Missouri Botanical Garden

Chinese Garden


Mountains and Water

Yin yang and Tai hu stone Waterfall
The Chinese term for landscape is shan shui, literally "mountains and water." No Chinese garden is complete without a body of water, no matter how small. Water is the nurturing, yielding, or yin element, a necessary counterpoint to the hard, vertical, or yang elements such as the monumental stones placed throughout Chinese gardens. Like mountains in a landscape painting, these fantastic shapes of naturally eroded limestone can seem at once both solid and transparent. The stones inspire the timeless awe of mountains, while their wonderfully evocative shapes can suggest animals, faces, or spiritual forces.



Introduction
An Ancient Tradition
A Frame and a Focus
Mountains and Water
Plants as Symbols

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