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Compiled by Mary Susan Taylor, Missouri Botanical Garden, l990

Standard References

Fosberg, F. R. & M. Sachet. 1965. Manual for tropical herbaria. I.B.P.T. and N.
	 Regnum Veget. 39: 1-132.

Hicks, A. J. & P. H. Hicks. 1978. A selected bibliography of plant collection and
	 herbarium curation. Taxon 27(1): 63-99.

Jain, S. K. 1977. A handbook of field and herbarium methods. Today and 
	Tomorrow Printers & Publ., New Delhi. 157 p.

Letouzey, R. (trans. R. Huggett). 1986. Manual of forest botany. Tropical Africa,
 	vol. 1; general botany. Centre Technique Forestier Tropical, Nogent-
	sur-Marne, France.

Lot, A. & F. Chang. 1986. Manual de herbario, administracion y manejo de 
	colecciones, técnicas de recolección y preparación de ejemplares bot
	nicos. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de Mexico, Mexico. 142 pp.

Saville, D. B. O. 1962. Collection and care of botanical specimens. Canad. Dept.
 	Agric., Publ. Res. Branch 1113: 1-124.

Skvortsov, A. K. 1977. The herbarium; handbook of methods and techniques.
	 Acad. Sci. USSR, Moscow. 200 pp. (in Russian).

Wagstaffe, R. & J. H. Fidler. 1968. The preservation of natural history specimens.
	 Vol. 2, Part 3 - Botany. H. F. and G. Witherby Ltd., London. 404 p.

Womersley, J. S. 1980. Manual for plant collecting and herbarium development. 
	FAO, Field Doc. 23: 1-147.  1981: FAO Plant Production and Protection 
	Paper 33: 1-l37.


Archer, W. A. 1945. Collecting data and specimens for study of economic plants.
	 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Misc. Publ. 568: 1-52.

Barghoorn, E. S. 1943. Collecting and preserving botanical materials of 
	archaeological interest. American Antiquity 9: 289-294.

Bogyo, Thomas P. et al. 1980. Analysis of sampling strategies for collecting
	 genetic material. Econ. Bot. 34(2): 160-174.

Collins, D. G. & J. W. E. Harris. 1973. Line throwing gun and cutter for obtaining
	branches from tree crowns. Canadian Journal of Forestry Research 
	3: 149-154.

Corner, E. J. H. 1940. Botanical monkeys. M.A.H.A. Magazine 10: 147-149. 
	1946: Zoo Life, Bull. Zool. Soc. London 1: 89-93.

Coville, F. V. n.d. Directions for collecting specimens and information illustrating
	 the aboriginal uses of plants. U.S. National Museum, Bull. 39(Part J):

Culberson, W. L. 1976. Water purification for field botanists. Systematic Botany
	 1: 194.

Derr, H. B. & C. H. Lane. 1914. Collection and preservation of plant material for 
	use in the study of agriculture. U.S. Department of Agriculture, 
	Farmer's Bull. 586: 1-24.

Englemann, G. 1986. Instructions for the collection and preservation of botanical
	specimens. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 504-507.

Fosberg, F. R. 1939. A collection manual for field anthropologists. Philadelphia, 
	PA. 22 pp.

Fosberg, F. R. 1960. Plant collecting as an anthropological field method. El 
	Palacio 67(4): 125-139.

Hyland, B. P. M. 1972. A technique for collecting botanical specimens in rain 
	forest. Flora Meles. Bull. 26: 2038-2040.

Kajewski, S. F. 1933. Botanical collecting in the tropics. Contributions Arnold 
	Arboretum 4: 103-108.

Malcolm, C. V. & A. J. Clarke. 1970. Plant collecting for saltland revegetation and
	 soil conservation. W. Australia Agric. Tech. Bull. 21.

McCain, J. W. & J. F. Hennen. 1986. Collection and plant materials damaged by 
	pathogens: an expression of support. Taxon 35(1): 119-121.

Mirov, N. T. & C. J. Kraebel. 1939. Collecting and handling seeds of wild plants. 
	Civilian Conservation Corps, Forestry Publ. 5: 1-42, Washington, D.C.

Mori, S. A. 1984. Use of 'swiss tree grippers' for making botanical collections of 
	tropical trees. Biotropica 16: 79-80.

Oskins, W. 1982. Collecting plant specimens (an outline with appendices). 
	Erigenia 1: 9-21.

Polunin, N. 1949. Instructions for collecting and preserving plant specimens in 
	the Arctic and Subarctic. Arctic Unfolding: 308-312.

Robertson, K. R. 1980. Observing, photographing and collecting plants. Circ. 
	Illinois Nat. Hist. Surv. 55: 1-62.

Saville, D. B. O. 1962. Collection and care of botanical specimens. Canad. Dept. 
	Agric., Publ. Res. Branch 1113: 1-124.

Thomas, R. D. l971. Collecting vascular plants in the habitat near the ground, or, 
	locating and collecting belly plants. Castanea 36(2): 148-149.


B, M. S. 1876. How to apply pressure in making botanical specimens. Botanical 
	Gazette 1(6): 21.

Bessey, E. 1886. Disposition of thick specimens. Botanical Gazette 11(6):157.

Chmielewski, J. G. & G. S. Ringius. 1986. Polyurethane foam: an alternative plant
	pressing material especially suitable for population-based studies. 
	Taxon 35(1): 106-107.

DeLanghe, J. E. 1972. Preparation of thick or succulent plants for the herbarium. 
	Nat. Belg. 53: 508-509.

Logan, J. 1986. A pre-pressing treatment for Begonia species and succulents. 
	Taxon 35(4): 671.

Nichols, G. S. & H. St. John. 1918. Pressing plants with double-faced corrugated 
	paper boards. Rhodora 20: 153-160.

Stevens, F. L. 1926. Corrugated aluminium sheets for the botanists press. 
	Botanical Gazette 82: 104-106.

Drying Plants

Bacci, M. & M. R. Palandri. 1985. Microwave drying of herbarium specimens. 
	Taxon 34(4): 649-653.

Beard, J. S. 1968. Drying specimens in humid weather. Taxon 17: 744.

Botha, D. J. & J. Coetzee. 1976. A portable drier for herbarium specimens. 
	South African Journal of Botany 42: 41-44.

Buchholz, J. T. 1931. A practical drier for botanical specimens. Transactions 
	Illinois Academy of Science 24: 103-107.

Croat, T. B. 1979. Use of a portable propane gas oven for field drying plants. 
	Taxon 28: 573-580.

DeWit, H. C. D. 1980. Drying herbarium specimens in moist tropical conditions. 
	Bol. Soc. Brot., ser. 2, 53: 549-553.

Fuller, T. C. & G. D. Barbe. 1981. Drying herbarium specimens in moist tropical 
	conditions. Bol. Soc. Brot, ser. 2, 53: 549-553.

Gates, B. N. 1950. An electrical drier for herbarium specimens. Rhodora 52: 

Hale, A. M. 1976. A portable electric herbarium dryer. Rhodora 78: 135-140.

Halle, N. 1961. Un séchoir ů gas butane pour la preparation des herbiers. 
	JATBA 8: 70-71.

Jenne, G. 1968. A portable forced air plant dryer. Taxon 17: 184-185.

Leuenberger, B. E. 1982. Microwaves: a modern aid in preparing herbarium 
	specimens of succulents. Cact. Succul. J. (Great Britain) 44: 42-43.

MacDaniels, L. H. 1930. A portable plant drier for tropical climates. Amer. J. Bot.
	 17: 669-670.

Motley, J. 1857. Drying of fleshy plants. Hooker's Journal of Botany Kew 
	Gardens Miscellany 9: 149.

Perdue, R. E., Jr., 1982. Field drying plant material collected for chemical and 
	biological screening, I. Portable facility for sun drying. Econ. Bot. 
	36(4): 369-372.

Sinnott, Q. P. 1983. A solar thermoconvective plant drier. Taxon 32: 611-613.

Tillett, S. S. 1977. Technical aids for systematic botany: new models of 
	plant-press driers. Taxon 26: 553-556.

Van der Merwe, P. & P. J. Grobler. 1969. Electric drying press for herbarium 
	specimens. Plant Life 25: 132-135.

Collecting and Pressing Specific Plants

Ceska, A. & O. Ceska. 1986. More on the techniques for collecting aquatic and 
	marsh plants. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 825-827.

Croat, T.B. 1985. Collecting and preparing specimens of Araceae. Ann. Missouri 
	Bot. Gard. 72: 252-8. 

Dransfield, J. 1986. A guide to collecting palms. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73: 

Griffiths, D. 1907. Preparation of specimens of Opuntia. Plant World 9: 278-284.

Hammel, B. E. 1987. The origami of Botany: A guide to collecting and mounting 
	specimens of Cyclanthaceae. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 74: 897-902.

Haynes, R. R. 1984. Techniques for collecting aquatic and marsh plants. Ann. 
	Missouri Bot. Gard. 71: 229-231.

J■rgensen, P. M., J. E. Lawesson & L. B. Holm-Nielsen. 1984. A guide to 
	collecting passionflowers. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 71: 1172-1174.

J■rgensen, V. 1972. The preparing, pressing and mountingof bromeliads. J. 
	Bromel. Soc. 23(6): 211-214.

Logan, J. 1986. A pre-pressing treatment for Begonia species and succulents. 
	Taxon 35(4): 671.

MacDougall, T. 1947. A method for pressing cactus flowers. Cactus and 
	Succulent Journal 19: 188.

Major, A. P. 1975. Collecting and studying mushrooms, toadstools and fungi. J. 
	Bartholomew, Edinburgh. 268 pp.

Mori, S. & G. T. Prance. 1987. A guide to collecting Lecythidaceae. Ann. Missouri 
	Bot. Gard. 74: 321-30.

Soderstrom, T. R. & S. M. Young. 1983. A guide to collecting bamboos. Ann. 
	Missouri Bot. Gard. 70: 128-136.

Stone, B. C. 1983. A guide to collecting Pandanaceae (Pandanus, Freycinetia, 
	and Sararanga). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 70: 137-145.