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Key to Abbreviations

A - androecium, stamens
A = K, A = 2xK - stamens the same number as sepals, twice as many as sepals
APG - Angiosperm Phylogeny Group
C - corolla, petals
ca - circa, about
cf. - compare
E. - East
esp. - especially
G - gynoecium
G [2-5] - gynoecium with 2-5 connate (brackets) and superior (underlining) carpels
inc. - including
italics - inconsistently applied, refer to possible synapomorphies or derived characters
K - calyx, sepals
many - over 15 or 20
N. - North
n - actual haploid chromosome number
nodes 1:1 - node one trace from one gap, etc.
nom. cons. - nomen conservandum, nomenclaturally conserved name
P - perianth
S. - South
s.l. - sensu lato (broad sense)
s. str. - sensu stricto (narrow/strict sense)
T - tepals
usu. - usually
W. - West
x - base chromosome number for group
+ - present
0 - absent
? - uncertain or unknown
[text included] - in a characterisation, explanation
[#] - carpels connate
(  ) - in order or other high level characterisations, feature of sporadic occurrence
(  ) - in lowest level characterisations, feature only occassional or rare
G (3-5) (example) - means that the carpels are connate
G (3-5) (example) - means that the carpels are connate and superior
2/60 (example) - number of genera/number of species
765+ (example) - at least 765, etc.