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Articles or books by two or more authors are cited as follows. When there are two authors, citation is alphabetical after the second author's name. When there are three or more authors, references are cited in the body of the text as (e.g.) Chase et al. 2000a, 2000b, 2000c, and are listed following these sometimes alphabetically qualified dates of publication immediately after all the single- or two-authored articles by the first author.

Aagard, J. A. [et al. 2005], Olmstead, R. G., Willis, J. H., & Phillips, P. C. 2005. Duplication of floral regulatory genes in Lamiales. American J. Bot. 92: 1284-1293.

Aagesen, L., & Sanso, A. M. 2003. The phylogeny of the Alstroemeriaceae, based on morphology, rps16 intron, and rbcL sequence data. Syst. Bot. 28: 47-69.

Aagesen, L. [et al. 2005], Medan, D., Kellermann, J., & Hilger, H. H. 2005. Phylogeny of the tribe Colletieae (Rhamnaceae) - a sensitivity analysis of the plastid region trnL-trnF combined with morphology. Plant Syst. Evol. 250: 197-214.

Abbasi, M. [et al. 2005], Goodwin, S. B., & Scholler, M. 2005. Taxonomy, phylogeny, and distribution of Puccinia graminis, the black stem rust: New insights based on rDNA sequence data. Mycoscience 46: 241-247.

Abbe, E. C. 1935. Studies in the phylogeny of the Betulaceae. I. Floral and inflorescence anatomy and morphology. Bot. Gaz. 97: 1-67.

Abbe, E. C. 1974. Flowers and inflorescences of the "Amentiferae". Bot. Review 40: 159-261.

Abbott, J. R. 2011. Notes on the disintegration of Polygala (Polygalaceae), with four new genera for the Flora of North America. J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 5: 125-137.

Abbott, J. R. [et al. 2013], Neubig, K., & Carlsward, B. 2013. Further insight into the disintegration of the polyphyletic mess that waas Polygala s.l. (Polygalaceae). P. 254, in Botany 2013. Celebrating Diversity! July 27-31 - New Orleans. Abstracts.

Abdallah, M. S. 1967. The Resedaceae: A taxonomical revision of the family. Meded. Landbouwhoog. Wageningen 67(8): 1-98, fig. 2-17. [Reprint: Belmontia N.S. 8, 1978.]

Abdallah, M. S., & de Wit, H. C. D. 1978. The Resedaceae: A taxonomical revision of the family (final instalment). Meded. Landbouwhoog. Wageningen 78(14): 96-416, fig. 1, 18-91. [Reprint: Belmontia N.S. 8, 1978.]

Abdelgaleil, S. A. M., & Hashinaga, F. 2007. Allelopathic potential of two sequiterpene lactones from Magnolia grandiflora L. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 35: 737-742.

Abdel Khalik, K. [et al. 2008], Abd El-Ghani, M., & El Kordy, A. 2008. Fruit and seed morphology in Galium (Rubiaceae) and its importance for taxonomic identification. Act. Bot. Croatica 67: 1-20.

Abdillahi, H. S. [et al. 2010], Stafford, G. I., Finnie, J. F., & van Stade, J. 2010. Ethnobotany, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Podocarpus sensu latissimo. South African J. Bot. 76: 1-24.

Abe, J. P. 2005. An arbuscular mycorrhizal genus in the Eriaceae. Inoculum 56(4): 6.

Abele, D. [et al. 2005], Rudolph, B., Thiede, J., & Schirarend, C. 2005. Phylogeny of the genus Masdevallia Ruiz & Pav. based on morphological and molecular data. Pp. 111-116, in Raynal-Roques, A., Roguenant, A., & Prat, D. (eds), Proceedings of the 18th World Orchid Conferemnce. Naturalia Publications, Turriers, France.

Abercrombie, J. M. [et al. 2011], O'Meara, B. C., Moffatt, A. R., & Williams, J. H. 2011. Developmental evolution of flowering plant pollen tube cell walls: Callose synthase (CalS) gene expression pattern. EvoDevo 2011, 2:14. doi: 10.1186/2041-9139-2-14

Abraham, Y., & Elbaum, R. 2013. Hygroscopic movements in Geraniaceae: The structural variations that are responsible for coiling or bending. New Phytol. 199: 584-594.

Abrahamson W. G., & Weis A. E. 1997. Evolutionary Ecology Across Three Trophic levels: Goldenrods, Gallmakers, and Natural Enemies. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Abrahamson, W. G. [et al. 1998], Melika, G., Scrafford, R., & Csóka, G. 1998. Gall-inducing insects provide insights into plant systematic relationships. American J. Bot. 85: 1159-1165.

Abrams, M. 1895. Bau und Entwicklungsgeschichte der Wandverdickungen in den Samenoberhautzellen einiger Cruciferen. Jahrb. Wissens. Bot. 16: 599-637.

Abrams, M. D. 1992. Fire and the development of oak forests. BioScience 42: 346-353.

Abrams, M. D. 1996. Distribution, historical development and ecophysiological attributes of oak species in the eastern United States. Ann. Sci. Forest. 53: 487-512.

Abrams, M. D. 2003. Where has all the white oak gone? BioScience 53: 927-939.

Abrouk, M. [et al. 2010], Murat, F., Pont, C., Messing, J., Jackson, S., Faraut, T., Tannier, F., Plomion, C., Cooke, R., Feuillet, C., & Salse, J. 2010. Palaeogenomics of plants: Synteny-based models of extinct ancestors. Trends Plant Sci. 15: 479-487.

Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. [et al. 2011], van Welzen, P. C., Adema, F., & van der Ham, R. W. J. M. 2011. Sapindaceae. Pp. 357-407, in Kubitzki, K. (ed.), The Families and Genera of Flowering Plants. X. Flowering Plants: Eudicots. Sapindales, Cucurbitales, Myrtaceae. Springer, Berlin.

Acevedo-Rosas, R. [et al. 2004], Cameron, K., Sosa, V., & Pell, S. 2004. A molecular phylogenetic study of Graptopetalum (Crassulaceae) based on ETS, ITS, rpl16 and trnL-F nucleotide sequences. American J. Bot. 91: 1099-1104.

Achille, F. [et al. 2006], Motley, T. J., Lowry, P. P. II, & Jérémie, J. 2006. Polyphyly in Guettarda L. (Rubiaceae, Guettardeae) based on nrDNA ITS sequence data. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 93: 103-121.

Ackerley, D. 2009. Conservatism and diversification of plant functional traits: Evolutionary rates versus phylogenetic signal. Proc. National Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106, suppl. 2: 19699-19706.

Ackerman, J. D. 1985. Euglossine bees and their nectar hosts. Pp. 225-233, in D'Arcy, W. G., & Correa, M. D. (eds), The Botany and Natural History of Panama. Missouri Botanical Garden, St Louis.

Ackermann, M., & Weigend, M. 2006. Nectar, floral morphology and pollination syndrome in Loasaceae subfamily Loasoideae (Cornales). Ann. Bot. 98: 503-514.

Ackery, P. R. 1988. Hostplants and classification: A review of nymphalid butterflies. Biol. J. Linnean Soc. 33: 95-203.

Ackery, P. R. 1991. Hostplant utilization by African and Australian butterflies. Biol. J. Linnean Soc. 44: 335-351.

Ackery, P. R., & Vane-Wright, R. I. 1984. Milkweed Butterflies: Their Cladistics and Biology. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.

Acosta, M. C. [et al. 2006], Ordóñez, A. del V., Cocucci, A. A., & Moscone, E. A. 2006. Chromosome reports in South American Nicotaneae (Solanaceae), with particular reference to Nierembergia. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 93: 634-646.

Acosta, J. M. [et al. 2009], Perreta, M., Amsler, A., & Vegetti, A. C. 2009. The flowering unit in the synflorescences of Amaranthaceae. Bot. Review 75: 365-376.

Adachi, J. [et al. 1995], Kosuge, K., Denda, T., & Watanabe, K. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships of the Berberidaceae based on partial sequences of the gapA gene. Pp. 351-353, in Jensen, U., & Kadereit, J. W. (eds.), Systematics and Evolution of the Ranunculiflorae. Springer, Vienna. [Plant Syst. Evol. Suppl. 9.]

Adam, H. [et al. 2007], Jouannic, S., Morcillo, F., Verdeil, J.-L., Duval, Y., & Tregear, J. W. 2007. Determination of flower structure in Elaeis guineensis: Do palms use the same homeotic genes as other species? Ann. Bot. 100: 1-12.

Adamec, L. 2009. Ecophysiological investigation on Drosophyllum lusitanicum: Why doesn't the plant dry out? Carniv. Plant Newsl. 38: 71-74.

Adamec, L. 2011. Functional characteristics of traps of aquatic carnivorous Utricularia species. Aquatic Bot. 95: 226-233.

Adammec, L. 2012. News in ecophysiological research on aquatic Utricularia traps. Carniv. Plants Newsl. 41: 92-104.

Adamec, L. [et al. 2006], Kohout, P., & Benes, K. 2006. Root anatomy of three carnivorous plant species. Carniv. Plant Newsl. 35: 19-22.

Adams, D. G. 2002. Cyanobacteria in symbiosis with hornworts and liverworts. Pp. 117-135, in Rai, A. N., Bergman, B., & Rasmussen, U. (eds), Cyanobacteria in Symbiosis. Kluwer, Dordrecht.

Adams, D. G., & Duggan, P. S. 2008. Cyanobacteria–bryophyte symbioses. J. Experim. Bot. 59: 1047-1058.

Adams, D. G. [et al. 2006], Bergman, B., Nierzwicki-Bauer, S. A., Rai, A. N., & Schubler, A. 2006. Cyanobacterial-plant symbioses. Pp. 331-363, in Dworkin, M., Falkow, S., Rosenberg, E., Schleifer, K.-H., & Stackebrandt, E. (eds), The Prokaryotes, Vol. 1. Springer, New York.

Adams, K. L., & Palmer, J. D. 2003. Evolution of mitochondrial gene content: Gene loss and transfer to the nucleus. Mol. Phyl. Evol. 29: 380-395.

Adams, K. L., & Wendel, J. F. 2005. Polyploidy and genome evolution in plants. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 8: 135-141.

Adams, K. L. [et al. 2001], Rosenblueth, M., Qiu, Y.-L., & Palmer, J. D. 2001. Multiple losses and transfers to the nucleus of two mitochondrial succinate dehydrogenase genes during angiosperm evolution. Genetics 158: 1289-1300.

Adams, K. L. [et al. 2002a], Daly, D. O, Whelan, J., & Palmer, J. D. 2002a. Genes for two mitochondrial ribosomal proteins in flowering plants are derived from their chloroplast or cytosolic counterparts. Plant Cell 14: 931-943.

Adams, K. L. [et al. 2002b], Qiu, Y.-L., Stoutemyer, M., & Palmer, J. D. 2002b. Punctuated evolution of mitochondrial gene content: High and variable rates of mitochondrial gene loss and transfer to the nucleus during angiosperm evolution. Proc. National Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99: 9905-9912.

Adams, J. E. 1949. Studies in the comparative anatomy of the Cornaceae. J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 65: 219-244.

Adams, J. M. [et al. 2011], Ahn, S., Ainuddin, N., & Lee, M.-L. 2011. A further test of a palaeoecological thermometer: Tropical rainforests have more herbivore damage than temperate forests. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 164: 60-66.

Adams, L. G. 1987. Philydraceae. Pp. 40-45, in George, A. S. (ed.), Flora of Australia. Volume 35. Hydatellaceae to Liliaceae. Australian Government, Canberra.

Adams, P. B. 2011. Systematics of Dendrobiinae (Orchidaceae) with special reference to Australian taxa. Bot. J. Linnean Soc. 166: 105-126.

Adams, R. P. 2010. Junipers of the World: The Genus Juniperus. Ed. 3. Trafford, Bloomington, IN.

Adams, R. P., & Schwarzbach, A. 2013. Phylogeny of Juniperus using nrDNA and four cpDNA regions. Phytologia 95: 179-187.

Adams, S. P. [et al. 2001], Hartman, T. P. V., Lim, K. Y., Chase, M. W., Bennett, M. D., Leitch, I. J., & Leitch, A. R. 2001. Loss and recovery of Arabidopsis-type telomere repeat sequences 5'-(TTTAGGG)n-3' in the evolution of a major radiation of flowering plants. Proc. Roy. Soc. B, 268: 1541-1546.

Adamson, R. S. 1958a. The South African species of Aizoaceae. IV. Mollugo, Pharnaceum, Coelanthum and Hypertelis. J. South African Bot. 24: 11-65.

Adamson, R. S. 1958b. The South African species of Aizoaceae. V. Corbichonia. J. South African Bot. 24: 67-69.

Adie, H., & Lawes, M. J. 2011. Podocarps in Africa: Temperate zone relicts or rainforest survivors? Smithsonian Contrib. Bot. 45: 79-100.

Adjoud-Sadadou, D., & Halli-Hargas, R. 2000. Occurrence of arbuscular mycorrhiza on aged Eucalyptus. Mycorrhiza 9: 287-290.

Adlassnig, W. [et al. 2011], Peroutka, M., & Lendl, T. 2011. Traps of carnivorous pitcher plants as a habitat: Composition of the fluid, biodiversity and mutualistic activities. Ann. Bot. 107: 181-194.

Adler, P. B. [et al. 2011], Seabloom, E. W., Borer, E. T., Hillebrand, H., Hautier, Y., Hector, A., Harpole, W. S., O'Halloran, L. R., Grace, J. B., Anderson, T. M., Bakker, J. D., Biederman, L. A., Brown, C. S., Buckley, Y. M., Calabrese, L. B., Chu, C.-J., Cleland, E. S., Collins, S. L., Cottingham, K. L., Crawley, M. J., Damschen, E. I., Davies, K. F., DeCrappeo, N. M., Fay, P. A., Firn, J., Frater, P., Gasarch, E. I., Gruner, D. S., Nagenah, N., Hillerislambers, J., Humphries, H., Jin, V. L., Kay, A. D., Kirkman, K. P., Klein, J. A., Knops, J. M. H., La Pierre, K. J., Lambrinos, J. G., Li, W., Macdougall, A. S., McCulley, R. L., Melbourne, B. A., Mitchell, C. E., Moore, J. L., Morgan, J. W., Mortenson, B., Orrock, J. L., Prober, S. M., Pyke, D. A., Risch, A. C., Schuetz, M., Stevens, C. J., Sullivan, L. L., Wang, G., Wragg, P. D., Wright, J. P., & Yang, L. H. 2011. Productivity is a poor predictor of plant species richness. Science 333: 1750-1753.

Adsersen, A. [et al. 2007], Smitt, U. W., Simonsen, H. T., Christensen, S. B., & Jaroszewski, J. W. 2007. Prenylated acetophenones from Melicope obscura and Melicope obtusifolia ssp. obtusifolia var. arborea and their disribution in Rutaceae. Biochem. Syst. Ecol 35: 447-453.

Adler, L. S. 2000. Alkaloid uptake increases fitness in a hemiparasitic plant via reduced herbivory and increased pollination. American Naturalist 156: 92-99.

Aedo, C. [et al. 2005], Navarro, C., & Alarcón, M. L. 2005. Taxonomic revision of Geranium sections Andina and Chilensia (Geraniaceae). Bot. J. Linnean Soc. 149: 1-68. 2005.

Afkhami, M. E. 2012. Fungal endophyte-grass symbioses are rare in the California floristic province and other regions with Mediterranean-influenced climates. Fungal Ecol. 5: 345-352.

Afkhami, M. E. [et al. 2014], McIntyre, P. J., & Strauss, S. Y. 2014. Mutualist-mediated effects on species' range limits across large geographic scales. Ecol. Lett. 17: 1265-1273.

Ahgapakis, C. M. [et al. 2014], Lum, M. R., Angus, A. A., & Hirsch, A. M. 2014. Legume nodule development and host range of the ß-rhizobial genus Burkholderia. P. 348, in Botany 2014. New Frontiers in Botany. Abstract Book.

Agarwal, M. [et al. 2005], Gupta, S., & Painuly, V. 2005. Xylotomic study of the family Sapindaceae: Microstructure, systematics and ecological trends. Indian Forester 131: 1024-1040.

Agarwal, S. 1963a. Morphological and embryological studies in the family Olacaceae - I. Olax L. Phytomorph. 13: 185-196.

Agarwal, S. 1963b. Morphological and embryological studies in the family Olacaceae - II. Strombosia Blume. Phytomorph. 13: 345-356.

Agerbirk, N., & Olsen, C. E. 2012. Glucosinolate structures in evolution. Phytochem. 77: 16-45.

Agerbirk, N. [et al. 2008], Warwick, S. I., Hansen, P. R., & Olsen, C. E. 2008. Sinapis phylogeny and evolution of glucosinolates and specific nitrile degrading enzymes. Phytochem. 69: 2937-2949.

Agrawal, A. A., & Fishbein, M. 2006. Plant defense syndromes. Ecology 87:(Supplement, 7) S132-S149.

Agrawal, A. A., & Fishbein, M. 2008. Phylogenetic escalation and decline of plant defense strategies. Proc. National Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105: 10057-10060.

Agrawal, A. A., & Konno, K. 2009. Latex: A model for understanding mechanisms, ecology, and evolution of plant defense against herbivory. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 40: 311-331.

Agrawal, A. A. [et al. 2009a], Salminen, J.-P., & Fishbein, M. 2009a. Phylogenetic trends in phenolic metabolism of milkweeds (Asclepias): Evidence for escalation. Evolution 63: 663-673.

Agrawal, A. A. [et al. 2009b], Fishbein, M., Halitschke, R., Hastings, A. P., Rabosky, D. L., & Rasmann, S. 2009b. Evidence for adaptive radiation from a phylogenetic study of plant defenses. Proc. National Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106: 18067-18072.

Agrawal, A. A. [et al. 2009c], Fishbein, M., Jetter, R., Salminen, J.-P., Goldstein, J. B., Freitag, A. E., & Sparks, J. P. 2009. Phylogenetic ecology of leaf surface traits in the milkweeds (Asclepias spp.): Chemistry, ecophysiology, and insect behavior. New Phytol. 183: 848-867.

Agrawal, A. A. [et al. 2012], Petschenka, G., Bingham, R. A., Weber, M. G., & Rasmann, S. 2012. Toxic cardenolides: Chemical ecology and coevolution of specialized plant-herbivore interactions. New Phytol. 194: 28-45.

Agrawal, J. S. 1952. The embryology of Lilaea subulata H.B.K. with a discusion on its systematic position. Phytomorph. 2: 15-29.

Aguilar-Meléndez, A. [et al. 2009], Morrell, P. L., Roose, M. L., & Kim, S.-C. 2009. Genetic diversity and structure in semiwild and domesticated chiles (Capsicum anuum; Solanaceae) from Mexico. American J. Bot. 96: 1190-1202.

Aguilar-Ortigoza, C. J., & Sosa, V. 2004. The evolution of toxic phenolic compounds in a group of Anacardiaceae genera. Taxon 53: 357-364.

Ahimsa-Müller, A. A. [et al. 2007], Markert, A., Hellwig, S., Knoop, V., Steiner, U., Drewke, C., & Leistner, E. 2007. Clavicipitaceous fungi associated with ergoline-containing Convolvulaceae. J. Natural Prod. 70: 1955-1960.

Ahlquist, T. K. [et al. 2009], Howard, J. M., Farrugia, F. T., & Wojciechowski, M. F. 2009. A genus-level phylogeny of the inverted-repeat lacking clade of legumes. P. 201, in Botany and Mycology 2009. Snowbird, Utah July 25-29. Abstract Book.

Ahmad, S. M. [et al. 2009], Hoot, S. B., Qazi, P. H., & Verma, V. 2009. Phylogenetic patterns and genetic diversity of Indian Tinospora species based on chloroplast sequence data and cytochrome P450 polymorphisms. Plant Syst. Evol. 281: 87-96.

Ahmed, S. [et al. 2009], Compton, S. G., Butlin, R. K., & Gilmartin, P. M. 2009. Wind-borne insects mediate directional pollen transfer between desert fig trees 160 kilometers apart. Proc. National Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106: 20342-20347.

Ahonen, L. [et al. 2003], Muaona, J., & Piippo, S. 2003. Inferring the phylogeny of the Lejeunaceae (Jungermanniopsida): A first appraisal of molecular data. Bryologist 106: 297-308.

Ahrendt, L. W. A. 1961. Berberis and Mahonia, a taxonomic revision. J. Linnean Soc. (Bot.) 57: 1-410.

Ahrens, D. [et al. 2014], Schwarzer, J., & Vogler, A. P. 2014. The evolution of scarab beetles tracks the sequential rise of angiosperms and mammals. Proc. Roy. Soc., B 281: 20141470; doi:10.1098/rspb.2014.1470

Ahuja, M. R., & Neale, D. B. 2005. Evolution of genome size in conifers. Silvae Genet. 54: 126-137.

Aiba, S. [et al. 2007], Hanya, G., Tsujino, R., Takyu, M., Seino, T., Kimura, K., & Kitayama, K. 2007. Comparative study of additive basal area of conifers in forest ecosystems along elevational gradients. Ecol. Res., 22: 439-450.

Aïnouche, A.-K., & Bayer, R. J. 1999. Phylogenetic relationships in Lupinus (Fabaceae: Papilionoideae) based on internal transcribed sequences (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA. American J. Bot. 86: 590-607.

Aïnouche, A.-K. [et al. 2004], Bayer, R. J., & Misset, M.-T. 2004. Molecular phylogeny, diversification and character evolution in Lupinus (Fabaceae), with special attention to Mediterranean and African lupines. Plant Syst. Evol. 246: 211-222.

Airy Shaw, H. K. 1953 [1952]. On the Dioncophyllaceae, a remarkable new family of flowering plants. Kew Bull. 6: 327-347.

Airy Shaw, H. K. 1954. Pentaphragmataceae. Pp. 517-528, in Van Steenis, C. G. G. J. (ed.), Flora malesiana. Ser. 1, vol. 4. Noordhoff, Groningen.

Airy Shaw, H. K. 1958. "Unrelated" foodplants? Entomol. Monthly Mag. 94: 232.

Airy Shaw, H. K. 1965. On a new species of the genus Silvianthus Hook. f., and on the family Carlemanniaceae. Kew Bull. 19: 507-512.

Airy Shaw, H. K. 1966. Willis, J. C. A Dictionary of the Flowering Plants and Ferns. Ed. 7, revised by H. K. Airy Shaw. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Airy Shaw, H. K. 1973. Willis, J. C. A Dictionary of the Flowering Plants and Ferns. Ed. 8, revised by H. K. Airy Shaw. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Airy Shaw, H. K. [et al. 1973], Cutler, D. E., & Nilsson, S. 1973. Pottingeria, its taxonomic position, anatomy and palynology. Kew Bull. 28: 97-104.

Aiso, H. [et al. 2013], Hiraiwa, T., Ishiguri, F., Iizuka, K., Yokota, S., & Yoshizawa, N. 2013. Anatomy and lignin distribution of "compression-wood-like reaction wood" in Gardenia jasminoides. IAWA J. 34: 263-272.

Aiso, H. [et al. 2014], Ishiguri, F., Takashima, Y., Iizuka, K., & Yokota, S. 2014. Reaction wood anatomy in a vessel-less angiosperm Sarcandra glabra. IAWA J. 35: 116-126.

Aitzen, M. A. [et al. 2012], Sabatino, M., & Tylianakis, J. M. 2012. Specialization and rarity predict norandom loss of interactions from mutualistic networks. Science 335: 1486-1489.

Aitzetmüller, K. 1995. Fatty acid patterns of Ranunculaceae seed oils. Pp. 229-240, in Jensen, U., & Kadereit, J. W. (eds.), Systematics and Evolution of the Ranunculiflorae. Springer, Vienna. [Plant Syst. Evol. Suppl. 9.]

Aitzetmüller, K. 1996. An unusual fatty acid pattern in Eranthis seed oil. Lipids 31: 201-205.

Aitzetmüller, K. 2012. Santalbic acid in the plant kingdom. Plant Syst. Evol. 298: 1609-1617.

Aitzetmüller, K., & Vosmann, K. 1998. Cyclopropenoic fatty acids in gymnosperms: The seed oil of Welwitschia. J. American Oil Chemists' Soc. 75: 1761-1765.

Aitzetmüller, K., [et al. 1997], Tsevegsüren, N., & Vosmann, K. 1997. A new allenic fatty acid in Phlomis (Lamiaceae) seed oil. European J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 99: 74-78.

Aitzetmüller, K., [et al. 1999], Tsevegsüren, N., & Werner, G. 1999. Seed oil fatty acid patterns of the Aconitum-Delphinium-Helleborus complex (Ranunculaceae. Plant Syst. Evol. 215: 37-47.

Ajani, Y. [et al. 2008], Ajani, A., Cordes, J. M., Watson, M. F., & Downie, S. R. 2008. Phylogenetic analysis of nrDNA ITS sequences reveals relationships within five groups of Iranian Apiaceae subfamily Apioideae. Taxon 57: 383-401.

Aker, S., & Healy, W. 1990. The phytogeography of the genus Alstroemeria. Herbertia 46: 76-87.

Akhani, H. [et al. 1997], Trimborn, P., & Ziegler, H. 1997. Photosynthetic pathways in Chenopodiaceae from Africa, Australia and Europe with their ecological, phytogeographical and taxonomica; importantance. Plant Syst. Evol. 206: 187-221.

Akhani, H. [et al. 2007], Edwards, G., & Roalson, E. H. 2007. Diverficiation of the Old World Salsoleae a.l. (Cheniopodiaceae): Molecular phylogenetic analysis of nuclear and chloroplast data sets and a revised classification. Internat. J. Plant Sci. 168: 931-956.

Akhmetzhanova, A. A. [et al. 2012], Soudzilovskaia, N. A., Onipchenko, V. G., Cornwell, W. K., Agafonov, V. A., Selivanov, I., & Cornelissen, J. H. C. 2012 A rediscovered treasure: mycorrhizal intensity database for 3000 vascular plant species across the former Soviet Union. Ecology 93: 2012. [Ecological Archives E093-059].

Akiyama, K. [et al. 2010], Ogasawara, S., Ito, S., & Hayashi, H. 2010. Structural requirements of strigolactones for hyphal branching in AM fungi. Plant Cell. Physiol. 51: 1104-1117.

Alakonya, A. [et al. 2012], Kumar, R., Koenig, D., Kimura, S., Townsley, B., Runo, S., Garces, H. M., Kang, J., Yanez, A., David-Schwartz, R., Machuka, J. & Sinha, N. R. 2012. Interspecific RNA interference of SHOOT MERISTEMLESS-Like disrupts Cuscuta pentagona plant parasitism. Plant Cell 24: 3153-3166.

Alapetite, E. [et al. 2014], Baker, W. J., & Nadot, S. 2014. Evolution of stamen number in Ptychospermatinae (Arecaceae): Insights from a new molecular phylogeny of the subtribe. Mol. Phyl. Evol. 76: 227-240.

Alamsyah, F., & Ito, M. Phylogenetic analysis of Nepenthaceae, based on internal transcribed spacer nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 64: 113-126.

Albach, D. C. 2008. Further arguments for the rejection of paraphyletic taxa: Veronica subgen. Pseudolysimachium (Plantaginaceae). Taxon 57: 1-6.

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Carlquist, S. 2005b. Wood anatomy of Krameriaceae with comparisons with Zygophyllaceae: Phylesis, ecology and systematics. Bot. J. Linnean Soc. 149: 257-270.

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Carlquist, S., & Schneider, E. L. 2001. Vegetative anatomy of the New Caledonian endemic Amborella trichopoda: Relationships with the Illiciales and implications for vessel origin. Pacific Sci. 55: 305-312.

Carlquist, S., & Schneider, E. L. 2004. Pit membrane remnants in perforation plates of Hydrangeales with comments on pit membrane remnant occurrence, physiological significance and phylogenetic distribution in dicotyledons. Bot. J. Linnean Soc. 146: 41-51.

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