the moss with it, but can not find it. In my haste, must have carelessly left it on the table and the women disposed of it. Have made inquiry but no one has seen it. If it was anything important please send again.


I have sent a specimen of your Orthotrichum speciosum? from trees, to Mr. Lesqx.


Yours truly


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


Received Oct. 18



Vol. 2 (11) [D196]


Albany, Thursday, Oct 19th /65


My Dear Sir,


Thus I regard the mosses.


First series Oct. 14


1 Hypnum serrulatum Hedw.


2 Barbula unguiculata Hedw.


3 Anomodon attenuatus Hedw.


4 Anomodon attenuatus


5 Anomodon attenuatus


6 Anomodon obtusifolius Bryol. Eur.


7 The unknown Barbula "abundant on rocks about the upper Fall"


8 Mostly Hypnum strigosum Hoffm. The fine moss mixed with it is Leskea rostrata Hedw. The flat stemmed one is Aulacomnion heterostichum Br. & Sch.


9 Hypnum strigosum Hoffm.


10 Desmatodon arenaceus Sulliv. & Lesqx. & the supposed Seligeria


11 Same as 3,4,5


12 Cylindrothecium cladorrhizans Bryol. Eur.


13 Hypnum rutabulum L.


14 Aulacomnium heterostichum Br. & Sch.


15 Tetraphis pellucida Hedw.


16 Same as 3,4,5 & 11


Second Series


17 Fissidens grandifrons Brid. Large & beautiful


18 Fissidens adiantoides Hedw.


19 Hypnum orthocladon Beauv.


20 & 29 are alike and new to me. It appears to be a Bryum but I find no description in the Manual that will agree with it. Mr. Lesqx's services are necessary here.


x21 Chiloscyphus polyanthus Corda. (Hepat.)


22 Hypnum orthocladon Beauv.


23 Hypnum orthocladon


24 Hypnum rivulare Bryol. Eur.


25 Hypnum rivulare (the large one) Hypnum orthocladon (the smaller)


26 Same as 22 & 23


27 Same as 24


x28 Bryum Duvalii Voit. New to me. Want more 29 = 20


30 Hypnum cordifolium Hedw. Never saw it so densely branched but never collected it so late in the season, and only in swamps where it was not submerged. Its branches give it a very peculiar appearance, but the leaf is exactly that of H. cordifolium


31 Hypnum cordifolium


32 Hypnum cordifolium


33 Hypnum cordifolium


x34 Bryum turbinatum Hedw. New to me. Want more. This moss is credited to Niagara Falls, in the Manual and also in the Catalogue of Musci and I have long wished you might find it. You now have it, but sterile.


35 Bryum turbinatum


36 mostly Bryum turbinatum, also a little Hypnum cordifolium & one or two stems of H. filicinum L.


37 Hypnum cordifolium Hedw. nearer the typical form


x38 Hypnum uncinatum Hedw.? the leaves do not appear to have any serrations, which occasions the doubt. Otherwise it is exactly that species.


39 Mixed Hypnum uncinatum and some Hypnum hispidulum Brid.


x40 Fontinalis Lescurii Sulliv. probably. There is so much resemblance and so many varieties among the species of Fintinalis that it is hardly safe to determine them without good fruiting specimens.


41 Hypnum aduncum Hedw. a little smaller than the form sent me before


42 & 43 I think are the same as 40


44 Same as 21


45 Same as 21


46 A form of Hypnum riparium L.


It would be well to send to Mr. L. with No. 20, also a bit of 28, 30, and 34, these being without fruit and entirely new to me, there is a possibility that I may be in error, although well satisfied in my own mind that they are what I suppose them to be.


Third Series


A. The unknown Barbula. Send this also: the capsules are older than that formerly sent.


B Ceratodon purpureus Brid.


C Dicranum varium Hedw.


D & E are Bryum bimum Schreb.


I think we must call Caledonia and Bergen Swamp excellent localities.


Yours truly


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


Received Oct. 20 & wrote to him.



Vol. 2 (13) [D194]


Albany, Oct. 20th 1865


My Dear Sir,


Yours of yesterday was received today. I too occasioned a letter from Mr. Lesqx. yesterday. He writes that what I called Orthotrichum speciosum? is Orthotrichum anomalum. Thinks it must be a mistake about its having been found on trees; he has only found it on rocks. I think however you gave its habitat correctly, for I find bits of bark still adhering to the roots of the specimens you sent me. But this is immaterial to the naming of the species, for the specimens from trees are certainly the same as those you afterwards sent from rocks, which made me doubt the correctness of my determination.


I will return you a piece of that you sent me from trees. You will see that it agrees with your "O. anomalum from Whitpond woods, July 18" [= Whirlpool Woods??] also with your "O. cupulatum from Whitpond Sept. 25" and that "O. cupulatum from Rose's Point, Sept. 19" is different from the Whitpond Sept. 25 specimen. You must have mixed these a little and as I am especially anxious about the O. cupulatum, (it being new to me) perhaps I had better return these papers that you may see if you have them just as you intended. After examining please return, except the specimen from "Trees, Niagara Falls" which you may retain if you like, as I suspect you, in your generosity, sent me all you had of it.


If the specimen of Sept. 19 Rose's Point was not intended for for O. canadense please send me a bit of what Mr. L. calls that species, as I have never seen authenticated specimens of it.


The descriptions of the species of Orthotrichum, as given in the Manual are very meagre and unsatisfactory, and I suspect not quite correct in two or three instances, viz. O. anomalum is said to have the capsule "distinctly 8 ‑ striated". Often there are 16 striae in which case the alternate ones sometimes, and all at others are indistinct. O strangulatum is said to have a "hairy calyptra". It is often glabrous, so also says Icones.


O. leiocarpum is said to have 16 cilia for the inner peristome, I never could detect but 8.


The main points given in regard to the species now before us are these:


O. cupulatum with an immersed capsule, 16 striated; habitat rocks.


O. anomalum with an exserted capsule distinctly 8 striated; habitat rocks. (I think you have discovered that it also grows on trees)


O. canadense much like O. strangulatum but the capsule pale straw colored, shorter, not contracted below the mouth; grows on trees with O. strangulatum.


In regard to O. crispum, it is quite possible I may also be wrong. The distinction made in the Manual is so vague that it is not improbable.


My own specimens of crispulum were collected when the capsules were just mature and the color of the spores helped to decide, being green in this, brown in crispum.


But the Barbula is what staggers me most. It certainly has the appearance of B. unguiculata, but an examination of the leaves reveals to me a difference which I can scarcely think we ought to regard only as a variety. This difference I have endeavored to illustrate by a rude sketch.


It appears to be constant. I do not find intermediated forms, though the leaves of the "unknown" vary as shown in the cut. The areolae at the base are not so long as in B. unguiculata. Its habitat is rocks. I have found B. unguiculata only on clayey soil. I think if it must be called a variety of B. unguiculata it is nevertheless worthy of a name.


The following is the description of the leaf of unguiculata, as given in the Manual, "leaves erect patent, oblong‑lanceolate, rather obtuse, revolute on the margins, shortly cuspidate by the excurrent costa." The last character certainly does not apply to our plant. I hope you may get some good specimens of this with fruit just mature.


You truly send Bryum roseum in this, No. 27 however is different. Will return it.


Yours truly


Chas. H. Peck


Received Oct. 22, answered 23.



Vol. 2 (18) [D187 & 188] [in two pieces of paper]


Albany, Oct. 23d 1865


My Dear Sir,


Your last packet, Oct. 18th, was received on Saturday. No 1 Hypnum laetum Brid.


Hypnum Sullivantii Spruce  Sent for the first time, I think. I have it from the Helderbergs. Rare.


Leskea rostrata Hedw.


Anomodon obtusifolius var.? This appears to me to be the same as the specimen from Akron, which Mr. L. named as above. Hence I have named it accordingly. This is as near the viticulosus as anything in the packet.


x2 Hypnum Schreberi Willd.


3 Hypnum triquetrum L.


4 Hypnum recurvans Schwaegr.


5 Ptilidium ciliare Nees


6 This appears to me to contain rather poor Pylaisaea intricata and one stem of young Leptodon trichomitrion.


7 Hypnum recurvans Schwaegr.


8 Leskea rostrata Hedw.


9 Hypnum rivulare Bryol. Eur.


10 Hypnum rutabulum. L. ? It is possible this may be a poor specimen of 9, but the pedicel ought to be papillose in either case. The only pedicels in the specimen are smooth. Hypnum rutabulum is near Hypnum rivulare. The former is more prostrate in its growth with leaves a little larger pointed and inflorescence monoecious. The latter has dioecious inflorescence. The smoothness of the pedicel may arise from its being immature.


11 Anomodon attenuatus Huebn.


x12 Hypnum Alleghaniense C. Mull. Sterile


13 Anomodon attenuatus with a small quantity of what appears to be young or starved Hypnum laetum.


14 I regard the long moss as H. delicatulum L. the other as Hypnum serrulatum Hedw. The chief distinguishing characters between H. delicatulum and H. tamariscum are in the fruit ‑ especially the operculum and [perichaetium?] Without these it is not easy to distinguish them


15 Hypnum delicatulum L.


16 xHomalothecium subcapillatum Bryol. Eur. First sent.


Leptodon trichomitrium Mohr


Neckera pennata Hedw.


Anomodon obtusifolius Bryol. Eur. Small


Anomodon attenuatus Huebn. young.


17 Hypnum adnatum Hedw. As you think


18 Appears to be Pylaisaea velutina with a very little Hypnum adnatum. May be P. intricata but the capsules are a little more cylindrical and branches less incurved. The peristome gives the best distinguishing character and this still adheres to the operculum so that I can not avail myself of it.


Thanks for the specimens of Bryum Duvalii; also for sending Orthotrichum speciosum. I have examined it and think I shall be able to recognize it should I see it again. It differs from anything I have before seen.


Is not that which Mr. L. calls H. revolvens the same as that which I named Hypnum uncinatum with a doubt? The two species I suppose to be much alike.


Yours truly


Charles H. Peck


Received Oct. 25


19 Contains Ptilidium ciliare Nees, Jungermannia curvifolia Dick. and a small Jungermannia, apparently, which I am unable to determine. (All Hepats)



Vol. 2 (21) [D183]


Albany, Oct. 25th 1865


My Dear Sir,


The mosses and letters of Oct. 21st & 23d are at hand. I really hope Mr. L. will accede to your request and send you a set of the Orthotricha, which will help us out of our difficulty in reference thereto. Mr. Sullivant in his recent work describes only three species viz. Orthotrichum exiguum, strangulatum and Texanum.


The specimen you send with the returned ones must be O. Canadense or the "something new". It is in excellent condition. The cilia of the inner peristome are visible. Both O. cupulatum and O. anomalum are said to be without the inner peristome.


The specimen marked "A" from the moist shade of fence by the State Line R. R. in the city" is Aphanorrhegma serrata Sulliv. It is as you say a vigorous growth, and is now flowering abundantly, mostly male flowers. You will probably find fruit bearing plants soon. (I have already found the capsules nearly mature here). I have observed that the capsule bearing plants are usually shorter than these thrifty male flowering plants. The capsule is almost sessile ‑ nestling in the leaves at the top of the stem. No 1 Schistidium apocarpum Br. & Sch.


2. Hypnum polymorphum Bryol. Eur. I can not say whether the growth you allude to be lichen or fungus. If the former it is a very minute one.


3 As you conjecture is a beautiful growth of confervoid filaments, with cells quite enlongate.


4 Barbula unguiculata


Is our puzzler whom Mr. L. calls B. unguiculata, but the leaves differ from those of No 4 as shown in my previous letter. How slowly it mature its fruit!


6,7,8,9,10 & 12 seem to be all the same thing, and I suppose we shall have to call them a form of Anomodon obtusifolius Bryol. Eur. though I greatly dislike to. In the description of A. obtusifolius occur these words: "Branches compressed; +++ leaves 2‑ranked, ++ linear‑oblong, very obtuse". The first and second items appear to me to be violated ‑ the third and fourth partly so. Some of the leaves, particularly in 7, 10 & 12 taper almost too much to be called "linear‑oblong" and are almost acute instead of "very obtuse". Still they do not come nearer my ideal of A. viticulosus, than did the Rock specimen from Akron. 11 Anomodon attenuatus Hartm.


13 Fissidens grandifrons Brid.


14 Minute conferva


15 Same as 3. I return this for I fear you did not put in it what you intended.


16 Didymodon rubellus Bryol. Eur. Remarkably late in fruiting. I found specimens in June, quite as advanced


17 = 16


Yours truly


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


P.S. Accept my warmest thanks for your kind consideration and offer of assistance in moss studies. You have already repaid me a thousand times for anything I may have done in the way of introducing you to our little friends. C. H. P.


Your faithful and earnest efforts to find A. viticulosus ought to be crowned with success. Would it not be well to send some of No 7 say, to Mr. L.? After all of my confusion on this matter I am not sure I should  detect it, even if I had the real fellow.


Received Oct. 27



Vol. 2 (23) [D181]


Albany, Oct. 26th 1865


My Dear Sir,


Your packet of the 25th and letter have been received. It is with the most lively satisfaction that I have examined your specimens of Anomodon viticulosus sent by Mr. Lesqx. It agrees well with my ideal of that species, only I suppose it sometimes grows larger. I have compared with it, your "No 7 from ground, top of a rock, Goat Is." and truly believe they are one species. The increased size of the leaves towards the top of the stem is not so perceptible in yours as in the European specimen but I find this is not characteristic of all the branches in the model specimen. The leaves themselves agree in all essential points. As my examination must be concluded at once so that you may have the specimen on your intended trip this week, I have taken the liberty to separate and retain two or three stems from the specimen for I wish also to compare your Akron specimen and my Helderberg Anomodon with it.


You were fortunate in sending the Caledonia specimens to Mr. L. I will make the corrections which my blunders make necessary. And here let me congratulate you on adding the new species, Bryum cyclophyllum, to our American Mosses. I am heartily glad, too, that our "unknown Barbula" has a name, even though it be but a variety of B. unguiculata. You have sent me at different times several specimens of this, but I still would like a little more of it, if you find it with mature capsules. Also some more of H. giganteum either with or without fruit. If the weather be good I expect to visit the Helderbergs on Saturday.


Will look at your specimens soon.


Yors truly


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


Received Oct. 27



Vol. 2 (25)  [D179]


Albany, Oct. 27th 1865


My Dear Sir,


My opinion concerning the specimens of Oct. 24th, Lewiston &c. is thus 1 Seems to be Hypnum recurvans Schwaegr.


2 Frullania Eboracensis  Lehm. (Hepat.) Grows both on rocks & trees


3 Conferva


4 Conferva  Your hope in reference to these and my knowledge of them is realized. I do not understand them.


5 Barbula unguiculata Hedw. Not the variety


6 Seems to be small Bryum caespiticium L. Usually fruits in spring


7 Weisia viridula Brid.


8 Leucodon brachypus Brid.


9 Radula complanata Dumort. (Hepat.)


10 Hypnum laetum Brid. H. piliferum has a long slender rostrum to the operculum.


Thanks for Selaginella rupestris. I have it, however, from the bluff two miles below Kenwood, in fruit; also from Cobble Hill near Elizabethtown, N.Y. [note S. rupestris noted from Lewiston ‑ these specimens probably also from this locality]


Your letters of yesterday were received a little while ago. The specimens of Orthotrichum are all clear and satisfactory except the O. cupulatum. Thi may be all right; but if it is, we must charge the error to the Manual, which puts that species in a seciton with the "peristome single: cilia wanting" it also makes the capsule with "16 striae" In the two specimens you have sent from "Rose's Point, Sept. 19" (one labelled O. cupulatum) the cilia of the inner peristome are distinctly visible and the capsule is 8 striated. The specimens resemble the O. canadense much, but in the Rose's Point specimen Sept. 19 the fruit appears to be just mature and in good condition, while in the Whirlpool specimen Sept. 30 [use this reference to transcibe earlier letter], the capsules are quite old, ‑ all vestiges of the peristome gone. Were it not for this fact I should strongly suspect they are the same thing. O. cupulatum is said to grow on rocks; your is from Beech trees. But this is of little account as we have seen in the case of O. anomalum. Neither can the time of fruiting be depended upon in all cases. The whole thing resolves itself then into one of three things; either the manual is in error, or we must adopt Mr. L.'s "or something new", or it is O. Canadense.


I rejoice greatly that your thorough and persevering searches for Anomodon viticulosus, have been crowned with success. I have again examined my Helderberg specimens and compared them; and feel well satisfied that they are the same thing. It grows "by the bushel" on the Helderberg rocks, and I was anxious to visit that locality tomorrow to get good fresh specimens, but the snow storm will compel me to delay another week. They certainly are not Anomodon apiculatus as Mr. L. determined when I sent him specimens; but it is possible there was A. apiculatus mixed with what I sent him.


The great probability that you have Didymodon luridus, also pleases me. I named "no 16 Oct. 21" D. rubellus on the strength of Mr. L's former determination. Was it from the same rock as the other? It certainly struck me as being late in fruit. (I see you have answered the question just asked.)


Yours truly


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


Received Oct. 28



Vol. 2 (32) [D171]


Albany, Nov. 1st 1865


My Dear Sir,


Your letter of yesterday, with mosses of Oct. 30th is at hand. The Isoetes is new to me and very acceptable. I have never found any Isoetes. No 1 from woodpile appears to be Leucodon, but I can not tell with certainty, whether brachypus or julaceus. L. julaceus, however, I have never found. Mr. Austin sent me fruiting specimens form N.J. I am not certain whether it has been found in our state.


2 Hypnum radicale Brid.


x3 Thelia hirtella Sulliv. I am exceedingly glad you have found this. I have never been so fortunate. It is in excellent condition; showing the calyptra, operculum and peristome. Could not well be better. Should you have it in plenty I would like more.


4 & 5 Thelia asprella Sulliv. This species is common enough with us 6 Hypnum serrulatum Hedw.


7 Orthotrichum strangulatum Beauv.


8 Pylaisaea intricata Hedw.


x9 Platygyrium repens Bryol. Eur. This is very scare with us.


10 Platygyrium repens with a sterile Dicranum intermixed


11 Orthotrichum anomalum Hedw.


12 Barbula unguiculata, the variety apiculata


13 Barbula unguiculata Hedw. Very small.


14 Hypnum serrulatum Hedw.


15 Hypnum adnatum Hedw.


Yours truly


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


Received Nov. 3



Vol. 2 (35) [D168]


Albany, Nov. 4th 1865


My Dear Sir,


I have examined the inclosed specimens of O. cupulatum. They are the same as the other two you sent from "Rose's Point, Sept. 19". Out of deference to Mr. Lesqx's determination, I shall for the present regard it as O. cupulatum; but it by no means agrees with the description of that species. I quote from the Manual:


"Peristome single: cilia wanting. 1. O. cupulatum, Hoffm. Stems nearly 1' high; leaves lanceolate, keeled; capsule immersed, with 16 striae; teeth of the peristome nearly equidistant; calyptra sparsely hairy; male flower terminal. On rocks, Niagara Falls, Drummond: lake Superior, Agassiz."


In your specimens the peristome is not single. The cilia are positively present. neither is there a single capsule with 16 striae. Some are distinctly 8 striated; others less distinctly, or not at all striated. The teeth of the peristome do not present anything like the equidistant appearance spoken of, and which is much more clearly seen in your specimens of O. anomalum.


I can hardly conceive how such errors could creep into the descriptions; especially on such marked characters, they being easily seen with an ordinary hand glass.


I will try to bear this matter in mind and in my next letter to Mr. L. will inquire particularly concerning this description.


The rain today, delays again my contemplated trip to the Helderbergs.


Yours truly


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


Received Nov. 5



Vol. 2 (40) [D193]


Albany, Nov. 8th 1865


My Dear Sir,


The mosses from Chittenango &c Nov. 3 seem to be thus:


1 Hypnum rivulare Bryol. Europ.


2 Pylaisaea intricata Hedw.


3 Funaria hygrometrica Hedw. (Small)


4 Fegatella conica Corda (Hepat.)


5 Encalypta streptocarpa Hedw. Sterile


6 Pellia epiphylla Nees (Hepat.)


7 Anomodon viticulosus Hook. & Tayl. This is what I all along called A. apiculatus because Mr. L. so named my Helderberg specimens which are like this. But since I have seen undoubted specimens of both species I think those should be changed in names from A. apiculatus to A. viticulosus. You sent it to me two or three times in Sept.


8 Madotheca platyphylla Dumort. (Hepat.)


9 Hypnum triquetrum L.


10 Bartramia Oederi Swartz


11 Anomodon attenuatus Hartm.


12 Dicranum scoparium var. pallidum. I do not know whether we have Dic. scoparium or not. I have not yet seen it. It is said to be found among the Alleghany Mountains.


13 Appears to be Anomodon obtusifolium Bryol. Eur.


14 Anomodon viticulosus Hook. & Tayl.


15 Anomodon attenuatus Hartm.


16 = 7


17 Fissidens grandifrons Brid.


18 Not determined. Appears some like Bryum Wahlenbergii, but I can not say it is that species.


19 Leucodon brachypus Brid. and an undetermined species.


20 Leptodon trichomitrium Mohr. Fine.


21 Anomodon attenuatus Hartm. Nothing else in the paper.


22 Barbula unguiculata Hedw. Very small


23 Barbula mucronifolia Br. * Sch.


24 Bartramia Oederi Swartz & Myurella Careyana Sulliv.


25 Anomodon attenuatus Hartm. & Hypnum radicale Brid.


26 = 7


27 Barbula unguiculata var. apiculata


28 Anomodon attenuatus & Leskea rostrata 29 = 7


30 Pylaisaea intricata Hedw.


x31 Plagiochila asplenoides Nees & Montague (Hepat.)


32 Leskea rostrata & apparently Anomodon obtusifolius


33 Funaria hygrometrica var. calvescens


34 Sterile branches of Mnium affine probably.


35 Hypnum rutabulum L.


36 Hypnum filicinum L.


37 Leucodon brachypus Brid. and a small bit of Pylaisaea.


The packet mailed the 7th is received. Will look at it soon.


Yours truly


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


Received Nov. 10



Vol. 2 (41) [D192]


Albany, Nov. 9th 1865


My Dear Sir,


I have looked over the mosses of Nov. 4th from Foster's Flats, Whirlpool &c.


1 Hypnum rutabulum L.


2 Hypnum  hians Hedw.


3 Anomodon attenuatus Hartm.


4 Leskea rostrata Hedw. Good condition


5 Anomodon viticulosus Hook. & Tayl.


6 Bartramia Oederi Swartz


7 Hypnum pygmaeum Bryol. Eur. The minute one. In fruit.


Hypnum Muhlenbeckii Bryol. Eur. Sterile & larger.


8 Platygyrium repens Bryol. Eur. But one species in the paper. Fine specimens: send any surplus specimens of it.


9 Barbula unguiculata var. apiculata A new habitat.


10 Barbula unguiculata var. apiculata. The larger one with erect capsules Dicranum varium Hedw. Small one with inclined capsules.


11 Didymodon rubellus Br. & Sch. With pedicelled fruit


Schistidium apocarpum Br. & Sch. With sessile fruit.


12 Same as 11


13 Hypnum adnatum Hedw. The old capusles. Most of it however appears to be sterile Didymodon rubellus.


14 Same as 9. I had hitherto regarded this as peculiar to rocks. It appears, however, not to be confined to them.


15 = 1


16 Hypnum recurvans Schwaegr. Fruit in good condition.


17 Hypnum recurvans           Fruit in good condition.


18 Dicranum scoparium var. pallidum with one stem of Hypnum imponens.


19 Hypnum laetum Brid. A very variable species.


20 Hypnum adnatum Hedw. To which the capsule belongs. the other stem is H. tamariscinum or H. delicatulum


21 Hypnum adnatum Hedw. In fruit. Some sterile Dicranum intermixed.


22 = 1


23 Hypnum plumosum L. Fine.


24 = 19


25 Fruit too old to determine certainly whether it is Barb. unguiculata var. apiculata or Didymodon rubellus.


26 Hypnum triquetrum L.


27 Homalothecium subcapillatum Bryol. Eur.


A little Radula complanata with it


28 = 19


29 One stem with a capsule is Hypnum laetum. The rest is Neckera pennata. Neckera complanata has been found on the Catskills Mts. by Mr. James, I have never found it. It is very rare.


30 The most important of this mixture is Pylaisea  velutina W. P. Schimper, which I return. There are also Hypnum laetum, Homalothecium subcapillatum, Hypnum delicatulum and perhaps one or two others of little value in the paper.


Of Nov. 8th


"A" is Dicranum heteromallum Hedw.


"B" You sent me before, but I was unable to determine it. Is it not what Mr. Lesqx. called Hypnum revolvens. Please compare it with your specimens so named by him. It does not quite agree with the description of that species as he said, but it evidently belongs somewhere near it. Let me know if my suspicions are correct; for H. revolvens is unknown to me.


"C" Comes nearer Fissidens adiantoides than to anything else described in the Manual. As I before remarked it differs from my specimens and from the description in not having the marginal cells of the leaves transparent ‑ or at least very slightly so. In other respects it agrees. I think it is only another form of that species.


Should you visit Akron again soon, please look a little for some more fruiting Anomodon apiculatus. The fruit must be mature now. The specimen you sent me has but two capsules. I would like more.


Yours truly


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


Received Nov. 10



Vol. 2 (45) [D188]


Albany, Nov. 13th 1865


My Dear Sir,


I have received your several communications from the 9th inst. up to the 12th, but unfortunately have not been able to examine the specimens or to reply to the letters. I will do so however as soon as I can.


On Friday last I went to the Helderbergs. It was a cold bleak day, and I clad myself accordingly; but in spite of my precautions I was not equal to the task and the circumstances; hence caught a terrible cold, followed by fever, sore throat and general prostration, which things have prevented my doing anything at all except to lie still and be doctored. But I am better now and hope to be to work again in a day or two.


The papers "Y" & "Z" both contain Thelia asprella. The fomrer has a little Hedwigia ciliata mixed in. I have picked it out and return this paper. It is not strange that you find it difficult to separate T. hirtella from T. asprella. they are extremely similar and, like many species of bryum, can scarcely be separated with certainty, without microscopical examination and that too of good specimens. The only "aspectual" difference, I can give you in the two Thelias, is the color. In T. asprella the glaucous or whitish green is more conspicuous. In T. hirtella there is less of the glaucous, with more of a yellowish tinge to the green. Possible the branches, too, are a little more slender, but this difference is scarcely distinguishable. I return a slip of the T. hirtella you sent me, for it is possible your specimen may be a little mixed which confuses you more. Their habitat is much the same. When we examine the leaf with the microscope we find the papillae in T. hirtella of this form, [little drawing] simple and curved: in T. asprella they are two lobed at the apex, thus [little drawing] This is a reliable character and at once serves to distinguish the species.


Thelia Lescurii we may have in the southern part of the state. Mr. Austin has sent me good sterile specimens of it from the Palisades. In it, the papillae are three‑lobed [little drawing] at the apex.


Your probably will be able to recognize Platygyrium repens by its brownish‑yellow hue, or green with brownish yellow dashes, in conncetion with its erect cylindrical capsule. It usually grows on old wood ‑ logs, stumps, fence rails, &c. It is scarce here and seldom found in fruit, hence I would like dome if you have it in plenty. [written above the last line:] Perhaps I may find some in the packets received this morning and not yot opened. 


Many hearty thanks for the minute Seligeria calcarea. It certainly is an unexpected prize. I was not aware we had such a species in this country. You certainly should feel gratified at finding such new and rare things.


Yours truly


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


Received Nov. 13



Vol. 2 (49) [183 and 184 ‑ two sheets]


Albany, Nov. 18th, 1865


My Dear Sir,


The mosses of Nov. 8th appear thus No. 1 I am inclined to think this is Leucodon julaceus. It is either that or very small L. brachypus. These species are so similar that I feel scarcely competent to separate them without good specimens ‑ fully developed.


2 Is a little Bryum; but as it has the leaves of that section of which Mr. L. says the determination from these alone is a mere act of guessing, I shall be wise enough not to say what it is.


3 Barbula unguiculata Hedw.


4. Hypnum laetum Brid.


5 = 1


6 = 4 notwithstanding the difference in color &c. H. laetum is an extremely variable species.


Mosses from Ohio &c


1 Dicranum scoparium var. pallidum


2 Leucobryum vulgare Hampe  Small


3 Hypnum imponens Hedw.


4 Hypnum laetum Brid.


5 Hypnum tamariscinum Hedw.


X Pylaisaea intricata Hedw.


Y Orthotrichum     ? There is no entire capsule inthe specimen


Z Drummondia clavellata Hook.


Mosses of Nov. 9th


1 Thelia hirtella Sulliv.


2 Thelia asprella Suliv.


3 & 4 Thelia hirtella


5, 6 & 7 Thelia asprella


8 Leskea rostrata Hedw.


9 Hypnum strigosum Hoffm.


10 Leskea rostrata Hedw.


x11 Bryum   ? Near B. capillare but may not be that.


12 Madotheca platyphylla    Hepat.


13 Hypnum laetum Brid.


14 & 15 Hypnum radicale Brid.


16 Hypnum serrulatum Hedw.


17 Climacium Amerianum Brid.


18 Thelia asprella




20 Hypnum crista‑castrensis L. Very poor specimen.


21 Hypnum recurvans Schwaegr.


22 Hypnum adnatum Hedw.


23 = 11


24 Aulacomnion heterostichum Br. & Sch.


25 Hypnum polymorphum Hook.


26 = 10


27 Contains a mixture of Pylaisaea intricata, Platygyrium repens and Orthotrichum Ludwigii


28 Hypnum adnatum Hedw.


29 Trichostomum tortile Schrad.


30 Fissidens adiantoides Hedw.


31 Aulacomnion palustre Schwaegr.


32 Platygyrium repens with an undeveloped Orthotrichum, probably strangulatum.


33 Orthotrichum crispulum Hornsch.


34 Hypnum serrulatum  the fruiting part. Sterile, Mnium


Mosses of Nov. 10th


1 Campylopus viridis Sulliv. & Lesq.  "semper sterile"


2 Dicranum scoparium var. pallidum


3, 8, 16, 177, 19, 20 & 21 Anomodon obtusifolius Bryol. Eur. Good specimens


4 Hypnum acuminatum Beauv. I think you have but one species here.


5 Hypnum tamariscinum Hedw. As near as I can guess without the fruit.


6 Hypnum rutabulum L.


7 Hypnum laetum Brid.


9, 10 & 14 Hypnum polymorphum Hook.


11 Encalypta streptocarpa Hedw.


12 Hypnum polymorphum and Hypnum radicale mixed.


13 Appears to be a Gymnostomum, but which species I cannot tell without the fruit.


15 Hypnum laetum Brid.


18 Leskea rostrata Hedw.


Mosses of Nov. 14th


1 & 2 Neckera pennata Hedw.


3 Drummondia clavellata Hook.


4 Neckera pennata & Madotheca platyphylla 5 Neckera pennata


6 & 7 Leptodon trihomitrium Mohr


8 Jungermannia curvifolia Dicks.




10 Drummondia clavellata Hook.


11 Orthotrichum crispulum Hornsch.


12, 13 & 14 omitted


15 Thelia hirtella Sulliv. Very fine. You have already sent me a very good supply, but a half dozen more like this will be highly prized.


16 Atrichum angustatum Beauv.


17 Hypnum laetum, H. acuminatum & Cylindrothecium cladorrhizans separated and returned according to request.


18 Platygyrium repens Bryol. Eur.


19 Hypnum radicale Brid.


20 Hypnum imponens. The only capsule sent is curved. It ought to be nearly erect. How is it in the rest of your speccimens? If all are curved I must look at it again.


21 Hypnum adnatum Hedw.


22 Fissidens adiantoides Hedw.


23 Tetraphis pellucida Hedw.


24 Platygyrium repens and Hypnum adnatum 25 & 26 27 & 28 Leskea rostrata Hedw.


29 Climacium Americanum Brid.


Pylaisaea intricata is in the packet loose. It may be for No. 9 of which I find no paper.


Nov. 16th


1 & 2 Pottia truncata Hedw.


3 Pottia truncata and what may be Archidium Ohioense ‑ but it is sterile and I am not sufficiently acquainted with that species to pronounce upon this specimen.


4 Pottia truncata and Aphanorrhegma serrata Sulliv.


5 Acaulon triquetrum  ? The fruit is set but so immature it does not help decide. Will doubtless be good next spring. It is possible the species may be A. muticum. Please send to Mr. Lesq.


6 Apparently Hypnum filicinum and Hypnum riparium mixed. There is not much reliance to be placed on determinations of imperfect, sterile specimens of such variable species as H. filicinum, H. laetum and H. riparium.


7 Also bears some resemblance to Hypnum riparium, but I can not say whether it is that or not.


8 Hypnum stellatum and a little of some species of the subgenus Calliergon.


9 Cylindrothecium seductrix Bryol. Eur.


10 Hypnum acuminatum Beauv? As I judge from the nearly erect capsules, although the general appearance is much like H. laetum.


11 Leptodon trichomitrium Mohr. Truly. The calyptra is rather more hairy than usual. Since I have been sick the women in cleaning have upset my specimens so that I can not now put my hand on the Leptodon of Chittenango Falls, but will try to look it up soon.


12 Cylindrothecium cladorrhizans Bryol. Eur.


[second sheet]  Nov. 16th continued


13 Cylindrothecium seductrix Bryol. Eur. The fruiting one.


14 Cylindrothecium seductrix. Some sterile Hypnum with it.


15 Hypnum radicale Brid.


16 omitted


17 Cylindrothecium seductrix Bryol. Eur.


18 Cylindrothecium seductrix Bryol. Eur.


19 Hypnum Haldanianum Grev.


20 Anomodon attenuatus Hartm.


21 Not determined


No number Homalothecium subcapillatum Bryol. Eur.


I must plead sickness as the cause of my long delay in answering your several communications of the past week. I have scarcely been able to do anything, and perhaps now have left more in doubt than I should have done had I felt better.


I had not intended to make the Catalogue include the Hepaticae, and in fact have not been very particular in my observations and collections of them, whence a list of them by me would be very imperfect. Still if you wish I will include such as I am well satisfied belong to us.


I return your specimen of Myurella Careyana ‑ also send one from the Helderberg Mts. ‑ also a specimen of Hypnum piliferum Schrad. from the same locality.


It is a fine but rare Hypnum.


Yours truly


Chas H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


Recd. Nov. 20



Vol. 2 (56) [176]


Albany, Nov. 21st 1865


My Dear Sir,


Many thanks for the specimens of Thelia hirtella. They are superb. They can not be surpassed. It is a little singular that the species does not grow with us, but I have never seen it here, although thelia asprella is quite common. In other places T. hirtella is usually the most plenty.


A I can not say what species of Orthotrichum this is. It appears to come  near O. cupulatum


B Climacium Americanum Brid.


C Two species. Physcomitrium pyriforme Br. & Sch. and Bartramia Muhlenbergii Schwaegr. Separated and returned. 20 "Nov. 14 Re sent" Hypnum imponens Hedw.


I return the bit of Orthotrichum Ludwigii found in No 27, Nov. 9. Also send a specimen of the same from my own collection, as the scrap in your paper is scarcely sufficient to give a good idea of the species.


I have again looked at the specimen of Leptodon from Chittenango Falls. It is certainly Leptodon trichomitrium.


I this morning mailed to Mr. Lesqx. fresh specimens of our Helderberg Anomodon. I am determined that this shall be called Anomodon viticulosus for it would not look well to have our largest species of Anomodon just venturing over the lines, as if it hardly dared to be an inhabitant of our state.


Yours truly


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


Received Nov. 13



Vol. 2 (63) [D169]


Albany, Nov. 24th /65


My Dear Sir,


Yours of yesterday is at hand.


No 1 Desmatodon arenaceus Sulliv. & Lesqx. The sterile moss with it is Hypnum Sullivantii


2 the capsule is of Barbula mucronifolia. The rest is Leskea rostrata Hedw.


3 Campylopus viridis Sulliv. & Lesq.


4 "1" Is not the Leskea.


"2" the capsule belongs to a stem of Pylaisaea intricata intermixed.


"3" The rest of it is Hypnum radicale brid. 5 Anomodon viticulosus Hook. & Tayl.


6 Anomodon attenuatus Hartm.


7 Barbula tortouosa Web. & Mohr


8 Encalypta streptocarpa Hedw.


9 & 10 Hypnum abietinum L. Hypnum Sprucei I have not seen, but suppose it to be much smaller than this; about the size of H. subtile, minutissimum, or perhaps radicale.


11 Hypnum laetum Brid.


12 The liverwort is Radula complanata Dumort.


13 Hypnum Sullivantii Spruce Also one or two stems of Mnium. Returned. You are fortunate in finding it in fruit. This is one of the things for which I made my recent eventful trip to the Helderbergs. I found the moss but without any fruit.


14 Hypnum rutabulum L.


15 Hypnum rutabulum But one species. Returned. 


16 Hypnum strigosum Hoffm.


17 Hypnum riparium Hedw.


18 Hypnum crista‑castrensis L.


19 Hypnum triquetrum L.


20 Hypnum rugosum Ehrh. Rather rare, though I found it in plenty on "Sun Set Rock" Catskill Mts. Never saw it in fruit. Usually grows on very thin soil covering rocks in exposed situations.


21 Contains 4 species viz:


Anomodon attenuatus Hartm.


Hypnum laetum Brid.


Hypnum rutabulum L.


Hypnum Alleghaniense C. Mull.


22 Hypnum rutabulum L.




The long legged moss which I return is Meesia longiseta Hedw. Never saw it before. It is a fine thing. We have Meesia uliginosa along the railroad west of Albany.


The moss from the District of Columbia is correctly named. I have specimens of it from the banks of the Potomac, sent by my brother while in the army. It was among the last acts of his life. I believe, however, that Mr. Lesqx. has found it in our state. Dexter & Nellegar of this city generally keep microscopes. I recently purchased one for Miss Waterbury. They were then about out. I will inquire if they have a new lot in. I purchased mine there about three years ago, cost $14. It is a simple one, but answers all practical purposes for the investigation of mosses. There is no apparatus with it for measuring diameters, but it is a good working instrument. Miss W's cost $12, but is not quite so powerful a magnifier.


I have no description of O. cupulatum to which I can refer, except that given in the Manual. Muscological literature in the State Library is very meagre. The Manual, Icones, a little pamphlet‑like work of Schwaegrichen and turner's Irish mosses comprise about all. I did think of getting Muller's Synopsis but the price is too much for me. The same might be said of the Bryologia Europaea. I however have asked Mr. L. concerning the correctness of the Manual description, supposing he would have no objections to the correction of error in any shape.


Yours truly


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


Received Nov. 26


Vol. 2 (70) [D 161]


Albany, Nov. 29th, 1865


My Dear Sir,


Your letter of yesterday is at hand. I return a bit of the Hyp. Blandowii from both localities from which you sent it. I sent about half I had to Mr. Sulliv. (as Mr. Lesqx. was then absent from home) for his confirmation, but never heard from it. I wish I had the specimens back again now as no good seems to have come from their use.


Accept also a specimen of Hyp. Haldanianum from Sand Lake. It is quite ocmmon there and generally has a yellowish silky hue, but not always. Its capsule is much like that of Hyp. imponens, but perhaps a little more curved. I have not yet received Mr. Le.s answer to my last queries.


Yours truly


Chas. H. Peck


P.S. I have made inquiry concerning microscopes. Dexter & Nellegar have none at present. They expect to get some soon.




Judge G. W. Clinton


Recd. Dec.1


[Dexter & Nellegar ‑ spelled right?]



Vol. 2 (80) [D151]


Albany, Dec. 5th 1865


My Dear Sir,


The specimens bearing mail mark Dec. 2nd are


No1 Hypnum rutabulum L.


2 Hypnum hispidulum Brid.


3 Hypnum reptile Michx. the fruiting. There also appears to be some sterile H. laetum


4 Hypnum riparium Hedw.


5 Dicranum varium Hedw.


6 Atrichum angustatum Beauv.


7 2 species: Jungermannia curvifolia Dicks. Small one Jungermannia Schraderi Martin. Larger one


8 Hypnum laetum Brid.


9 Cylindrothecium cladorrhizans Bryol. Eur.


The sterile one mixed with it is Hypnum imponens probably. 10 Hypnum radicale Brid.



Mail mark Dec. 4


A Aphanorhegma serrata Sulliv. with one capsule and plant of Funaria hygrometrica


B A Hepatic which I can not determine to my satisfaction


C & D I think these papers contain one thing which I would call Hypnum diversifolium Bryol. Eur.


The species is new to me and, although the fruit is in excellent condition, from the limited quantity and stinted growth of the plant I am scarcely positive that my determination is correct. I hope, however, it will prove to be so, for it will be another to add to our list of New York mosses.


E Hypnum strigosum Hoffm. (The fertile one) In my recent trip to the Helderbergs I found a marked variety of this species. I sent it to Mr. Lesqx. who, in his remarks concerning it, says also of Hypnum diversifolium


"I am not quite satisfied that H. diversifolium of Schimper is a good species. It may be still a variety of H. strigosum modified by dry ground. It grows on the top of hills under Chestnuts on dry sand and has a quite different appearance of yours" ‑ referring to the var. of H. strigosum I sent him.


He says the Helderberg Anomodon of which I have said so much and of which I sent him fresh specimens is A. viticulosus and not A. apiculatus. At this I am greatly rejoiced for it detracts a little from the relative importance of Goat Island. Of course all the specimens I have named A. apiculatus for you, on the strength of their resemblance to my specimens under their erroneous name, must be changed to A. viticulosus. Indeed I think you sent me no A. apiculatus except the specimen from Akron.


I send a specimen from the Helderbergs. It is exceedingly abundant there on rocks both moist and dry, and bears pistillidia but no antheridia and no fruit.


Yours truly


Charles H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


Received Dec. 7



Vol. 2 (81) [D150]


Colombus O. Dec 6th /65


Hon. G. W. Clinton Buffalo


My dear Sir. There is no difference whatever in all the specimens of Fissidens Grandifrons which you have sent me except a slight difference caused by the age of the plant and its more or less great exposure to dripping water. Hence you may consider the whole as Fissidens Grandifrons. I suppose that you do not want your specimens and as I am just preparing the Fissidens for the Musci, I will use them in the sets [? sp.]


I went yesterday to Mr. Sullivant for examining the question of Seligeria recurvata. I find in his collection good specimens of the species collected about 20 years ago twenty miles north of Columbus [sic] on limestone banks by Mr. Robinson. There is also a paper labelled Seligeria calcarea marked 5 miles above Columbus, deep snake den in limestone. Mr. Sullivant says that he forgot to put this specimen in the manual. But it is perhaps still doubtfull and referable only to S. recurvata. In any case as this S. calcarea has never been mentioined as found before in the U.S. you are of course considered as the discoverer of it. I wish you a fine and happy Thanksgiving day with Turkey, Plum pudding and every other good thing at your liking. As for giving thanks for what we get in this world, there is not a single man though poor and deprived he may be, who can not find reasons for gratefullness and praise to the omnipotent Giver.


Yours very truly


L. Lesquereux


Received Dec. 8 Wrote him Dec. 9



Vol. 2 (85) [D145]


Albany, Dec. 8th 1865


My Dear Sir,


Yours of yesterday is at hand. Mr. Austin also sent me Acaulon muticum from Brooklyn. I am glad you found it. I was never so fortunate. I think Mr. L. is pretty nearly correct in saying that "no Bartramia is determinable without the fruit", yet I supposed B. Oederi and B. pomiformis were so different from the others and from each other as to be distinguished without fruit. Still there may be foreign forms closely resembling them. I certainly find great difficulty in separating many species of other genera without good fruiting specimens e.g. Bryum Mnium and Hypnum in part. I fear also that I have blundered some and helped to mislead you in the case of Leucodon brachypus as L. julaceus. I am under the impression now that I have mistaken some of your specimens of L. julaceus for small L. brachypus. I will send you a good fruiting specimen of each that you may get as correct a notion as possible of them. The comparatively shorter pedicel, with longer perichaeth [sic] will at once distinguish L. brachypus. It also usually has the branches longer and leaves more secund. A part of this specimen was pressed when the leaves were moist, which to some extent obscures this last character. I have never found L. julaceus or else I have mistakenly passed it by for a young or stunted growth of L. brachypus. I am glad of the male plant of Hypnum acuminatum.


I sent Mr. Paine most of my spare specimens of Panicum xanthophysum ‑ it being late when I found it I was obliged to take a few tardy stinted specimens from which the fruit had not dropped. Will send one. I know the exact locality and hope to get more next season. I made several trips to the plains in search of the Onosmodium you wished but did not find it.


Yours truly


C. H. Peck


Judge G. Clinton


Received Dec. 10



Vol. 2 (86) [D144]


Albany, Dec. 9th 1865


My Dear Sir,


No 1 is Funaria hygrometrica var. calvescens


2 contains only male flowers. I can not tell what it is. the areolation &c of the leaves is like Bryum.


3 Platygyrium repens Bryol. Eur.


4 seems to be young Ceratodon purpureus. There is also Barbula unguiculata mixed with No. 1


Mr. Lesqx. passed my queries concerning the manual description of Orthotricum cupulatum in silence; thus confirming your surmises. I suppose this should be understood as an affirmation of the incorrectness of that description.


Yours truly,


Charles H. Peck


Received Dec. 10



Vol. 2 (91) [D139]


Columbus Dec. 11th /65 


Hon. G. W. Clinton


Both N.1 & 2 are right: Hypnum diversifolium Schp. Specimen being fine I wish to keep them for my own Herbarium, if you do not want them. I return the balance all the species being also rightly named. That Jungermania may not be J. anomala. I have no time to look for it and compare. Sent to


Austin. I also return that specimen of Hypnum revolvens. You will see that it is quite different form what you sent lately. Yours in haste.


L. Lesquereux


Received Dec. 13




Vol. 2 (93) [D137]


Albany, Dec. 12th 1865


My Dear Sir,


Yours of yesterday is at hand. In regard to the No 2 of your previous letter ‑ the little knobs or thickenings among the leaves, are as you suppose, the little collections of antheridia. The moss may or may not belong to the genus Bryum ‑ the appearance of the leaves and the areolation, closely resemble those of many species in that genus. Sould Mr. L. decide upon it, please send me its name.


You ask my opinion of Mr. Paine's Catalogue. I think it a valuable one. It gives evidence of much labor and patient research. The fullness with which localities of the more rare and interesting plants are given, is in my opinion one of its excellencies as a local catalogue. I see that Mr. P. is not disposed to lump the Carices quite as much as Gray does. And here a question occurs to me in reference to the manner of writing specific names. I see in this catalogue and Report that all the trivial names, whether personal names or substantives or adjectives are printed alike ‑ no distinction being made by the initial letter. I have observed the same thing in other recent publications e.g. in the Entomological Synopses written for the Smithsonian Institution. Gray lays down a different rule in his Systematic Botany. My question then is this: Is this method of printing specific names now customary and to be followed in the publication of Catalogues and Reports only, or is it becoming a general custom to be adopted eventually in al lscientific works? I think I have observed a note in some work ‑ I think one of the Procedings of the Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, which attributes to Prof. Haldeman the opinion that all specific names should begin with no capital.


Have you found Trichostomum rigidulum? Mr. L. in his last letter to me conveys that idea to me. Have all the mosses you have sent me, been collected within our own borders except when otherwise stated?


Yours truly


Chas. H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


Received Dec. 15 & answered



Vol. 2 (100) [D130]


Albany, Dec. 14th 1865


My Dear Sir,


Yours of yesterday is at hand. I recognize the H. revolvens at once as the fellow you sent from Bergen Swamp mixed with Hypnum stellatum. I would like more of both these, even though sterile, should you find them plentiful enough.


I am glad to know that we may add Hypnum diversifolium to our list. It is a species I have never found. I have done almost nothing of late in the way of collecting.


Yours truly


Chas H. Peck


Judge G. W. Clinton


Received Dec. 15