THE BOTANICAL JOURNAL OF G. W. CLINTON
Rendered by P. M. Eckel
Editor, The Clinton Papers
Buffalo Museum of Science
1020 Humboldt Parkway
Buffalo, NY 14211 USA
www.buffalomuseumofscience.org/botany/DiaryIntro.htm
January 8, 2003

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THE BOTANICAL JOURNAL OF G. W. CLINTON – July 1863

[1863]     July 1. Everard Palmer took me to the Gun Works at Farmer's Point.  Looked at the Point, nil. P.M. Strolled about Sandy Town. Got Juncus tenuis well in seed. There is another, just commencing to flower, & still another very far from flowering. 

 

[1863]     July 2. Walked to Williamsville & back, the day excessively hot. Picked up divers grasses &c. Road side, Linaria vulgaris, 2(?) species of Malva or varieties of M. moschata (= M. moschata & M. alcea). At the quarry (by the Creek) in Williamsville, Sedum acre in great profusion & in full flower.  Another Sedum (not in flower) by the roadside somewhere, = S. telephinum. A white rose, slightly doubled, a garden scape, also Rosa       . In a wheat field Raphanus sativus. In the Poor house orchard, Medicago sativa. At the Tavern (Machel's? [?]) where the Stage stops, just this side of Burt Scott's old place, I went through its gate into the fields, bearing off to the fence at the right, & not far from the fence, in a spring wheat patch (?) saw what is, probably, Ipomoea pandurata growing profusely, seemed to be far from flowering. In dry open fields Silene antirhina, all in seed.  Hooked, from a garden, by the (Roman Catholic) Schoolhouse, this side of the Poorhouse Farm, a beautiful longer flowered, low Oenothera, quite hairy (Oenothera fruticosa). 

 

[1863]     July 3.  2*30' P.  M. went to the Falls with my family. Walked up the River Bank.  Sedum acre had taken possession of a wall & came over it into the road.  Echium vulgare by  the  highway  side, particularly  near Miss Porter's old cottage. The Peltandra (called here Lobsterweed) common. 

 

[1863]     July 4.  Crossed at Ferry & walked to Chippewa, nil, but a small blue flower from Saul Davis's garden, which Mr.  D.  said was a common garden weed  (Specularia speculum). Walked to Gill Creek,  collected Sagittaria heterophylla ? & 2 tall grasses. 

 

[1863]     July 5.  Walked to  Whirlpool with  George, got  2  or  3 specimens  of Pterospora,  some specimens of Rhus aromatica,  Bromus kalmii,  2 or 3 grasses, Asplenium trichomanes,  Pyrola rotundifolia, Silene antirrina.  At foot of American Staircase, Carices, a  grass, and Typha angustifolia.  On Goat Island,  Carices.  Collected also the bitter Carya,  White Ash,  and Iron Wood (Ostrya.)

 

[New York State. George Clinton was George Clinton's son. Carya amara (Michx.f.) nutt. = Carya cordiformis (Wang.) K. Koch].

 

[1863]     July 6. P. M. Rained in heavy showers. Collected on Squaw Isld., some Equisetum palustre & Sparganium simplex. Day tells me there is a little of Hydrophyllum canadense on Wheelbarrow Point. 

 

[1863]     July 7. Received from Gray his plates of Genera of the Grasses, & took a later walk & collected some, intending to go at them. In Day's Sphagnum or Swamp, found Cypridpedium spectabile, Platanthera hyperborea, and Rosa lucida. 

 

[1863]     July 10. Walked to Windmill Point, by the Beach, & 1/2 ‑ 1 mile beyond and returned, mainly, on the Huron R. R. Going up, collected the Glycyrrhiza. Day says he found 4 or 5 plants of Lathyrus maritimus, between Rose's & Windmill Points. Between them I saw one plant, probably of that species, no where near flowering. At Rose's Point & beyond, saw plenty of Cyperus Schweinitzii, and also, at Rose's Point, on the dunes, some Cyperus filiculmis. Collected a few grasses &c. At Windmill Point, on the rocks by the shore, Micromeria glabella abundant. Found there, also, Lobelia Kalmii, Carex Oederi & another small Carex (C. Crawii), Selaginella apus, & Spiranthes latifolia. Every where, on the dunes, the Lithospermum hirtum abundant & in full flower. 

I have purposed visiting the flax fields about Lockport, for the purpose of getting specimens of the flax, and, if I could find it, of its parasite, the Cuscuta epilinum. In crossing the swing bridge [x, Squaw Island], over the harbor, on my return, noticed growing on it, inside the rail on the lower side, some young plants of a singular look & hue, & plucked half a handfull, & found it had a Cuscuta growing on it, & think it is flax. 

Collected also, from sand, a very pubescent Physalis, probably viscosa.

Went, Evening, to consultations at Judge Masten's. In the rear of his grounds, is 1 plant of Onopordon  acanthium. Found in there also Alopecurus pratensis? (No!) = Phleum pratense. 

 

[1863]     July 12. After dinner, collected the Frasera, Bromus Kalmii ['mollis?' crossed out], and some other grasses &c. Turitis glabra, & Sinapis nigra. 

 

[1863]     July 13. Went to Lockport by 6*A. M. train, walked (according to Mr. Spalding's directions) down the Creek, about 2 miles, to Le Valley's [x,?] flax field, examined it, & then took up the hill on the left bank, to another flax field, & examined that.  No Cuscuta. The Camelina seems to be in every flaxfield. Collected an Alopecurus. Returned to Lockport. No train until 8*10' P.M. from Buffalo. Walked to Tonawanda, probably 17 miles. On coming to a Tavern, east of Pendleton, told me to take the right hand road, which comes out at Pickard's Bridge. Did so, and, very soon, came to a flax field, on the right, containing an abundance of Cuscuta epilinum. Collected it. Also, on the way, collected a watergrass, and the Chestnut. Left Tonawanda for Buffalo, on the 6*45' train. 

 

[1863]     July 14. P.M. Rode up the Turnpike, with my wife. Collected the Proserpinaca palustris. 

 

[1863]     July 15. Before breakfast, took some plants to Day. He gave me, ex hort., Silene armeria, a Verbena, a Phacelia, & an Eschollzia. Tells me that, on Sunday, he found the Dioscorea villosa, in the first wood east of Delaware St., after crossing the Scajaquada (1866. Day & I have frequently searched there for the Dioscorea, could not find it), and that Mr. Junius Smith tells him that he has seen, in or near the stone quarry, beyond McAdam toll gate, west of the road, a pink yarrow (milfoil) Sed? 

Walked up State Line (Buffalo & Erie) R. R. to Limestone Ridge & beyond.  Collected 2 big Carices, the Struthiopteris, Aralia hispida, & a Samolus valerandii. 

 

[1863]     July 16. Pine Hill woods. Found (in same place as last year) 5 Moneses and took 3. Collected 3 or 4 Platanthera orbiculata, & some common ferns. 

 

[1863]     July 17. Went to Portage on 6*A.M. train. Dined at Mr. Letchworth's, & returned on the 7*48' train. Collected a rigidly upright Carex I went after, & Lysimachia quadrifolia. In pine grove, on Mr. Letchworth's grounds, found 1 Pterospora, & the last year's stalk of another. Descended, with Mr. L., the stairs at the Middle Falls, the scenery really fine. In going down, on the rocks, noticed Campanula rotundifolia. Edge of the bed of the stream, the Apocynum cannabinum abundant. And a low willow coming into flower. Took specimen of the latter. It had already fruited this season, & is, I think, a common willow about Buffalo. In returning to the Hotel, after crossing the road bridge just above middle fall, ..., to the left, up the hill, & passed under the aqueduct of the (Genesee Valley) Canal, and right up a wet hollow & to the top of the bank. In the hollow (in the hill side) both below & above the aqueduct, found the Tussilago farfara (flowers long ago gone.) & high up, a low Eriophorum, shedding its seed, also a Platanthera (probably flava). 

 

[1863]     July 19. After dinner, walked out to the woods beyond Delaware St., &, on returning, in the ravine below Falconwood [ on Grand Island], & in Day's Sphagnum scattered a few seeds of Silybum, Aralia hispida, Eriophorum, & Menyanthes. Picked a Ribes (Gooseberry) in fruit, a Carex, a Lechea (not yet in flower) and a fern or two, & 4 specimens of Platanthera lacera. The Corylus in Swartz's Ravine, & C.  rostrata. Evening. Called on Day. He has been in Canada, & found 2 new things: 1, Liparis liliifolia, after passing the junction of L. H. R. R. , continue up the R. R. to 1st road crossing, take the road & go from the River (i.e., turn to the right), soon the road passes through 2 woods. He found it in the wood on the left. He found only 2 plants, one having on it no flower, the other only 2 & they fell off in bringing it home. 2.  Ptelea trifoliata, in going up the beach, near crossing of a stream or drain, on a log close to the fence, about 1/2 mile this side of Rose's Point. Found also, in a dry, stoney field, Marubium vulgare. 

 

[1863]     July 20. Went by 6*30' A. M. train to Dunkirk, & walked up the shore to the 1st large stream (the Canodaway, or some such name) that empties into the Lake. From the west side of the 1st little stream that enters the Lake (or, rather strives to) from 1/2 ‑1 mile beyond the Lighthouse, to the large stream, the Lathyrus maritimus occurred occasionally. The Melilotus alba is very abundant, forming large patches on the sand spit that runs easterly from the Lighthouse point, and at the mouth of the big stream, &c.  Returned by 4* P.M. train to Liton [?Siton?] Creek, but had hardly entered the woods when rain, which continued until late in, if not through the night, set in heavily. Returned by 9*8' train to Buffalo. Brought Jenny [Jerry?] Ogay down to Buffalo. 

 

[The Canadaway Creek drains the town of Pomfret, Chautauqua Co. wherein Dunkirk lies on Lake Erie.]

 

[1863]     July 22. Went down River to catch a mess of perch for my wife. Collected Hypericum pyramidatum, &c. &c. &c. Nothing new.

 

[1863]     July 24. Recieved a letter from Gray. A  Bromus I sent him is Bromus kalmii, and a Lake Shore grass, Agrostis alba.

P.M. rode, with Dr. Gay, to the tavern this side of Burt Scott's place. In the field, back of it, examined the vine I found there some time since, and though it is 2 or 3 weeks short of flowering, am satisfied that it is Ipomoea pandurata. Collected Onosmodium Carolinianum. Returning, on the Creek above Schanzlin, collected Daucus carota, Convolvulus arvensis, & a couple of Carices.

 

[1863] July 28. With Kate, Min, & Addie Chappitin, visited Wm. P.  Letchworth at his beautiful seat, appropriately called Glen Iris, by the Middle Falls of the Genesee River, at Portage. Called the girls, at their request, at 3 A. M., breakfasted, & left in the 5* train. Arrived at Portage at 7 1/2 A. M. Found W. L. expecting us, at the station. Walked over the Bridge, took his carriage, & rode through the beautiful wood &c.  over to his house. On W.L.'s grounds, collected Pterospora andromeda, 13 specimens. Equisetum hyemale, broken off at top, & sending out 2 small lateral fruiting branches, Oenothera muricata? Henry Rolph (a simple‑minded laborer,) showed me a locality of Panax quinquefolia, & after accustoming my eye to it, recognized it easily. Collected here & at the Lowest Fall, in all, 10 specimens. 

On the other side of the River, east side, found a thickish leaved, pubescent form of Plantago major. There is in the springy places, high up in the hill side, a Parnassia, & quere? which one? Caroliniana!

In descending the road from W. L.'s to the Bridge, on the wet rocks at the right, is a Cuscuta, pretty far from flowering, which looks almost too delicate for C. Gronovii. (But is.)

 

[1863] July 29. W. P. t[x] ook the girls to the lowest Fall. Scenery glorious.  Took Solidago arguta from the rocks. Coming back, noticed the Campanula rotundifolia, in an open grassy field. Malva moschata common by the road sides. In W. P.'s woods, Chimaphila umbellata, coming into flower, & noticed Hydrophyllum Canadense,took from there Solidago arguta, & also a no. of Garden Flowers, as memorials. Collected a Solidago also at the Lower Falls. Collected also Bromus ciliatus & Brachyelytrum aristatum. 

Returned by the 7* (?) P.M. train. The girls delighted with the visit.

 

[1863]     July 31. Dr. Wright, returned from the White Mts. &c., gave me specimen of Hypericum? Potentilla tridentata, Sedum latifolium [palustre crossed out] Vaccinium uliginosum, Arenaria [Alsine written above this word], Groenlandica, Linnaea borealis, and [ends]

P.M. Walked to Sandytown, the Cakile & Polanisia blossoming. Collected Cyperus Schweinitzii. Wheat, barley & oats common along the railroad.

 

Scientific names may be looked up in the online checklist of Western New York plants. Find genus names beginning with  A - C  D - K  L - P  Q - Z.