THE BOTANICAL JOURNAL OF G. W. CLINTON
Rendered by P. M. Eckel
Editor, The Clinton Papers
Buffalo Museum of Science
Missouri Botanical Garden, Res Botanica
www.mobot.org/plantscience/ResBot/
July 1, 2003

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THE BOTANICAL JOURNAL OF G. W. CLINTON – September 1865

[1865]    Sept. 1. At 4*40' [At Salamanca:] A.M. started from the Hotel & walked through Big Valley, 3 miles, to Salmon Porter's, 4 miles further, & got there at about 7*. Approaching Big Valley, took specimen of Helianthus giganteus? Salmon Porter died 7 June last. His widow &c. have sold the farm. Breakfasted there, & left at about 7*45' & commenced ascending to the City. On the way, collected Goodyera pubescens, Aster acuminatus, Medeola Virginiana in berry, the berries are on erected peduncles, also Aspidium noveboracense, and a, to me, very singular looking Polytrichum (Pogonatum brevicaule). In ascending, & in the City, collected mosses everywhere. In the City, Pyrus Americanus, in fruit, 2 Carices & a grass, probably Cinna. Descended to the road, between Salamanca & Little Valley, through the woods. On the way down a young raccoon, very unsophisticated, remained quietly, on the ground, within a rod of me, while I sat on a log & jotted down my notes. Saw no where, the Listera, nor any Platanthera orbiculata or Hookeri, all of which were so abundant on former visits, and the Clintonia umbellata has even shed its fruit. In a little streamlet, now in pools, crossing the wood road, collected a Fontinalis? (!) not in fruit. When the stream comes out into the open fields, they are boring for oil. Struck the road at 2*7' P.M. about 3 miles from Salamanca. By the road fence, on the right hand side, a little way on, Rudbeckia triloba? (R. laciniata). It rained hard, from the time I gathered it, got soaking wet, got to Salamanca at 3*30'. Went up the hill side, did not light on the Cuscuta inflexa, but took some of the Gerardia, which, very likely, is G. integrifolia (!). Took trains for Dunkirk at 4*48', fare 1.25. Arrived at 6*45' supped, took St. L. train at 8*35' & got home at about 10 P.M. Total expenses from Salamanca 5.25. Which expenditures since I left home 8.80 + 2.65 + 5.25 = 16.70.

 

[Pogonatum brevicaule, P. ‑Beauv. now Pogonatum pensilvanicum (Hedw.) P.‑Beauv. "A pioneer of recently exposed, steep banks of moist clay or silt, especially on roadbanks; apparently an acidophile. Widespread in eastern North America but apparently lacking in much of the Great Lakes region ..." Crum & Anderson, Vol. 2 p. 1263.  "Moist clayey banks, Eastern States and westward. ‑ Common. p. 75, W. S. Sullivant, Icones Muscorum; Canbridge. 1864.]

 

[1865]    Sept. 2. At about 11* went to the Dam, took a boat, rowed to Big Bay [=Strawberry Island] & collected the Spongilla & Batrachospermum, rowed over to the American side for Scirpus Torreyi &c., but they had gone by ‑ back to head of Grand Island, & then, off the 2 trees marking graves, found a few specimens of Isoetes, searched along shore & at the head of Beaver Island, in vain, for more. Rowed back to Strawberry & searched along west side, in vain, until I reached the mouth of Little Bay, where I found it tolerably abundant. Home by 8 P.M.

 

[The Scirpus Torreyi was looked for in the Rattlesnake Channel, see 1865: Aug. 8. 1865. July 14.]

 

[1865]    Sept. 3. Day's Sphagnum to get some Riccia fluitans  for Mr. Peck. Got it.

 

[1865]    Sept. 4 [note, out of order] Monday. George & I went down the River & caught Perch. Coming back, stopped at Little Bay, & collected some Isoetes in the mouth of the Bay, in about 18 inch water. Noticed the Ranunculus reptans growing somewhat freely in the same depth of water (Qu. Can it flower &c.) but not on the shore. It seems really in this station, a subaquatic plant.

 

[This entry out of order: written after Sept. 5. Restored to its present place by the editor.]

 

[1865]    Sept. 5. Mr. John S. Ganson took me, in his carriage, to Keller's tavern, in Boston, where we dined. Visited the gas springs on Abraham Young's farm. Lycopus europaeus growing abundantly, in dry field. In the ravine on which the further one is, picked a fine moss, & in the lane, & in the ravine where the nearer spring is, & afterwards, by the road side in the hill descending to Boston Centre, the small Pogonatum brevicaule which I found at Salamanca. 

 

[Pogonatum brevicaule, P. ‑Beauv. now Pogonatum pensilvanicum (Hedw.) P.‑Beauv. "A pioneer of recently exposed, steep banks of moist clay or silt, especially on roadbanks; apparently an acidophile. Widespread in eastern North America but apparently lacking in much of the Great Lakes region ..." Crum & Anderson, Vol. 2 p. 1263. "Moist clayey banks, Eastern States and westward. ‑ Common. p. 75, W. S. Sullivant, Icones Muscorum; Cambridge. 1864.]

 

[1865]    Sept. 7. 12* 20' train to the Falls. Pursued the foot of the

talus, below Amn Stairs to nearly where the Hydraulic Canal pours over the cliff, then to the shore, where, on a high rock, I collected the moss Mr. Peck wished. Collected very little besides mosses, & few of these. Home by the 6* train. Along the talus, collected Nabalus         . Muhlenbergia (Probably capitata but heads more open than usual. In the little inclosure, opposite the R. R. depot, the common red‑flowered Amaranthus         growing spontaneously. 

 

[1865]    Sept. 10. Walked, in St. L. R. R., to & up Smoke's Creek, & collected some mosses, & particularly, in the old channel, at the head of the wood, a small moss, which I suppose to be the one which bothered Mr. Peck, & which Mr. Lesquereux pronounced Hypnum riparium, var., no. 528 of S. & L.'s list. Pellia epiphylla showed no fruit. Found a small cyathiform fungus which seems to open into cup shape, with a white film or membrane at first closing the cup. At the left of the r.r., going out, near Elk St. found Amaranthus spinosus. Solanum Carolinense abundant where old cattle stand was, but none in flower. Xanthium spinosum & Bidens tripinnata have disappeared. Found a few plants of Physalis Philadelphica in flower, & took two. This side of the Bx [?] ridge over the Creek, found a plant of Ambrosia trifida? (yes!  v. integrifolia). much branched, & took specimens. This side of the switch, Helianthus doronicoides? A few rods beyond the town out, & a few rods this side of the road crossing, patches, on the dry railroad bank on the right, of a Polygonum, probably amphibia var. terestre, very hairy, & only 2 puny spikes of flowers. Collected beyond the wood, the Chenopodium with large leaves, probably a form of C. album, and, in the meadow, on both sides of the wood, Coreopsis trichosperma.

 

In the track of the turnout, are several queer first leaves, one of them may be of Oenothera fruticosa. Just beyond the culvert, or ditch, between Elk St. & the next cross street, right hand side, noticed a very hairy Physalis not in flower yet.

 

[Sullivant and Lesquereux' list.]

 

[1865]    Sept. 14. By 6*15' train to Tonawanda. Collected some mosses. On by 9*30' train to Lewiston. Collected some mosses, walked back to Devil's Hole, mossed, thence to Whirlpool woods, mossed, & took an Aster which may be A. ericoides, & may be one not before noted by me. Home by the 6*P.M. train from The Falls ‑ (Sept. 15. On looking at those Asters, I find that the smooth one has cordate leaves or radical leaves, and, were it not for its winged petioles, I should call it A. azureus. It may be A. undulatus. The other, if it be another, does not answer to A. ericoides. (One or both of these = A. azureus).

 

[1865]    Sept. 15. After dinner with George, examined the outer edge of Squaw Island, & a part of the river on the Canadian side, for, but did not find the Isoetes. Caught a mess of perch.

 

[1865]    Sept. 16. With George, down the River to Little Bay, nil!  Big Bay, on the edge of the river, above the entrance, some Isoetes, & Ranunculus reptans in the water. In the Bay, collected some of the Spongilla, & some of the water moss [Hypnum aduncum, now Drepanocladus, written above], & some seeds &c. of our Nymphaea, at Gray's request, the roots are tuber‑bearing as Paine writes & I suppose it is his new species [N. tuberosa written above], about which he writes in his letter received today. Crossed to Canada & caught a mess of perch. Started up the shore to & above the old Forsyth house, no Isoetes. Went up Frenchmen's Creek, collected there Helianthus doronicoides?, Bidens cernua! (rays inconspicuous, stem rough, achenium 4‑awned, and a Cirsium, either discolor or altissimus, unusually small.      The Bidens is, probably, cernua. But it grows from 6‑18 in. high, & is often much branched. Examining the pods of the Nymphaea, find two with seeds enveloped in arils, 1 with seeds with a cup shaped aril, and other, much older, with seeds without arils. As to the tubers, they are mere branchlets of the rhizome.

 

[1865]    Sept. 18. Found Atriplex hastata, entire‑leaved! & a linear lanceolate on Virginia St., N.W. corner of Virginia & 9th St. Also a plant, like Chenopodium, in its flowers, but seed‑bearing, with similar & equally thick & fleshy leaves. How can it be the male At. hastata? 

 

[1865]    Sept. 19. Crossed at Waterloo [= Fort Erie] & walked up L. Huron R. R. to the wood opposite Rose's Point, through them to the Lake Shore, & up that to Windmill Point, back, by the shore, to the Ferry, & so home. Collected some mosses. Equisetum variegatum abundant on the rocky point which [...] just into the Lake & makes Rose's Point. Collected some Corispermum, &c., &c. Nothing new. Bidens cernua seems, to me, quite distinct from Chrysanthemoides. 

 

[1865]    Sept. 23. By invitation of Mr. A. Thompson, with other Buffalonians, took the 9 A. M. train to Falls, & there met "the British capitalists" crossed at the Ferry, & took first train on Erie & Niagara River, at the Clifton Station, backed 1/2 mile up & then went down to Niagara, where the contractors gave the Can. council of that City & ourselves a nice lunch at Mr. Moffat's tavern. Walked down to the River and then taken back to Clifton by the train. Recrossed River at Ferry, and made one (unsuccessful) grab, near American Fall, for Anomodon viticulosus. Home by 11* P.M. special train.

 

[Here we are probably seeing a meeting that will be fateful for the future development of railed transportation, electric power generation and electric rail transport that would transform the Niagara region's economy and politics. Here is our first reference to a local Canadian rail line, the Erie & Niagara River Rail Road. The special train may have been provided by the conveners of this meeting to carry dignitaries back to Buffalo and other points along the line. Clinton was a Superior Court Judge and had a free railroad pass. Note that recently he had been relatively preoccupied with fares.]

 

[1865]    Sept. 25. Last Monday, or thereabouts, with Day, walked up 9th Street to Jersey, returned to large vacant lot between it & Niagara St., & on the upper side of that lot, took 2 sprigs from a hickory by the fence. I suppose it to be C. amara, but observe that the leaflets are 5‑7. Can it be Carya microcarpa? No fruit on the tree. There seem to be several similar trees in that part of the city. 

 

[This is an interesting reference to Oak‑Hickory woods elements in the Buffalo area, in addition to many references to Buffalo's urban wetlands. Dry areas include the Plains references (thin soil over calcareous bedrock). See Oaks for a reference to this genus.]

 

[1865]    Sept. 25b. Took the 12*20' train to Suspension Bridge, & collected mosses about the Whirlpool & in the Whirlpool woods, and collected largely that Aster which really bothers me very much. = A. azureus. 

 

[1865]    Sept. 26. After Breakfast, walked, on St. L. R. R. to 1st dark wood on the left, through that & the next, then cut across to Mr. Kelley's (West Seneca House) then over Limestone Ridge, to the dead creek this side of Smoke's Creek, & collected Conomitrium Julianum, then down the creek & across fields to the R.R. Along it to the dark wood, along the road through it to the next wood, which I partly went through & partly surrounded, and gathered on its Lakeward skirt a little of the Aster longifolius, then across fields to the Turnpike, & Mr. Capt. Maxwell  gave me a bowl of bread & milk, thence to the Lake & along it some ways, & then across fields & ditches to the St. L. R. R. & so home. Collected very little besides mosses. 

 

[1865]    Sept. 27. By 9*A.M. train to Suspension Bridge, went down the old road to the Maid of the Mist Landing, &, along the water up a good way

to not far below the Fall made by the Hydraulic Canal, then scrambled to & returned a good way on the top of the talus, & then down it & back to the

top of the bank. On the talus found one white Gentiana Andrewsii. Walked up to Goat Island down the Biddle Stairs, & searched near the Middle & the British Falls, for Anomodon viticulosus, then to the American Staircase & did the same at the American Fall. Then took a short walk in the wood, & then home by the 6* P.M. train. Collected some mosses, probably nothing new. 

 

[1865]    Sept. 28. By 5 A.M. train to Rochester & thence back to Bergen, and over to Sylvester Gillet's where Mr. G. gave me a bread & milk breakfast, then to the Sackett's. Sarah at school in Bergen, & staying at Frank Gifford's. Got into the swamp by 9*40'. Got lost as usual. Landed somewhere in Byron, and made for a house which turned out to be on "the swamp road" (running E & W and being the one just North of the railroad), then walked on the road East about a mile, & made another dash into the swamp, intending to cross it and come out at Smith's, the attempt resulted in my coming out on the same side, probably 1 mile further east and about 1 mile west of Gillet's. Found Gillet and Mr. Frederick Lewellin of West Bergen, at work, with teams, drawing stone. Mr. Lewellin showed me a wood road in the swamp, and walked in it with me until we had, as he said, passed all the roads that turned off. I kept on and came out 1/4 ‑ 1/2 mile east of Smith's barn (Mr. L. says by taking the 6*15' accommodation from Buffalo, & getting out at W. Bergen, and breakfasting at his house, I'll get into the swamp as soon as by the other way, invites me to breakfast, (&c.). Back to the main road & into the swamp a ways. This day collected in swamp, Solidago Ohioensis, also the common Solidago of the swamp, and some nice mosses. Dined at Sackett's. Walked to Bergen. There called twice at Frank Gifford's, Sarah out a visiting, but she came to the depot and saw me a few minutes before the starting of the 6*53' train for Buffalo.

 

[1865]    Sept. 29. Took care of my plants, & sent off some mosses to Peck & to Lesquereux. Mailed some Isoetes to Engelmann & to Durand. Received a packet from E. P. Austin.

 

[This is E. P. Austin of Philadelphia.]

 

[1865]    Sept. 30. By 9* A. M. train to Suspension Bridge, crossed & hunted for mosses about the Whirlpool. 

Scientific names may be looked up in the online checklist of Western New York plants. Find genus names beginning with  A - C  D - K  L - P  Q - Z.