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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
cono-: in both Gk. and L. comp. cone-, conelike, cone-shaped [> Gk. kOnos (s.m.II), a cone]; cf. strobil-, strobilo-, in Gk. comp., pine-cone-shaped;

NOTE: Latin compounds use the -i- connecting vowel; Gk. comp. uses the -o-; all of the examples of generic names below are derived from Greek words.

- conifer,-fera,-ferum (adj.A): cone-bearing.

- conocarpium,-ii (s.n.II), abl. sg. conocarpio: “(obsol.) a fruit consisting of a collection of carpels arranged upon a conical center, as the Strawberry [Fragaria]” (Lindley).

NOTE: before a vowel the final ‘o’ of cono- is elided:

Conandron (s.n.II) > Gk. kOnos, a cone + anEr, andros, “man, hence stamen, the appendages of the anthers of this herb being arranged as a cone around the style. Gesneriaceae” (Stearn 1996).

Conocarpus,-i (s.m.II): From konos, a cone, and karpos, a fruit; the fruit is so closely imbricated in a head as to resemble a fir cone (Paxton).

Leucospermum conocarpum; Protea conocarpa, with flowers in terminal heads 3-4 inches wide.

Conocephalus,-i (s.m.II): From konos, a cone, and cephalE, a head; referring to the form of the flowers (Paxton).

Conoclinium,-ii (s.n.II): From konos, a cone, and cline, a bed ; flowers [sic] (Paxton).

Conomitrium,-ii (s.n.II), a genus of mosses; > Gk. konos, a cone + mitrion, a cap or calyptra; a genus of mosses having conic-mitriform calyptrae.

Conopharyngia,-ae (s.f.I): From konos, a cone, and pharynx, the throat; in reference to the way the anthers in combination protrude from the throat (Paxton).

Conophytum,-i (s.n.II), the Cone-plant; > Gk. kOnos, a cone + phyton, a plant; “in allusion to the shape of these succulents. Aizoaceae” (Stearn 1996).

Conopodium,-ii (s.n.II): From konos, a cone, and podion, a little foot; form of flowers (Paxton).

Conospermum,-i (s.n.II): From konos, a cone, and sperma, a seed. (Paxton).

Conostegia,-ae (s.f.I): From konos, a cone, and stege, a covering; calyx (Paxton).

Conostomum,-i (s.n.II): From konos, a cone, and stoma, a mouth ; the teeth of the theca are united. A curious species of moss, found during summer on some of the Scotch mountains. Synonyme: Grimmia conostoma (Paxton).

Conostylis,-idis (s.f.III), in generic names, From konos, a cone, and stylos, a style; the styles are united. (Paxton).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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