THE BOTANICAL JOURNAL OF G. W. CLINTON
Rendered by P. M. Eckel
Editor, The Clinton Papers
Buffalo Museum of Science
Missouri Botanical Garden, Res Botanica
www.mobot.org/plantscience/ResBot/
Botanical Index: October 29, 2004

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BOTANICAL INDEX

Transcribed, with synonymy, by P. M. Eckel

The botanical collecting journal of George W. Clinton, written 1862 through 1872 and which is conserved at the Buffalo Museum of Science, Buffalo, New York, has two rather unusual features: in Clinton's own handwriting there is an index to his own botanical references in the text of the journal. One finds the scientific name in the index, and one should be able to find in the journal text the conditions under which the species was found. Here was distributional information relating to the local flora around the city of Buffalo and the general region in western New York and the peninsular region of what is now the Regional Municipality of Niagara in Ontario, Canada. There is also populational information, substrate, and ecological notes. This is a snapshot of a flora that in most respects no longer exists, but was extensively collected and documented during the 1860's.

 

This index is also, in a sense, an extended herbarium label. The collections Clinton made in the days noted were pressed and mounted and sent to various institutions in the United States and Europe. They form the basis of the ninth oldest continuously existing herbarium in the United States, the Clinton Herbarium (BUF) of the Buffalo Museum of Science in Buffalo, New York.

 

Clinton's individual herbarium labels are generally without any habitat data, and often without locality data. The journal, together with the index presented below, is expected to provide more details (data) with respect to the specimens residing in BUF and other herbaria that retain his collections.

 

Note that the index presented here is part of an ongoing initiative by myself to transcribe and edit Clinton's journal and the collection of his correspondence still housed in the research library of the Buffalo Museum of Science. It is important to gather and process this information at this time because the Buffalo Museum has, as in so many other instances around the world, changed from a scientific institution with a distinguished collection of specimens, correspondence, books and other information resources that took over a century of dedicated effort to collect and curate, into what is essentially a science center for children, abandoning a professionally mediated 150-year baseline study of historical change in the regional flora.

 

The editor's contribution here is to provide an updated nomenclature to the plants, including a few lichens, liverworts and mosses and algae, noted in the journal. Clinton's nomenclature follows the fifth edition of Asa Gray's Manual of the Botany of the Northern United States, including the District East of the Mississippi and North of North Carolina and Tennessee, published in 1867. Clinton was in active correspondence with Gray from at least 1862 regarding the identification and nomenclature of his plants. He intended to build a scientific research collection for the city of Buffalo, but also contributed to that of the State herbarium, located in Albany, New York State.

 

Clinton's interest in garden species gives some insight into the horticultural trade in Buffalo in the 1860's, but also, in an earlier decade, into such plants that took his interest as they had been present in people's gardens before Clinton turned from the law (he was a lawyer and a Superior Court Judge, and a New York State Regent, with additional responsibilities) to botany.

 

Such horticultural material also was an indication of the nascent interest in forming a distinguished horticultural garden for the city of Buffalo, now located south of that city in Lackawanna - the South Park Conservatory. Although Clinton himself was primarily interested in the science of botany, his great friend and legal colleague, David F. Day, would be a prime mover in both the horticultural institution, as well as that of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences, the organization that gave rise to the Buffalo Museum of Science, for which Clinton served as first president. His friend Day would succeed him in that capacity after Clinton retired to Albany, New York, later in the century (he died in 1885).

 

Nomenclature follows the most modern synopsis of the species occuring or to have occurred in the State of New York by Richard S. Mitchell and Gordon C. Tucker (1997). Much nomenclature in synonymy not mentioned in this synopsis was derived from Homer House's extraordinary annotated list of the plants of the State, published in 1924, wherein exhaustive synonymy is given, with particular attention to the various early editions of Gray's Manual of Botany. Horticultural information was derived from Liberty Hyde Bailey's Manual of Cultivated Plants (1949). Liverwort nomenclature follows Raymond Stotler and Barbara Crandall-Stotler's (1977) North American Checklist. Mosses follow the North American checklist by Anderson, Crum and Buck (1990) with earlier references from the Index Muscorum (Van der Wijk et al. 1959-1969).

 

It is expected that the actual text of the species entries can be collected in a future posting to accompany this list. An example would be that for Dirca palusstris, May 5, 1866, the Leatherwood or Moosewood, growing with an abundance of other spring wildflowers at a local favorite haunt of rambling botanists from Buffalo, south of the city, and the State Line Railroad, later to become a part of the Erie Railroad system:

 

At Smokes' Creek wood on St. L. R. R.: 'Have noticed in flower,   this Spring, besides Elms, willows, poplars, alders, maples, Caltha   palustris, Anemone nemorosa, Hepatica acutiloba, Ranunculus abortivus, Caulophyllum, Cardamine rhomboidea, Dentaria laciniata, Dicentra cucullaria & Canadensis, Sanguinaria, Claytonia (both), Viola cucullata & pubescens,   Stellaria media, Dirca ...'

 

 

Below, all words not actually transcribed from Clinton's collecting journal are given in square brackets.

 


 

Indexes

I. Botanical.

II. Local, Personal & Miscellaneous [in progress].

 


 

Botanical Index.

[All years underlined, dittoes before each epithet under the first one.]

 

A.

 

Abies. 1864. June 8.

  Canadensis. 1862. June 19.

    [Abies canadensis Michx.  = Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr.]

  nigra. 1864. Sept. 2.

    [Black Spruce: Abies nigra Poir. = Picea nigra (Ait.) Link = Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP]

  alba. 1864. Sept. 2.

    [White Spruce = Picea alba Link = = Picea canadensis (Mill.) BSP = Picea glauca(Moench) Voss]

 

Abutilon Avicennae. 1863. Aug. 5. Sept. 11. Oct. 4. 1864. Sept. 10, 12. Oct. 18.

    [Abutilon avicennae Gaertn. = Abutilon theophrasti Medik.]

 

Acalypha Virginica. 1862. Sept. 11. 13. 1867. p. 205.

    [Acalypha virginica L., Three-seeded Mercury]

 

Acer. 1864. May. 1. 1865. June 4. 1866. May 5.

    ? [sic] 1862. June 6.

  spicatum. 1862. June 20.

    [Acer spicatum Lam., Mountain Maple]

  Pennsylvanicum. 1863. May 28. June 25. 1874. Oct. 18.

    [Acer pensylvanicum L. Striped Maple]

  saccharinum. 1864. May 12. June 10. 1868. May 15.

    [Acer saccharinum L., Silver Maple]

  nigrum.

    [Acer nigrum Michx. f. Black Maple]

  dasycarpum. 1863. Ap. 23 [crossed out: 24. May 10: probably reidentified.] 1864. June 7.

    [Acer dasycarpum Ehrh. = Acer saccharinum L.]

  rubrum. 1863. Ap. 23. 24. May 10.

    [Acer rubrum L. Red Maple] 

 

Achillea millefolium. 1863. June 18. Aug. 2.

    [Achillea millefolium L., Common Yarrow]

  tomentosa. 1867. June 11.

    [Achillea tomentosa Pursh = A. lanulosa Nutt. = A. millefolium var. occidentalis DC.

 

Aconitum napellus. 1864. July 18.

    [Aconitum napellus L. Turk's-cap, Garden Monk's-hood, Wolf's-bane, cultivated.]

 

Acorus Calamus. 1862. June 24.

    [Acorus calamus of American authors, not L. = Acorus americanus (Raf.) Raf. Sweet Flag]

 

Actaea spicata. 1864. July 15.

    [Actaea spicata var. alba L. = A. alba (L.) Mill.  White Baneberry = Actaea

  pachypoda Ell.

    [Actaea spicata var. rubra Ait. = A. rubra (Ait.) Willd. Red Baneberry  =   

    Actaea spicata ssp. rubra (Ait.) Hulten]

 

Adiantum pedatum. 1862. Aug. 4.

    [Adiantum pedatum L. Maidenhair Fern]

 

Adlumia cirrhosa. 1864. June 15. 30. Oct. 3.

    [Adlumia cirrhosa Raf. = Adlumia fungosa  (Ait.) Greene ex BSP. Allegheny Vine, Mountain Fringe, Climbing Fumitory]

 

Aesculus glabra. 1862. May 21.

    [Aesculus glabra Willd. Ohio Buckeye]

  hippocastanum [DATE?]

    [Aesculus hippocastanum L. Horse-chestnut]

  flava. 1864. June 16.

    [Aesculus flava Ait., Sweet Buckeye, "Rich woods, Virginia to Ohio, Indiana, and southward. p. 118 Ed 5]

  Pavia. 1865. May 30.

    [Aesculus Pavia L., Red Buckeye "Fertile valleys, Virginia, Kentucky, and southward." Gray's Manual ed 5 p. 115].

 

Aethusa Cynapium. 1863. Sept. 17.

    [Aethusa cynapium L. Fool's-Parsley in the Apiaceae, cultivated]

 

Ageratum. 1862. Sept. 14.

    [Ageratum conyzoides L. Wild Ageratum = Eupatorium coelestinum Mistflower, Wild Ageratum, Blue Boneset, Purple Boneset, cultivated]

 

Agrimonia eupatoria. 1862. July 9. 26.

    [Agrimonia eupatoria L., Agrimony, Cocklebur, cultivated]

 

Agrostemma Githago. 1862. July 9.

    [Agrostemma githago L. Corn-cockle, Corn-rose, Purple Cockle, cultivated]

 

Agrostis. 1864. July 7. 13. 1865. July 19. 22. 1866. Sept. 20. 23.

  scabra. 1863. Aug. 21.

    [Agrostis scabra Willd. Hairgrass, Fly-away Grass, Ticklegrass]

  vulgaris.

    [Agrostis vulgaris With. = Agrostis tenuis Sibth. = Agrostis capillaris L., Colonial bent, Rhode Island bent, cultivated]

  alba. 1863. July 24. Sept. 6. 22. 1864. June 28.

    [Agrostis alba of authors, not L. = Agrostis stolonifera var. major (Gaud.) Farw. = Agrostis gigantea Roth, Redtop, Black Bent, cultivated.]

[in pencil: perennans?] 1865. July 19. 22.

   [Agrostis perennans (Walt.) Tuckerm. Autumn Bent, Upland Bent]

 

Ailanthus glandulosus. 1878. Oct. 12.

    [Ailanthus glandulosa Desf. = Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle, Tree of Heaven]

 

Aira caespitosa. 1864. July 7. 1865. June 15.

    [Aira caespitosa L. = Deschampsia caespitosa (L.) Beauv. Tufted Hairgrass]

  flexuosa. 1864. July 12.

    [Aira flexuosa L. = Deschampsia flexuosa (L.) Trin. Common Hairgrass]

 

Alisma plantago. 1862. July 15.

    [Alisma plantago-aquatica of American authors in part not L., = Alisma subcordatum Raf., Water-plantain.]

 

Allium 1862. June 13.

  Canadense. 1862. June 1. 28. July 11. 1864. July 6. 1878. May 7.

    [Allium canadense L. Wild Garlic, Wild Onion]

 tricoccum. 1862. June 25. July 11. 1863. Ap. 26.

    [Allium tricoccum Ait., Wild Leek, Ramp]

  Schoenoprasum. 1864. July 16.

    [Gray in the Fifth Edition of his manual lists A. schoenoprasum, the "Var. with recurved tips to the sepals (A. Sibiricum, L.) Shore of Lakes Huron, Superior, and northward." p. 534 as introduced from Europe (the Garden Chives). The variety sibiricum is considered native, but has usually been lumped with the European species as an introduction].

 

Allosorus atropurpureus. 1862. Sept. 11. 1863. Sept. 11.

    [Allosorus atropurpureus  (L.) Kunze ex Presl. = Pellaea atropurpurea (L.) Link, Purple Cliff-brake]

 

Alnus. 1864. Ap. 4. 29. 1866. May 5. 1867. Sept. 21. 1878. Oct. 29.

  incana. 1863. Ap. 10. June 12. 1864. May 24.

    [Alnus incana (L.) Moench, Speckled Alder]

  serrulata. 1864. May 24. July 4. Nov. 1.

    [Alnus serrulata (of Day, 1882) = Alnus incana ssp. rugosa (DuRoi) Clausen, Hazel Alder]

 

Alopecurus aristulatus. 1862. Aug. 3.

    [Alopecurus aristulatus Michx. = Alopecurus aequalis Sobol, Short-awned Foxtail]

  geniculatus. 1863. June 10. 24.

    [Alopecurus geniculatus L. Marsh Foxtail]

 

Alsine Michauxii. 1864. June 1.

    [Alsine Michauzii Fenzl = Arenaria stricta Michx. = Minuartia michauxii (Fenzl) Farw. Rock Sand-wort]

  Groenlandica. 1863. July 31.

    [This is perhaps a mistake by Clinton for Arenaria groenlandica (Retz.) Spreng. in Gray's Fifth edition. Its current name is Minuartia groenlandica Retz.) Ostenf., Mountain Sand-wort]

 

Althaea rosea. 1862. Oct. 7. 1863. Aug. 15.

    [Althaea rosea (L.) Cav. = Alcea rosea L. Garden Hollyhock]

  ficifolia. 1862. Oct. 7.

    [Althaea filicifolia Cav. is an unusual cultivated plant, not often grown with large lemon-yellow to orange flowers in terminal spikes; European.]

 

Alyssum. 1864. July 10.

  calycinum. 1863. June 5. Sept. 11. 14. 1864. July 8. Sept. 12. 13. 1867. Oct. 3. 1868. June 16. 1875. June 27.

    [Alyssum calycinum L. = Alyssum alyssoides (l.) L., Yellow Alyssum]

 

Amarantus. 1864. Nov. 1. 1865. Sept. 7. 1866. Sept. 14.

  hypochondriacus. 1865. Aug. 25.

    [Amaranthus hypochondriacus L., Prince's Feather]

  hybridus

    [Amaranthus hybridus L., Green Amaranth, Pigweed, Prince's-Feather]

  retroflexus

    [Amaranthus retroflexus L., Green Amaranth, Pigweed]

  [spinosus. 1865. Sept. 10. 1866. Sept. 15. 23. 1868. Sept. 5.

    Amaranthus spinosus L., Spiny Amaranth]

  albus.

    [Amaranthus albus L., Tumbleweed, Pale Amaranth]

  melancholicus.

    [Amaranthus melancholicus L. = Amaranthus tricolor L., a garden plant.]

  polygonoides. 1863. Aug. 4. 1864. Oct. 15.

    [Amaranthus polygonoides L. is a native plant, but only in Texas, Florida and South Carolina.]  

 

Ambrosia trifida. 1862. July 27.

    [Ambrosia trifida L., Great Ragweed, Giant Ragweed]

  "       "    var. 1865. Sept. 10.

    [There is, in synonymy with the above, an A. trifida var. integrifolia (Muhl.) Torr. & Asa Gray]

  artemisiaefolia.

    [Ambrosia artemisiifolia L., Common Ragweed]

 

Amelanchier Canadensis. 1862. May 13. 1863. Sept. 15. 1864. May 17. 1866. May 5.

    [Amelanchier canadensis (L.) Medik., Canadian Shadbush, Serviceberry, Juneberry]

 

Ammannia humilis. 1864. Ap. 4.

    [Ammania humilis Michx. = Ammania ramosior L. = Rotala ramosior (L.) Koehne ex Mart., Tooth-cup, rare in New York State, a species in the Lythraceae; Ammannia is an alternative spelling, House 1924.

  latifolia. 1864. Ap. 4.

    [As Ammannia latifolia L. in the Fifth edition of Gray's Manual "Ohio, Illinois, and southward. Ship-yards, Philadelphia, an immigrant from the south, C. F. Parker" (p. 182); this is a species native to the southern United States.] 

 

Amphicarpaea monoica. 1862. Aug. 11.

    [Amphicarpaea monoica (L.) Ell. = Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Rickett & Stafleu, Hog Peanut.]

 

Ampelopsis qinquefolia. 1862. July 16.

    [Ampelopsis quinquefolia (L.) Michx. = Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch ex DC., Virginia Creeper]

 

Anacharis Canadensis. 1862. June 13.

    [Anacharis canadensis (Rich ex Michx.) Planch. = Elodea canadensis Rich ex Michx., Waterweed]

 

Anagallis arvensis. 1862. Sept. 14.

    [Anagallis arvensis L., Scarlet Pimpernel]

 

Andromeda polifolia. 1864. Aug. 13. 1866. July 18. 1875. Oct. 15. 16. 1877.June 18-20.

    [Andromeda polifolia varieties = Andromeda glaucophylla Link, Bog Rosemary]

 

Andropogon furcatus. 1863. Aug. 6. 11. 18. Sept. 11. Oct. 17. 1864. Sept. 6.

    [Andropogon furcatus Muhl. = Andropogon gerardii Vitm., Big Bluestem]

  "     scoparius. 1863. Sept. 4. 9. 11.

    [Andropogon scoparius Michx. var. scoparius = Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash ssp. scoparium, Little Bluestem]

 

Anemone nemorosa. 1862. May 11. 13. July 9. 1866. May 5.

    [Anemone nemorosa var. quinquefolia (L.) Pursh = Anemone quinquefolia L. Wood Anemone, Snowdrops]

  cylindrica. 1862. July 3 & 4. 9. 1866. July 11.

    [Anemone cylindrical Gray, Long-fruited Anemone, Thimbleweed]

  Virginica. 1862. June 26.

    [Anemone virginiana L., Thimbleweed]

  Pennnsylvanica. 1862. June 8. 1865. June 21. 1876. June 13.

    [Anemone pennsylvanica L. = Anemone canadensis L. Canada Anemone, Windflower]

  multifida. 1864. June 2.

    [Anemone multifida Poir. ex Lam., Cut-leaf Anemone, a native species in New York State, now considered to have been extirpated (Mitchell & Tucker 1997 p. 31.]

 

Anethum foeniculum. 1862. Oct. 9.

    [Anethum in part = Foeniculum according to A. Wood (no date)  The American Botanist and Florist, Part IV; (Foeniculum foeniculum (L.) Karst. = Foeniculum vulgare Mill., the Garden Fennel]

  graveolens. 1864. Aug. 13.

    [Anethum graveolens L., the Garden Dill]

 

Anomodon viticulosus. 1865. Sept. 23. 27. Oct. 18. 21. Nov. 3. 4.

    [Anomodon viticulosus (Hedw.) Hook. & Tayl.]

 

Annona triloba 1863. May 21. Oct. 20, 21, 22, 28. Nov. 2. 1864. May 23. 1868. June 12.

   [Annona triloba L. = Asimina triloba (L.) Dunal, Pawpaw]

 

Anthemis arvensis. 1868. June 12.

    [Anthemis arvensis L., Corn Chamomile, Dog Fennel]

 

Anthoxanthum oderatum. 1866. July 7.

    [Anthoxanthum odoratum L., Sweet Vernal Grass]

 

Antennaria. 1862. Aug. 1.

  plantaginifolia. 1862. May 15. 1865. June 1.

    [Antennaria plantaginifolia (L.) Richards., Everlasting, Pussy's-Toes, Lady's Tobacco]

  margaritacea. 1862. Aug. 9.

    [Antennaria margaritacea (L.) R. Br. = Anaphalis margaritacea (L.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex Clarke,, Pearly Everlasting]

 

Antirrhinum orontium. 1869. July 9. 13.

    [Antirrhinum orontium L., Lesser Snapdragon]

 

Anychia dichotoma. 1864. Ap. 11. 1866. Sept. 20.

    [Anychia dichotoma Michx. not L. = Paronychia canadensis (L.) Wood, Forked Chickweed].

 

Aphyllon uniflorum. 1863. June 5. 21.               

    [Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) Torrey & Asa Gray ex Asa Gray = Orobanche uniflora L., One-Flowered Cander-root]

 

Apios tuberosa. 1862. Aug. 28. Sept. 6. 1863. Sept. 5. 25.

    [Apios tuberosa Moench = Apios Americana Medik., Groundnut]

 

Apium petroselinum [=Parsley] . 1866. July 11.

    [Apium petroselinum L. = Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nyman ex Hill, Parsley of gardens.]

 

Aplectrum hyemale. 1862. June 25. Oct. 14. 1863. June 9.

  1865. June 23.

  1865. Aug. 23.

    [Aplectrum hyemale (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt., Putty-root Orchid, Adam-and-Eve]

 

Apocynum cannabinum. 1862. July 24. 1863. July 17. 1864. July 4. 8.

  hypericifolium.  TO DO

    [Apocynum cannabinum L., Clasping-leaved Dogbane, Indian Hemp, Dogbane ]

 

Aquilegia Canadensis. 1862. June 3. 1863. May 23.

    [Aquilegia Canadensis L., Wild Columbine, Red Columbine]

  vulgaris 1868. June 21.

    [Aquilegia vulgaris L., Garden Columbine]

 

Arabis. 1862. June 20. 21. July 19. Aug. 14. 1863. June 24. 1864. May 23.

  lyrata. 1862. May 17. June 26. July 3 & 4. Oct. 1. 1865. May 23.

    [Arabis lyrata L., Lyre-leaved Rock Cress]

  hirsuta. 1862. June 20. 1863. June 5. 1864. June 2. 1865. June 1.

    [Arabis  hirsuta (L.) Scop., Hairy Rock Cress ]

  laevigata. 1862. July 9. 1863. June 10. 19. 23.

    [Arabis laevigata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Poir. ex Lam., Smooth Rock Cress ]

  Canadensis. 1862. July 3 & 4. 9. 1863. June 19.

    [Arabis Canadensis L., Sickle-pod]

  perfoliata. vide Turritis glabra.

    [Turritis glabra L. = Arabis perfoliata Lam. = Arabis glabra (L.) Bernh., Tower-cress, Tower-mustard]

  Drummondii.  "  "  stricta. 

    [Turritis stricta Graham, not Arabis stricta Huds. according to House, 1924 p.365 = Arabis drummondii A. Gray, Drummond's Rock Cress]

 

Aralia. See Panax.

  spinosa. 1862. Ap. 24.

    [Aralia spinosa L.,, Hercules' Club ]

  racemosa. 1862. May 27.

    [Aralia racemosa L., Spikenard]

  hispida. 1862. Aug. 17. 1863. May 29. Jun3 26. July 15. 19. Aug. 2. 1865. July 29. 1875. July 21.

    [Aralia hispida Vent., Bristly Sarsaparilla]

  nudicaulis. 1862. May 19. June 1.

    [Aralia nudicaulis L., Wild Sarsaparilla]

 

Archangelica atropurpurea. 1862. June 23.

    [Archangelica atropurpurea Hoffm. = Angelica atropurpurea L, Purple-stemmed Angelica]

  hirsuta. 1862. Aug. 8. 27. 1864. Sept. 24. 1878. Oct. 16. 17.

    [Archangelica hirsute Torrey & Asa Gray = Angelica venenosa (Greenway) Fern., Hairy Angelica, Deadly Angelica]

 

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. 1862. July 5. 1863. June 5. Aug. 24. 28. Sept. 11. 1864. May 12. Oct. 24. 1865. May 13. Aug. 9.

    [Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng., Bearberry]

 

Argemone mexicana 1868. Sept. 15. 1878. Sept. 12.

    [Argemone mexicana L., Yellow Poppy, Mexican Prickly Poppy, cultivated. 'Waste places; not common ... Adv. from trop. Amer." Gray, 1862. p. 25].

 

Aristidia dichotoma. 1866. Sept. 20.

     [Aristidia dichotoma L., Poverty Grass ]

 

Aristolochia tomentosa. 1865. May 30.

    [Aristolochia tomentosa Sims, Wooly Pipe-vine, cultivated]

 

Arethusa bulbosa. 1863. June 26. 1866. June 8. 1874. June 9. 1875. June 10. 11. 1876. June 2. 3. July 7. 1877. June 18-20.

    [Arethusa bulbosa L., Dragon's Mouth Orchid, Swamp Pink]

 

Arenaria serpyllifolia. 1862. July 16. Oct. 4.

    [Arenaria serpyllifolia L., Thyme-leaved Sandwort]

 

Arisaema. See Arum.

 

Artemisia abrotanum 1862. Aug. 11. Oct. 1. 4. 1863. Sept. 28.

     [the ending is -um as this is an old generic name, Abrotanum, and is a noun in apposition: Absinthium is the same; Artemisia abrotanum L., Southernwood,].]

  vulgaris. 1865. Aug. 17.

    [Artemisia vulgaris L., Common Mugwort]

  Canadensis. 1863. May 21. June 18. Sept. 7. 1864. Oct. 13. 24.

    [Artemisia canadensis of NY reports, not Michx. (and of Day, 1882)  = Artemisia campestris L. ssp. caudata (Michx.) Hall & Clem.  Tall Wormwood, Wild Sage

  biennis. 1862. Sept. 15. Oct. 14. 1863. Sept. 13. 14. 22. 1864. Oct. 6. 17. 25. 1866. Sept. 6. Oct. 2. 7. 1867. p. 205.

    [Artemisia biennis Willd., Biennial Wormwood]

  Dracunculus. 1869. May 9

    [Artemisia dracunculus L. Tarragon, cultivated].

 

Arum (Arisaema) triphyllum. 1862. May 12. 13. 1864. May 22. (monstrous)  1877. June 30.

    [Arum triphyllum L. = Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott ex Schott & Endl., Jack-in-the-Pulpit]

  dracontium. 1862. May 20. June 19. Aug. 28. 1863. June 25.

    [Arum dracontium L. = Arisaema dracontium (L.) Schott ex Schott & Endl., Green Dragon]

 

Asarum Canadense. 1862. June 3. 15. 1863. May 28. 1864. May 18.

    [Asarum canadense L. Wild Ginger]

 

Asclepias Cornuti. 1862. July 24. 1864. July 3. 4. Oct. 24.

    [Asclepias cornuti Dec. in DC. = Asclepias syriaca L. Common Milkweed]

  phytolacoides. 1862. July 9. 1864. July 3.

    [Asclepias phytolaccoides Pursh = Asclepias exaltata L., Poke Milkweed]

  quadrifolia. 1862. June 26. 1863. June 24.

    [Asclepias quadrifolia Jacq., Four-leaved Milkweed]

  incarnata. 1862. July 22. 1864. July 3.

    [Asclepias incarnata L., Swamp Milkweed]

  tuberosa. 1862. July 5. 9.

    [Asclepias tuberosa L., Butterfly-weed]

  verticillata. 1862. Aug. 1. 1865. Aug. 9.

    [Asclepias verticillata L. Whorled Milkweed]

 

Asparagus officinalis. 1862. Aug. 24.

    [Asparagus officinalis L., Garden Asparagus]

 

Aspidium. 1862. June 22. Nov. 2.

  Thelypteris. [no date]

    [Aspidium thelypteris (L.) Sw.  = Thelypteris palustris Schott, Marsh Fern]

  Noveboracense. 1865. Sept. 1.

    [Aspidium noveboracense (L.) Sw. = Thelypteris noveboracensis (L.) Nieuwl. , New York Fern]

  spinulosum. 1863. June 25.

    [Aspidium spinulosum (O.F.Muell.) Watt. = Dryopteris carthusiana (Vill.) Fuchs, Spinulose Woodfern]

  cristatum. [no date]

    [Aspidium cristatum (L.) Sw. = Dryopteris cristata (L.) Gray, Crested Shieldfern]

  "    "  v. Clintonianum. 1864. Oct. 14. 1865. June 19. July 25. 1867. July 14.

    [Aspidium cristatum var. clintonianum D. C. Eaton = Dryopteris clintoniana (D. Eaton ex Gray) Dowell, Clinton's Fern]

  Goldianum. 1864. Oct. 3.

    [Aspidium goldianum Hook. ex Goldie = Dryopteris goldiana (Hook. ex Goldie) Gray, Goldie's Fern]

  marginale. 1862. Oct. 2. 1863. June 25. 1864. Oct. 3.

    [Aspidium marginale (L.) Sw. = Dryopteris marginalis (L.) Gray, Marginal Shieldfern]

  acrostichoides. 1862. Oct. 14. 1865. June 19.

    [Aspidium acrostichoides (Michx.) Sw. = Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott, Christmas Fern]

  "   "     v. incisum. 1862. Sept. 25. 1865. June 8. 19.

    [Aspidium acrostichoides (Michx.) Sw. var. incisum Gray = Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott, Christmas Fern]

 

Asplenium. 1862. Sept. 23. Nov. 2

  ruta muraria. 1864. May 31.

    [Asplenium ruta-muraria L., Wall-rue Spleenwort]

  ebeneum. 1862. Oct. 2. 1864. July 8. 1866. July 11.

    [Asplenium ebeneum Ait. = Asplenium platyneuron (L.) BSP. , Ebony Spleenwort]

  Trichomanes. 1863. July 5. Sept. 11. 1864. Oct. 3. 7.

    [Asplenium trichomanes L., Maidenhair Spleenwort]

  angustifolium. 1864. June 15. Oct. 3. 1866. Sept. 9.

    [Asplenium angustifolium  (of authors) = Diplazium pycnocarpon (Sprengel) M.Broun, Narrow-leaf Spleenwort]

  thelypteroides. 1863. Sept. 10.

    [Asplenium thelypteroides Michx. = Deparia acrostichoides (Sw.) Kato, Maidenhair Spleenwort]

  filix foemina. [no date]

    [Asplenium filix-femina of Gray's Manual, ed 7 = Athyrium fiilix-femina (L.) Roth ex Mertens var. angustum (Willd.) Lawson, Lady Fern]

 

Aster. 1862. July 28. Aug. 14. 19. 20. 21. 27. 30. Sept. 6. 10. 11. 1869. [underlined: apparently undulatus]. 1863. Aug. 24. Sept. 5. 9. 10. 11. 14. 15. 16. 19. 22. 23. 25. 1864. Oct. 3. 25. 1865. Aug. 18. Sept. 14. 1866. Sept. 6.

    [Aster undulatus L., Wavy-leaved Aster]

  corymbosus. [no date]

    [Aster corymbosus Ait. = Aster divaricatus L., White Wood Aster]

  macrophyllus. 1864. Oct. 5.

    [Aster macrophyllus L., Large-leaved Aster]

  laevis. 1862. Sept. 21.

    [Aster laevis L., Smooth Aster]

  azureus. 1865. Sept. 14. 25.

    [Aster azureus Lindl. ex Hooker = Aster oolentangiensis Riddell, Sky-blue Aster]

  undulatus. 1863. Oct. 17. 1869. Aug. 24.

    [Aster undulates L., Wavy-leaved Aster]

  cordifolius. [no date].

    [Aster cordifolius L., Heart-leaved Aster]

  sagittifolius. 1863. Sept. 22. 25.

    [Aster sagittifolius Wedem. ex Willd., Arrow-leaved Aster]

  ericoides. 1862. Oct. 2. 1863. Sept. 11. 1864. Aug. 27. 1866. Oct. 2.

    [Aster ericoides L., White Heath Aster]

  multiflorus. 1862. Sept. 21. 1863. Sept. 22.

    [Aster multiflorus Aiton = Aster ericoides L., White Heath Aster]

  Tradescantii [no date.]

    [Aster tradescantii L. = Aster lateriflorus (L.) Britt. var. hirsuticaulis (Lindl. ex DC.) Porter, Calico Aster, White Woodland Aster]

  miser [no date.]

    [Aster miser Nutt. = Aster lateriflorus (L.) Britt., Calico Aster, White Woodland Aster]

  simplex. 1863. Sept. 22. Oct. 1. 1864. Oct. 3.

    [Aster simplex Willd. = Aster lanceolatus Willd. var. simplex (Willd.) A. Jones, Tall White Aster]

  tenuifolius. [no date.]

    [Aster tenuifolius (of Day, 1882)  = Aster borealis (Torr. & A. Gray) Prov., Rush Aster, Bog Aster]

  longifolius. 1863. Sept. 20. 1865. Sept. 26.

    [Aster longifolius of some NY reports, not Lam.  = Aster praealtus Poir., Willow-leaved Aster]

  puniceus. [no date.]

    [Aster puniceus L., Purple-stemmed Aster]

  puniceus v. vimineus. [no date.]

    [Aster puniceus L. var. vimineus Gray = A. vimineus, Willd. of Gray's Botany, 5th edition, thought to be a shade form of A. puniceus p. 234.

  prenanthoides. 1863. Oct. 17. 1878. Sept. 15. 24.

    [Aster prenanthoides Muhl., Crooked-stemmed Aster]

  Novae-Angliae. 1863. Sept. 25. 1864. Oct. 3.

    [Aster novae-angliae L., New England Aster]

   var. roseus. 1878. Sept. 23.

    [There is an Aster novae-angliae L. var. roseus (=A. roseus Desf.) in Gray's Manual, 5th ed p. 235 ]

  acuminatus. 1863. Aug. 21. 1864. Sept. 24. Oct. 3. 1865. Sept. 1. 1874. Oct. 18.

    [Aster acuminatus Michx., Whorled Aster, Mountain Aster]

  Sinensis. 1863. Oct. 4.

    [Aster sinensis L. Mitchell and Tucker (1997) give the epithet as Aster chinensis L., the present name being Challistephus chinensis (L.) Nees, the China Aster, a beautiful cultivated species.]

  ptarmicoides. 1862. Sept. 11. 1863. Sept. 11. 1864. Aug. 9.

    [Aster ptarmicoides (Nees) Torr. & A. Gray  = Solidago ptarmicoides (Nees) Boiv., Upland White Aster]

  [aestivus. 1864. Dec. 30.]

    [Aster aestivus Aiton = A. laxifolius Nees. with a var. laetiflorus Gray p. 233. Aster aestivus Aiton = A. longifolius Lam., according to House (1924). Aster longifolius of some NY reports, not Lam.  = Aster praealtus Poir. , Willow-leaved Aster].

 

Astragalus Cooperi. 1862. June 26. July 2. Sept. 27. 1863. Sept. 11. 1864. July 7. 8. Oct. 25.

    [Astragalus cooperi Gray  = Astragalus neglectus (Torr. & A. Gray) Sheldon

  canadensis. 1862. July 2. 10. Sept. 27. 1863. Sept. 23.

    [Astragalus Canadensis L., Canadian Milkvetch]

 

Atriplex hortensis. 1866. Aug. 11.

    [Atriplex hortensis L., Garden Orach]

  hastata. 1862. Aug. 22. 1864. Aug. 20. Sept. 29. 1865. July 16. 23.

    [Atriplex hastata sensu Aellen, not L.  = Atriplex prostrata Boucher ex DC. in Lam. & DC., Orach, Spearscale which has just recently been described for western New York. It is probably more l ikely to be Atriplex patula L., Spreading Orache]

  hastata ? (narrow leaved.) 1864. Aug. 20. 1865. Sept. 18. 1866. Aug. 4. 12. 1868. Oct. 5. 1869. July 17.

    [Atriplex patula L. var.littoralis (L.) Gray has linear leave. The var. patula also has rather narrow leaves; all varieties are now combined under the variable species Atriplex patula]

  rosea 1867. July p. 204. Oct. 25. 1868. [July? illegible, see text somewhere] 14.

    [Atriplex rosea L., Red or Rosy Orach, a cultivated plant.]

 

Avena sativa. 1862. Aug. 4. 9. 1863. July 31.

    [Avena sativa L. = Avena fatua ssp. sativa (L.) Thell., Oats]

  striata. 1864. June 2. 1865. June 1.

    [Avena striata (of authors)  = Schizachne purpurascens (Torr.) Swallen, False Melic]

 

Azalea nudiflora. 1862. Aug. 8. 1863. Ap. 30. May 28. June 25. 1864. Oct.14. 1874. June 9. 1875. June 3.4. 1876. June 5.6.

    [Azalea nudiflora L. (of Day, 1882)  = Rhododendron prinophyllum (Small) Millais, Mountain Azalea]

 

Azolla Caroliniana. 1864. Aug. 26. Sept. 25.

    [Azolla caroliniana Willd.

 

B.

 

Baccharis. 1864. Nov. 3.

    [Baccharis halimifolia L., Groundsel-tree, Sea-myrtle]

 

Baptisia tinctoria. 1862. Aug. 28. 1864. Sept. 24.

    [Baptisia tinctoria (L.) Vent., Wild Indigo, Rattleweed, Horsefly-weed. ]

 

Barbarea vulgaris. 1862. May 31. 1864. Ap. 4.

    [Barbarea vulgaris R. Br., Winter Cress, Yellow Rocket]

 

Barbula tortuosa. 1865. June 10.

    [Barbula tortuosa (Hedw.) Web. et Mohr = Tortella tortuosa (Hedw.) Limpr., an acrocarpous moss]

  unguiculata. 1866. Ap. 7 or 8.

    [Barbula unguiculata Hedw., an acrocarpous moss]

 

Batrachospermum. 1865. Aug. 6. Sept. 2.

    [Batrachospermum is a large, filamentous freshwater alga of the Rhodophyta. Some species enjoy shallow stream beds in swift water and appear black. Structurally, they may grow with elongated axes with intermittent whorls of branched filaments.]

 

Bellis perennenis. 1869. June 18.

    [Bellis perennis L., English Daisy]

 

Benzoin odoriferum. 1862. May 1. 13. 19. 1863. Sept. 13. 1866. May 5.

    [Benzoin odoriferum Nees & ed 2 of Gray's Manual = Lindera benzoin (L.) Blume, Spice Bush]

 

Berberis vulgaris. 1863. June 17. 1870. Sept. 28. 1871. Sept. 7. 1874. Nov. 10. 1876. Oct. 8.

    [Berberis vulgaris L., Common Barberry]

  aquifolia. 1869. May 19. [1871. Sept. 7. crossed out].

    [Berberis aquifolium Pursh = Mahonia aquifolium Nutt., Grape-Holly, Oregon Grape]

 

Betula. 1863. May 9. 1864. May 16. 18. June 16. 18. 20. Aug. 29.

  papyracea. 1863. Ap. 25. 1864. May 9. 12. 1865. Aug. 8. 15.

    [Betula papyrifera Marsh., Paper Birch, White Birch]

  alba. v. populifolia. 1876. July. Aug.

    [Betula alba var. populifolia (Marsh.) Spach = Betula populifolia Marsh. Gray Birch]

  lenta. 1864. Ap. 22.

    [Betula lenta L., Black Birch, Sweet Birch, Cherry Birch]

  excelsa. [no date.]

    [Betula exelsa Poir = Betula alleghaniensis Britt., Yellow Birch]

 

Bidens. [Inserted on next page by mistake; see below.]

 

Blasia pusilla. 1867. Sept. 25.

    [Blasia pusilla L., in the Blasiaceae, is a liverwort

 

Blephilia hirsuta. 1862. Aug. 21. 1866. Sept. 9. 1875. Aug. 16.

    [Blephila hirsuta (Pursh) Benth., Wood Mint ]

 

Blitum capitatum. 1862. July 13. Aug. 29. 1864. Sept. 10. 23. 1865. Jan. 26.

    [Blitum capitatum L.  = Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Aschers, Strawberry Blite, Indian Paint.

  maritimum. 1864. Aug. 20. Sept. 29.

    [Blitum maritimum Nutt. = Chenopodium rubrum L., Red Pigweed]

  Bonus Henricus. 1866. July 17. 18, bis. Aug. 26.

    [Blitum bonus-henricus Reichenb. = Chenopodium bonus-henricus L, Good-King-Henry]

 

Bluegrass of Kentucky. 1863. Sept. 29. 1864. Ap. 6. 11. 1865. Jan. 14.

    [Poa pratensis L., Kentucky Bluegrass]

 

Bidens. 1862. Sept. 3. 5.

  frondosa. 1862. Sept. 9. 1864. Sept. 13.

    [Bidens frondosa L., Common Beggar-ticks]

  connata. [no date.]

    [Bidens connata Muhl. ex Willd., Beggar-ticks, Stick-tights]

  cernua. 1862. Sept. 8. 1865. Sept. 16. 19.

    [Bidens cernua L., Nodding Sticktight, Bur-marigold]

  chrysanthemoides. [no date.]

    [Bidens chrysanthemoides Michx. = Bidens laevis (L.) BSP, Smooth Beggar-ticks]

       "  var.? 1864. Oct. 4.

  Beckii. 1862. Aug. 15. Sept. 4. 1863. Aug. 17. 23. 1866. Aug. 26.

    [Bidens beckii Torr. ex Spreng. = Megalodonta beckii (Torr. ex Spring.) Greene, Water-marigold]

  bipinnata. 1862. Oct. 3. 1863. Sept. 6. 13. 1864. Aug. 31. 1865. Sept. 10. 1866. Sept. 23. 1868. Sept. 5.

    [Bidens bipinnata L., Spanish Needles]

 

Blephilia hirsuta. Aug. 16. 1875. Sept. 19/25. [sic]

    [Blephila hirsute (Pursh) Benth., Wood Mint]

 

Bocconia frutescens  1865. Aug. 20.

    [Bocconia is an early name for the genus Macleaya. Macleaya cordata (Willd.) R. Br., the Plume-poppy, Tree Celandine, is escaped cultivar in the New York flora (Mitchell & Tucker 1997). These are native perennial herbs of China and Japan in the Papaveraceae].

 

Boehmeria cylindrica. 1862. Aug. 5. Sept. 9.

    [Boehmeria cylindrical (L.) Sw., False Nettle]

 

Borago officinalis. 1863. Sept. 13.

    [Borago officinalis L., Borage]

 

Botrychium Virginicum. 1863. May 11.

    [Botrychium virginianum (L.) Sw., Rattlesnake Fern]

  lunarioides. 1862. Sept. 10. Oct. 14. 1863. Aug. 13. Sept. 19. 27. 1864. Sept. 22. 23.

    [Botrychium lunarioides  Swartz. of Gray's 5th edition has two varieties the var. obliquum (B. obliquum Muhl.) and var. dissectum (B. dissectum Muhl.) (p. 672). These ferns are today probably Botrychium dissectum Spreng.

  "  " v. dissectum. 1862. Oct. 14.

    [Botrychium lunarioides var. dissectum Gray, see note just above]

  simplex. 1864. June 1. 24.

    [Botrychium simplex E. Hitchc., Little Grape Fern, Least Moonwort]

  "  "  (Wood's mistake as to taking it for Schizaea. 1865. Nov. 12. 14. 24. 1865. Jan. 10.

  lanceolatum. 1874. July 21.

    [Botrychium lanceolatum (Gmel.) Aongstr., Lance-leaved Grape Fern]

 

Brachyelytrum aristatum. 1863. July 29. Aug. 7. 15. 1865. Aug. 7. 1866. July 18. 1876. June 2. 3.

    [Brachyelytrum aristosum (Michx.) Trel. = Brachyeleytrum erectum (Schreb.) Beauv., Bearded Short-husk. It is Brachyelytrum aristatum Beauv. = Muhlenbergia erecta Schreb. = Dilepyrum aristosum Michx. in Gray's 5th edition, p. 614]

 

Brasenia peltata. 1862. Aug. 21. 1864. Aug. 11. 1874. July 21. 1871. July  21

    [Brasenia peltata Pursh = Brasenia schreberi Gmel., Water-shield]

 

Brassica campestris. 1863. June 13. 21.

    [Brassica campestris L. = Brassica rapa L., Field Mustard, Bok Choy, Chinese Cabbage, Turnip]

 

Briza maxima. 1866. Sept. 24.

  [media L. spelling somewhat obscured. two species in Gray 1862]. 1866. Sept. 24.

    [Briza media L., Quaking Grass]

 

Bromus. 1863. June 20. 28. Sept. 28. 1865. June 26. July 21.

  secalinus. 1864. July 6. 14.

    [Bromus secalinus L., Cheat, Chess]

  racemosus. [no date.]

    [Bromus racemosus L., Smooth Brome-grass]

  Kalmii. 1863. June 24. July 5. 12. 24. 1864. July 6.

    [Bromus kalmii Gray, Kalm's Brome-grass.]

  ciliatus. 1863. July 29. Aug. 18. 1864. July 8. 9.

    [Bromus ciliatus L., Fringed Brome-grass]

 "  " v. purgans. 1863. Sept. 5. 1864. Aug. 31.

    [Bromus ciliatus var. purgans (L.) Gray  = Bromus pubescens Muhl. ex Willd., Canada Brome-grass]

  mollis. 1864. June 27. July 10.

    [Bromus mollis of authors not L. = Bromus hordeaceus L., Soft Chess]

 

Brunella [Pennsylvanica crossed out]  vulgaris. 1862. July 22.

    [Prunella vulgaris L., Heal-all]

 

Bryum bimum. 1865. June 10.

    [Bryum bimum (Brid.) Turn. = Bryum pseudotriquetrum (Hedw.) Gaertn. et al., a moss]

  argenteum. 1866. Ap. 6 or 7.

    [Bryum argenteum Hedw., a moss]

  atropurpureum. 1866. May 11. 18. 31. June 9.

    [Bryum atropurpureum Wahlenb. in Fuernr. = Pohlia atropurpurea (Wahlenb. in Fuernr.) H. Lindb., a moss]

  annotinum. 1867. March 25.

    [Bryum annotinum Hedw. = Pohlia annotina (Hedw.) Loesk., a moss]

  intermedium. 1867. Ap. 16.

    [Bryum intermedium auct. Eur. & Amer. = Bryum lisae De Notaris var. cuspidatum (Bruch & Schimper in B.S.G.) Marg., a moss]

  cyclophyllum. 1867. Oct. 25.

    [Bryum cyclophyllum(Schwaegr.) Bruch & Schimp. in B. S. G., a moss]

 

C.

 

Cacalia atriplicifolium. 1862. Aug. 28. 1863. Aug. 9.

    [Cacalia atriplicifolia L., Orache-leaved Indian Plantain, Pale Indian-Plantain, Wild Collard ]

 

Cakile Americana. 1862. July 27. 1863. July 31. Sept. 7. 1864. Sept. 10. Oct. 25.

    [Cakile americana Nutt. (of local authors)  = Cakile edentula (Bigel.) Hook., Sea Rocket, Shore-Rocket, Sea-Rocket]

 

Calamagrostis Canadensis. 1864. July 4. 7.

    [Calamagrostis Canadensis (Michx.) Beauv., Bluejoint Grass]

  arenaria. 1864. Oct. 25. 1878. Oct. 25.

    [Calamagrostis arenaria Roth. of Gray's Manual ed 5 has Arundo L. and Psamma Beauv. as generic synonyms (p. 616). House (1924) gives Psamma as an earlier synonym of Ammophila, hence Ammophila arenaria Am. Auth., not A. arenaria (L.) Link, of Europe = Ammophila breviligulata Fernald, according to House.]

 

Calamintha Clinopodium. 1862. July 15. 1864. Oct. 18.

    [Calamintha clinopodium Benth. in DC. = Clinopodium vulgare L., Garden Basil]

  glabella var. Nuttallii. 1862. July 17. 28. Aug. 1. 1863. July 10. 1864. June 28. Sept. 10.

    [Calamintha glabella var. nuttallii (Benth.) Gray  = Calamintha arkansana (Nutt.) Shinners , Calamint]

 

Calicium Curtisii. 1870. Jan. 21. 1870. Feb. 6.

    [Calicium curtisii Tuckerman = Phaeocalicium curtisii (Tuck.) Tibell, a lichen]

  subtile. 1870. Feb. 6.

    [Calicium subtile Pers. = Mycocalicium subtile (Pers.) Szatala, a lichen]

 

Calla palustris. 1862. July 19. 1864. Aug. 13. 1868. May 28. 1875. May 25. 6. June 10, 11. July 221 [?]. 1876. June 18.

    [Calla palustris L., Wild Calla, Water Arum ]   

 

Callitriche verna. 1862. June 6. July 12. 1863. Sept. 17. 1864. Sept. 23. Oct. 1. 17.

    [Callitriche verna L.  = Callitriche palustris L., Water Starwort]

  verna, v. terrestris. 1863. June 18.

  autumnalis. 1863. Aug. 24. Sept. 10. 24.

    [Callitriche autumnalis L. = Callitriche hermaphroditica L., Water Starwort]

 

Calopogon pulchellus. 1863. June 26. 1864. June 30. 1865. June 23. 1866. July 18. 1874. July 23. 1876. July 7. 1877. June 18. 20.

    [Calopogon pulchellus (Salisb.) R. Br. ex Ait.  = Calopogon tuberosus (L.) BSP, Grass Pink Orchid]

 

Caltha palustris. 1862. May 11. 13. 1863. Ap. 25. 1864. Ap. 22. 1866. May 5.

    [Caltha palustris L., Marsh Marigold, Cowslip ]

 

Calycanthus floridus. 1863. June 13.

    [Calycanthus floridus L., Sweet-scented Shrub, a horticultural plant]

 

Calypso borealis. 1864. June 2. 1865. July 15. 1866. July 18.

    [Calypso borealis Salisb.  = Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes, Calypso Orchid, Fairyslipper]

 

Calystegia sepium. 1862. July 2. 13.

    [Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br., Hedge Bindweed, Wild Morning-Glory]

  spithamaea. 1863. June 24.

    [Calystegia spithamea (L.) Pursh, Low Bindweed ]

 

Camelina sativa. 1863. May 23. 30. June 17. July 13.

    [Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz, False Flax, Dutch-Flax, Gold-of-Pleasure ]

 

Campanula rotundifolia. 1862. July 5. 1863. July 17. 29. Aug. 4.

  aparinoides. 1862. July 18.

     [Campanula aparinoides Pursh, Marsh Bellflower

  Americana. 1862. July 27. 1875. Nov. 2. 1878. July 27.

     [Campanula americana L., Tall Bellflower]

  rapunculoides. 1862. Aug. 19. 1864. July 17. 1866. July 17.

    [Campanula rapunculoides L., Creeping Bellflower]

 

Camptosorus rhizophyllus. 1862. Sept. 23. 1863. Sept. 11. 1864. May 18. Oct. 7.

    [Camptosorus rhizophyllus (L.) Link = Asplenium rhizophyllum L., Walking Fern]

 

Cannabis sativa. 1862. July 29. [crossed out: 1863. May 23. 30. June 17. July 13.]

    [Cannabis sativa L., Hemp, Marijuana]

 

Capsella bursa pastoris. 1863. June 19.

    [Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Britt., Shepherd's Purse]

 

Cardamine rhomboidea. 1862. Ap. 26. May 13. 1863. Ap. 18. 25. 1864. May 25. 1866. May 5.

    [Cardamine rhomboidea DC. = Cardamine bulbosa (Schreb. ex Muhl.) BSP, Bulbous Spring Cress]

  var. purpurea. 1864. Ap. 29. May 2.3.9.

    [Cardamine rhomboidea var. purpurea Torr.  = Cardamine douglassii Britt. (not Torr.), Purple Spring Cress]

  pratensis. 1862. June 1. 1863. May 29. 1864. May 20. 22.

    [Cardamine pratensis L., Cuckoo-flower]

  hirsuta. 1862. May 23. 24. June 2. 1865. June 23.

    [Cardamine hirsute sensu Torrey's NY Flora, not L. = Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd., Pennsylvania Bitter Cress]

 

Carduus nutans. 1872. May 23.

    [Carduus nutans L., Nodding Thistle]

 

Carex 1862. May 1. 24. 26. 27. June 8. 20. 1863. Ap. 22. May 28. June 5. 8.9. 12. 13. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 28. 29. 30. July. 5. 15. 17. 19. 24. Sept. 7. 9. 25. 1864. May 2. 8. 12. 25. 26. June 2. 5. 7. 8. 12. 24. 25. 28. July 3. 4. 6. 8. Aug. 15. 1865. May 23. June. 1. 8. 12. 15. 20. 28. July 3. 15. 17. Sept. 1. 1866. July 7. Sept. 20.

 

  ampullacea. 1864. June 22

    [Carex ampullaceal. There is a Carex ampullaceal var. utriculata "of former ed." mentioned under Carex utriculata Boott. in Gray's Manual, ed 5 p. 600]

  angustata. 1863. June 13.

    [Carex  angustata Boott = Carex stricta Lam., Tussock Sedge]

  aquatilis. 1867. Jan. 2.

    [Carex aquatilis Wahl., Northern Water Sedge]

  aurea. 1864. May 9. June. 28. July 7.

    [Carex autea Nutt., Golden-fruited Sedge - note that this may also be Carex garberi Fern.]]

  bromoides. 1864. June 7.

    [Carex bromoides Schkuhr ex Willd., Brome-like Sedge]

  chordorhiza. 1864. Sept. 2.

    [Carex chordorrhiza Ehrh. ex L. f., Creeping Sedge]

  Clintoni? 1863. Sept. 11 (a mere form of Oederi)

    [Carex Clintoni: Carex oederi Michx. according to House, 1924, p. 195 = Carex cryptolepis Mackenzie, Small Yellow Sedge]

  comosa 1863. Aug. 15. 1864. June 18. July 3. 31.

    [Carex comosa Boott, Bristly Sedge]

  Crawei. 1863. July 10. Aug. 5. 1864. June 28. Sept. 2.

    [Carex crawei Dewey ex Torr., Crawe's Sedge]

  crinita. 1864. July 3.  [next page]

    [Carex crinita Lam., Sickle-sedge]

  Carex curta. 1863. Aug. 15.

    [Carex curta Good = Carex canescens L., Silvery Sedge, according to Gray 1867, Manual ed 5]

  debilis. 1863. June 18. 1864. June 5.

    [Carex debilis Michx., Rudge's Sedge]

  digitalis. 1864. June 18. July 13.

    [Carex digitalis Willd., Slender Wood Sedge]

  disperma. 1865. May 28.

    [Carex disperma Dewey, Soft-leaved Sedge]

  disticha, v. Sartwellii. 1863. Aug. 15.

    [Carex disticha var. Sartwellii; Carex disticha (of Day, 1882) = Carex sartwelii Dewey, Sartwell's Sedge] 

  eburna. 1864. May 31. June 2. Aug. 22. 1865. May 3. June 1. July 15.

    [Carex eburnea Boott ex Hook., Bristle-leaved Sedge]

  filiformis. 1863. Aug. 15. 1864. June 15. 22.

    [Carex filiformis of authors, not L. = Carex lasiocarpa ssp. Americana (Fern.) Hultén , Slender Sedge]

  flava. 1864. June 22. 28. Sept. 2. 1865. May 29. June 15. July 15. 1874. July 21.

    [Carex flava L., Yellow Sedge]

  folliculata. 1864. Sept. 2. 6. 1865. June 25. 1868. June 21. 1874. Dec. 19. 1875. July 11.

    [Carex folliculata L., Long Sedge]

  granularis. 1864. June 28. 1865. June 10.

    [Carex granularis Muhl. ex Willd., Meadow Sedge]

  Grayii. 1865. June 20.

    [Carex grayii Carey, Gray's Sedge]

  gynocrates. 1865. June 23.

    [Carex gynocrates Wormsk ex Drej., Northern Bog Sedge]

  hirsuta. 1863. Aug. 13.

    [Carex hirsuta Willd. = Carex triceps Michx. of Gray's Manual ed 5 1867 p. 588 = Carex hirsutella Mackenzie of House, 1924 (p. 188) = Carex complanata Torr. & Hook., Northern Hirsute Sedge]

  Hitchcockiana. 1865. June 20. 28.

    [Carex hitchcockiana Dewey, Hitchcock's Sedge

  hystricina. 1865. July 15.

    [Carex hystericina Muhl. ex Willd., Porcupine Sedge]

  intumescens. 1863. June 18. 19.

    [Carex intumescens Rudge, Bladder Sedge]

  lacustris. 1863. June 13.

    [Carex lacustris Willd., Lake-bank Sedge]

  laxiflora [no date]

    [Carex laxiflora Lam., Loose-flowered Sedge]

    "  v. patulifolia. 1865. May 29. June 8. 11.

    [Carex laxiflora var. patulifolia: this variety does not occur in Gray's Manuel, ed 5, 1867, under Carex laxiflora p. 589.]

  limosa. 1864. June 15. 30. Sept. 2. 1874. July 14.

    [Carex limosa L., Mud Sedge]

   "  v. Painei. 1864. Sept. 2. 1877. June 18-20.

    [Carex limosa var. Painei; this variety does not occur in Gray's Manual, ed 5 1867 under Carex limosa p. 584]

  livida. 1864. Sept. 2.

    [Carex livida (Wahl.) Willd., Sedge]

  lupulina. 1863. Aug. 15.

    [Carex lupulina Muhl. ex Willd., Hop Sedge]

  Muhlenbergii. 1863. Aug. 15.

    [Carex muhlenbergii Schkuhr ex Willd., Muhlenberg's Sedge]

  Oederi. 1863. June 8. 24. July 10. 1864. June 28. July 7. 1865. June 10. 1874. July 21.

    [Carex oederi Michx. according to House, 1924, p. 195 = Carex cryptolepis Mackenzie, Small Yellow Sedge]

  pauciflora. 1864. Sept. 2. 1874. July 14. 1876. June 2. 3. 1877. June 18- 20.

    [Carex pauciflora Michx., Few-flowered Sedge]

  pallescens. 1865. June 5. 11.

    [Carex pallescens L., Pale Sedge]

  pedunculata. 1865. May 14. June 12. 1868. May 15.

    [Carex pedunculata Muhl. ex Willd., Long-fruited Sedge]

  Pennsylvanica. 1863. Aug. 15.

    [Carex pennsylvanica Lam., Pennsylvania Sedge]

  plantaginea. 1862. June 20. 1865. June 10. 1867. Ap. 16. 1868. May 15.

    [Carex plantaginea Lam., Plantain-leaved Sedge]

  platyphylla. 1865. June 5. 8. 10. [next page]

    [Carex platyphylla Carey, Broad-leaved Sedge]

  Carex pseudocyperus. 1864. July 14. Sept. 2.

    [Carex pseudocyperus L., Cyperus-like Sedge]

  pubescens. 1865. May 22. June 7. 23.

    [Carex pubescens Muhl. = Carex hirtifolia Mackenzie, Pubescent Sedge]

  polytrichoides. 1865. June 23.

    [Carex polytrichoides Muhl. ex Willd.  = Carex leptalea Wahl. , Bristle-stalked Sedge]

  retrocurva. 1863. Aug. 15. 1864. June 11. 17.

    [Carex retrocurva Dewey in Wood  = Carex laxiculmis Schwein., Spreading Sedge]

  scabrata. 1863. May 28. Aug. 15. 1865. July 25.

    [Carex scabrata Schwein., Rough Sedge]

  schweinitzii. 1864. Sept. 2.

    [Carex schweinitzii Dewey ex Schwein, Schweinitz's Sedge]

  scirpoidea. 1863. June 17. Aug. 15. 1867. June 7.

    [Carex scirpoidea Michx., Scirpus-like Sedge]

  siccata. 1865. June 23.

    [Carex siccata Dewey, Dry Sedge]

  sparganioides. 1863. Aug. 15. 1865. June 11.

    [Carex sparganioides Muhl. ex Willd., Bur-reed Sedge]

  stellulata. 1865. July 15.

    [Carex stellulata Good = Carex sterilis Willd., Barren Prickly Sedge]

  sterilis. 1865. July 15.

    [Carex sterilis Willd., Barren Prickly Sedge]

  straminea. 1863. July 15. [sic]

    [Carex straminea Willd. ex Schkuhr, Straw Sedge; this rare species is concentrated in the New York City area. Carex straminea of some old NY reports, not Schkuhr ex Willd. = Carex festucacea Schkuhr ex Willd., Fescue Sedge, Mitchell and Tucker, 1997.]

  stricta. 1863. July 15.

    [Carex stricta Lam., Tussock Sedge]

  tenuiflora. 1864. June 15. 30.

    [Carex tenuiflora Wahl., Sparse-flowered Sedge]

  teretiuscula. v. major. 1865. June 23.

    [Carex teretiuscula var major Koch = Carex diandra Schrank, Lesser Panicled Sedge]]

  torta. 1868. May 15.

    [Carex torta Boott ex Tuckerm., Twisted Sedge]

  trichocarpa. 1863. Aug. 15.

    [Carex trichocarpa Schkuhr ex Willd., Hairy-fruited Sedge]

  trisperma. 1863. June 23. 1864. Aug. 13.

    [Carex trisperma Dewey, Three-seeded Sedge]

  Tuckermani. 1863. Aug. 15. 1865. June 20. 26. 1867. July p. 204.

    [Carex tuckermani Dewey, Tuckerman's Sedge]

  utriculata. 1865. June 21.

    [Carex utriculata Boott in Hook.  = Carex rostrata Stokes ex With. var. utriculata (Boott) Bailey

  vaginata. 1866. June 8.

    [Carex vaginata Tausch, Sheathed Sedge]

  vulpinoidea. 1865. July 22.

    [Carex vulpinoidea Michx., Foxtail Sedge]

 

    

Carpinus Americana. 1862. June 12.

    [Carpinus Americana Michx. = Carpinus caroliniana Walt., American Hornbeam, Blue Beech, Ironwood, Musclewood]

 

Carthamus tinctorius. 1864. Aug. 3.  [Not in Gray 1862.]

    [Carthamus tinctorius L., Safflower, False Saffron]

 

Carum carui. 1862. June 25. 1863. June 26. 1865. June 1. 1866. July 6.

    [Carum carvi L., Caraway, Anise]

 

Carya. 1863. June 17. 1864. June 14. 1865. Sept. 25. [See under C. amara below].

  alba. 1863. June 8.

    [Carya alba (L.) K. Koch  = Carya tomentosa (Lam. ex Poir.) Nutt., Mockernut Hickory, BUT ALSO, Carya alba Nutt.  = Carya ovata (Mill.) K. Koch, Shag-bark Hickory]

  tomentosa. 1864. July 14.

   [Carya tomentosa (Lam. ex Poir.) Nutt., Mockernut Hickory]

  amara. 1863. July 5. 1864. Aug. 29.

    [Carya amara (Michx. f.) Nutt.  = Carya cordiformis (Wang.) K. Koch, Bitternut Hickory]

  "   "  ? 1865. Sept. 25.

  microcarpa [TO FIND DATE]

    [Carya microcarpa Nutt. = Carya ovalis (Wang.) Sarg., Sweet Pignut, False Shagbark]

 

Cassandra calyculata. 1863. May 1. 1864. May 5. Aug. 13. 1868. May 25. 1874. June 9.

    [Cassandra calyculata (L.) D. Don  = Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench, Leather Leaf, Cassandra]

 

Cassia Marilandica. 1863. Aug. 7. 1864. Ap. 11-18. July 29.

    [Cassia marylandica of NY reports, not L.  = Senna hebecarpa (Fern.) Irwin & Barneby, Wild Senna, Partridge-pea, American senna]

  chamaecrista. 1868. Aug. 22.

    [Cassia chamaecrista L.  = Chamaecrista fasciculata (Michx.) Greene, Partridge Pea, Locust Weed]

 

Castanea vesca. 1863. July 13. 1864. Oct. 3.

    [Castanea vesca var. americana Michx.  = Castanea dendata (Marsh.) Borkh., American Chestnut]

 

Castilleia coccinea. 1862. May 24. 1876. June 5. 6.  June 13.

    [C. coccinea (L.) Spreng., Painted Cup, Indian-Paintbrush, Scarlet-Paintbrush]

 

Catalpa bignonioides. 1862. July 21. 1863. Sept. 24.

    [Catalpa bignonioides Walt., Catalpa, Catawba, Indian-bean]

 

Caulophyllum thalictroides. 1862. May 11. 13. 14. 1863. Ap. 26. 1866. May 5.

    [Caulophyllum thalictroides (L.) Michx., Blue Cohosh]

 

Ceanothus Americanus.

    [Ceanothus americanus L., New Jersey Tea, Redroot]

  ovalis. 1864. June 2.

    [Ceanothus ovalis Bigelow = Ceanothus herbaceus Raf., Redroot]

 

Centaurea Cyanus. 1866. Aug. 26.

    [Centaurea cyanus L., Bachelor's Button, Bluebottle, Corn-Flower Bluet]

 

Cephalanthus occidentalis. 1862. Aug. 5.

    [Cephalanthus occidentalis L., Buttonbush]

 

Cerastium   ? depauperate. 1862. May 16.

  vulgatum. 1865. May 31.

    [Cerastium vulgatum of NY authors, not L.  = Cerastium fontanum Baumg. emend. Jalas, Common Mouse-ear Chickweed]

  viscosum. [1863 crossed out].

    [Cerastium viscosum of authors, not L.  = Cerastium glomeratum Thuill., Mouse-ear Chickweed]

  nutans. 1863. May 21. June 10. 1864. May 22. June 15. 1865. June 8. 1868. May 25. June 3.

    [Cerastium nutans Raf., Nodding Chickweed]

  arvense. 1863. June 5. 1864. May 18. [sic: order]

    [Cerastium arvense L., Field Chickweed, Meadow Chickweed]

  

Ceratodon purpureus. 1866. Ap. 6 or 7.

    [Ceratodon purpureus (Hedw.) Brid., a moss]

  "          "      v. gracilis. 1866. May 18. 26.

    [Ceratodon purpureus (Hedw.) Brid., a moss]

 

Ceratophyllum demersum. 1864. July 14.  Aug. 1.

    [Ceratophyllum demersum L., Hornwort, Coontail]

 

Chaerophyllum ? 1862. June 6. 1864. July 4.

  procumbens. 1872. Ap. 7.

    [Chaerophyllum procumbens (L.) Crantz., Spreading Chervil]

 

Chamaelirium luteum. 1862. Aug. 28. Sept. 10. 1863. June 19. 21. 25. 28. 1864. June 9.

    [Chamaelirium luteum (L.) Gray, Blazing-star, Fairy-Wand, Devil's-bit]

 

Chara. 1862. June 6. 1864. July 14. Aug. 24. Oct. 11. 1865. June 15. July 3.

    [Chara, one of two genera in the Characeae or Stonewort Family - the other being Nitella (see below). It is an alga but looks like a vascular plant, having a long axis with whorls of leaves at intervals along this stem-like structure. Nitella appears this way, as does Batrachospermum (see above) also an alga in the Rhodophyta. Chara forms beds along the Niagara River bottom, such as on the west side of Navy Island, Ontario. The clear water that forms around the Chara beds is apparently a typical effect of populations of Stoneworts.]

 

Chelidonium majus. 1862. June 25. 1863. June 19. 1866. July 8. 1867. May 25.

    [Chelidonium majus L., Celandine, Greater Celandine]   

 

Chelone glabra. 1864. Sept. 6.

    [Chelone glabra L., Turtlehead]

 

Chenopodium. 1864. July 12.

  hybridum. 1862. Aug. 17. Sept. 11. 25.

    [Chenopodium hybridum Chenopodium hybridum of some authors, not L.  = Chenopodium simplex (Torr.) Raf.,  Maple-leaved Goosefoot]

  urbicum, var. rhombifolium. 1863. Sept. 19. 1867. Sept. 12.

    [Chenopodium urbicum L., City Goosefoot; Chenopodium rhombifolium  Muhl. = Chenopodium urbicum var. rhombifolium Moquin occurs on p. 407 of Gray's Manual, ed 5, 1867. By the 6th edition of 1889, this variety had disappeared.]

  album. 1866. Sept. 16. 20.

  "  "  ? 1865. June 18. 19. Sept. 10.

   [Chenopodium album L., Lamb's Quarters, Pigweed]

  glaucum. 1862. Aug. 22. 1863. Aug. 4. 1864. Sept. 29. Oct. 17. 1866. Sept. 15. 1868. Oct. 5.

    [Chenopodium glaucum L. Oak-leaved Goosefoot]

  Botrys. 1862. July 30. 1864. Aug. 2. Sept. 10. Oct. 15. 1874. July 23.

    [Chenopodium botrys L., Jerusalem Oak, Feater-Geranium]

  ambrosioides. 1863. Sept. 19.

    [Chenopodium ambrosioides L., Mexican Tea, Wormseed]

  anthelminticum. 1862. Oct. 1. 1864. Sept. 10. Nov. 1. 2. 1877. Sept. 22. [1878 crossed out].

    [Chenopodium anthelminticum L. = Chenopodium ambrosioides L., Mexican Tea, Wormseed]

 

Chimaphila umbellata. 1862. May 19. June 29. 1863. July 29. 1864. July 8.

    [Chimaphila  umbellata (L.) Bart., Prince's Pine, Pipsissewa]

  maculata. 1862. June 29. Aug. 4. 7. 1863. Sept. 7. 1864. July 15.

    [Chimaphila maculata (L.) Pursh, Spotted Wintergreen]

 

Chiogenes hispidula. 1864. Aug. 13. 15. 1866. Aug. 4.

    [Chiogenes hispidula(L.) Torr. & A. Gray  = Gaultheria hispidula (L.) Muhl. ex Bigel.,Creeping Snowberry, Moxie-plum, Maidenhair-berry]

 

Chrysosplenium Americanum. 1862. May 11. 13.

    [Chrysosplenium americanum Schwein. ex Hook., Golden Saxifrage, Water-Mat, Water-Carpet]

 

Cichorium intybus. 1862. Aug. 19.

    [Cichorium intybus L., Chicory, Blue-Sailors, Tattered-Sailors, Cornflower]

 

Cicuta maculata. 1862. July 9. 26. Aug. 5.

    [Cicuta maculata L., L., Bulb-bearing Water Hemlock]

  bulbifera. 1862. Aug. 21. Sept. 11.

    [Cicuta bulbifera L., L., Bulb-bearing Water Hemlock]

 

Cinna arundinacea. 1865. Sept. 1.

    [Cinna arundinacea L., Woodreed, Stout Woodreed, Wood Reedgrass]

 

Cimicifuga racemosa. 1862. July 26. Aug. 8.

    [Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt., Black Snakeroot, Black Cohosh]

 

Circaea alpina. 1862. July 11.

    [Circaea alpina L., Smaller Enchanter's-Nightshade]

 

Cirsium. 1865. Sept. 16.

  arvense. 1862. July 14.

    [Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop., Canada Thistle]

  lanceolatum. 1862. July 29.

    [Cirsium lanceolatum of NY reports, not (L.) Hill  = Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Tenore, Bull Thistle]

  discolor. 1862. Aug. 28. 1863. Sept. 5. 23. 30. 1864. Sept. 7. Oct. 22.

    [Cirsium discolor (Muhl. ex Willd.) Spreng., Field Thistle]

  altissimum. 1862. Aug. 28. 1863. Sept. 25.

    [Cirsium altissimum (L.) Scop., Canada Thistle] 

  muticum. 1862. Aug. 30. 1864. Oct. 14. 1865. Aug. 18.

    [Cirsium muticum Michx., Swamp Thistle]

  pumilum. 1862. Aug. 11.

    [Cirsium pumilum (Nutt.) Spreng., Pasture Thistle, Small Bull-Thistle]

 

Cladium mariscoides. 1864. Sept. 2. Oct. 4. 25. 1874. July 21. 23.

    [Cladium mariscoides (Muhl.) Torr., Twig-rush, Bog-Rush]

 

Clarkia elegans. 1869. July 13. [1874. July 23 crossed out].

    [Clarkia elegans Dougl., a Californian plant in the Onagraceae with bright crimson flowers.]

 

Clasmatodon pusillum, var.? 1867. Nov. 30.

    [There is a Clasmatodon parvulum var. rupestris Sull. & Lesq. in Lesq. & James, a moss. Clasmatodon pusillus Hook. & Wils. in Drumm. is a synonym of  Clasmatodon parvulus, as mentioned  in W. S. Sullivant's Icones Muscorum of 1864.]

 

Claytonia. 1863. Ap. 18.

  Caroliniana. 1862. May 13. 1863. Ap. 22. 27. 1864. Ap. 22. 29. May 1.2.3. 1865. Ap. 7. 1866. May 5.

    [Claytonia caroliniana Michx., Broad-leaved Spring Beauty]

  Virginica. 1862. May 13. 1863. Ap. 25. 1866. May 5.

    [Claytonia virginica L., Narrow-leaved Spring Beauty, Mayflower]

 

Clematis viticella. 1862. July 23. 1864. Sept. 15.

    [Clematis viticella perhaps Clematis verticillaris DC.  = Clematis occidentalis (Hornem.) DC., Clematis verticillaris DC.  = Clematis occidentalis (Hornem.) DC., a native species of the eastern mountains.]

  erecta? 1865. Aug. 20.

    [Clematis erecta L. = Clematis recta L.,  is a horticultural species from southern Europe]

  Virginiana. 1862. Aug. 5.

    [Clematis virginiana L., Virgin's Bower]

 

Clethra alnifolia. 1864. Nov. 3. 1867. July. p. 204.

    [Clethra alnifolia L., White Alder, Summer-sweet, Sweet Pepper-bush]

 

Clintonia borealis. 1862. Aug. 30. 1863. June 25. 1864. May 31. 1866. July 18. 1874. June 9. Oct. 18. 1876. June 2.3.

    [Clintonia borealis (Ait.) Raf. Yellow Clintonia, Woodlily, Bluebeads, Cornlily] 

  umbellata. 1863. June 20. 25. 1864. June 9. 10. 1865. Sept. 1.

    [Clintonia umbellata Torr. in Gray's Manuel, 5th ed, 1867 is perhaps C. umbellulata (Michx.) Morong, White Clintonia, Speckled or White Woodlily.Clintonia multiflora Beck. = Convallaria umbellulata Michx. = Clintonia umbellata Torr. (p. 529]

 

Climacium. 1865. May 29.  1878. Oct. 25.

    [Climacium species are three: Climacium dendroides (Hedw.) Web. & Mohr with a boreal distribution, and Climacium americanum Brid., a more southern species, as is Climacium kindbergii (Ren. & Card.) Grout, considered to be an irregularly branched form of C.americanum associated with flooding. Perhaps it is the first to which Clinton refers. All three are acrocarpous mosses.]

 

Collinsia verna. 1864. June 18. 24. July 3. 1865. May 22. June 7. June 19. 1866. May 5.

    [Collinsia verna Nutt., Blue-eyed Mary, Innocence]

 

Collinsonia Canadensis. 1862. July 28.

    [Collinsonia canadensis L., Horse Balm, Richweed, Stoneroot]

 

Comandra umbellata. 1862. May 30. June 8.

    [Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt., Bastard Toad Flax]

 

Comptonia asplenifolia. 1862. Sept. 25.

    [Comptonia asplenifolia (L.) L'Hér. = Comptonia peregrina 9L.) Coult., Sweet-fern]

 

Conferva. 1865. Oct. 21. 1867. May 11.

    [An older genus of filamentous, branched, green, freshwater algae, typical of growth as scum in ditches and other features with sluggish or stagnant water. The species in the genus were of uncertain relationship, many of them now may be found in the genus Tribonema]

 

Conioselinum Canadense. 1862. Aug. 30. 1863. Oct. 17. 1864. Oct. 14.

    [Conioselinum canadense Torr. & Gray = Conioselinum (L.) BSP, Hemlock Parsley]

 

Conium maculatum. 1862. July 8.

    [Conium maculatum L., Poison Hemlock]

 

Conomitrium Julianum. 1865. Sept. 26. [note misprint (as 625) in Gray's 1862 index]

    [Conomitrium julianum (Cand.) Mont. = Fissidens fontanus (Pyl.) Steud., an acrocarpous aquatic moss]

 

Conopholis Americana. 1865. June 8. 24. 1878. July 8.

    [Conopholis americana (L.) Wallr., Squaw-root, Cancer-Root]

 

Convolvulus arvensis. 1862. July 9. 1863. July 24. 1875. Aug. 18.

    [Convolvulus arvensis L., Field Bindweed]

 

Coptis trifolia. 1862. May 15. 19.

    [Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb., Goldthread]

 

Corallorhiza? 1862. June 10.

  innata. 1862. June 1. 7. 25. 1876. June 2. 3. July 7.

    [Corallorhiza innata R. Br. in Ait.  = Corallorhiza trifida Chat. (not (L.) Chat.), Early Coral-root] 

  multiflora. 1862. July 25. Aug. 4. 7. 8. 1863. June 18.

    [Corallorhiza multiflora Nutt.  = Corllorhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf., Spotted Coral-root]

  odontorhiza. 1864. Oct. 25.

    [Corallorhiza odontorhiza (Willd.) Nutt., Autumn Coral-root]

 

Coreopsis tinctoria. 1862. Aug. 3. 26.

    [Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt., Garden Tickseed]

  tripteris. 1863. Aug. 9.

    [Coreopsis tripteris L., Tall Coreopsis, a species not noted in the New York flora (Mitchell & Tucker 1997)]

  trichosperma. 1863. Sept. 6. 14. 20. 1864. Sept. 9. 1865. Sept. 10.

    [Coreopsis trichosperma Michx.  = Bidens coronata (L.) Britt. , Tickseed Sunflower]

 

Coriandrum sativum. 1862. Aug. 13. Oct. 4. 1864. July 4. 1869. July 30.

    [Coriandrum sativum L., Garden Coriander]

 

Corispermum hyssopifolium. 1862. Sept. 8. 17. 1864. Oct. 15. 1865. Sept. 19.

    [Corispermum hyssopifolium L., Bugseed]

 

Cornus Canadensis. 1862. June 3. 25.

    [Cornus canadensis L., Bunchberry, Dwarf Cornel]

  florida. 1862. May 29.

    [Cornus florida L., Flowering Dogwood ]

  circinata. 1862. June 13. 20. 26. 1865. June 1.

    [Cornus circinata L'Hér.  = Cornus rugosa Lam. , ., Round-leaved Dogwood ]

  sericea. 1862. July 10. 13.

    [Cornus sericea L., Red-osier Dogwood ]

 stolonifera. 1862. June 8. 13. 18.

    [Cornus stolonifera Michx.  = Cornus sericea L., Red-osier Dogwood]

  paniculata. 1862. June 29. July 9. 1863. Sept. 13. 22.

    [Cornus paniculata L'Hér.  = Cornus foemina ssp. racemosa (Lam.) J. Wilson, Gray Dogwood ]

 alterniflora [sic] 1862. June 5. 14. 18. 20. 1864. June 20.

    [Cornus alternifoliaL.f., Alternate-leaved Dogwood, Green Osier, Pagoda Dogwood]

 

Corydalis glauca. 1863. Aug. 21. 23. 1865. July 24.

    [Corydalis glauca Corydalis glauca Pursh  = Corydalis sempervirens (L.) Pers. , Pink Corydalis]

 

Corylus Americana

    [Corylus americana Walt., American Hazelnut, American Filbert]

  rostrata. 1862. Aug. 8. 1863. Ap. 27. July 19. 1864. Ap. 22.

    [Corylus rostrata Corylus rostrata Ait.  = Corylus cornuta Marsh.]

 

Crataegus. 1862. May 28. June 2. 5. 12. 27.

  oxyacantha. 1863. June 16.

    [Crataegus oxyacantha (of authors)  = Crataegus monogyna Jacq. , English  Hawthorn ]

  coccinea. 1865. May 31.

    [Crataegus coccinea of American authors in large part, not L., and of Zenkert 1934  = Crataegus pedicellata  Sarg.]

  tomentosa. 1865. May 31.

    [Crataegus tomentosa Sarg. in part  = Crataegus calpodendron (Ehrh.) Medik., Pear Thorn]

  Crus-galli. [no date]

    [Crataegus crusgalli L. Cockspur Thorn ]

 

Crucifer - an undetermined. 1862. July 16.

 

Cryptotaenia Canadensis. 1862. June 13.

    [Cryptotaenia canadensis (L.) DC., Honewort, Wild Chervil ]

 

Cucurbita pepo. 1862. Oct. 11.

    [Cucurbita pepo pepo L., Pumpkin, Acorn Squash, Summer Squash ]

 

Cunila? 1864. July 4.

    [Cunila origanoides (L.) Britt., Dittany, is a native species rare in New York State]

 

Cuscuta. 1864. Nov. 1.

  epilinum. 1863. July 10. 13.

    [Cuscuta epilinum Weihe, Flax Dodder ]

  inflexa. 1864. Aug. 29. Sept. 7. 24. Oct. 1. 1865. Sept. 1.

    [Cuscuta inflexa Engelm.  = Cuscuta coryli Engelm. , Hazel Dodder, Strangleweed]

  Gronovii. 1862. Aug. 17. 1863. July 28. Oct. 17. 1864. Sept. 6.

    [Cuscuta gronovii Willd. ex Schultz, Common Dodder]

     ? 1862. Aug. 28.

 

[later note at the top of the page:] Cyclamen europaeum. 1867. Ap. 4.

    [Cyclamen species in the Primulaceae, among well-known florists' plants of Central Europe and the Mediterranean]

 

Cynanchum nigrum. 1865. Aug. 20.

    [Cynanchum nigrum Cynanchum nigrum (L.) Pers.  = Cynanchum louiseae Kartesz & Gandhi , Black Swallow-wort ALSO Cynanchum nigrum in part  = Cynanchum rossicum (Kleop.) Borh. Swallow-wort ]

 

Cynoglossum officinale. 1865. July 29.

    [Cynoglossum officinale L., Hound's-tongue ]

  Virginicum. 1863. June 25. 1864. June 15. 1866. July 15.

    [Cynoglossum virginicum L. in Gray's Manual, 5th edition 1867 p. 366 is currently spelled Cynoglossum virginianum L., Northern Wild Comfrey]

  Morisoni [DC.]. 1862. July 30. ["a vile weed" according to Gray, 1862.]

    [Cynoglossum morisonii A.DC.  = Hackelia virginiana (L.) Johnst., Virginia Stickseed, Beggar-lice]

 

Cynosurus cristatus. 1864. June 21. 27. July 10. 1877. July 1. 10.

    [Cynosurus cristatus L., Dog's-tail Grass, Crested Dog's Tail ]

 

Cyperus. 1862. Sept. 8. 1864. Aug. 29. Oct. 24.

  diandrus. 1863. Sept. 7. 1864. Sept. 10.

    [Cyperus diandrus Torr., Galingale ]

  Michauxianus. [no date]

    [Cyperus michauxianus Schultes = Cyperus odoratus L., Fragrant Cyperus]

  strigosus. 1864. Sept. 10. 13. Oct. 4.

    [Cyperus strigosus L., Straw-colored Cyperus ]

  phymatodes. 1863. Sept. 13. 14. 1864. Aug. 20. Oct. 4.

    [Cyperus phymatodes Muhl. = Cyperus esculentus L., Yellow Nut Grass]

  Schweinitzii. 1862. Oct. 8. 1863. July 10. 31. Sept. 7. 19. 1864. Sept. 10. Oct. 15.

    [Cyperus schweinitzii Torr., Schweinitz's Cyperus ]

  filiculmis. 1863. July 10. Aug. 13. Sept. 19. 1864. Sept. 10.

    [Cyperus filiculmis Cyperus filiculmis of authors, not Vahl  = Cyperus lupulinus (Spreng.) Marcks, Slender Galingale , ssp. lupulinus]

  dentatus. 1867. July. p. 204.

    [Cyperus dentatus  Torr., Cyperus, Flat Sedge]

  inflexus. 1867. July. p. 204.

    [Cyperus inflexus = Cyperus squarrosus L., Cyperus]

  Nuttallii. 1867. July. p. 204.

    [Cyperus nuttallii Eddy = Cyperus filicinus Vahl, Nuttall's Cyperus]

 

Cypripedium pubescens. 1862. May 18. 27. 1863. May 28. 1864. May 31. 1865.  May 29. 1874. June 9.

    [Cypripedium pubescens Willd. = Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb., var. pubescens (Willd.) Kinight, Large Yellow Ladyslipper]

  parviflorum. 1863. June 5. 1864. May 31. 1876. June 5. 6.

    [Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb. = Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb. var. parviflorum, Small Yellow Ladyslipper]

  candidum. 1866. June 8.

    [Cypripedium candidum Muhl. ex Willd., White Lady's Slipper ]

  spectabile. 1863. June 25. July 7. 1864. June 30. July 13. 1865. June 15. 1866. July 18. 1874. June 9.

    [Cypripedium spectabile Cypripedium spectabile Salisb.  = Cypripedium regina Walt., Showy Lady's Slipper]

  acaule. 1863. May 28. 1864. Aug. 13. 1868. May 25. 1876. June 2.3. 1877. June 18-20.

    [Cypripedium acaule Ait., Moccasin Flower, Pink Lady's Slipper]

  arietinum. 1864. May 3. 31.

    [Cypripedium arietinum R. Br., Ram's-Head Lady's Slipper, a species rare in New York State.]

 

Cystopteris bulbifera. 1862. Sept. 23. 1863. June 24.

    [Cystopteris bulbifera (L.) Bernh., Bulblet Bladder-fern ]

  fragilis. 1865. June 19. July 11.

    [Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh., Brittle Bladder-fern ]

 

Cytisus. 1864. June 16. 21. 1865. May 30.

    [Cytisus. Two species of Cytisus are known from New York State: C. scoparius (L.) Link, the Scotch-broom, and Cytisus villosus Pour., Broom, both alien, the latter perhaps extirpated (Mitchell and Tucker 1997).

 

D.

 

Dactylis glomerata. 1863. June 15. 28. 29. 1864. June 24.

    [Dactylis glomerata L., Orchard Grass]

 

Dalea alopecuroides. 1872. Ap. 7.

    [Dalea alopecuoirdes Willd., Foxtail Dales in the Leguminosae, adventive in New York from the central plains region.]

 

Dalibarda repens. 1862. June 25.

    [Dalibarda repens L., Dewdrop, False-Violet]

 

Danthonia spicata. 1863. June 24. 26. 1874. July 21.

    [Danthonia spicata (L.) Beauv. ex R. & S., Poverty Grass, Junegrass, White Oatgrass]

 

Datura. 1863. Sept. 9.

  stramonium. 1864. Aug. 30. 1878. Sept. 7.

    [Datura stramonium L., Jimsonweed, Stramonium, Common Thorn-apple]

  "  "   var. tatula. 1862. July 16. 1864. Aug. 30.

    [Datura stramonium var. tatula (L.) Torr. = Datura stramonium L.]

 

Daucus carota. 1863. June 16. July 24. 1864. Nov. 1. 2.