An Economic Botany Collection
Richard H. Zander
July 21, 2006
Res Botanica, a Missouri Botanical Garden Web Site





Asafoetida, Ferula asafoetida. A strong spice in Indian foods. This is the raw gum. Nature’s Herbs, Toronto, Ontario



Star Anise, Magnoliaceae, Illicium verum.



Tamarinds, Tamarindus indica, Mexico City 1972.


Caraway Seeds, Carum carvi, Apiaceae, From the Netherlands.


Cardamon, Elettaria cardamomum var. major, Zingiberaceae. Probably the long wild native cardamom of Ceylon. Alves West Indies Foods, Toronto, 1972.


Commercial cardamon.


Cinnamon bark, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Toronto, Jamaican section



Cloves, Sygygium aromaticum, Myrtaceae, A&P brand spices. Buffalo, N.Y. 1972.


Coriander, Coriandrum sativum, From Morocco. R.T. French Co., Rochester, N.Y. 1972.


Dill Seed, Anethum graveolens, Apiaceae. From India. R. T. French Co., Rochester, N.Y. 1972.


Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare, Apiaceae. From India. R. T. French Co., Rochester, N.Y. 1972.


Fenugreek Seeds, Trigonella foenum-graecum. From Alvita Teas. 1972.


Ginger, dried. Zingiber officinale, From Jamaica. R. T. French Co., Rochester, N.Y. 1972.


Nutmeg and Mace. Myristica fragrans, Myristicaceae. Grown in the West Indies. R. T. French Co., Rochester, N.Y. 1972. The mace is the outer aril, or thin coating.




Saffron, Crocus sativus, Spain, packed in a glass tube.


Tonka Beans, Dipteryx odorata, Leguminosae, source of coumarin (after fermentation), a flavoring like vanillin.


Turmeric Fingers, Curcuma longa, Zingiberaceae. Bodrum, Turkey,

R. Zander 1973.


Vanilla bean, Vanilla planifolia, Orchidaceae. Comore Islands, Rawleigh's Moroni Plantations, Rawleigh Co., Freeport, Ill. The crystals are of pure vanillin.


Bay leaves, Laurus nobilis. From Turkey. R.T. French Co., Rochester, N.Y., 1972.


Black pepper corns, Piper nigrum, Piperaceae.