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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Tissue, “the texture or material out of which the elementary organs of plants are constructed” (Lindley); originally a reference to cloth, a weaving, or mesh, generally fine or delicate, a web, a complicated mesh; also an aggregate of cells, generally of a particular type, that composes the structural material out of which an organ or body part is made in fungi, plants, animals, e.g. parenchyma, epithelium; see textura, contextus,-us (s.m.IV), abl. sg. contextu, q.v. (used of fungi); textum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. texto, that which is woven, a web; that which is plaited, woven, a fabric;' textura,-ae (s.f.I), abl.sg. textura, q.v., 'a web, texture; a putting together, connection;' tela,-ae (s.f.I), abl.sg. tela 'a web, that which is woven'; textus,-us (s.m.IV), abl. sg. textu 'a web, texture, structure [all generally > L. texo, texui, textum, 3, to weave, twine together, plait, construct, build, compose']; see flesh;

- stromata omnino e texturis ectostromaticis vel pseudoparenchymaticis composita, stromata entirely of extostromatic or pseudoparenchymatis tissue composed.

- conidia textum pseudoparenchymaticum continentia, conidia containing pseudoparenchynmatic tissue.

- textura globularis, tissue of short rounded cells with intercellular spaces (Stearn).

- textura intricata, tissue of interwoven irregularly disposed hyphae with distinct interhyphal spaces, the walls not united (Stearn).

- contextu e roseo cyaneo mutabili, with the flesh from rose (color) cyaneous changing.

Caro, gen. sg. carnis (s.f.III), abl. sg. carne: flesh “the fleshy part of fruit. The flesh or tissue of which Fungals consist” (Lindley).

Fibrous tissue, “a tissue formed of elongated thick-walled cells” (Fernald 1950): textura,-ae (s.f.I) fibrosa.

Pulpa,-ae (s.f.I), abl.sg. pulpa: pulp, flesh of fruit; the juicy tissue found in the interior of plants.

Ovuliferous tissue: placenta,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. placenta, q.v.

NOTE: see examples at 'textura,-ae.'

NOTE: Systema,-atis (s.n.III) fasciculare, abl. sg. systemate fasciculari: the fascicular tissue, “the fibro-vascular system” (Jackson).

NOTE: falsinervis,-e (adj.B): with nerves formed of cellular (not fibrovascular) tissue (Stearn); see vascular.

NOTE: there are two sorts of tissues in plants, according to S. Gray:

Membranous texture (tissue): contextus,-us (s.m.IV), abl. sg. contextu; contextus membranaceus (adj.A) “a tissue of membranes united together, either cellular or vascular” (SGray).

Cellular texture: complexus,-us (s.m.IV), abl. sg. complexu cellulosus (adj.A); tela cellulosa; complexus utricularis, “a membranous tissue composed of cells, which do not communicate with each other, and resemble soap-suds” (SGray).

The void spaces in the cellular tissue are “cells, pores, vesicles, bladders,” i.e. cellulae or utriculi (SGray, 1821).
Tissue: -enchyma,-atis (s.n.III), abl. sg. -enchymate [> Gk. enchyma,-atis (s.n.III) an infusion, from enchein, to pour in]; see -enchyma,-atis (s.n.III);

- ovenchyma,-atis (s.n.II), abl. sg. ovenchymata: “oval cellular tissue” (Lindley).

- parenchyma,-atis (s.n.III), abl. sg. parenchymate, a tissue of relatively undifferentiated cells, usually thin-walled and isodiametric, i.e. with broad (rather than tapering) ends, (as in prosenchyma).

- prosenchyma,-atis (s.n.III), abl. sg. prosenchymate, a tissue of narrow, lengthened cells with tapering, ends which overlap and fit together.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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