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span.apple-converted-space {mso-style-name:apple-converted-space; mso-style-unhide:no;} .MsoChpDefault {mso-style-type:export-only; mso-default-props:yes; font-size:10.0pt; mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;} @page WordSection1 {size:8.5in 11.0in; margin:1.0in 1.25in 1.0in 1.25in; mso-header-margin:.5in; mso-footer-margin:.5in; mso-paper-source:0;} div.WordSection1 {page:WordSection1;} --> </style> <!--[if gte mso 10]> <style> /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} </style> <![endif]--> <meta name=Version content=8.0.3410> <meta name=Date content="10/11/96"> <meta name=Template content="C:\PROGRAM FILES\MICROSOFT OFFICE\OFFICE\html.dot"> <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="1026"/> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapelayout v:ext="edit"> <o:idmap v:ext="edit" data="1"/> </o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]--> </head> <body bgcolor=white lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval:.5in'> <div class=WordSection1> <div align=center> <table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=604 style='width:453.0pt;mso-cellspacing:0in;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt: 6.0pt 6.0pt 6.0pt 6.0pt'> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes'> <td width=604 valign=top style='width:453.0pt;padding:6.0pt 6.0pt 6.0pt 6.0pt'> <p align=right style='text-align:right'><span style='font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>BFNA Title: Lophozia<br> Author: V. Bakalin <br> Date: August 23, 2011 <br> Edit Level: R <br> Version: 1 <br> <br> <b>Bryophyte Flora of North America, <st1:place w:st="on"><st1:PlaceName w:st="on">Provisional</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceName w:st="on">Publication</st1:PlaceName><span style='font-weight:normal'><br> <st1:PlaceName w:st="on">Missouri</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st="on">Botanical Garden</st1:PlaceType></span></st1:place><br> </b>BFNA Web site: <a href="http://www.mobot.org/plantscience/BFNA/bfnamenu.htm">http://www.mobot.org/plantscience/BFNA/bfnamenu.htm</a> <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align=right style='text-align:right'><span style='font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><a href="../Notice.htm">Notice</a><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p align=right style='text-align:right'><span style='font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><a href="http://www.mobot.org/plantscience/BFNA/SUMMary.htm">Return to Home</a></span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:1;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'> <td width=604 valign=top style='width:453.0pt;padding:6.0pt 6.0pt 6.0pt 6.0pt'> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>XX.<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> </b>LOPHOZIA (Dumortier) Dumortier, Recuel Observ. Jungerm., 17. 1835 [Greek <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>lophos,</i> crest, spike, alluding to angular ends of lobes]<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=right style='text-align:right'><st1:PersonName w:st="on"><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Vadim Bakalin</span></st1:PersonName><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Jungermannia</span></i><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> sect. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>Lophozia</i> Dumortier, Syll. Jungerm., 52. 1831<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 3--50 x 0.4--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="3 mm" w:st="on">3 mm</st1:metricconverter>, prostrate to ascending, from pale green to rusty brown and purplish. <b>Stems</b> 0.1--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.5 mm" w:st="on">0.5 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, transverse section with microcellous layer to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>1/2\x stem thickness or not differentiated; rhizoids sparse to common, in indistinct fascicles, colorless to pale brown. <b>Leaves</b> succubous, inserted at various angles, distant to imbricate, spreading to appressed, flat to concave, divided by variously shaped sinus into 2(--3--4) lobes; lobes entire; cells commonly collenchymatous, walls usually thin, but sometimes thickened; oil bodies 2--40 per cell, biconcentric or not; underleaves commonly absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae in masses at apices of leaf-lobes or shots, absent in some species. <b>Sexual condition</b> mainly dioicous, rarely autoicous or paroicous. <b>Androecia</b> intercalary, 1--4-androus, antheridial stalk 1--2-seriate. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal, female bracts in 1 pair. <b>Perianth</b> exerted 1/2--3/4\x its length, mainly cylindric, complicated at mouth, mouth dentate to ciliate and lobulate; perigynium totally absent. <b>C</b><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'>apsule</b> oval, walls 3--5-stratose, exterior wall with nodular thickenings, interior wall with annular thickenings, reddish brown. <b>Elaters</b> 2-spiraled, reddish brown. <b>Spores</b> spheric, 7--18 \um, papillose, dark brownish.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Species ca. 60 (<st1:metricconverter ProductID="23 in" w:st="on">23 in</st1:metricconverter> the flora): North America, Central America, South America, Eurasia, Africa, <st1:country-region w:st="on">Australia</st1:country-region>, Oceania, <st1:place w:st="on">Antarctica</st1:place>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>SELECTED REFERENCES<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Bakalin V.A. 2005. Monograficheskaya obrabotka roda <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia </i>(Dumort.) Dumort. s. str. <st1:City w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Moscow</st1:place></st1:City>.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Hong W. S. 2002. The distribution of <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia </i>in <st1:place w:st="on">North America</st1:place> west of the hundredth meridian. </span><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:DE'>Lindbergia. 27: 49--62.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Schuster R. M. 1969. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia </i>(Dumort.) Dumort. In: R. M. Schuster. </span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1969. Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of <st1:place w:st="on">North America</st1:place>. <st1:State w:st="on">New York</st1:State> and <st1:City w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">London</st1:place></st1:City>. Vol. 2.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1. Stem cross section with microcellous layer near ventral side.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:27.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>2. Leaf lobes obtuse to rounded, cells of midleaf with many (to 50) small oil-bodies, underleaves filiform, commonly present but early deciduous, rarely absent, capsule wall (4--)5-stratose . . . XXe. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>Lophozia</i> subg. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Obtusifolium</i>, p. XX (in part)<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:27.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>2. Leaf lobes acute, or leaves only slightly retuse, cells of midleaf with (1--)3--40 oil bodies per cell, underleaves mainly absent, if present then simple, lanceolate, nearly the same width as stem, not deciduous, capsule wall 3(--4)-stratose.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:.75in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>3. Cells of midleaf usually 25--35 \um wide; gemmae colorless to red and purplish, rarely brown (if brown, then plants whitish, gemmae with long persistent, single, commonly biconcentric oil-body), perianth complicated at mouth, dentate to ciliate along margin . . . XXa. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>Lophozia</i> subg. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia</i>, p. XX<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:.75in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>3. Cells of midleaf usually 18--22 \um wide; gemmae brown; perianth narrowed to the mouth, mouth dentate, commonly ornamented by sharply elongated cells . . . XXc.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia</i> subg <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Sudeticae</i>, p. XX<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1. Stem cross section lacking a microcellous layer near ventral side.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:27.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>4. Leaves subtransversely inserted, imbricate, stem only 0.10--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.15 mm" w:st="on">0.15 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, underleaves always absent . . . XXb. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia</i> subg. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Isopaches</i>, p. XX<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:27.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>4. Leaves inserted at various angles, not imbricate, stem as a rule more than <st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.2 mm" w:st="on">0.2 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, underleaves present or absent.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:.75in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>5. Leaves 2--3(--4)-lobed, obliquely inserted, underleaves more or less regular in shape, plants monoicous, gemmae absent . . . XXd. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>Lophozia</i> subg. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Protolophozia</i>, p. XX<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:.75in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>5. Leaves 2--3-lobed, obliquely to subhorizontally inserted, underleaves commonly irregular, plants dioicous, gemmae present, sometimes absent, but in that case leaves nearly horizontally inserted and 2-lobate.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:81.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt;tab-stops:81.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>6. Leaves almost horizontally inserted, 2-lobed, lobes obtuse to rounded . . . XXe. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia</i> subg. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Obtusifolium</i>, p. XX (in part)<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:81.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt;tab-stops:81.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>6. Leaves obliquely to subtransversely inserted, 2--3(--4)-lobed, acute . . . XXc. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia</i> subg. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Sudeticae</i>, p. XX<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:81.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt;tab-stops:81.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:DE'>XXa. </span></b><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:DE'>LOPHOZIA (Dumortier) Dumortier subg. </span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>LOPHOZIA<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><o:p></o:p></b></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></b></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 4--40 x 0.6--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="3 mm" w:st="on">3 mm</st1:metricconverter>, ascending to prostrate, pale green-whitish to yellowish green, brown and purplish brown. <b>Stems</b> 0.1--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.5 mm" w:st="on">0.5 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, transverse section with microcellous layer to 1/2\x stem thickness, frequently present, but sometimes nearly absent depending on growth habit or ecological condition, outer cells of stem in cross section not or slightly thickened. <b>Leaves</b> transversely to subhorizontally inserted, more or less distant, spreading, 2(3--4)-lobed; cuticle smooth to papillose; underleaves rarely present, simple, lanceolate, nearly the same length as leaves. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by angular gemmae, with slightly to sharply thickened angles, colorless to red, occurring in all species. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous, rarely monoicous or paroicous. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Capsule</b> oval, wall 3(--4)-stratose, <b>Spores</b> spheric, 9--18 \um.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Species 22 (<st1:metricconverter ProductID="17 in" w:st="on">17 in</st1:metricconverter> the flora): North America, South America, Eurasia, Africa, <st1:country-region w:st="on">Australia</st1:country-region>, Oceania, <st1:place w:st="on">Antarctica</st1:place>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1. Stems in cross section with thickened superficial cell walls along margin; mature gemmae colorless to greenish; antheridial bracts with entire margins . . . XXa.1. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia</i> sect. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia</i>, p. XX<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1. Stems in cross section with thin cell walls throughout; mature gemmae red, reddish, carrot-red, brown, brown-orange to purplish; antheridial bracts sometimes with additional antical teeth . . . XXa.2. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>Lophozia</i> sect. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Excisae</i>, p. XX<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>XXa.1. Lophozia </span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>sect. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'>Lophozia <o:p></o:p></b></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Lophozia </span></i><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>sect. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>Guttulatae</i> Schljakov; <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia</i> sect. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Heteromorpha</i> R. M. Schuster; <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia</i> sect. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>Savicziae</i> Bakalin <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 4--40 x 0.6--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2 mm" w:st="on">2 mm</st1:metricconverter>, ascending to prostrate, pale green-whitish to yellowish-green, brown and purplish-brown. <b>Stems</b> with outer cells in cross section slightly thickened. <b>Leaves</b> transversely to subhorizontally inserted, more or less distant, spreading, 2(--4)-lobed, oil-bodies biconcentric or not; cuticle smooth to papillose. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by colorless to greenish gemmae [brownish]. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous [monoicous]. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Antheridial</b> bracts with entire margins. <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Species ca. 14 (<st1:metricconverter ProductID="10 in" w:st="on">10 in</st1:metricconverter> the flora): North America, Eurasia, <st1:place w:st="on">Antarctica</st1:place>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1. Leaves commonly 2--3-lobed, crispate-undulate; gemmae colorless, but sometimes violet. . . 3. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia heteromorpha</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1. Leaves uniformly 2-lobed, only very rarely 3-lobed, flattened to concave but margin neither undulate nor crispate; gemmae colorless to greenish, rarely with rose or brownish tinge.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:27.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>2. Leaves only shallowly retuse at apex, base distinctly decurrent dorsally; perianth fusiform . . . 4. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia <st1:City w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">pacifica</st1:place></st1:City></i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:27.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:27.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>2. Leaves clearly lobed with acute to weakly acute lobes, base not decurrent dorsally, perianth cylindric to subclavate.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:27.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:.75in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>3. Plants whitish, ascending; leaves erect-spreading with lobes deflexed from shoot apex; ventral side of stem brownish or the same color as the dorsal; epixylous . . . 1. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia ascendens</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:.75in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:.75in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>3. Plants greenish to brown and purplish, prostrate to erect in dense patches; leaf lobes erect or rarely deflexed; ventral side of stem brown to purplish; epixylous or not.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:.75in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:81.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>4. Plants generally bright-green, more rarely yellowish, particularly when epixylous; mature leaves longer than wide.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:81.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:1.5in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>5. Leaves flattened, leaf insertion line nearly straight, leaf lobes near apex deflexed. . . 7. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia silvicola</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:1.5in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:1.5in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>5. Leaves grooved, leaf insertion line incurved from very oblique on ventral side to subtransverse dorsally, leaf lobes near apex upturned.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:1.5in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:135.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>6. Midleaf cells ca. 22--26 \um wide with bulging trigones, near margin sometimes confluent; cuticle commonly striolate . . . 2. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>Lophozia guttulata</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:135.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:135.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>6. Midleaf cells ca. 22--33 \um wide, trigones triangular to convex, or if cell width less than 26 \um then trigones concave; cuticle commonly smooth.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:135.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:2.25in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>7.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Midleaf cells commonly more than 26 \um wide, trigones triangular to convex, oil-bodies biconcentric; perianth with teeth more than (3--)4 cells in length . . . 8. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>Lophozia silvicoloides</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:2.25in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:2.25in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>7. Midleaf cells commonly less than 26 \um wide, trigones concave, oil-bodies non-biconcentric; perianth with 1--2(--5)-celled teeth . . . 9. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>Lophozia ventricosa</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:2.25in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:81.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>4. Plants generally yellow-brownish to brown, purplish and rusty-red; mature leaves wider than long.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:81.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:106.2pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>8. Leaves grooved, leaf base semi-sheathing and leaf insertion line incurved from very oblique ventrally to subtransverse dorsally; leaf lobes near apex turned up to form ob-pyriform cap& . 9. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia ventricosa</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:106.2pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:106.2pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>8. Leaves flattened or cape-shaped but not grooved and base not semi-sheathing base, leaf insertion line nearly straight, leaf lobes near apex slightly incurved inside, leaves not forming ob-pyriform cap.<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><o:p></o:p></b></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:106.2pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:106.2pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>9. Leaves without trace of red or purple pigmentation, even dorsally.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:106.2pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:141.6pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>10. Leaves obliquely inserted, frequently with deeply brownish colored leaf lobes near apex; oil-bodies biconcentric & .<span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>6. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia schusterana</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:141.6pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:141.6pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>10. Leaves subtransversely inserted, pigmentation of leaf lobes not different; oil-bodies non-biconcentric& .<span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>10. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia wenzelii</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:141.6pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:106.2pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>9. Leaves commonly with red, purple or purplish pigmentation, at least dorsally.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:106.2pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:141.6pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>11. Midleaf cells mostly wider than 29 \um; gemmae penta- to polygonal with protruding angles; oil-bodies commonly more than 20 per cell, at least 50% of them biconcentric & .<span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>5. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia savicziae<o:p></o:p></i></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:141.6pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></i></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:141.6pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>11. Midleaf cells mostly narrower that 29 \um; gemmae 3--4(--5)-angular with protruding angles; oil-bodies commonly less than 20 per cell, biconcentric& .<span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>7. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>Lophozia silvicola<o:p></o:p></i></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:141.6pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></i></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:141.6pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Key to living perianthous plants<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><o:p></o:p></i></span></b></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in;text-indent:-.25in;tab-stops: right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman","serif"'>1. Oil-bodies biconcentric.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:35.4pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>2. Perianth mouth laciniate or ciliate, with cilia to (3--)4--6 cells in length& .<span style='mso-tab-count: 1'> </span> 8. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia</i> <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>silvicoloides</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:35.4pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:35.4pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>2. Perianth mouth dentate to shortly laciniate, with cilia not more than 3(--4) cells in length.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:35.4pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:70.8pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>3. Oil-bodies more than 20 per cell, smooth, some homogenous non-biconcentric (not more than 50%); leaves subtransversely inserted& .<span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>5. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia</i> <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>savicziae</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:70.8pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:70.8pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>3. Oil-bodies less than 20 per cell, granulate; leaves obliquely to subhorizontally inserted.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:70.8pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:106.2pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>4. Leaves mostly flattened and longer than wide; <st1:place w:st="on">Arctic</st1:place> to Boreal zones& .<span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>7. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia silvicola<o:p></o:p></i></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:106.2pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:106.2pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>4. Leaves concave, wider than long; chiefly Arctic & <span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>6. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia</i> <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>schusterana</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:106.2pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman","serif"'>1. Oil-bodies non-biconcentric.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:35.4pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>5. Perianth fusiform; leaves retuse, not distinctly 2-lobed& .<span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>4. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia</i> <st1:City w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on"><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>pacifica</i></st1:place></st1:City><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><o:p></o:p></i></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:35.4pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:35.4pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>5. Perianth cylindric to subclavate; leaves always distinctly lobed.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><o:p></o:p></i></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:35.4pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:70.8pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>6. Perianth mouth laciniate to ciliate-laciniate with cilia more than (4--)5 cells in length& .<span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>1. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia</i> <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>ascendens<o:p></o:p></i></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:70.8pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:70.8pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>6. Perianth mouth dentate to ciliate with cilia shorter than 4 cells in length. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><o:p></o:p></i></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:70.8pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:106.2pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>7. Leaves polymorphous 2--3(--4)-lobed, lanceolate, underleaves occasionally present; gemmae and distal portion of perianth sometimes with violet tint& .<span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>3. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia heteromorpha<o:p></o:p></i></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:106.2pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:106.2pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>7. Leaves uniformly 2(--3)-lobed; underleaves absent; no violet tint in gemmae or distal portion of perianth.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><o:p></o:p></i></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:106.2pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:141.6pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>8. Leaves subtransversely inserted and oriented, strongly concave to cupped, wider than long; shoots not red pigmented& .<span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span> 10. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia</i> <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>wenzelii<o:p></o:p></i></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:141.6pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:141.6pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>8. Leaves obliquely inserted and oriented (rarely subtransversely, but then longer than wide), flattened to grooved, rarely concave, wider than long to longer than wide; shoots often reddish pigmented.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:141.6pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:177.0pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>9. Leaves longer than wide, characteristically grooved, trigones strongly convex to bulging; leaf cuticle sometimes striolate; perianth mouth ciliate with cilia 3--4 cells length & .<span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>2. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia</i> <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>guttulata<o:p></o:p></i></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:177.0pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:177.0pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>9. Leaves wider than long (occasionally longer than wide, but then trigones concave and leaves flattened), flattened to concave and grooved, trigones concave to convex; leaf cuticle smooth; perianth mouth dentate or ciliate with cilia 3(--5) cells in length& .<span style='mso-tab-count:1'> </span>9. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia ventricosa</i><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p></o:p></b></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:177.0pt;tab-stops:right 441.0pt'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></b></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:9.0pt;text-indent:-9.0pt;mso-outline-level: 1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1. Lophozia ascendens</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> (Warnstorf) R. M. Schuster, Bryologist, 55: 180. 1952 <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:9.0pt;text-indent:-9.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Sphenolobus ascendens</span></i><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> Warnstorf, Hedwigia 57: 63. 1915; <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia ciliata</i> Damsholt, Soederstroem &amp; Weibull<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 4--10 x 0.6--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1 mm" w:st="on">1 mm</st1:metricconverter>, ascending, very rarely prostrate, pale green-whitish and yellowish white. <b>Stems</b> 0.15--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.35 mm" w:st="on">0.35 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, transverse section with microcellous layer to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>1/4\x stem thickness, sometimes absent in attenuate tips; rhizoids sparse to common, in indistinct fascicles, colorless to pale brownish. <b>Leaves</b> transversely inserted, distant, spreading, erect-spreading at the ends of lobes, deflexed away from the stem, flat, rectangular to ovate, 0.5--0.7 x 0.3--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.6 mm" w:st="on">0.6 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2-lobed, equal lobes divided by U-shaped to crescentic sinus descending to 1/4--2/5\x leaf length; lobes entire, angular to horn-like; cells of midleaf rectangular to polygonal, 23--28 x 20--25 \um, in base to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>40 \um; cuticle smooth, walls thin, trigones small, triangulate to slightly convex; oil bodies 4--10(--14) per cell, spheric to ovoid, 3--5 x 4--8 \um, finely granular, grayish, non-biconcentric; underleaves rarely present, lanceolate, nearly the same length with leaves. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae in masses at apices of leaf-lobes, greenish to colorless, commonly triangular to rectangular in outline, (12--)15--22 x 11--17 \um, 2-celled, with slightly thickened angles. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b>Androecia</b> intercalary, often with gemmae at tips, male bracts 2 pairs, similar to leaves but inflated in the base, 1-androus, antheridial stalk 1-seriate. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal, female bracts in 1 pair, rectangular to trapezoidal, sometimes dentate, ca. 0.6 x 0.35--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.7 mm" w:st="on">0.7 mm</st1:metricconverter>, divided to 1/3\x length, connate; bracteole present, lanceolate, sometimes shortly 2-lobed to 1/3\x length, ca. 0.5 x 0.2--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.3 mm" w:st="on">0.3 mm</st1:metricconverter>, connate with one of bracts to 2/3\x length. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 3/4\x length, cylindric to slightly rhomboidal, complicated at mouth, mouth ciliate to lobulate with lobules and cilia to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>7--8 cells in length, generally 1-stratose. <b>Seta</b> 5 mm, capsule oval, wall 3-stratose, exterior wall with nodular thickenings, interior wall with annular thickenings, reddish brown. <b>Spores</b> spheric, 9--11 \um.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Decaying wood, predominantly wet dark coniferous forests (<i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>Picea, Abies, </i>etc.), sometimes bark of decaying trees; 0--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="3200 m" w:st="on">3200 m</st1:metricconverter>; Alta., B.C., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.W.T., N.S., Ont., Que., Yukon; Alaska, Colo., Idaho, Maine, Mich., Minn., Mont., N.H., N.Y., Oreg., S.Dak., Vt., Wash., Wis., Wyo.; n Eurasia.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span lang=SV style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:SV'>2. Lophozia guttulata</span></b><span lang=SV style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:SV'> (Lindberg &amp; Arnell) Evans, Proc. </span><st1:State w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on"><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Washington</span></st1:place></st1:State><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> Acad. Sci. 2: 302. 1900 <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><span lang=SV style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:SV'>Jungermannia guttulata</span></i><span lang=SV style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:SV'> Lindberg &amp; Arnell, Musci As.-Bor. 51. </span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1889<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 3--10 x 0.8--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1 mm" w:st="on">1 mm</st1:metricconverter>, prostrate, yellowish pale green to brownish light green. <b>Stems</b> 0.1--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.4 mm" w:st="on">0.4 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, transverse section with microcellous layer to 1/5--1/4\x stem thickness, ventral surface brown-purple to purple-brown-blackish; rhizoids sparse to common, in indistinct fascicles, colorless to purplish near origin area. <b>Leaves</b> obliquely inserted, insertion line incurved from nearly horizontal on ventral side to nearly transverse on the dorsal, distant to imbricate, spreading, turn up at the ends of lobes, slightly lengthways sulcate, rectangular, 0.7--1 x 0.5--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.6 mm" w:st="on">0.6 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2-lobed, subequal lobes divided by angular to gibbous sinus descending to 1/5--1/4\x leaf length; lobes entire, triangular to arching; cells of midleaf 4--5-angular, 25--27 x 22--25 \um, in base to 25--30(--35) x 25 \um; cuticle smooth to papillose, walls thin, trigones bulging, sometimes confluent; oil bodies 4--10(--12) per cell, spheric to ovoid, 4--5 x 5--10 \um, finely granular, grayish, non-biconcentric; underleaves absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae in masses at apices of shoots, sometimes absent, greenish to colorless, commonly triangular to rectangular, (12--)15--22 x 11--17 \um, 2-celled, with slightly thickened angles. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b>Androecia</b> intercalary, male bracts in 2--3 pairs, similar to leaves but inflated basally, 1(--2)-androus, antheridial stalk 1-seriate. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal, female bracts in 1 pair, obovate to rectangular, entire, 1.2--1.3 x 0.8--1 mm, divided to 1/3\x length, connate; bracteole present, lanceolate to narrowly rectangular and shortly 2-lobed to 1/3\x length, connate with one of bracts to 1/3\x length. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 2/3\x length, cylindric to somewhat clavate, complicated at mouth, mouth dentate to ciliate with cilia to 4(--8) cells in length, generally 1-stratose. <b>Seta</b> ca. <st1:metricconverter ProductID="5 mm" w:st="on">5 mm</st1:metricconverter>, capsule oval, walls 3-stratose, exterior walls with nodular thickenings, interior walls with annular thickenings, reddish brown. <b>Spores</b> 11--13 \um in diameter.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Decaying wood, mainly dark coniferous forests, wet peaty soil or peat-moss in boggy areas, more rarely humus soil and fine-grained ground along lakes in forested areas; 0--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="3300 m" w:st="on">3300 m</st1:metricconverter>; Alta., B.C., Man., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., Que., Yukon; Alaska, Calif., Colo., Conn., Idaho, Iowa, Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., N.H., N.Mex., N.Y., Oreg., Utah, Vt., Wash., Wis., Wyo.; Central America; n Eurasia.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>3. Lophozia heteromorpha</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> R. M. Schuster &amp; Damsholt, Schuster, Hep. Anth. North Amer. 2: 507. 1969<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 5--25 x 1--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2 mm" w:st="on">2 mm</st1:metricconverter>, prostrate, pale to bright green or greenish brown and blackish, frequently with violet-colored tips. <b>Stems</b> 0.3--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.8 mm" w:st="on">0.8 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, transverse section with microcellous layer to 1/3\x stem thickness or absent, ventral surface brown to black-brown and purple-brown; rhizoids sparse to common, in indistinct fascicles, colorless to pale violet near origin area. <b>Leaves</b> obliquely inserted, distant to contiguous, spreading, undulate, polymorphous from orbicular to subquadrate and trapezoidal, 0.8--1 x 0.8--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.4 mm" w:st="on">1.4 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2--3(--4)-lobed, subequal lobes divided by crescentic to gibbous sinus descending to 1/5--2/5\x leaf length; lobes entire, triangular to arching; cells of midleaf 4--5-angular, 18--30(--35) x 17--27 \um; cuticle smooth, walls thin to somewhat thickened, trigones distinct, triangular to concave, oil bodies unknown; underleaves sometimes present, filiform to lanceolate to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>200--300 \um. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> rare, by gemmae at apices of shoots, colorless to pale violet, commonly triangular to rectangular in outline, 14--19 x 14--24 \um, (1--)2-celled, with slightly thickened angles. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b>Androecia</b> unknown. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal, female bracts in 1 pair, obovate to rectangular, entire, 1.2--1.3 x 0.8-<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1 mm" w:st="on">1 mm</st1:metricconverter>, divided to 1/3\x length into 2--3 lobes, connate, bracteole present, lanceolate to narrowly rectangular and shortly 2-lobed to 1/3\x length, connate with one of bracts to 2/3\x length. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 2/3\x length, cylindric to somewhat ob-clavate, complicated at mouth, mouth dentate with few teeth 2(--3) cells in length, generally 1-stratose. <span style='mso-bidi-font-weight: bold'>Other features unknown.<o:p></o:p></span></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Among mosses and liverworts in dense patches, as well as in disturbed areas, data on ecology very incomplete; elevation unknown; Greenland; <st1:State w:st="on">Alaska</st1:State>; n<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><st1:place w:st="on">Eurasia</st1:place><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;mso-outline-level:1'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>4. Lophozia <st1:City w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">pacifica</st1:place></st1:City> </span></b><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman","serif";mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>Bakalin, Bryologist 114: 302, fig. 1. 2011<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span><b><o:p></o:p></b></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> 10--20 x 2--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2.3 mm" w:st="on">2.3 mm</st1:metricconverter>, prostrate to ascending, bright green to yellowish green without traces of reddish coloration except ventral side of stem, dorsiventrally flattened. <b>Stems</b> 0.35--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.4 mm" w:st="on">0.4 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, transverse section with microcellous layer to 1/5\x stem thickness or absent, ventral surface red-brown; rhizoids sparse to nearly absent, originated in dorsal side of stem at right angle. <b>Leaves</b> obliquely to nearly horizontally inserted, clearly decurrent on dorsal side, obliquely spreading, somewhat concave with lobes incurved inwardly, distant, oval to widely ovate, 1.2--1.5 x 1.3--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.4 mm" w:st="on">1.4 mm</st1:metricconverter>, shallowly retuse; cells of midleaf 4--5-angular, 28--35 x 25--28 \um, basally to 50 \um; cuticle smooth but at base distinctly verrucose, walls thin, trigones convex to bulging; oil-bodies 4--8 per cell, finely papillose, irregularly ellipsoidal, 4--5.5 x 3--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="4.7 mm" w:st="on">4.7 mm</st1:metricconverter>; underleaves absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by solitary gemmae at apices of shoot, greenish to colorless, commonly 4--5-angular in outline, 15--25 x 15--20 \um, 2-celled, with slightly thickened angles. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b>Androecia</b> intercalary, male bracts 2--3 pairs, trapezoidal, inflated in the base, 1--2-androus, 90--120 \um, antheridial stalk 1-seriate.<b> Gynoecia</b> terminal with one or two innovations, female bracts in 1 pair, obovate, entire, 1.3--1.5 x 1.1-<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.3 mm" w:st="on">1.3 mm</st1:metricconverter>, divided 1/8\x length into 2 lobes by crescentic sinus, connate, bracteole present, lanceolate ca. 1.3 x 0.35-<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.45 mm" w:st="on">0.45 mm</st1:metricconverter>, connate with one of bracts to 2/3\x length. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 5/6\x length, fusiform, constricted to mouth, ca. 3 x <st1:metricconverter ProductID="1 mm" w:st="on">1 mm</st1:metricconverter>, mouth dentate with sharply elongated 1-celled teeth, generally 1-stratose. <b>Sporophyte </b><span style='mso-bidi-font-weight: bold'>unknown.</span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Ecology incompletely known, apparently confined to tundra belt of low mountains, wet mineral to humus soil, partial shade to full sun; 1500--1800 m; Wash.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>5. Lophozia savicziae</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> Schljakov, Novosti Sist. Nizsh. Rast. 10: 299. 1973 <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Lophozia silvicola</span></i><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> var. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>grandiretis</i> H. Buch &amp; S.W. Arnell; <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>L. ventricosa</i> var. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>grandiretis</i> (H. Buch &amp; S.W. Arnell) R. M. Schuster &amp; Damsholt <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 5--20 x 1.5--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2 mm" w:st="on">2 mm</st1:metricconverter>, usually prostrate, rarely ascending, yellow-brown to rusty brown. <b>Stems</b> (0.2--)0.25--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.3 mm" w:st="on">0.3 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sometimes slightly transversely oval in cross section, sparsely branching, transverse section with microcellous layer to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>2/3\x stem thickness, red-brown in color, ventral surface of stem brown-purple to purple-brown, or purple-black; rhizoids sparse to common, in indistinct fascicles, colorless to purplish near origin area. <b>Leaves</b> subtransversely inserted, insertion line more or less straight, distant to imbricate, spreading, turned up at the ends of lobes, strongly concave to cup-shaped, orbicular to trapezoidal, 0.8--1.1 x 1.1--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.5 mm" w:st="on">1.5 mm</st1:metricconverter>, sometimes 2-stratose in base to 1/10\x length, 2-lobed, unequal lobes divided by crescentic to angular or gibbous sinus descending to 1/5\x leaf length; lobes entire, triangular to arching; cells variable in size, in midleaf 5--6-angular, 25--45 x 25--40 \um, but mostly exceeding 30 \um wide; cuticle smooth to papillose, walls thin, trigones usually bulging, sometimes confluent; oil bodies 15--40 per cell, spheric to ovoid, ca. 2--5 \um, finely granular to nearly smooth, light bluish, more than 60% of oil-bodies are biconcentric; underleaves very rarely present, lanceolate. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae in masses at apices of shoots, sometimes absent, greenish to colorless, commonly 5-angular, more rarely 4-angular to polygonal in outline, (18--)22--30 x 15--30(--33) \um, 1--2-celled, with strongly thickened and protruding angles. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b>Androecia</b> unknown. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal, female bracts in 1 pair, obovate to rectangular, entire, 1.2--1.5 x 1.5--2 mm, divided to 1/3\x length into 2--3 lobes, rarely connate; bracteole narrowly rectangular, shortly 2-lobed to 1/4\x length, 0.8--0.9 x 1.1--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.2 mm" w:st="on">1.2 mm</st1:metricconverter>, connate with one of bracts to 1/3\x length. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 5/6\x length, cylindric to somewhat subclavate, complicated at mouth, mouth dentate to shortly lobulate with teeth to 2(--3) cells in length, generally 1-stratose. <b>Sporophyte </b><span style='mso-bidi-font-weight: bold'>unknown.</span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Northern tundra, sometimes in northern mountains, among mosses or in pure mats in wet habitats, mainly places with percolated water, often somewhat alkaline rocks; 0--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1000 m" w:st="on">1000 m</st1:metricconverter>; Greenland; <st1:State w:st="on">Alaska</st1:State>; n <st1:place w:st="on">Eurasia</st1:place>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>6. Lophozia schusterana</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> Schljakov, Novosti Sist. Nizsh. Rast. 12: 320. 1975<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 5--30 x 1--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2 mm" w:st="on">2 mm</st1:metricconverter>, prostrate to erect, in dense patches, yellowish to pale green and peculiarly brownish at the tips, commonly laterally compressed. <b>Stems</b> 0.3--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.48 mm" w:st="on">0.48 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, transverse section with microcellous layer to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>1/3\x stem thickness, ventral surface brownish purple to reddish brown; rhizoids sparse to rarely common, in indistinct fascicles, colorless to purplish near origin area. <b>Leaves</b> obliquely to horizontally inserted, distant to imbricate, commonly appressed, rarely spreading, rectangular to nearly orbicular, antically secund, 0.9--1.1 x 0.9--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.2 mm" w:st="on">1.2 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2-lobed, subequal lobes divided by crescentic to angular sinus descending to 1/5--1/4\x leaf length; lobes entire, triangular to arching; cells of midleaf 4--5-angular, 24--32 x 23--26 \um; cuticle smooth, walls thin, trigones convex to bulging; oil bodies 8--18(--30) per cell, spheric to ovoid, 4--6 x 5--10 \um, finely granular, grayish, biconcentric; underleaves absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae in masses at apices of shoots, sometimes absent, greenish to colorless, commonly triangular to rectangular in outline, (18--)21--25 x 18--20 \um, 1--2-celled, with slightly thickened angles. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b>Androecia</b> intercalary, male bracts 2--3 pairs, similar to leaves but inflated in the base, 1(--2)-androus, antheridial stalk 1--2-seriate. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal, female bracts in 1 pair, obovate to rectangular, entire, 1.2--1.3 x 0.8--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1 mm" w:st="on">1 mm</st1:metricconverter>, divided to 1/3\x length into 2--4 lobes, connate; bracteole present, lanceolate, connate with one of bracts to 1/3\x length, 1--1.5 x <st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.5 mm" w:st="on">0.5 mm</st1:metricconverter>. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 2/3\x length, cylindric to somewhat clavate, complicated at mouth, mouth dentate with remote 1--2-celled teeth, generally 1-stratose. <b>Sporophyte </b>unknown.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Restricted to tundra zone, not exceeding mountain tundra belt in boreal (taiga) areas, overhanging rock in snow-bed communities, crevices, among mosses and other liverworts, rarely submerged in temporary streams or on moist soil on steep slopes; 0--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2200 m" w:st="on">2200 m</st1:metricconverter>; Greenland; B.C., Nfld. and Labr. (Labr.), <st1:State w:st="on">Nunavut</st1:State>; <st1:State w:st="on">Alaska</st1:State>, <st1:State w:st="on">Mich.</st1:State>; n <st1:place w:st="on">Eurasia</st1:place>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;mso-outline-level:1'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:DE'>Lophozia schusterana </span></i><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:DE'>is <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>L. groenlandica</i> in the sense of Schuster (1969) but not <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Jungermannia groenlandica</i> Nees.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:9.0pt;text-indent:-9.0pt;mso-outline-level: 1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span lang=SV style='font-family: "Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:SV'>7. Lophozia silvicola</span></b><span lang=SV style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:SV'> H. Buch, Rep. 18. </span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Scand. Naturalist Congr., 228. 1929<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:9.0pt;text-indent:-9.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:9.0pt;text-indent:-9.0pt;mso-outline-level: 1'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Lophozia ventricosa</span></i><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> var. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>silvicola</i> (H. Buch) Jones<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:9.0pt;text-indent:-9.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 10--20 x 1.7--2(--2.2) mm, prostrate to creeping, yellowish green to bright green. <b>Stems</b> 0.25--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.3 mm" w:st="on">0.3 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, transverse section with microcellous layer to 1/3--2/3\x stem thickness, ventral surface brown to purple-brown; rhizoids sparse to common, in indistinct fascicles, colorless to yellowish and brownish. <b>Leaves</b> commonly very obliquely inserted but rarely subtransverse, insertion line nearly straight, distant, spreading, flattened, deflexed from the apex, rectangular, 1--1.5 x 0.7--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1 mm" w:st="on">1 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2-lobed, subequal lobes divided by crescentic to angular sinus descending to 1/5--1/4\x leaf length; lobes entire, acute, triangular to almost horn-like, sometimes ending by 2 superposed cells; cells of midleaf 5--6-angular, 28--30 x 25--30 \um, in base to 50 \um; cuticle smooth, walls thin, trigones concave, triangular to rarely bulging; oil bodies 7--18(--20) per cell, spheric to ovoid, 4--7 x 5--10 \um, finely granular, grayish, biconcentric; underleaves absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae in masses at lobe apices of distal leaf, greenish to colorless, commonly 3--5-angular in outline, 15--18 x 12--17 \um, 2-celled, with thickened angles. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b>Androecia</b> intercalary, male bracts 2--4 pairs, similar to leaves but inflated in the base, 1--2-androus, antheridial stalk 2-seriate. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal, innovations common, female bracts in 1 pair, obovate to rectangular, entire, 1.5--2(--2.2) x 1.3--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.7 mm" w:st="on">1.7 mm</st1:metricconverter>, divided to 1/3\x length into 2--3 lobes, connate, bracteole present, lanceolate, connate with one of bracts to 1/3\x length. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 2/3\x length, cylindric, complicated at mouth, mouth dentate with 2--3-celled teeth, generally 1-stratose. <b>Seta</b> ca. 10--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="15 mm" w:st="on">15 mm</st1:metricconverter>, capsule oval, wall 3--4-stratose, exterior wall with nodular thickenings, interior wall with annular thickenings, reddish brown. </span><b><span lang=DE style='font-family: "Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:DE'>Elaters</span></b><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:DE'> ca. 60 x 5--6 \um. <b>Spores</b> spheric, 10--13 \um, papillose, dark brown.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span lang=DE style='font-family: "Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:DE'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span lang=DE style='font-family: "Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:DE'>Dark coniferous forest communities on decaying wood and in moss mats on forest floor, wet places, also tundra and boggy areas over moss mats, humus and rarely pure peat, steep slopes with disturbed vegetation cover; 0--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2900 m" w:st="on">2900 m</st1:metricconverter>; Greenland; Alta., B.C., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., Que.; Alaska, Calif., Colo., Idaho, Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.Y., N.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., Wash., Wis., Wyo.; n Eurasia.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span lang=DE style='font-family: "Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:DE'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:9.0pt;text-indent:-9.0pt;mso-outline-level: 1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span lang=DE style='font-family: "Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:DE'>8. Lophozia silvicoloides</span></b><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:DE'> N. Kitagawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 276. </span><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman","serif"'>1965<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:9.0pt;text-indent:-9.0pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 5--30 x 0.5--2(--2.5) mm, prostrate with ascending tips, pale to bright green sometimes brownish. <b>Stems</b> 0.25--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.4 mm" w:st="on">0.4 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, transverse section with microcellous layer to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>1/3--2/3\x stem thickness, ventral surface red-brown to purple-black; rhizoids sparse to common, in indistinct fascicles, colorless to reddish near origin area. <b>Leaves</b> commonly obliquely inserted, rarely subtransverse, insertion line curved from nearly horizontal on dorsal surface to subtransverse on the ventral, distant, spreading, flattened, deflexed from the apex, rectangular to ovoid, 0.5--1.3 x 0.4--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.2 mm" w:st="on">1.2 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2-lobed, subequal (dorsally secund) lobes divided by crescentic to angular and U-shaped sinus descending to 1/4--1/3(--2/5)\x leaf length; lobes entire, acute to somewhat acute, triangular to arching; cells of midleaf 5--6-angular, (22--)28--40 x 25--45 \um, in base to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>50 \um; cuticle smooth, walls thin to slightly thickened, trigones triangular to bulging; oil bodies 10--20(--25) per cell, spheric to ovoid, 3--7 x 3--8 \um, finely granular, light bluish, biconcentric; underleaves absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae in masses at lobe apices of distal leaf, greenish to colorless, commonly 3--5-angular in outline, 15--28 x 13--27 \um, 2-celled, with slightly thickened angles. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b>Androecia</b> intercalary, male bracts 3--5 pairs, similar to leaves but inflated in the base, 1--2-androus, antheridial stalk 2-seriate. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal, innovations common, female bracts in 1 pair, obovate to rectangular, entire, 1.5--2(--2.2) x 1.3--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.7 mm" w:st="on">1.7 mm</st1:metricconverter>, divided to 1/3\x length into 2--4 lobes, connate, bracteole present, lanceolate, connate with one of bracts to 1/3\x length. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 4/5\x length, cylindric, to subclavate, 3--4 x 1--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.2 mm" w:st="on">1.2 mm</st1:metricconverter>, complicated at mouth, mouth dentate to ciliate and lobulate with lobules 2--3 cell in base and 5--7 cells in length, generally 1-stratose. <b>Spores</b> 13--18 \um in diameter, papillose, dark brown.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Arctic-montane species with suboceanic distribution, tundra, over mosses in dense patches in mesic areas; 0--100 m; <st1:State w:st="on">Alaska</st1:State>; n <st1:place w:st="on">Eurasia</st1:place>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>9. Lophozia ventricosa</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> (Dickson) Dumortier, Recuel Observ. Jungerm., 17. 1835 <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Jungermannia ventricosa</span></i><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> Dickson, Pl. Crypt. Brit., fasc. 2: 14. 1790; <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia subapiculata</i> R. M. Schuster &amp; Damsholt <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 10--20 x 1--2(--2.2) mm, prostrate to ascending and nearly erect in dense patches, bright green to yellowish green, yellowish brown, and reddish brown. <b>Stems</b> 0.13--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.3 mm" w:st="on">0.3 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sometimes slightly transversely oval, sparsely branching, transverse section with microcellous layer to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>1/3--1/4\x stem thickness, ventral surface brown to purple-brown; rhizoids sparse to common, in indistinct fascicles, colorless to yellowish and brownish near origin. <b>Leaves</b> commonly obliquely inserted but rarely subtransverse, insertion line curved from nearly horizontal on dorsal surface to subtransverse on the ventral, distant, spreading, concave to flattened, turned up the apex, rectangular, obtrapezioidal to suborbicular, 0.8--1.2 x 0.75--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.2 mm" w:st="on">1.2 mm</st1:metricconverter>, usually 2-lobed, unequal or subequal lobes divided by angular to gibbous sinus descending to 1/5--1/4\x leaf length; lobes entire, acute, triangular to arching, sometimes ending by 2 superposed cells; cells of midleaf 5--7-angular, 25--31 x 23--28 \um, in base to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>45 \um; cuticle smooth, rarely verrucose, walls thin, trigones concave, triangular to bulging; oil bodies 7--18(--20) per cell, spheric to ovoid, 4--7 x 5--10 \um, finely granular, grayish, non-biconcentric; underleaves absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae in masses at apex of shoots, greenish to colorless, commonly 3--4(--5)-angular in outline, 15--25 x 12--20 \um, (1--)2-celled, with slightly thickened angles. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b>Androecia</b> intercalary, male bracts 2--3 pairs, similar to leaves but inflated in the base, 1--2-androus, antheridial stalk 1--2-seriate. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal, female bracts in 1 pair, obovate to rectangular and obtrapezioidal, entire, 1--2 x 1--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2 mm" w:st="on">2 mm</st1:metricconverter>, divided to 1/3\x length into 2--3 lobes, connate; bracteole present, lanceolate, connate with one of bracts to 1/3\x length. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 3/4\x length, cylindric, complicated at mouth, mouth dentate with 2--4(--5)-celled teeth, generally 1-stratose. <b>Seta</b> ca. 10--15 mm, capsule oval, wall 3--4-stratose, exterior wall with nodular thickenings, interior wall with annular thickenings, reddish brown. <b>Elaters</b><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>ca. 100--175 x 6--8 \um. <b>Spores</b> spheric, 10--13 \um, papillose, dark brown to reddish brown.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Varieties 2 (<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2 in" w:st="on">2 in</st1:metricconverter> the flora): North America, Eurasia, <st1:place w:st="on">Antarctica</st1:place>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1. Leaves longer than wide, divided by angular to U-shaped sinus, trigones in midleaf cells concave . . . 9a.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia ventricosa</i> var. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>ventricosa</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1. Leaves wider than long, divided by gibbous sinus, trigones in midleaf cells convex to bulging . . . 9b.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia ventricosa</i> var. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>longiflora</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>9a. Lophozia ventricosa </span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>var. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'>ventricosa<o:p></o:p></b></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></b></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 10--20 x 1.8--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2 mm" w:st="on">2 mm</st1:metricconverter>, prostrate to ascending and nearly erect in dense patches, bright green to yellowish green, yellowish brown. <b>Stems</b> with ventral surface brown to purple-brown. <b>Leaves</b> spreading, flattened or rarely undulate, turned up the apex, rectangular, obtrapezioidal to orbicular, 0.8--1.2 x 0.75--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.2 mm" w:st="on">1.2 mm</st1:metricconverter>, usually 2-lobed, unequal or subequal lobes divided by angular sinus descending to 1/5--1/4\x leaf length; lobes entire, acute, triangular, sometimes ending by 2 superposed cells; cuticle smooth, walls thin, trigones concave to triangular.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Among mosses, lichens, dwarf-shrubs, steep slopes in mesic conditions, tundra zone or belt, decaying wood, forest floor, places with disturbed vegetation cover (both native and anthropogenic), also crevices of various rock, banks of streams and lakes; 0--3300; Greenland; Alta., B.C., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Nunavut, Ont., Que., Yukon; Alaska, Ariz., Calif., Colo., Conn., Idaho, Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., Nev., N.H., N.Y., N.C., Oreg., R.I., Tenn., Utah, Wash., Wis., Wyo.; n Eurasia.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>9b. Lophozia ventricosa </span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>var. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>longiflora</b> (Nees) Macoun, Cat. Canad. Pl. 7: 17. 1902 <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;mso-outline-level:1'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Jungermannia longiflora</span></i><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> Nees, Naturg. Eur. Leberm., 2: 95. 1836<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 10--20 x 1.8--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2.2 mm" w:st="on">2.2 mm</st1:metricconverter>, prostrate to ascending and nearly erect in dense patches, yellowish green to yellowish brown and reddish brown. <b>Stems</b> ventral surface brown to purple-brown. <b>Leaves</b> spreading, concave to cup-shaped, turned to <span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span>the apex, orbicular, 0.8--1.2 x 0.75--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.2 mm" w:st="on">1.2 mm</st1:metricconverter>, usually 2-lobed, subequal lobes by angular or more usually gibbous sinus descending to 1/5--1/4\x leaf length; lobes entire, acute, triangular to arching, walls thin, trigones convex to bulging.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Common in both zonal and mountain tundra, drying pools, among mosses (mainly <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Sphagnum), </i>rarely on rocks, also dark coniferous forest on decaying wood, peaty turfs; 0--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="4000 m" w:st="on">4000 m</st1:metricconverter>; Greenland; B.C., Nfld. and Labr. (Labr.), Ont., Que.; Alaska, Calif., Colo., Idaho, Maine, Minn., Mont., N.H., Wis.; n Eurasia; Central America; Antarctic.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span lang=NL style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:NL'>10. Lophozia wenzelii</span></b><span lang=NL style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:NL'> (Nees) Stepheni, Spec. </span><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:DE'>Hepat. 2: 127, fig. 135. 1901 <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:DE'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:DE'>Jungermannia wenzelii</span></i><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:DE'> Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm., 2: 6, fig. 58. </span><span style='font-family: "Times New Roman","serif"'>1836<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 5--40 x 0.2--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="3 mm" w:st="on">3 mm</st1:metricconverter>, erect in dense patches, small form creeping, yellow-brown, rarely with purplish colored tips of shoots (high Arctic phases). <b>Stems</b> 0.15--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.5 mm" w:st="on">0.5 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, transverse section with microcellous layer to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>1/3\x stem thickness, ventral surface brownish to black-brown, without reddish pigmentation; rhizoids sparse to rarely common, in indistinct fascicles, colorless to brownish near origin area. <b>Leaves</b> subtransversely inserted, distant to (more frequent) imbricate, commonly appressed, nearly orbicular, sometimes antically secund, (0.2--)0.3--1(--1.2) x (0.2--)0.35--1.3(--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.5 mm" w:st="on">1.5 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2-lobed, subequal lobes divided by crescentic to rarely angular sinus descending to 1/5--1/4\x leaf length; lobes entire, triangular to arching; cells of midleaf 4--6-angular, 20--30(--35) x (15--)20--28(30) \um; cuticle smooth, walls thin, trigones concave to convex; oil bodies (2--)4--10(--15) per cell, spheric to ovoid, 4--8 x 5--10 \um, finely granular to almost smooth, grayish, non-biconcentric; underleaves absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae in masses at apices of shoots, sometimes absent, greenish to colorless, in sunny forms some of them can acquire pale rose or slightly brownish pigmentation, commonly triangular to rectangular in outline, (16--)20--26(--28) x (12--)14--21(--25) \um, 1--2-celled, with slightly thickened angles. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b>Androecia</b> intercalary, male bracts to 15 pairs, but commonly only with 5--6 ones, similar to leaves but inflated in the base, 1--2-androus. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal, female bracts in 1 pair, obovate to transversely rectangular and orbicular, entire, 1.2--1.3 x 1.2--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.5 mm" w:st="on">1.5 mm</st1:metricconverter>, divided to 1/3\x length into 2--3(--4) lobes, connate; bracteole present, lanceolate to 2-lobate, connate with one of bracts to 2/3\x length, ca. 1 x <st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.5 mm" w:st="on">0.5 mm</st1:metricconverter>. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 2/3\x length, cylindric, complicated at mouth, mouth dentate with remote 1--2-celled teeth, generally 1-stratose. <b>Spores </b><span style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>10--13 \um in diameter.<o:p></o:p></span></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Varieties 5 (<st1:metricconverter ProductID="3 in" w:st="on">3 in</st1:metricconverter> the flora): North America, <st1:place w:st="on">Eurasia</st1:place>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>1. Leaves subtransversely to obliquely inserted, divided by angular to gibbous sinus into unequal lobes . . . 10b.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia wenzelii</i> var. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>groenlandica</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>1. Leaves subtransversely inserted, divided by angular or crescentic sinus into equal to subequal lobes.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:27.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>2. Plants erect in dense patches, wider than <st1:metricconverter ProductID="1 mm" w:st="on">1 mm</st1:metricconverter>, rich peat moss bogs . . . 10a.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia wenzelii</i> var. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>wenzelii</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:27.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:27.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>2. Plants creeping to ascending, narrower than <st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.8 mm" w:st="on">0.8 mm</st1:metricconverter>, wet soil . . . 10c.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia wenzelii</i> var. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>lapponica</i></span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:27.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>10a. Lophozia wenzelii </span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>var. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'>wenzelii<o:p></o:p></b></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></b></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 5--30 x 1--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="3 mm" w:st="on">3 mm</st1:metricconverter>, erect in dense patches, yellow-brown. <b>Stems</b> 0.3--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.5 mm" w:st="on">0.5 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, transverse section with microcellous layer to 1/3\x stem thickness. <b>Leaves</b> subtransversely inserted, imbricate, commonly appressed, nearly orbicular, equal lobes divided by crescentic sinus descending to 1/5-1/4\x leaf length; lobes entire, obtuse.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Sphagnum bogs, wet mossy tundra, among mosses and other liverworts, 0--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="3500 m" w:st="on">3500 m</st1:metricconverter>; Greenland; Alta., B.C., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., Ont., Que., Sask., Yukon; Alaska, Calif., Colo., Idaho, Maine, Mont., N.H., N.Mex., Oreg., Wash., Wyo.; n Eurasia.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>All old and many new records of var. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>wenzelii </i>could not be checked, but it is apparent that not less than half of them are misidentifications, mainly of <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>L. ventricosa, </i>so the distribution needs additional work. <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span lang=NL style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:NL'>10b. Lophozia wenzelii </span></b><span lang=NL style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:NL'>var.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'> </i><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>groenlandica</b> (Nees) Bakalin, Arctoa 10: 213. </span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>2001 <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span lang=NL style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:NL'>Jungermannia groenlandica</span></i><span lang=NL style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:NL'> Nees in Gottsche, Lindenberg &amp; Nees, Syn. Hep., 114. </span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1844; </span><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-fareast-language:NO-BOK'>Lophozia groenlandica </span></i><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-fareast-language:NO-BOK'>(Nees in Gottsche, Lindenberg &amp; Nees) Macoun<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 5--40 x 1--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="3 mm" w:st="on">3 mm</st1:metricconverter>, erect in dense patches or creping on soil, yellow-brown to brown. <b>Stems</b> 0.3--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.5 mm" w:st="on">0.5 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, transverse section with microcellous layer to 2/5\x stem thickness. <b>Leaves</b> subtransversely to oblique inserted, imbricate to distant, orbicular or trapezoidal, dorsally secund unequal lobes divided by angular to gibbous sinus descending to 1/5-1/4\x leaf length; lobes entire, triangular. <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Dry tops of hummocks in bogs, mesic cliffs, places with disturbed vegetation cover, humus, unforested areas; 0--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1800 m" w:st="on">1800 m</st1:metricconverter>; Greenland; B.C.; Alaska, Wash.; n Eurasia.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span></span></b><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span lang=SV style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:SV'>10c. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia wenzelii</i> var.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'> lapponica</i></span></b><span lang=SV style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:SV'> H. Buch &amp; S.W. Arnell, Svensk Bot. </span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Tidskr. 44(1): 81. 1950<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 5--30 x 0.2--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.8 mm" w:st="on">0.8 mm</st1:metricconverter>, creping on soil, yellow-brown to brown and blackish, rarely with purple tips. <b>Stems</b> 0.15--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.3 mm" w:st="on">0.3 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, transverse section with microcellous layer to 2/5\x stem thickness. <b>Leaves</b> subtransversely inserted, imbricate, orbicular, subequal lobes divided by angular sinus descending to 1/4\x leaf length; lobes entire, triangular. <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Mainly soil in tundra or tundra belt, rarely dark coniferous forest, damp soil or rocks, 0--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2700 m" w:st="on">2700 m</st1:metricconverter>, Greenland; N.W.T., Que.; <st1:State w:st="on">Calif.</st1:State>; n <st1:place w:st="on">Eurasia</st1:place>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>XXa.2. </span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>LOPHOZIA sect. EXCISAE R. M. Schuster, Hep. Anth. North Amer., 2: 511. 1969<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></b></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 4--50 x 0.6--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2 mm" w:st="on">2 mm</st1:metricconverter>, ascending to prostrate, pale green-whitish to yellowish green, brown and purplish brown. <b>Stems</b> with outer cells in cross section thin. <b>Leaves</b> transversely to subhorizontally inserted, more or less distant, spreading, 2-lobed in exceptional cases 3--4-lobed (some leaves on the stem); oil-bodies non-biconcentric; cuticle smooth. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae: mature always red to purple, immature sometimes greenish to colorless. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous, paroicous, autoicous; antheridial bracts frequently with additional tooth near dorsal side.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Species 8 (<st1:metricconverter ProductID="7 in" w:st="on">7 in</st1:metricconverter> the flora): North America, South America, Eurasia, Africa, <st1:country-region w:st="on">Australia</st1:country-region>, Oceania, <st1:place w:st="on">Antarctica</st1:place>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1. Plants monoicous or rarely dioicous and if so lax-leaved, soft-textured and bearing (2--)3--4-celled gemmae . . . 11.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia excisa</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1. Plants dioicous, not soft-textured, gemmae (1--)2-celled.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:27.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>2. Plants whitish, small, restricted calcareous sites; oil bodies in leaf cells sometimes biconcentric; gemmae brown with commonly long persistent 1--2 oil bodies per cell . . . 15.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia perssonii</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:27.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></b></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:27.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>2. Plants green to brownish and brown, not whitish, growing in calcareous sites or not; oil bodies in leaf cells never biconcentric; gemmae red to green, rarely brownish, with many quickly disappear oil-bodies.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:27.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:.75in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>3. Plants attenuate with spreading to erect-spreading leaves; ends of lobes deflexed from the apex . . . 12.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia longidens</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:.75in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:.75in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>3. Plants prostrate to erect in dense patches, never ascending; lobes flattened, sometimes crispate-undulate.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:.75in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:81.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>4. Gemmae greenish to brownish, concolorous with lobe ends pigmentation; calcareous sites . . . 14.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia pellucida</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:81.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:81.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>4. Gemmae greenish (immature only) to deep red and purplish, in color different from that of lobe ends; acidic sites, rarely calcareous.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:81.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:1.5in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>5. Plants dark brown; gemmae 5--6-polygonal purple; cells of midleaf mostly more than 30 \um wide . . . 17.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia rubrigemma</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:1.5in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:1.5in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>5. Plants deep-green to brownish, rarely dark brown; gemmae 3--5-angular, rarely 6-angular, but in this case not purple; cells of midleaf mostly less than 30\um wide.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:1.5in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:135.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>6. Lobes divided by crescentic or U-shaped sinus, gemmae rusty-red . . . 16.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia polaris</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:135.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:135.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>6. Lobes divided by angular to gibbous sinus, mature gemmae purple. <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:135.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:2.25in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>7. Oil-bodies granulate . . . 13.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia propagulifera</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:2.25in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:2.25in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>7. Oil-bodies botryoidal . . . 16b.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia polaris var. sphagnorum</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:2.25in; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>11. Lophozia excisa</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> (Dickson) Dumortier, Recuel Observ. Jungerm., 17. 1835<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><span lang=SV style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:SV'>Jungermannia excisa</span></i><span lang=SV style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:SV'> Dickson, Pl. Crypt. </span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Brit., fasc. 3: 11. 1793. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p></o:p></b></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 10--30 x 1--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2.1 mm" w:st="on">2.1 mm</st1:metricconverter>, prostrate, rarely ascending, yellowish green to yellow-brownish or rarely bright green. <b>Stems</b> 0.15--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.4 mm" w:st="on">0.4 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, transverse section with microcellous layer to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>1/4--2/3\x stem thickness, sometimes undifferentiated, ventral surface brown to purple-brown; rhizoids dense, in indistinct fascicles, colorless to brownish near origin area. <b>Leaves</b> obliquely inserted, but sometimes line insertion becomes almost transverse on dorsal side, distant to imbricate, spreading to erect-spreading or laterally appressed to the stem, turn up at the ends of lobes, sometimes slightly undulate, rectangular to trapezoidal, 0.55--1 x 0.55--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1 mm" w:st="on">1 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2-lobed, subequal to unequal acute lobes divided by angular to gibbous sinus descending to 1/4--1/3\x leaf length; lobes entire, triangular to arching; cells of midleaf 4--5-angular, 25--32 x 23--30 \um, in base to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>ca. 40 x 35 \um; cuticle smooth, walls thin, trigones concave and small, rarely bulging; oil bodies 10--30 per cell, spheric to oval, 3--5 \um in diameter to 3--5 x 4--8 \um if ellipsoidal, granulate, colorless, non-biconcentric; underleaves absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae sparse at apices of shoots, frequently absent, greenish when immature to red and purple, commonly 4--5-angular in outline with distinctly protruding angles, 25--38 x 20--28 \um, 2(--3--4)-celled. <b>Sexual condition</b> paroicous. <b>Androecia</b> below gynoecia, male bracts 2--3 pairs, similar to leaves but inflated in the base, sometimes with additional tooth near dorsal base, 1--3(--4)-androus. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal sometimes with subfloral innovations, female bracts in 1 pair, obovate to rectangular, entire to messy dentate or undulate, 1.2--1.3 x 0.8--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.3 mm" w:st="on">1.3 mm</st1:metricconverter>, divided to 1/3\x length into 3--4 lobes, connate, bracteole present, lanceolate to narrowly rectangular and shortly 2-lobed to 1/3\x length, connate with one of bracts to 2/3\x length. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 2/3\x length, cylindric to somewhat pyriform, complicated at mouth, mouth dentate with sparse 1--2-celled teeth, generally 1-stratose. <b>Seta</b> ca. 5 mm, capsule oval, wall 3-stratose, exterior wall with nodular thickenings, interior wall with annular thickenings, reddish brown. <b>Spores</b> 12--20 \um in diameter.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Varieties 3 (<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2 in" w:st="on">2 in</st1:metricconverter> the flora): North America, Eurasia, <st1:place w:st="on"><st1:City w:st="on">South America</st1:City>, <st1:country-region w:st="on">Australia</st1:country-region></st1:place>, Antarctica (?).<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1. <span style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>Plants</span> somewhat rigid; s<span style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>tem</span> cross section orbicular or nearly orbicular; s<span style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>pecialized asexual reproduction</span> by 2-celled gemmae . . . 11a.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>Lophozia excisa</i> var. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>excisa</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1. <span style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>Plants</span> soft-textured; s<span style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>tem</span> cross-section transversely oval; s<span style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>pecialized asexual reproduction</span> by 3--4-celled gemmae . . . 11b.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia excisa</i> var. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>elegans</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>11a. Lophozia excisa </span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>var. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'>excisa<o:p></o:p></b></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><i><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal><i><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Lophozia excisa</span></i><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> var. <i>infuscata</i> R. M. Schuster; <i>L. excisa</i> var. <i>succulenta</i> R. M. Schuster<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></b></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> somewhat rigid. <b>Stems</b> cross-section orbicular or nearly orbicular. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by 2-celled gemmae.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Tundra, also frequent in mesic conditions in forested areas, exposed and wet soil, among mosses in dense mats, dry humus, snow-bed and snow-fed habitats, steep slopes to river; 0--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="3300 m" w:st="on">3300 m</st1:metricconverter>; Greenland; Alta., B.C., Man., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Nunavut, Ont., Que., Yukon; Alaska, Calif., Colo., Conn., Idaho, Maine, Mich., Minn., Mont., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Oreg., R.I., Wash., Wis., Wyo.; South America; Eurasia; Australia; Oceania (New Zealand); Antarctica.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span lang=SV style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:SV'>11b. Lophozia excisa </span></b><span lang=SV style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:SV'>var. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>elegans</b> R. M. Schuster, Hep. </span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Anth. North Amer., 2: 522. 1969<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> soft-textured. <b>Stems</b> cross-section transversely oval. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by 3--4-celled gemmae.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Northern tundra, mesic conditions among mosses; 0--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="100 m" w:st="on">100 m</st1:metricconverter>; Greenland; <st1:State w:st="on">Nunavut</st1:State>; n <st1:place w:st="on">Eurasia</st1:place>. <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>12. Lophozia longidens</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> (Lindberg) Macoun, Geol. Survey <st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Canada</st1:place></st1:country-region>: Cat. Canad. Pl. 7: 18. 1902 <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Jungermannia longidens</span></i><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> Lindberg, Bot. Not., 27. 1877<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 5--15 x 0.6--1 mm, ascending, rarely prostrate, green to bright green, rarely brownish. <b>Stems</b> 0.17--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.35 mm" w:st="on">0.35 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, transverse section with microcellous layer to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>1/3--1/2\x stem thickness, sometimes absent in attenuate tips; rhizoids sparse to common, in indistinct fascicles, colorless to pale brownish near origin. <b>Leaves</b> transversely or (rarely, in shady forms) oblique inserted, distant, spreading, erect-spreading at the ends of lobes, deflected away from the stem, flattened, rectangular to ovate, 0.4--0.8 x 0.3--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.55 mm" w:st="on">0.55 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2(--3)-lobed, equal lobes divided by U-shaped to semilunate sinus descending to 1/3--1/4\x leaf length; lobes entire, angulate to horn-like; cells of midleaf rectangular to rarely pentagonal, 23--27 x 22--26 \um, in base to 30 \um; cuticle smooth, walls thin, trigones small, concave to triangular; oil bodies 3--12(--17) per cell, spheric, 3--7 \um in diameter to ovoid, 3--5 x 4--9 \um, finely granular, nearly colorless to grayish, non-biconcentric; underleaves absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae in masses at apices of leaf-lobes, red-brown to brownish and chestnut, rarely greenish in shade forms, commonly 3--4(--5)-angular in outline, 20--30(--40) x 13--24(--36) \um, (1--)2-celled, with slightly thickened angles. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b>Androecia</b> intercalary, often with gemmae at tips, male bracts 3 pairs, similar to leaves but inflated in the base, 1-androus, antheridial stalk 1-seriate. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal with subfloral innovations, female bracts in 1 pair, rectangular to trapezoidal, sometimes dentate, but commonly entire, ca. 0.6 x 0.35--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.7 mm" w:st="on">0.7 mm</st1:metricconverter>, divided to 1/3\x length into 2--4 lobes, connate; bracteole present, lanceolate, sometimes shortly 2-lobed to 1/3\x length, ca. 0.5 x 0.2--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.3 mm" w:st="on">0.3 mm</st1:metricconverter>, connate with one of bracts to 2/3\x length. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 3/4\x length, ca. 2--2.5 x <st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.7 mm" w:st="on">0.7 mm</st1:metricconverter>, cylindric, complicated at mouth, mouth ciliate to lobulate with lobules and cilia to 5--7 cells in length, generally 1-stratose. <b>Seta</b> <st1:metricconverter ProductID="5 mm" w:st="on">5 mm</st1:metricconverter>, capsule oval, walls 3-stratose, exterior walls with nodular thickenings, interior walls with annular thickenings, reddish brown. <b>Elaters</b> ca. 100--120 x 7.5 \um. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Spores </b>spheric, 11--13 \um.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Tundra to dark coniferous forest, rarely broad-leaved woods, on rocks of various composition, soil, among mosses, decaying wood, steep slopes to waterways, also places with disturbed vegetation cover; 0--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="3500 m" w:st="on">3500 m</st1:metricconverter>; Greenland; Alta., B.C., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., Que., Yukon; Alaska, Colo., Conn., Idaho, Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., N.H., N.Y., Oreg., Vt., Wash., Wis., Wyo.; n Eurasia.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span>13. Lophozia propagulifera </span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>(Gottsche) Stephani, Exped. </span><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:DE'>Antarct. Belge, Bot. 3: 4. 1901. <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:DE'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:DE'>Jungermannia propagulifera</span></i><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:DE'> Gottsche, Neumayer, Int. Polarforsch., Deutsch. Exped. 2: 451. </span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1890; <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia latifolia</i> R. M. Schuster <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p></o:p></b></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 10--30 x 1.2--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.7 mm" w:st="on">1.7 mm</st1:metricconverter>, prostrate, but frequently ascending, yellowish brown to yellowish green or rarely bright green. <b>Stems</b> 0.25--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.35 mm" w:st="on">0.35 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, slightly transversely oval in cross section, with microcellous layer to 1/2\x stem thickness, cell walls distinctly thickened along margin, ventral surface brown to purple-brown; rhizoids sparse to dense, in indistinct fascicles, grayish. <b>Leaves</b> obliquely to nearly horizontal inserted, appressed to the stem, ends of lobes turned to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>apex, sometimes slightly undulate, rectangular to trapezoidal, 0.5--0.7 x 0.5--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.8 mm" w:st="on">0.8 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2-lobed, subequal to unequal, acute, lobes divided by angular to gibbous sinus descending to 1/3--2/5\x leaf length; lobes entire, triangular to arching; cells of midleaf 5--6-angular, 28--32 x 23--30(--32) \um, in base to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>ca. 43 \um in diameter; cuticle smooth, walls thin to somewhat thick, trigones concave and small; oil bodies 4--25 per cell, spheric 3--6 \um in diameter to oval 3--5 x 4--8 \um, granulate, colorless, non-biconcentric; underleaves absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae sparse at apices of shoots, frequently absent, greenish (commonly as admixture, but sometimes to 90%) to purple, commonly 4--5-angular in outline with weakly protruding angles, 25--38 x 20--28 \um, 2-celled. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous, autoicous and (rarely) paroicous. <b>Androecia</b> intercalary, male bracts 4(--5) pairs, similar to leaves but inflated in the base, sometimes with additional tooth near dorsal base, 1--2-androus. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal sometimes with subfloral innovations, female bracts in 1 pair, obovate to rectangular, entire to undulate, 1.2--1.3 x 0.8--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.3 mm" w:st="on">1.3 mm</st1:metricconverter>, divided to 1/3\x length into 3--4 lobes, connate; bracteole present, lanceolate to narrowly rectangular and shortly 2-lobed to 1/3\x length, connate with one of bracts to 2/3\x length. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 3/4\x length, cylindric to rhomboidal, complicated at mouth, mouth dentate with sparse 1--2-celled teeth, generally 1-stratose. <b>Seta</b> ca. <st1:metricconverter ProductID="5 mm" w:st="on">5 mm</st1:metricconverter>, capsule oval, wall 3-stratose, exterior wall with nodular thickenings, interior wall with annular thickenings, reddish brown. <b>Spores</b> 12--20 \um in diameter.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Damp moss mats, tundra or more rarely forested areas, bogs and rocky cliffs, exposed or partly shaded places; elevation unknown; <st1:place w:st="on">Greenland</st1:place>; Nfld. and Labr. (Labr.), N.W.T., <st1:State w:st="on">Nunavut</st1:State>; <st1:State w:st="on">Alaska</st1:State>, <st1:State w:st="on">Calif.</st1:State>, <st1:State w:st="on">Minn.</st1:State>, <st1:State w:st="on">Wash.</st1:State>; Eurasia; <st1:place w:st="on">Antarctica</st1:place>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'></span>14. Lophozia pellucida</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> R. M. Schuster, Canad. J. Bot. 39: 978. 1961<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><i><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></i></p> <p class=MsoNormal><i><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Lophozia pellucida</span></i><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> var. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>minor</i> R. M. Schuster<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 5--30 x 1--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2.5 mm" w:st="on">2.5 mm</st1:metricconverter>, prostrate, yellowish brown to yellowish green or rarely brown. <b>Stems</b> 0.2--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.45 mm" w:st="on">0.45 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, slightly transversely oval in cross section, with microcellous layer to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>1/4\x stem thickness, commonly weakly developed and indistinct, cell walls distinctly thickened along margin, ventral surface brown; rhizoids sparse to dense, in indistinct fascicles, colorless. <b>Leaves</b> obliquely to nearly horizontal inserted, distant and spreading, rarely appressed to the stem, flattened, ends of lobes peculiarly more deeply colored (commonly distinctly brownish), trapezoidal to transversely oval, 0.5--1.3 x 0.5--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.5 mm" w:st="on">1.5 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2-lobed, subequal to unequal acute lobes divided by angular to gibbous sinus descending to 1/3--2/5\x leaf length; lobes entire, triangular to arching; cells of midleaf 4--6-polygonal, 30--45 x 25--40 \um, in base to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>ca. 50 \um in diameter; cuticle smooth, walls thin to somewhat thickened, trigones concave and small; oil bodies (5--)9--18(--25) per cell, spheric 4--5.5 \um in diameter to oval 6.5--9 x 4.5--5.5 \um, finely granulate, colorless, non-biconcentric; underleaves absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae sparse at apices of shoots and lobe ends, frequently absent, concolorous with leaf lobes, green to brownish or brown, (22--)25--40(--45) x (20--)22--32(--36) \um, 2-celled. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous [autoicous and paroicous]. <b>Androecia</b> intercalary, male bracts 3--4 pairs, similar to leaves but inflated in the base, rarely with additional tooth near dorsal base. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal sometimes with subfloral innovations, female bracts in 1 pair, obovate to rectangular, entire to undulate, 1.2--1.3 x 0.8--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.8 mm" w:st="on">1.8 mm</st1:metricconverter>, divided to 1/3\x length into 2--4 lobes, connate, bracteole present, lanceolate to narrowly rectangular and shortly 2-lobed to 1/3\x length, connate with one of bracts to 2/3\x length. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 3/4\x length, cylindric to rhomboidal, complicated at mouth, mouth dentate with sparse 1--2-celled teeth, generally 1-stratose. <b>Sporophyte </b><span style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>unknown</span>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Soil, disturbed vegetation cover, also on mosses in crumbly mats, mainly confined to calcareous sites, rarely on acid silty deposits; elevation unknown; Greenland; Alta., Nunavut; Alaska; n Eurasia.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>15. Lophozia perssonii</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> H. Buch &amp; S.W. Arnell in: H Buch, Bot. Not., 381. 1944<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 2--10 x 0.5--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1 mm" w:st="on">1 mm</st1:metricconverter>, ascending, pale green, brownish to whitish. <b>Stems</b> 0.15--0.3 mm in diameter, sparsely branching, orbicular in cross section, with microcellous layer to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>2/5\x stem thickness, cell walls very thin, ventral surface brownish or undifferentiated; rhizoids sparse to dense, in indistinct fascicles, grayish. <b>Leaves</b> subtransversely to slightly oblique inserted, imbricate or spreading, ends of lobes turned to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>apex or deflexed away the stem, rectangular to ovate, 0.4--0.7 x 0.3--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.7 mm" w:st="on">0.7 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2-lobed, subequal lobes divided by U-shaped or crescentic sinus descending to 1/6--1/3\x leaf length; lobes entire, triangular to nearly horn-like; cells of midleaf 5--6-angular, 21--40 x 20--30 \um; cuticle smooth, walls very thin, trigones concave, very small or absent; oil bodies 3--10 per cell, spheric 3--8 \um in diameter to oval 3--5 x 4--9 \um, granulate, colorless, sometimes biconcentric; underleaves absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae common at shoot apices, brown to brownish, commonly 3--5-angular in outline with weakly protruding angles, 15--21(--23) x 12--15(--19) \um, 1--2-celled, with long-persistent large single oil-body in each cell. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b>Androecia</b> intercalary, male bracts 2--3 pairs, similar to leaves but concave at the base, 1--2-androus. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal, female bracts in 1 pair, obovate to rectangular, entire to weakly dentate, divided to 1/3\x length into 2 lobes, connate, bracteole present, lanceolate to narrowly rectangular and shortly 2-lobed to 1/3\x length, connate with one of bracts to 2/3\x length. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 2/3\x length, cylindric to cone-shaped, complicated at mouth, mouth ciliate-dentate with sparse 5--7-celled cilia, generally 1-stratose. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Capsule</b> oval, exterior walls with nodular thickenings, interior walls with annular thickenings, reddish brown. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Spores</b> 14--18 \um in diameter.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Mesic to xeric limestone cliffs or dry basic clayish deposits; 0--200 m; Greenland; <st1:State w:st="on">Alaska</st1:State>; n <st1:place w:st="on">Europe</st1:place>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>16. Lophozia polaris</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> (R. M. Schuster) R. M. Schuster &amp; Damsholt, Meddel. Gronland 199: 131. 1974 <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><span lang=SV style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:SV'>Lophozia alpestris</span></i><span lang=SV style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:SV'> ssp. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>polaris</i> R. M. Schuster, Hep. </span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Anth. North Amer., 2: 614. 1969<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 3--30 x 0.6--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2.5 mm" w:st="on">2.5 mm</st1:metricconverter>, prostrate, but frequently ascending in dense patches, green to yellowish brown-green and brown. <b>Stems</b> 0.25--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.5 mm" w:st="on">0.5 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, slightly transversely oval in cross section, with microcellous layer to 1/2\x stem thickness, cell walls distinctly thickened along margin, ventral surface brown to purple-brown; rhizoids sparse to nearly absent, in indistinct fascicles, grayish. <b>Leaves</b> obliquely to nearly horizontally inserted, appressed to the stem, ends of lobes upturned, sometimes slightly undulate, rectangular to trapezoidal, 0.4--1.3 x 0.4--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.6 mm" w:st="on">1.6 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2-lobed, subequal nearly acute to obtuse lobes divided by crescentic, U-shaped or angular sinus descending to 1/6--1/4(--1/3--2/5)\x leaf length; lobes entire, triangular; cells of midleaf 5--6-angular, (20--)25--35 x (18--)23--35 \um; cuticle smooth, walls thin to somewhat thick, trigones concave and small; oil bodies (3--)6--20 per cell; underleaves absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae sparse at apices of shoots, rarely on ends of lobes before apex, frequently absent, red, rusty-red to carrot-red, commonly 4--5-angular in outline with weakly protruding angles, 18--32 x 14--28 \um, 1--2-celled. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b>Androecia</b> intercalary, male bracts 4--7 pairs, similar to leaves but inflated in the base. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal without subfloral innovations, female bracts in 1 pair, trapezoidal to transversely oval, entire to slightly undulate, ca. 1.5 x <st1:metricconverter ProductID="2 mm" w:st="on">2 mm</st1:metricconverter>, divided to 1/3--2/5\x length into 3--4 lobes with strongly deflexed sinus, connate, bracteole present, 2-lobed to 1/3\x length, connate with one or both bracts to 1/2\x the length. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 1/2\x its length, cylindric to cone-shaped, complicated at mouth, mouth dentate with sparse 1--2-celled teeth, generally 1-stratose. <b>Sporophytes </b><span style='mso-bidi-font-weight: bold'>unknown.</span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Varieties 2 (<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2 in" w:st="on">2 in</st1:metricconverter> the flora): North America, n <st1:place w:st="on">Eurasia</st1:place>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1. Lobes divided by crescentic or U-shaped sinus descending to 1/6--1/4\x leaf length; oil-bodies 6--17 per cell, granulate, spheric 3.5--6(--8) \um in diameter to oval (4--)6--8 x 3--6 \um. . . . 16a.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>Lophozia polaris</i> var. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>polaris</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1. <span style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>L</span>obes divided by angular to somewhat gibbous sinus descending to 1/3--2/5\x leaf length; oil-bodies 3--14 per cell, botryoidal, oval 3--5 x 4--6 \um. . . . 16b.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>Lophozia polaris</i> var. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>sphagnorum</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>16a. Lophozia polaris </span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>var.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'> </i><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>polaris<o:p></o:p></b></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></b></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Leaves</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> 2-lobed, subequal nearly acute to obtuse lobes divided by crescentic or U-shaped sinus descending to 1/6-1/4\x leaf length; oil-bodies 6--17 per cell, granulate, spheric 3.5--6(--8) \um in diameter to oval (4--)6--8 x 3--6 \um. <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Predominantly basic conditions over mosses and other liverworts in wet places, frequently in percolate water, more rarely cliffs and ledges, banks of sluggishly flowing streams; 0--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1000 m" w:st="on">1000 m</st1:metricconverter>; Greenland; Nunavut; Alaska; n Eurasia.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>16b. Lophozia polaris </span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>var. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'>sphagnorum</b> (R. M. Schuster) R. M. Schuster &amp; Damsholt, Meddel. Gronland 199: 134. 1974 <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span lang=SV style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:SV'>Lophozia alpestris</span></i><span lang=SV style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:SV'> ssp. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>polaris</i> f. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>sphagnorum</i> R. M. Schuster, Hep. </span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Anth. North Amer. 2: 619. 1969<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Leaves</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> 2-lobed, subequal nearly acute to obtuse lobes divided by angular to somewhat gibbous sinus descending to 1/3--2/5\x leaf length; oil-bodies 3--14 per cell, botryoidal, oval 3--5 x 4--6 \um. <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Mostly over <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Sphagnum,</i> bogs and mossy tundras; 0--500 m; Greenland; <st1:State w:st="on">Alaska</st1:State>; n <st1:place w:st="on">Eurasia</st1:place>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>17. Lophozia rubrigemma</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> R. M. Schuster, Hep. Anth. North Amer. 2: 621. 1969<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 3--10 x 0.7--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1 mm" w:st="on">1 mm</st1:metricconverter>, prostrate, but frequently ascending in dense patches, yellowish brown to brown. <b>Stems</b> 0.25--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.3 mm" w:st="on">0.3 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, slightly transversely oval in cross section, microcellous layer to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>1/2\x stem thickness, cell walls distinctly thickened along margin, ventral surface brown to purple-brown; rhizoids sparse to nearly absent, in indistinct fascicles, grayish. <b>Leaves</b> obliquely inserted, distant, spreading to appressed to the stem and slightly concave, ends of lobes turned away of stem, sometimes slightly undulate, rectangular to trapezoidal, 0.4--1.2 x 0.4--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.2 mm" w:st="on">1.2 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2-lobed, subequal nearly acute to obtuse lobes divided by crescentic, U-shaped or angular sinus descending to 1/3--2/5\x leaf length; lobes entire, triangular; cells of midleaf polygonal to orbicular, (28--)30--38(--43) x 28--36(--45) \um; cuticle smooth, walls somewhat thick, trigones concave and small; oil bodies 10--30 per cell, granulate, spheric 3--5 \um in diameter to shortly oval 3--4.5 x 4--9 \um; underleaves absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae sparse at apices of shoots, rarely on ends of lobes before apex, red to deep purple-red, commonly (5--)6-polygonal in outline with protruding angles, 25--35 x 25--30 \um, 2-celled. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b>Androecia</b> unknown. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal without subfloral innovations, female bracts in 1 pair, trapezoidal to transversely oval, entire to slightly undulate, ca. 1.5 x <st1:metricconverter ProductID="2 mm" w:st="on">2 mm</st1:metricconverter>, divided to 1/4--1/3\x length into 2--3(--4) lobes with strongly deflexed sinus, connate, bracteole present, 2-lobed with sinus descending to 1/3\x length, connate with both of bracts to 1/2\x length. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 1/2\x its length, cylindric to conic, complicated at mouth, mouth dentate with sparse 2--3-celled teeth, generally 1-stratose. <b>Sporophytes </b><span style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>unknown.<o:p></o:p></span></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Acidophilic, common in Arctic deserts, more rare but also common in some areas of tundra, exposed sites, places with disturbed or light vegetation cover; elevation unknown; Greenland; Nunavut; Alaska; n Eurasia.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:DE'>XXb. </span></b><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:DE'>LOPHOZIA subg. ISOPACHES (H. Buch) R. M. Schuster, Amer. </span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Midl. Nat. 45(1): 56. 1951 <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Isopaches</span></i><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> H.Buch, Mem Soc. F. Fl. Fenn., 8: 283. 1933<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 3--15 x 0.6--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="3 mm" w:st="on">3 mm</st1:metricconverter>, prostrate, loosely adhering to substratum, decolorated to deep green, but commonly brown to reddish brown. <b>Stems</b> 0.1--0.15 mm in diameter, sparsely branching, transverse section without microcellous layer, outer cells of stem in cross section clearly thickened, rhizoids conspicuously large. <b>Leaves</b> transversely to obliquely inserted, imbricate, rarely distant, spreading, 2-lobed; cuticle smooth; underleaves rarely present, simple, lanceolate, nearly the same length with leaves. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by angular gemmae, with sharply thickened angles. <b>Sexual condition</b> paroicous, autoicous to dioicous. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Capsule</b> oval, walls 2(--3)-stratose, <b>Spores</b> 12--15 \um in diameter.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Species 4 (<st1:metricconverter ProductID="3 in" w:st="on">3 in</st1:metricconverter> the flora): North America, South America, <st1:City w:st="on">Eurasia</st1:City>, <st1:country-region w:st="on">Australia</st1:country-region>, Oceania (<st1:country-region w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">New Zealand</st1:place></st1:country-region>).<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1. Plants monoicous (occasionally paroicous, very rarely with antheridial subfloral innovations), female bracts entire, perianth mouth lobulate-ciliate, plants strongly aromatic . . . 19. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia bicrenata</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1. Plants dioicous, female bracts dentate or entire, perianth mouth crenulate or ciliate-dentate, plants not or slightly aromatic.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:27.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>2. Female bracts entire, perianth mouth crenulate . . . 20.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>Lophozia decolorans</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:27.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:27.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>2. Female bracts sharply dentate, perianth mouth ciliate-dentate . . . 18. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia alboviridis</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:0in;margin-left:27.0pt; margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span lang=SV style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:SV'>18. Lophozia alboviridis</span></b><span lang=SV style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:SV'> R. M. Schuster, Hep. </span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Anth. North Amer. 2: 487. 1969<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 3--7 x 0.7--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1 mm" w:st="on">1 mm</st1:metricconverter>, prostrate, whitish green to brownish and purplish in upper area. <b>Stems</b> 0.11--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.15 mm" w:st="on">0.15 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, orbicular in cross section, with homogenous inner cells, outer cells distinctly thickened, ventral surface brownish; rhizoids dense, in tangled fascicles, colorless to brownish, closely attaching plants to substratum. <b>Leaves</b> subtransversely to obliquely inserted, appressed to the stem, imbricate, ends of lobes turned to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>apex, orbicular, 0.5--0.7 x 0.5--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.7 mm" w:st="on">0.7 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2-lobed, subequal to unequal acute lobes divided by angular to crescentic sinus descending to 1/4\x leaf length; lobes entire, triangular, acute; cells of midleaf 5--6-angular with rounded angles, 20--24 x 20--28 \um; cuticle smooth, walls clearly thick, trigones concave and small; oil bodies 10--15 per cell, spheric ca. 5--6 \um in diameter to oval 5--6 x 6--8(--10) \um, granulate, colorless, non-biconcentric; underleaves absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae common at apices of shoots, reddish yellow to reddish brown, commonly 4--5-angular in outline, with protruding angles, 24--38 x 24--28 \um, 2-celled, red-brown. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b>Androecia</b> unknown. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal, female bracts in 1 pair, obovate to nearly orbicular, sharply dentate, divided to 1/3\x length into 2--3(--4) lobes, connate, bracteole present, lanceolate, connate with one of bracts to 2/3\x length. <b>Perianth</b> mouth lobulate and spinose-dentate with teeth to 2(--3) cells in length, generally 1-stratose. <b>Sporophyte </b><span style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>unknown.<o:p></o:p></span></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Bare, cleaved soil in Arctic polygonal tundra (data incomplete); Greenland; n <st1:place w:st="on">Eurasia</st1:place>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>19. Lophozia bicrenata</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> (Schmidel ex Hoffmann) Dumortier, Recuel Observ. Jungerm., 17. 1835 <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:DE'>Jungermannia bicrenata</span></i><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:DE'> Schmidel ex Hoffman, Deutschl. </span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Fl. 2 (addenda), 11. 1796<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 5--10 x 0.4--0.5(--1) mm, prostrate with apex frequently ascending, yellowish green to yellowish brown and deep green. <b>Stems</b> 0.11--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.15 mm" w:st="on">0.15 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, orbicular in cross section, with homogenous inner cells, outer cells distinctly thickened, ventral surface brownish; rhizoids dense, in tangled fascicles, colorless to brownish, closely attached plants to substratum. <b>Leaves</b> subtransversely to obliquely inserted, appressed to the stem, imbricate, ends of lobes turned to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>apex, orbicular to subquadrate, 0.5--0.7 x 0.7--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1 mm" w:st="on">1 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2-lobed, subequal to unequal acute lobes divided by angular to crescentic sinus descending to 1/4\x leaf length; lobes entire, triangular, acute; cells of midleaf 5--6-angular with rounded angles, 25--35 x 22--27 \um, at base more large, to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>ca. 40 x 35 \um; cuticle smooth, walls clearly thick, trigones concave and small; oil bodies (3--)6--12(--15) per cell, spheric ca. 5--8 \um in diameter to oval 5--8 x 6--10(--12) \um, granulate, colorless, non-biconcentric; underleaves absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae common at apices of shoots, reddish yellow to reddish brown, commonly 4--5-angular in outline, with protruding angles, 24--38 x 24--28 \um, 2-celled. <b>Sexual condition</b> paroicous, very rarely with androecial subfloral innovations (autoicous). <b>Androecia</b> intercalary, male bracts 2--4(--5) pairs, transversely oval inflated in the base, 1--2-androus, stalk 1(--2)-seriate. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal, female bracts in 1 pair, obovate to nearly orbicular, nearly entire, ca. 0.7--1.2 x <st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.9 mm" w:st="on">0.9 mm</st1:metricconverter>, divided to 1/3\x length into 2--3(--4) lobes, connate, bracteole present, lanceolate, sometimes with one additional teeth near base, connate with one of bracts to 2/3\x length. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 2/3\x length, cylindric to cone-shaped, complicated at mouth, mouth lobulate and dentate with teeth to 1--2(--3) cells in length, generally 1-stratose. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Capsule</b> oval, exterior wall with nodular thickenings, interior wall with annular thickenings, reddish brown. <b>Elaters</b> ca. 8 \um in diameter. <b>Spores</b> 12--15 \um in diameter.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Fine-grained and sandy soil in various communities except Arctic deserts, mostly mesic conditions, sometimes growing among other liverworts in disturbed areas as well as on rocks covered by thin layer of mineral soil; 0--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2700 m" w:st="on">2700 m</st1:metricconverter>; Greenland; B.C., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.S., Ont., Que.; Alaska, Colo., Conn., Ga., Idaho, Ill, Ind., Kans., Ky., Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis.; Eurasia, Australia; Oceania (New Zealand).<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>20. Lophozia decolorans</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> (Limpricht) Stephani, Spec. Hep. 2: 147. 1902 <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:DE'>Jungermannia decolorans</span></i><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:DE'> Limpricht, Jahresb. Schles. </span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Gesell. Vaterl. Kult. 57: 116. 1880<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 3--6 x 0.5--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.7 mm" w:st="on">0.7 mm</st1:metricconverter>, prostrate to semi-immersed into substratum, yellow-brown with decolorate shoot apices. <b>Stems</b> 0.11--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.15 mm" w:st="on">0.15 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, orbicular in cross section, with homogenous inner cells, outer cells distinctly thickened, ventral surface brownish; rhizoids dense, in tangled fascicles, colorless to brownish, closely attached plants to substratum. <b>Leaves</b> subtransversely inserted, appressed to the stem, imbricate, ends of lobes turned to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>apex, widely ovoid-orbicular, 0.5--0.6 x 0.8--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.8 mm" w:st="on">0.8 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2-lobed, subequal to unequal acute lobes divided by U-shaped to crescentic sinus descending to 1/9--1/8\x leaf length; lobes entire, triangular, acute; cells of midleaf 5--6-angular with rounded angles, 23--30 x 12--23 \um; cuticle smooth, walls clearly thick at margins, but thinner in middle, trigones absent in margins to convex in midleaf; underleaves absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae common at apices of shoots, reddish, commonly 4--5-angular in outline, with slightly protruding angles, 24--26 x 19--25 \um, 1--2-celled. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b>Androecia</b> intercalary, male bracts 3--5(--7) pairs, transversely oval inflated in the base, 1-androus, stalk 1(--2)-seriate. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal, female bracts in 1 pair, obovate to nearly orbicular, nearly entire, ca. 0.7--0.8 x 1--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.3 mm" w:st="on">1.3 mm</st1:metricconverter>, divided to 1/4\x length into 2--3 lobes, connate, bracteole present, lanceolate. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 1/2\x length, cylindric to cone-shaped, complicated at mouth, mouth dentate with teeth to 1--2 cells in length, generally 1-stratose. <b>Spores</b> 12--15 \um in diameter.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Semi-immersed into soil over granite rocks (only one report for North America); <st1:metricconverter ProductID="1600 m" w:st="on">1600 m</st1:metricconverter>; B.C.; Eurasia; Tropical Africa<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>XXc. Lophozia subg. Sudeticae</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> (Schljakov) Bakalin, Bryologist 114: 310. 2011<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Lophozia</span></i><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> sect. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>Sudeticae</i> Schljakov, Pechen Mkhi Severa SSSR 3: 113. 1980<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 5--25 x 0.7--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2.2 mm" w:st="on">2.2 mm</st1:metricconverter>, prostrate, brown to purplish brown, rarely deep brownish green. <b>Stems</b> 0.2--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.5 mm" w:st="on">0.5 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, transverse section with or without microcellous layer to 1/2\x stem thickness, outer cells of stem in cross section thickened. <b>Leaves</b> oblique to subhorizontally inserted, more or less distant to subimbricate, spreading, 2(--3)-lobed; cuticle smooth to papillose; underleaves lanceolate or 2-lobed into 2 narrow lamina, filiform, frequently irregular and nearly absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by angular gemmae, with moderately thickened angles, colorless to brown. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Capsule</b> oval, wall 3(--4)-stratose, <b>Spores</b> spheric, ca. 10 \um.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Species 2 (<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2 in" w:st="on">2 in</st1:metricconverter> the flora): North America, <st1:place w:st="on">Eurasia</st1:place>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1. Leaves 2--3(--4)-lobed, sinus descending to 1/3\x leaf length, underleaves commonly present . . . 22.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia debiliformis</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1. Leaves 2-lobed, sinus descending to 1/5\x leaf length, underleaves commonly absent . . . 21.<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Lophozia sudetica</i><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>21. Lophozia sudetica</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> (Nees ex Huebener) Grolle, Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 6: 262. 1971<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Jungermannia sudetica</span></i><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> Nees ex Huebener, Hepaticol. Germ., 142. 1834.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 5--20 x 1--2(--2.2) mm, prostrate to ascending or erect in dense patches, brownish to rusty brown, rarely with purple tinge or dark green (in shady places). <b>Stems</b> 0.2--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.4 mm" w:st="on">0.4 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sometimes transversely oval in cross section, ca. 0.3 x 0.4 mm, sparsely branching, transverse section with microcellous layer to 1/3\x stem thickness or absent in southern phases, ventral surface brown to purple-black; rhizoids sparse to nearly absent, in indistinct fascicles, colorless to yellowish and brownish. <b>Leaves</b> commonly very obliquely inserted but rarely subtransverse, insertion line nearly straight, distant, spreading to appressed, concave to cup-shaped, turned to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>apex or to dorsal side, orbicular to trapezoidal-rounded, (0.4--)0.6--1.2 x (0.5--)0.7--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.3 mm" w:st="on">1.3 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2-lobed, subequal lobes divided by crescentic to (rarely) angular sinus descending to (1/12--)1/8--1/5(--1/4)\x leaf length; lobes entire, acute, triangular; cells of midleaf 4--polygonal, 17--25(--27) x 13--22(--28) \um, in base to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>40 \um; cuticle smooth to faintly verruculose, walls thin, trigones concave, triangular to convex; oil bodies (1--)2--6(--15) per cell, irregularly oval, 4--7 x 5--9 \um, rarely spheric, 4--7 \um in diameter, very finely papillose, grayish, non-biconcentric; underleaves absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae in masses at apices of distal leaf lobes, rusty-brown, commonly 4--5-angular in outline, 17--22 x 12--15 \um, (1--)2-celled, with slightly thickened angles. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b>Androecia</b> intercalary, male bracts 2(--3) pairs, similar to leaves but inflated in the base, 2(--3)-androus, antheridial stalk 1-seriate at base, but sometimes 2-seriate near spherule. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal, innovations absent, female bracts in 1 pair, oval to ovoid, shallowly 2-lobed, entire, ca. 1.1 x <st1:metricconverter ProductID="1 mm" w:st="on">1 mm</st1:metricconverter>, divided to 1/7--1/5\x length into 2 lobes, connate, bracteole present, lanceolate, ca. 0.5--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.2 mm" w:st="on">0.2 mm</st1:metricconverter> connate with one of bracts to 1/3\x length. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 3/4\x length, cylindric to clavate and cylindric-fusiform, complicated at mouth, mouth denticulate to dentate with 2-celled teeth, last cell about 35 \um in length, generally 1-stratose. <b>Seta</b> ca. 3--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="5 mm" w:st="on">5 mm</st1:metricconverter>, capsule oval, walls 3--4-stratose, exterior walls with nodular thickenings, interior walls with annular thickenings, reddish brown. <b>Elaters</b> 2-spiral, linear, reddish brown, ca. 100--125 x 7 \um. <b>Spores</b> ca. 10 \um in diameter.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Rocks outcrops, shaded soil, among mosses and other liverworts, common in both xeric and mesic conditions, more rarely hygrophilous, but frequent in snow-bed areas, tundra communities, sparse but frequent in some areas in boreal and temperate zones in rock crevices and soil on steep slope; 0--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2500 m" w:st="on">2500 m</st1:metricconverter>; Greenland; Alta., B.C., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., Nunavut, Ont., Que., Yukon; Alaska, Calif., Colo., Conn., Idaho, Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., Nev., N.H., N.Y., Oreg., Utah, Vt., Wash., Wis., Wyo.; Eurasia.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:DE'>22. Lophozia debiliformis</span></b><span lang=DE style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:DE'> R. M. Schuster &amp; Damsholt, Phytologia 63(5): 326. </span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>1987<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></b></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 5--25 x 0.7--1(--2) mm, prostrate, nearly soft-textured, green-brownish to brown, apparently without purple tinge. <b>Stems</b> 0.25--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.4 mm" w:st="on">0.4 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sometimes transversely oval in cross section, ca. 0.3 x 0.4 mm, sparsely branching, transverse section with homogenous cells without microcellous layer, ventral surface brownish; rhizoids sparse to nearly absent, in indistinct fascicles, colorless to yellowish and brownish. <b>Leaves</b> commonly obliquely inserted to rarely subtransverse, insertion line nearly straight or incurved<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>from oblique on ventral side to subtransverse on the dorsal, distant, spreading, concave to flattened and undulate, widely ovoid, orbicular to trapezoidal-rounded, (0.4--)0.6--1.2 x (0.5--)0.7--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.3 mm" w:st="on">1.3 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2--3(--4)-lobed, subequal or unequal lobes divided by angular or gibbous to U-shaped sinus descending to 1/5--1/3\x leaf length; lobes entire, acute, triangular; cells of midleaf 4--polygonal, 16--25(--27) x 16--22(--25) \um, in base to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>30 \um; cuticle smooth, walls thin, trigones concave, triangular to convex; oil bodies (2--)3--5(--12) per cell, irregularly oval, 6--10 x 4--8 \um, rarely spheric, 4--6 \um in diameter, papillose to rarely smoothed botryoidal, grayish, non-biconcentric; underleaves present, lanceolate or 2-lobed into 2 narrow lamina, frequently irregular and nearly absent. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae in masses at apices of distal leaf lobes, rusty-brown to brownish white, commonly 4--6-angular in outline, 23--26 x 16--20 \um, (1--)2-celled, with slightly thickened angles. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b>Androecia</b> intercalary, male bracts 2--3(--4) pairs, similar to leaves but inflated in the base, 1(--2)-androus, antheridial stalk 1-seriate. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal, innovations present, female bracts in 1 pair, oval to ovoid, deeply (2--)3-lobed, entire, but frequently with additional tooth near dorsal base, ca. 0.6 x <st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.6 mm" w:st="on">0.6 mm</st1:metricconverter>, divided to 1/4--2/5\x length into (2--)3 lobes, bracteole present, lanceolate, ca. 0.5--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.2 mm" w:st="on">0.2 mm</st1:metricconverter> connate with one of bracts to 2/3\x length. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 1/2\x length, obovate-clavate, complicated at mouth, mouth denticulate to dentate with 1--2-celled teeth, generally 1-stratose. <b>Sporophyte </b><span style='mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>unknown.</span><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Snow-bed habitats, coastal cliffs, thin soil on shaded rocks, tundra zone; 0--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1200 m" w:st="on">1200 m</st1:metricconverter>; Greenland; <st1:State w:st="on">Alaska</st1:State>; <st1:place w:st="on">Eurasia</st1:place>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>XXd. </span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>LOPHOZIA subg. PROTOLOPHOZIA R. M. Schuster, Nova Hedwigia 15: 472. 1968<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 5--25 x 0.7--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2.2 mm" w:st="on">2.2 mm</st1:metricconverter>, prostrate, brown to purplish-brown, rarely deep green-brownish. <b>Stems</b> 0.2--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.5 mm" w:st="on">0.5 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, transverse section without microcellous layer, outer cells of stem in cross section thin. <b>Leaves</b> oblique to subhorizontally inserted, more or less distant to subimbricate, spreading, 2--3-lobed; cuticle smooth to papillose; underleaves lanceolate or 2-lobed into 2 narrow lamina, filiform, sometimes irregular. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> not present in our species. <b>Sexual condition</b> paroicous. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Capsule</b> oval, walls 3(--4)-stratose, <b>Spores</b> spheric, 10--14 \um.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Species 11 (<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1 in" w:st="on">1 in</st1:metricconverter> the flora): North America; Central America; South America; Eurasia; Oceania; Australia, Africa.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>23. Lophozia elongata </span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Stephani, Spec. Hep. 2: 128. 1901<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 5--20 x 1.1--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.5 mm" w:st="on">1.5 mm</st1:metricconverter>, prostrate, slightly soft-textured, green to yellowish green and rarely green-brownish, apparently without purple tinge. <b>Stems</b> 0.2--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.3 mm" w:st="on">0.3 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sometimes transversely oval in cross section, ca. 0.2 x 0.3 mm, sparsely branching, transverse section with homogenous cells without microcellous layer, ventral surface indistinguishable from the dorsal; rhizoids sparse to nearly absent, in indistinct fascicles, nearly colorless. <b>Leaves</b> commonly obliquely inserted to rarely subtransverse, insertion line nearly straight or incurved from oblique in ventral side to subtransverse in the dorsal, distant, spreading, concave to flattened and undulate, widely ovoid, orbicular, trapezoidal-rounded or obtrapezoidal, (0.4--)0.6--0.7 x (0.5--)0.6--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.7 mm" w:st="on">0.7 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2--3(--4)-lobed, subequal or unequal lobes divided by angular or gibbous to U-shaped sinus descending to 1/5--1/3\x leaf length, additional teeth frequently present near leaf base; lobes entire, acute, triangular; cells of midleaf 4-polygonal, 23--28 x 21--25 \um; cuticle smooth, walls thin to slightly thickened, trigones concave to nearly absent; oil bodies numerous, 10--42 per cell, small, spheric, 2--4.5 \um in diameter, finely papillose; underleaves present, lanceolate, 2-lobed into 2 narrow lamina or reduced to slime papilla. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> absent. <b>Sexual condition</b> paroicous. <b>Androecia</b> intercalary, male bracts 2--3(--4) pairs, similar to leaves but inflated in the base, additional tooth near antical base commonly present, 1-androus, antheridial stalk 1-seriate. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal, female bracts in 1 pair, oval to ovoid, deeply (2--)3-lobed, nearly entire, but sometimes with additional teeth, ca. 0.6 x <st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.6 mm" w:st="on">0.6 mm</st1:metricconverter>, divided to 1/4--2/5\x length into (2--)3 lobes, bracteole present, deeply 2-lobate, ca. 0.5--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.2 mm" w:st="on">0.2 mm</st1:metricconverter> connate with bracts to 1/2\x length. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 3/4\x length, obovate-clavate to cylindric, complicated at mouth, mouth denticulate to dentate with 1--2-celled teeth, generally 1-stratose. <b>Elaters</b> ca. 6 \um thick. <b>Spores</b> 10--14 \um in diameter.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Permanently damp peaty slopes, wet moss mats in moist tundra, among or over mosses and other liverworts in dense patches; elevation unknown; Greenland; Alta.; n <st1:place w:st="on">Eurasia</st1:place>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>XXe. </span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>LOPHOZIA subg. OBTUSIFOLIUM (H. Buch) Bakalin <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Barbilophozia</span></i><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> subg. <i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'>Obtusifolium</i> H. Buch, Mem Soc. F. Fl. Fenn. 17: 289. 1942<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 20--50 x 2--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="3.5 mm" w:st="on">3.5 mm</st1:metricconverter>, prostrate, greenish brown, brownish to brownish yellow, rarely with purple tinge or dark green in shady places. <b>Stems</b> 0.3--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.5 mm" w:st="on">0.5 mm</st1:metricconverter> in diameter, sparsely branching, transverse section commonly without microcellous layer, but sometimes with exception of 2--3 layers of cells smaller than inner ones, outer cells in stem cross section thin; ventral side of the stem nearly the same color with the dorsal. <b>Leaves</b> subhorizontally inserted, more or less distant, spreading, flattened, 2(--3)-lobed, cells with many (to 50 per cell) small, spheric oil-bodies; cuticle distinctly papillose; underleaves commonly absent, rarely present, ciliate or lacinulate, 4 cells in length and 1--2(--3) cells wide, easily deciduous. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by angular gemmae, those rarely present, green, with moderate thickened angles. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'>Capsule</b> oval, walls (4--)5-stratose, <b>Spores</b> spheric, 11--14 \um.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;mso-outline-level:1'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Species 1 (<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1 in" w:st="on">1 in</st1:metricconverter> the flora): North America, Europe, Asia, <st1:place w:st="on">Africa</st1:place>.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight: normal'><span lang=SV style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:SV'>24. Lophozia obtusa</span></b><span lang=SV style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-ansi-language:SV'> (Lindberg) A. Evans, Proc. </span><st1:State w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on"><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Washington</span></st1:place></st1:State><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> Acad. Sci. 2: 303. 1900 <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal style='mso-outline-level:1'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style: normal'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Jungermannia obtusa</span></i><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> Lindberg, Musci Scand., 7. 1879<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Plants</span></b><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'> ca. 20--50 x 2--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="3.5 mm" w:st="on">3.5 mm</st1:metricconverter>, prostrate or epiphyte on sedges or other boggy grasses, greenish brown, brownish to brownish yellow, rarely with purple tinge or dark green (in shady places). <b>Stems</b> 0.3--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.45 mm" w:st="on">0.45 mm</st1:metricconverter> diameter, sometimes transversely oval in transverse section (ca. <st1:metricconverter ProductID="0.25 mm" w:st="on">0.25 mm</st1:metricconverter> in height), sparsely branching, transverse section commonly without microcellous layer, but occasionally with 2--3 layers of cells smaller than inner ones located above ventral cortex, ventral surface brown to reddish brown; rhizoids common sometimes dense, in indistinct fascicles, colorless to yellowish and brownish. <b>Leaves</b> commonly very obliquely inserted to nearly horizontally, insertion line nearly straight, distant, spreading, flattened, lingulate to orbicular, 1--1.2 x 1.2--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="1.4 mm" w:st="on">1.4 mm</st1:metricconverter>, 2-lobed, subequal lobes divided by gibbous sinus descending to 1/5(--1/4)\x leaf length; lobes entire, rounded to obtuse; cells of midleaf 4--polygonal, 32--38 x 21--25 \um, in base to<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>50 x 38 \um; cuticle almost always distinctly striolate papillose through, especially obvious at the base, walls thin, trigones concave to triangular; oil bodies minute, 15--50 per cell, spheric, 2--3 \um in diameter, nearly smooth; underleaves commonly absent, rarely present, ciliate or lacinulate, 4 cells in length and 1--2(--3) cells wide, easily deciduous. <b>Specialized asexual reproduction</b> by gemmae at shoot apices, rarely present, pale green to brownish, commonly with 4--5-angular in outline, 17--22 x 17--20 \um, 2-celled, with slightly thickened angles. <b>Sexual condition</b> dioicous. <b>Androecia</b> intercalary, male bracts 6--12 pairs, spicate, 2--3-androus, antheridial stalk 1-seriate. <b>Gynoecia</b> terminal, innovations absent, female bracts in 1 pair, oval to ovoid, 2--4-lobed, entire, ca. 1.1 x <st1:metricconverter ProductID="1 mm" w:st="on">1 mm</st1:metricconverter>, divided to 1/7--1/5\x length, bracteole present, 2-lobed. <b>Perianth</b> exerted to 3/4\x length, cylindric, ellipsiodal to clavate, complicated at mouth, mouth denticulate to dentate. <b>Seta</b> ca. 3--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="5 mm" w:st="on">5 mm</st1:metricconverter>, capsule oval, wall 5-stratose, exterior wall with nodular thickenings, interior walls with annular thickenings, reddish brown. <b>Elaters</b> ca. 7--9 \um wide. <b>Spores</b> ca. 11--14 \um in diameter.<o:p></o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p style='margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'>Isolated stems (never in pure mats) among mosses, wet meadows, green-moss bogs, sometimes on moist slopes or waterways; 0--<st1:metricconverter ProductID="2150 m" w:st="on">2150 m</st1:metricconverter>; Greenland; Alta., B.C., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.W.T., <st1:State w:st="on">Nunavut</st1:State>, Que., <st1:State w:st="on">Yukon</st1:State>; <st1:State w:st="on">Alaska</st1:State>, <st1:State w:st="on">Ariz.</st1:State>, <st1:State w:st="on">Calif.</st1:State>, <st1:State w:st="on">Colo.</st1:State>, <st1:State w:st="on">Idaho</st1:State>, <st1:State w:st="on">Maine</st1:State>, <st1:State w:st="on">Mich.</st1:State>, <st1:State w:st="on">Mont.</st1:State>, <st1:City w:st="on">Oreg.</st1:City>, <st1:State w:st="on">Wash.</st1:State>, <st1:State w:st="on"><st1:place w:st="on">Wyo.</st1:place></st1:State><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </table> </div> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext;mso-no-proof: yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shapetype id="_x0000_t75" coordsize="21600,21600" o:spt="75" o:preferrelative="t" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" filled="f" stroked="f"> <v:stroke joinstyle="miter"/> <v:formulas> <v:f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0"/> <v:f eqn="sum @0 1 0"/> <v:f eqn="sum 0 0 @1"/> <v:f eqn="prod @2 1 2"/> <v:f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth"/> <v:f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight"/> <v:f eqn="sum @0 0 1"/> <v:f eqn="prod @6 1 2"/> <v:f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth"/> <v:f eqn="sum @8 21600 0"/> <v:f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight"/> <v:f eqn="sum @10 21600 0"/> </v:formulas> <v:path o:extrusionok="f" gradientshapeok="t" o:connecttype="rect"/> <o:lock v:ext="edit" aspectratio="t"/> </v:shapetype><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_1" o:spid="_x0000_i1041" type="#_x0000_t75" alt="JungLophoziaAscendens_Web" style='width:506.25pt;height:663pt; 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height:651pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'> <v:imagedata src="JungLophozia_files/image014.gif" o:title="JungLophoziaOpacifolia_Web"/> </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=675 height=868 src="JungLophozia_files/image014.gif" alt="JungLophoziaOpacifolia_Web" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_8"><![endif]></span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext;mso-no-proof: yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_9" o:spid="_x0000_i1033" type="#_x0000_t75" alt="JungLophoziaPropagulifera_Web" style='width:506.25pt; 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height:676.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'> <v:imagedata src="JungLophozia_files/image003.gif" o:title="JungLophoziaPacifica_Web"/> </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=675 height=902 src="JungLophozia_files/image003.gif" alt="JungLophoziaPacifica_Web" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_10"><![endif]></span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext;mso-no-proof: yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_11" o:spid="_x0000_i1031" type="#_x0000_t75" alt="JungLophoziaPellucida_Web" style='width:506.25pt; height:664.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'> <v:imagedata src="JungLophozia_files/image009.gif" o:title="JungLophoziaPellucida_Web"/> </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=675 height=886 src="JungLophozia_files/image009.gif" alt="JungLophoziaPellucida_Web" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_11"><![endif]></span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext;mso-no-proof: yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_12" o:spid="_x0000_i1030" type="#_x0000_t75" alt="JungLophoziaRubrigemma_Web" style='width:506.25pt; height:658.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'> <v:imagedata src="JungLophozia_files/image008.gif" o:title="JungLophoziaRubrigemma_Web"/> </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=675 height=878 src="JungLophozia_files/image008.gif" alt="JungLophoziaRubrigemma_Web" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_12"><![endif]></span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext;mso-no-proof: yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_13" o:spid="_x0000_i1029" type="#_x0000_t75" alt="JungLophoziaSaviziae_Web" style='width:506.25pt; height:678pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'> <v:imagedata src="JungLophozia_files/image002.gif" o:title="JungLophoziaSaviziae_Web"/> </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=675 height=904 src="JungLophozia_files/image002.gif" alt="JungLophoziaSaviziae_Web" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_13"><![endif]></span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext;mso-no-proof: yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_14" o:spid="_x0000_i1028" type="#_x0000_t75" alt="JungLophoziaSchusterana_Web" style='width:506.25pt; height:666pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'> <v:imagedata src="JungLophozia_files/image017.gif" o:title="JungLophoziaSchusterana_Web"/> </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=675 height=888 src="JungLophozia_files/image017.gif" alt="JungLophoziaSchusterana_Web" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_14"><![endif]></span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext;mso-no-proof: yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_15" o:spid="_x0000_i1027" type="#_x0000_t75" alt="JungLophoziaSilvicoloides_Web" style='width:506.25pt; height:664.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'> <v:imagedata src="JungLophozia_files/image012.gif" o:title="JungLophoziaSilvicoloides_Web"/> </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=675 height=886 src="JungLophozia_files/image012.gif" alt="JungLophoziaSilvicoloides_Web" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_15"><![endif]></span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext;mso-no-proof: yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_16" o:spid="_x0000_i1026" type="#_x0000_t75" alt="JungLophoziaSudetica_Web" style='width:506.25pt; height:667.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'> <v:imagedata src="JungLophozia_files/image015.gif" o:title="JungLophoziaSudetica_Web"/> </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=675 height=890 src="JungLophozia_files/image015.gif" alt="JungLophoziaSudetica_Web" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_16"><![endif]></span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext;mso-no-proof: yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_17" o:spid="_x0000_i1025" type="#_x0000_t75" alt="JungLophoziaVentricosaVarLongiflora_Web" style='width:506.25pt; height:660pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'> <v:imagedata src="JungLophozia_files/image011.gif" o:title="JungLophoziaVentricosaVarLongiflora_Web"/> </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=675 height=880 src="JungLophozia_files/image011.gif" alt="JungLophoziaVentricosaVarLongiflora_Web" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_17"><![endif]></span><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";color:windowtext'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p> </div> </body> </html>