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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Hedgehog, porcupine: echinus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. echino, the urchin, hedgehog [> Gk. echinos (s.m.II), “the urchin, hedgehog; the sea-urchin; the sea-urchin; hystrix,-icis (s.f.III), abl. sg. hystrice [> Gk. hysterix, gen.sg. hysterichos (sg. m. & f. III) a hedgehog, porcupine]; cf. the hysterichis,-idis (s.f.III): a whip for punishing slaves.

Hystrix Moench, Bottle-brush Grass: > Gk. hedgehog, ‘alluding to the bristly spikes” (Fernald 1950), where the lemmas taper into a long awn (1.5-5 cm).

Hystrix,-icis (s.f.III), a genus of animals: Family Hystricidae, the Old World porcupines; note some of the epithets are treated as male (H. indicus) and some female (H. javanica)

NOTE: family Erinaceidae, genera Atelerix, Erinaceus, Hemiechinus, Mesechinus, Paraechinus.



hedgehog-like, porcupine-like, bristly: echinatus,-a,-um (adj.A), armed with numerous rigid hairs or straight prickles or spines; hystrix,-icis (adj.B); see thorny.

thorny or prickly like a hedgehog or porcupine: hystericosus,-a,-um (adj.A).

somewhat prickly, thorny, hairy or bearded, like a porcupine: echinulatus,-a,-um (adj.A), hystericulus,-a,-um (adj.A).



 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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