BOTANICAL EVALUATION OF THE GOAT ISLAND COMPLEX, NIAGARA FALLS, NEW YORK
P. M. Eckel
Buffalo Museum of Science
1020 Humboldt Pkwy
Buffalo, NY 14211 U.S.A.
www.buffalomuseumofscience.org

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BOTANICAL EVALUATION OF THE GOAT ISLAND COMPLEX,
NIAGARA FALLS, NEW YORK

Table of Contents

Introduction
Annual Reports
Acknowledgements

Part I: The Physical Features
The Physical Setting
Geology
Glaciers
Hydrology
Erosion
Ice
Climate
Pollution
Sediments
Soil
Catalogue of Shells Found on Goat Island
Pre-1885 Land Use in the Goat Island Complex
The Forest Condition in 1885

Part II: Vegetation
Vegetation of Localities in the Goat Island Complex
    A. Goat Island

      1. Central Woods Remnant
      2. North Slope
          a. The Spring
          b. Flats on the North Side
      3. Crest Vegetation
      4. Base of Goat Island
      5. Terrapin Point Complex
      6. South Slope
      7. Flats Just Upriver of the Horseshoe Falls
      8. The Eastern Meadow
      9. Ballast
   B. Islands in the American Channel
   C. Green (or Bath) Island
   D. Luna Island
   E. The Three Sisters and Brother Island:
      General Discussion

      1. The First Sister Island
      2. The Second Sister Island
      3. The Third Sister Island
      4. Brother Island
   F. Old River Margin Habitats
   G. Rocky Banks and Boulder Habitats
   H. Stone Bridge to the First Sister

Part III: The Flora
Origins of the Flora
Diversity
History of Botanical Activity at Niagara Falls
  Botanists on Goat Island
    The Diary of David Douglas
    The Diary of Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker
    The Diary of George William Clinton
    David F. Day
Voucher Specimens
Historical Botanical Specimens
Botanical Type Localities at Niagara Falls
  The Algal Flora
  The Fungal Flora
  The Lichen Flora
     Notes on the Lichens of Goat Island, Niagara Falls, by Richard C. Harris
  The Moss and Hepatic Flora
     Bryophytes: Historical Discussion
Vascular Flora of Goat Island
Summary of the Rare Plants of the Goat Island Complex
Weeds
Catalogue and Brief Bibliography of the Noxious Plants in the Goat Island Complex
Numerical Studies
Numerical Summary of the Flora of the Goat Island Complex Over the Two-Century Reporting Period

Numerical Description of the Distribution of Taxa in the Goat Island Complex
Numerical Assessment of the Floral Changes on Goat Island Exclusive of the Adjacent Islands
Vegetation Sampling Analysis Results and Data

Appendices
Appendix I: John Goldie in North America, Part I: Niagara Falls and the Theory of Evolution.
Appendix II: Goldie in North America, Part II: Botanical and General Observations.

Bibliography